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European Employment Law Cases

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Aflevering 2, 2022 Alle samenvattingen uitklappen

Zef Even
Case Reports

Access_open 2022/12 Liability for not preventing and tackling sexual harassment (DK)

Trefwoorden Gender Discrimination
Auteurs Christian K. Clasen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    An employer has been held liable for not preventing and tackling an employee’s sexual harassment of another employee contrary to the employer’s obligations under the Danish Equal Treatment Act. Furthermore, the employer had breached the Equal Treatment Act by dismissing the employee when she informed the employer of the sexual harassment.


Christian K. Clasen
Christian K. Clasen is a partner at Norrbom Vinding, Copenhagen.
Case Reports

2022/13 Transfer of employee and direct discrimination on ground of religious beliefs (FR)

Trefwoorden Religious Discrimination
Auteurs Claire Toumieux en Susan Ekrami
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The French Supreme Court has held that an employer was not guilty of direct discrimination on the ground of religious beliefs by imposing on an employee of Hindu faith a disciplinary transfer to a new working site, when such transfer was justified by an essential and determining professional requirement.


Claire Toumieux
Claire Toumieux is partner at Allen & Overy, Paris.

Susan Ekrami
Susan Ekrami is counsel at Allen & Overy, Paris.
Case Reports

2022/14 Initial incomplete notice to unions renders collective redundancy unfair (IT)

Trefwoorden Collective Redundancies
Auteurs Ornella Patanè
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Italian Supreme Court has held a collective redundancy to be unfair because the first information notice to the unions was incomplete and did not mention the reasons why the employees to be dismissed could not be assigned to another site of the company.


Ornella Patanè
Ornella Patanè is a partner at Toffoletto De Luca Tamajo e Soci, Milan.

    Belgian law provides that replacement contracts that exceed two years become contracts of indefinite duration. The same rule applies for fixed-term contracts but not for the case where the employer alternates these two types of contracts. In the case at hand, the Belgian Constitutional Court considered Belgian law to be discriminatory on this point and invited the legislator to put an end to this difference of treatment. Awaiting this legislative change, labour courts and tribunals should consider alternation of fixed-term and replacement contracts for more than two years as a contract of indefinite duration.


Gautier Busschaert
Gautier Busschaert is an attorney at Van Olmen & Wynant, Brussels.

    The Ploiești Court of Appeal has ruled that although the applicable national legislation in case of transfers of undertakings requires a transfer of ownership, the ECJ case law prevails and that, in the absence of a contractual agreement, a transfer of undertaking can be established even if the transferee concludes new employment contracts with the employees.


Andreea Suciu
Andreea is Managing Partner of Suciu - Employment and Data Protection Lawyers

Teodora Manaila
Teodora is an attorney-at-law at Suciu - Employment and Data Protection Lawyers .

    Once again, the German jurisdiction has had to deal with the question of whether the expiration of leave entitlements is possible if the employee has no prior information about such leave from the employer, even if the employee was not able to continue working and therefore not able to take leave until the end of the employment relationship. A decision that the German Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, ‘BAG’) still does not want to take without a landmark decision of the ECJ.


Paul Schreiner
Paul Schreiner is a partner at Luther Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH.

Nina Stephan
Nina Stephan is an attorney-at-law at Luther Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH.
Case Reports

2022/18 Breach of working time provisions and automatic harm sustained by an employee (FR)

Trefwoorden Working Time
Auteurs Claire Toumieux en Susan Ekrami
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The French Supreme Court has held that exceeding the maximum weekly working time causes automatic harm to the employee which should be repaired.


Claire Toumieux
Claire Toumieux is partner at Allen & Overy, Paris.

Susan Ekrami
Susan Ekrami is counsel at Allen & Overy, Paris.

    In 2021, Dutch courts held that both Deliveroo riders and Uber drivers are employees. Interestingly, the District Court of Amsterdam considered there to be a ‘modern relationship of authority’ between Uber drivers and Uber.


Diede Elshof
Diede Elshof recently graduated from Erasmus School of Law, Rotterdam.
Rulings

ECtHR 5 May 2022, app. no. 31163/13 (Vlahov – v – Croatia), Unions, Other Fundamental Rights

Goran Vlahov – v – Croatia

Trefwoorden Unions, Other Fundamental Rights
Samenvatting

    Imprisonment following refusal to accept workers as trade union members violates Article 11 of the Convention.

Rulings

ECtHR 9 June 2022, app. no. 49270/11 (Savickis and Others – v – Latvia), Race, Nationality Discrimination

Savickis and Others – v – Latvia, Latvian case

Trefwoorden Race, Nationality Discrimination
Samenvatting

    Very weighty reasons for exclusion of employment periods accrued in other former USSR states in state pension calculation for permanently resident non-citizens, in contrast to Latvian citizens: no violation of art. 14 ECHR

Rulings

ECtHR 23 June 2022, app. no. 19750/13 (Grosam – v – Czech Republic), Fair Trial

Grosam – v – Czech Republic, Czech case

Trefwoorden Fair Trial
Samenvatting

    Disciplinary proceedings for enforcement officer were unfair as the selection of disciplinary chamber members was not transparent.

    Flight and cabin crew not covered by E101 certificates who work for 45 minutes per day in an airline’s premises intended to be used by staff located at Bergamo airport and who are on board that airline’s aircraft the rest of the time, are subject to Italian social security legislation.

Rulings

ECJ 2 June 2022, case C-587/20 (HK/Danmark and HK/Privat), Age Discrimination

Ligebehandlingsnævnet, acting on behalf of A – v – HK/Danmark and HK/Privat, Danish case

Trefwoorden Age Discrimination
Samenvatting

    Setting an age limit for eligibility as a sector convenor constitutes age discrimination and is in breach of Directive 2000/78.

