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Justitiële verkenningen

Meer op het gebied van Criminologie en veiligheid

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Aflevering 4, 2012 Alle samenvattingen uitklappen
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Voorwoord

Auteurs Marit Scheepmaker

Marit Scheepmaker
Artikel

De bijrol voor professionals in evidence-based criminaliteitspreventie

Trefwoorden professionalization, evidence-based practice, crime prevention, What Works, treatment program
Auteurs Dr. B. Rovers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The role of professionals in evidence-based crime prevention is a topic of discussion. The dominant view in the criminal justice field is that professionals are to support and faithfully execute evidence-based treatment programs based on risk factors for future crime. In other disciplines we find alternative approaches to evidence-based practice (EBP) in which the professionals, and more specifically features of the working alliance between professional and client, are considered to be the treatment program. In general, these approaches focus on treatment motivation and behavioural change. ‘Common factors’ like faith in outcome, trust between professional and client, et cetera, are considered as specific treatment factors. Empirical evidence shows that this may be a more fruitful approach towards effective interventions. The article looks into the scientific background of both perspectives and explains the key differences. It is concluded that EBP in criminal justice can gain from a (research) perspective in which professionals play a more central role.


Dr. B. Rovers
Dr. Ben Rovers is directeur van het Bureau voor Toegepast Veiligheidsonderzoek (BTVO) te Den Bosch en tevens redactieraadlid van Justitiële verkenningen.
Artikel

Bronnen van professionele effectiviteit

Over verantwoordelijkheid en ruimte van reclasseringswerkers

Trefwoorden professionalism, probation history, probation workers, evidence-based practice
Auteurs Drs. A. Menger en Dr. A.G. Donker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, the authors question the relation between professionalism in Dutch probation work and the tendency to create protocols for work processes that used to be under the rather autonomous control of the professionals themselves. Starting point is the professionalism model of De Jonge, placing professional space as key element of professionalism under the restriction that there is an acknowledged societal position as well as an explicitly recognized knowledge base for the professional. A brief historical overview of the probation work itself and the way it has been organized over the decades is described, resulting in the identification of five decisive developments in the initial (but recently changing) perception among Dutch probation workers of gradually restricted professional space despite the growing body of knowledge.


Drs. A. Menger
Drs. Anneke Menger is lector Werken in Justitieel Kader bij Hogeschool Utrecht.

Dr. A.G. Donker
Dr. Andrea Donker is lector Sociale Veiligheid bij Hogeschool Utrecht. Zij is tevens redactieraadlid van Justitiële verkenningen.
Artikel

Gimme hope

De rol van hoop in het werk van groepsleiders in een justitiële jeugdinrichting

Trefwoorden juvenile detention, What Works, motivation, Pygmalion effect, practitioners
Auteurs Drs. M.J. Geenen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The relationship between group workers and their pupils in a youth prison influences treatment outcome. A positive relationship stimulates treatment motivation and readiness for change. The aim of this study was to review the role of hope in a correctional institutional setting for youth. Hope is defined as having a goal and a positive outcome expectation. Hope keeps group workers positive, motivated and inspired to overcome difficulties, and the hope of group workers stimulates pupils to openly reflect on the past, reconsider future possibilities, and become motivated to change their behaviour. There are obstacles, however, which hamper the hope of group workers and may instead trigger negative expectations, cynicism, and despair. Key elements for dealing with potential negative influences on a hopeful orientation are leadership and training. Also conscious reflection on one’s acts, thoughts and feelings can help group workers to deal with resistance reactions and aggression, and to remain hopeful.


