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Justitiële verkenningen

Meer op het gebied van Criminologie en veiligheid

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Aflevering 8, 2012 Alle samenvattingen uitklappen
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Voorwoord

Auteurs Jaap de Waard en Marit Scheepmaker
Auteursinformatie

Jaap de Waard
Drs. Jaap de Waard is werkzaam bij de directie Rechtshandhaving van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie.

Marit Scheepmaker
Mr. drs. Marit Scheepmaker is hoofdredacteur van Justitiële verkenningen.
Artikel

De opmars van de private veiligheidszorg

Een nationaal en internationaal perspectief

Trefwoorden private security companies, private security figures, public-private partnership, police, crime prevention
Auteurs J. de Waard en R. van Steden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Private security is traditionally a highly fragmented industry with a national focus. However, with the arrival of multinational brands in the market such as Group 4 Securicor and Securitas, we are witnessing a rise of global private security. After providing the latest statistics on the growth of this industry in the Netherlands, the authors give examples of how private security is evolving throughout the world. Issues that are further addressed include the opportunities and challenges (multinational) private security companies present to the Netherlands.


J. de Waard
Drs. Jaap de Waard is werkzaam bij de directie Rechtshandhaving van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie.

R. van Steden
Dr. Ronald van Steden is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.
Artikel

De rol van Falck in de Deense brandbestrijding

Trefwoorden firefighting Denmark, history of Falck, private fire brigade, public private partnership, regional crisis management
Auteurs P. Kruize
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In Denmark fire fighting is a responsibility of the local authorities, but since nearly a century communities have the possibility to outsource these duties to private companies. Falck is the dominant player on this private market. The same goes for other emergency services. The author describes the story of its founder Sophus Falck, the historical roots of Falck and how the company achieved the status of a reliable partner for the authorities. The legal basis for private firms in fire fighting is discussed as well as costs and quality of the services in an international perspective. The author concludes that Falck is a typical Danish phenomenon and the Danish model cannot be copied by other countries without restriction. At the same time the Danish experience learns that market competition may have a positive effect on the cost efficiency of fire fighting.


P. Kruize
Dr. Peter Kruize is lector bij de juridische faculteit van de Universiteit van Kopenhagen. Daarnaast is hij partner bij Ateno – bureau voor criminaliteitsanalyse in Amsterdam.
Artikel

Particuliere beveiligers als publieke handhavers

De inzet van private boa’s door gemeenten

Trefwoorden private security officers, public surveillance, public private partnership, local government, police work
Auteurs J. Terpstra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dutch local governments increasingly decide to contract private security officers for surveillance and enforcement tasks in the public space. This article presents an analysis of the daily work of these private security officers. Local governments contract these private workers because they are faced with problems of social disorder and crime. Although the police should formally manage the work of these private security workers, in practice this task is hardly realized. These private workers are faced with four problems: their work is boring, they are uncertain about what they are expected to do, don’t know exactly what their formal powers are, and are unsatisfied about their lack of means for self-defence. Although they don’t differ in their work style from their public colleagues, their position as private worker and the flexible job they have, are hard to reconcile with what they are expected to do (like reassuring citizens).


J. Terpstra
Prof. dr. ir. Jan Terpstra is als hoogleraar Criminologie verbonden aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

De privatisering van politietaken in Engeland en Wales

Trefwoorden police in England and Wales, budget cuts, privatisation, back office work, new localism
Auteurs B. Loveday
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The period of austerity which most of Europe is now experiencing is for the first time impacting on law and orders services, particularly the police service. This article gives an overview of the debate in England and Wales on the decision of the Coalition government to cut 20% to police spending and police numbers. An important instrument to reach this goal is the private outsourcing of tasks performed in the back office. The author discusses the public views on the performance and reliability of private security companies. Also the high rise of public police expenses are discussed against the background of declining crime levels.


B. Loveday
Barry Loveday is als reader in criminal justice administration verbonden aan het Institute of Criminal Justice Studies van de University of Portsmouth.
Artikel

Marktwerking in het forensisch onderzoek: toekomst of toekomstmuziek?