Rulings

ECJ 16 June 2022, case C-328/20 (Commission – v – Austria (Indexation des prestations familiales)), Social Insurance, Free Movement

European Commission and intervening parties – v – Republic of Austria and intervening parties, Austrian case

Trefwoorden Social Insurance, Free Movement
Samenvatting

    It is not allowed to vary benefits of workers with children in another member state depending on the price level in the country of residence of the children.

Rulings

ECJ 16 June 2022, case C-577/20 (Sosiaali- ja terveysalan lupa- ja valvontavirasto), Free Movement, Working Permit

A – v – Sosiaali- ja terveysalan lupa- ja valvontavirasto, Finnish case

Trefwoorden Free Movement, Work and Residence Permit
Samenvatting

    In principle, the competent authorities of the host member state which can admit someone to a regulated occupation must trust the validity of a certificate provided by an authority of the home state. Only if there are serious doubts, they can ask the authorities of the home member state to reconsider the certificate.

Rulings

ECJ 22 June 2022, case C-534/20 (Leistritz), Privacy, Unfair Dismissal

Leistritz AG – v – LH, German case

Trefwoorden Privacy, Unfair Dismissal
Samenvatting

    A Member State can impose rules for the dismissal of data protection officers which are stricter than those of the GDPR, but they may not undermine the GDPR’s objectives.

Rulings

ECJ 30 June 2022, case C-625/20 (INSS (Cumul de pensions d’invalidité professionnelle totale)), Social Insurance, Gender Discrimination

KM – v – Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad Social (INSS), Spanish case

Trefwoorden Social Insurance, Gender Discrimination
Samenvatting

    A Spanish anti cumulation provision for occupational invalidity pensions from the same scheme favours male workers without any objective justification and hence constitutes gender discrimination.

Rulings

ECJ 30 June 2022, case C-192/21 (Comunidad de Castilla y León), Fixed-Term Work

Mr Clemente – v – Comunidad de Castilla y León (Dirección General de la Función Pública), Spanish case

Trefwoorden Fixed-Term Work
Samenvatting

    It is not allowed to not take account of services provided as an interim civil servant (hence on a fixed-term basis) when consolidating the status of a career civil servant.

Rulings

ECJ 30 June 2022, case C-63/21 P (Camerin/Commission), Miscellaneous

Laure Camerin – v – European Commission, EU case

Trefwoorden Miscellaneous
Samenvatting

    Appeal dismissed against claim for damages for pension deductions because of seizure.

Pending Cases

Case C-57/22, Paid Leave

YQ – v – Ředitelství silnic a dálnic ČR, reference lodged by the Nejvyšší soud České republiky (Czech Republic) on 28 January 2022

Trefwoorden Paid Leave
Pending Cases

Case C-57/22, Work and Residence Permint

European Commission – v – Czech Republic, action brought on 4 February 2022

Trefwoorden Work and Residence Permit
Pending Cases

Case C-112/22, Free Movement, Social Insurance

CU, reference lodged by the Tribunale di Napoli (Italy) on 17 February 2022

Trefwoorden Free Movement, Social Insurance
Pending Cases

Case C-113/22, Gender Discrimination, Social Insurance

DX, Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad Social (INSS) – v – Tesorería General de la Seguridad Social, reference lodged by the Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Galicia (Spain) on 17 February 2022

Trefwoorden Gender Discrimination, Social Insurance
Pending Cases

Case C-132/22, Free Movement

BM, NP – v – Ministero dell’Istruzione, dell’Università e della Ricerca, reference lodged by the Tribunale Amministrativo Regionale per il Lazio (Italy) on 25 February 2022

Trefwoorden Free Movement
Pending Cases

Case C-134/22, Collective Redundancies

MO – v – SM, as trustee of G GmbH, reference lodged by the Bundesarbeitsgericht (Germany) on 1 March 2022

Trefwoorden Collective Redundancies
Pending Cases

Cases C-184/22 and C-185/22, Gender Discrimination, Part Time Work

IK – v – KfH Kuratorium für Dialyse und Nierentransplantation e.V.; CM – v – KfH Kuratorium für Dialyse und Nierentransplantation e.V., reference lodged by the Bundesarbeitsgericht (Germany) on 10 March 2022

Trefwoorden Gender Discrimination, Part Time Work
Pending Cases

Cases C-190/22, Fixed-Term Work

BL – v – Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri, reference lodged by the Ufficio del Giudice di pace di Rimini (Italy) on 7 March 2022

Trefwoorden Fixed-Term Work
Pending Cases

Cases C-190/22, Paid Leave

FI – v – Bayerische Motoren Werke AG, reference lodged by the Bundesarbeitsgericht (Germany) on 11 March 2022

Trefwoorden Paid Leave
Pending Cases

Cases C-206/22, Paid Leave

TF – v – Sparkasse Südpfalz, reference lodged by the Arbeitsgericht Ludwigshafen am Rhein (Germany) on 17 March 2022

Trefwoorden Paid Leave
Pending Cases

Cases C-244/22, Temporary Agency Work, Transfer

NQ – v – Mara-Tóni Bt., reference lodged by the Fővárosi Törvényszék (Hungary) on 6 April 2022

Trefwoorden Temporary Agency Work, Transfer
Pending Cases

Cases C-218/22, Paid Leave

BU – v – Comune di Copertino, reference lodged by the Tribunale di Lecce (Italy) on 24 March 2022

Trefwoorden Paid Leave
Pending Cases

Cases C-248/22, Free Movement

ZK and MS – v – The Minister for Justice and Equality, reference lodged by the High Court (Ireland) on 8 April 2022

Trefwoorden Free Movement