Drs. M.J. Geenen
Drs. Marie-José Geenen is als docent en supervisor verbonden aan de Academie voor Sociale Studies en als onderzoeker aan het lectoraat Jeugd & Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool. Zij doet promotieonderzoek naar de aard van de relatie tussen groepsleiders en jongens in een justitiële jeugdinrichting.
Artikel

Veilig politiewerk: de basispolitie over geweld

Trefwoorden police personnel, police training, police violence, police safety, police standards
Auteurs M. Gieling en E.J. van der Torre
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The ideologies of community policing are central to the work of the Dutch police. The aim is to combine a focus on relations with the community with law enforcement, including the use of physical force. The balance has shifted, however, in favour of social relations. This article reports on the findings of a recent study among executive police officers. It is shown that the physical demands of police work are neglected in the selection and education of policemen and -women. Furthermore, there is a need for improving the training of standard procedures and interventions with respect to the use of physical force. In addition, it is found that a majority of the respondents feel that the use of force – in a correct way and in appropriate situations – is underappreciated by those in higher positions, while at the same time the issue of avoidance behaviour is not addressed.


M. Gieling
Dr. Maike Gieling is als onderzoeker verbonden aan MGTO Onderzoek & Advies te Utrecht.

E.J. van der Torre
Dr. Edward van der Torre is lector Gemeenschappelijke Veiligheidskunde aan de Politieacademie te Apeldoorn.
Artikel

De kenmerken van high reliability organizations (HRO’s)

Trefwoorden high reliability organizations (HROs), high reliability organizing, system safety, accident prevention
Auteurs K.M. Sutcliffe
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Academic and professional disciplines, such as organization and management theory, psychology, sociology and engineering, have, for years, grappled with the multidisciplinary issues of safety and accident prevention. This article examines a domain of research on system safety – the high reliability organization (HRO) paradigm. HROs operate in hazardous conditions, but have fewer than their fair share of adverse events. HROs, traditionally found in the domain of aviation and aircraft carriers, are committed to safety at the highest level and adept a special approach to its pursuit. The attributes and operating dynamics of the best HROs provide a template on which to better understand how safe and reliable performance can be achieved under trying conditions.


K.M. Sutcliffe
Prof. Kathleen Sutcliffe is als hoogleraar verbonden aan het Department of Management and Organizations van de University of Michigan.
Artikel

Hoog betrouwbaar organiseren in het OM

Beelden uit parketten

Trefwoorden Public Prosecutor’s Office, high reliability organization (HRO), HRO principles, professional culture, error prevention
Auteurs H. de Bruine, H. Fijn en P. de Beer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article deals with possibilities for the Public Prosecutor’s Office in the Netherlands to learn from high reliability organizations (HROs). The authors draw a picture on the basis of information, gathered between 2008 and 2010. While dealing with mistakes or faults much emphasis is often laid upon a professional attitude, written handbooks and discipline as essential conditions. The experience with HROs shows that at the same time mental processes are needed for fast detection and containment of developing problems. These mental processes, heaped together as ‘collective mindfulness’, refer to the picking up of weak signals and the resilient reacting upon incidents. The authors show to what extent the Public Prosecutor’s Office makes use of these processes. The level of training and education and the ‘hands on’ mentality of the average Public Prosecutor build a firm foundation for reliability. Reflection and to what extent knowledge is shared seem liable for improvement. Adapting (elements of) the HRO philosophy may prove an effective way to foster the actual exchange and use of knowledge within the Public Prosecutor’s Office and thus raise its reliability.


H. de Bruine
Drs. Herman de Bruine is als docent en onderzoeker verbonden aan de Haagse Hogeschool. Van 1986 tot 2008 was hij in verschillende functies werkzaam bij de Dienst Justitiële Inrichtingen.

H. Fijn
Mr. Herman Fijn, MC is zelfstandig organisatieadviseur. Van 1998 tot 2010 was hij als adviseur werkzaam bij Prisma, het interne organisatieadviesbureau van de rechtspraak en het Openbaar Ministerie.

P. de Beer
Mr. drs. Peter de Beer, MPA is strafrechter bij de Rechtbank Utrecht. Van 1994 tot 2010 was hij officier van justitie. In 2010 en 2011 was hij als adviseur werkzaam bij Prisma.
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