Trefwoorden forensic research in the Netherlands, competition in forensic research, pilot project commercial forensic research, quality of forensic research, closure of Forensic Science Service United Kingdom
Auteurs N. Struiksma en H.B. Winter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    For a long time the Netherlands Forensic Institute (NFI) was the sole provider of forensic services in the Netherlands. Since the beginning of this century, several other private forensic institutes have been established. These institutes partly deliver the same products and services as the NFI, including for the police and judicial authorities. This article discusses the results from a pilot project in which police and judicial authorities were given additional opportunities for furnishing assignments to private investigation agencies instead of the NFI. A budget of EUR 3.5 million was provided. Many respondents viewed the speed of the investigations and reports by private forensic institutes as a very positive aspect of outsourcing to these institutes. On four out of five aspects (transparency, clarity, bureaucracy and readability), the private institutes scored better than the NFI. The NFI scored better on ‘safety’. Despite the positive experiences with outsourcing, the Minister of Security and Justice decided not to follow up the pilot. Although the police and prosecution are free to use the services of the private institutes, it is unlikely that they’ll do so very often because the investigation costs will be at the expense of their budget. The bill for the services provided by the NFI however is sent to the ministry. Therefore the NFI can continue operating as a monopolist.


N. Struiksma
Mr. Niko Struiksma is directeur van Pro Facto, bureau voor bestuurskundig en juridisch onderzoek en advies.

H.B. Winter
Prof. dr. Heinrich Winter is directeur van Pro Facto, bureau voor bestuurskundig en juridisch onderzoek en advies. Winter is daarnaast als universitair hoofddocent en bijzonder hoogleraar Toezicht verbonden aan de Juridische Faculteit van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

Private rechtspraak: online én offline een realiteit

Trefwoorden E-courts, alternative dispute resolution, online dispute resolution, eBay, Paypal
Auteurs C.N.J. de Vey Mestdagh en T. van Zuijlen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Private administration of justice is an online and offline reality. In this article the reality of online dispute resolution (ODR) is explored, using the example of eBay (60 million conflicts taken on each year). The issue of jurisdiction in online cases is clarified and an analysis is made of the causes of the propagation of ODR. Finally the new phenomenon of online dispute prevention (ODP) is examined. This leads to the conclusion that ODR started as an alternative form of dispute settlement, but more and more becomes a substitute for the public administration of justice.


C.N.J. de Vey Mestdagh
Dr. mr. Kees de Vey Mestdagh is hoofd van het Centrum voor Recht & ICT, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Groningen, www.rechtenict.nl, e-mail c.n.j.de.vey.mestdagh@rug.nl.

T. van Zuijlen
Tim van Zuijlen is student van de master Recht & ICT van het Centrum voor Recht & ICT.
Boekbespreking

Een pleidooi voor kleine verhalen

Trefwoorden book review, public private partnerships, security governance
Auteurs A.B. Hoogenboom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This is a review of the book (dissertation) Orde in veiligheid. Een dynamisch perspectief (Order in security; a dynamic perspective) from the Dutch criminologist and philosopher Marc Schuilenburg. The reviewer characterises the book as ‘courageous’ because of its multidisciplinary approach of the phenomenon ‘public private partnerships’ (ppp’s) in security, its rupture with solidified thinking and its use of empirical studies to show what really happens in the workplace of ppp’s. The reviewer welcomes the application of concepts of the French philosophers Foucault, Deleuze and Tarde, but feels at the same time that the author could have done more to explain their thinking. Also he disagrees with the author about the role of the state in security governance, which is according to the reviewer much more dominant than suggested in this book.


A.B. Hoogenboom
Prof. dr. Bob Hoogenboom is hoogleraar Forensic Business Studies aan de Nyenrode Business Universiteit. Daarnaast is hij bijzonder hoogleraar Politie en Veiligheidstudies aan de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.
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