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PROCES

Meer op het gebied van Criminologie en veiligheid

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Aflevering 2, 2018 Alle samenvattingen uitklappen
Redactioneel

Access_open Een blauwer web

Auteurs Mr. dr. Sigrid van Wingerden
Auteursinformatie

Mr. dr. Sigrid van Wingerden
Mr. dr. Sigrid van Wingerden is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. Zij is tevens voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.
Artikel

Seks, ICT en het strafrecht

Verslag van de studiedag van PROCES van 25 januari 2018

Trefwoorden Seks, Strafrecht, ICT, Studiedag PROCES
Auteurs Franck Budde en Rosanne Lagerwey
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    On Thursday January 25, 2018 the study day of PROCES took place with the title ‘Sex, ICT and criminal law’. Sex is as old as the road to Rome so there is nothing new there. But with the arrival of ICT in addition to the physical world there is a new world in which sex has also found his way. Where as sex in the past consisted of physical interactions between people in the same space, now sexual interaction also happens between people who are miles apart, connected by ICT. During the study day the central issue was how organizations involved in sex, ICT and criminal law deal with sex in the digital dimension and which problems they face.


Franck Budde
Franck Budde is masterstudent Straf- en strafprocesrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden en loopt tevens stage bij het Wetenschappelijk Bureau van de Hoge Raad. Hij heeft dit stuk op persoonlijke titel geschreven.

Rosanne Lagerwey
Rosanne Lagerwey is masterstudent Straf- en strafprocesrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Access_open ‘Vergeet Mij Niet’

Hoe ruziënde ouders in een virtuele omgeving de emoties van plegers van partnergeweld beïnvloeden

Trefwoorden Virtual reality, Huiselijk geweld, Reclassering
Auteurs Dr. Renée Henskens, Dr. Bernd Wondergem, Drs. Jolanda Mooij e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2017 the Probation Service carried out a pilot with the virtual reality (VR)-simulation ‘Don’t you Forget about Me’. In total 13 offenders of domestic violence experienced as a 7-Year old boy a serious fight between parents. The simulation was part of the cognitive behavioral intervention BORG. Four groups underwent the simulation in Amsterdam and Rotterdam. It was assumed that this experience would lead to more empathy, awareness, and self-reflection.
    As the results showed, the simulation seemed suitable in BORG. Most of the participants were very positive about it. The fighting parents had a huge effect on them. Self-reported questionnaires administered after he simulation showed a better self-reflection on the behavior of the participants, more sympathy with the feelings of their children and (ex)-partner, and more insight into the damaging effects of the violence. The simulation appeared to be a powerfull device: it made a deep emotional connection, which enabled to create more empathy.


Dr. Renée Henskens
Dr. Renée Henskens is gedragswetenschapper bij Reclassering Nederland.

Dr. Bernd Wondergem
Dr. Bernd Wondergem werkt als innovatiemanager bij het ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.

Drs. Jolanda Mooij
Drs. Jolanda Mooij werkt als beleidsmedewerker bij Reclassering Nederland.

Drs. Christel van Zon
Drs. Christel van Zon werkt als Senior Opleidingskundig Coördinator Interventies bij Reclassering Nederland.

Drs. Lisette Schoutens
Drs. Lisette Schoutens werkt als toezichthouder bij Reclassering Nederland. Ze was vanuit het innovatieproject betrokken bij de vervolgpilot ‘Vergeet Mij Niet’, met als doel een brug te slaan tussen theorie en praktische implementatie.
Artikel

Ervaren complexiteit van sociale professionals die werken met moeilijk bereikbare burgers

De relatie met ketenpartners

Trefwoorden Sociale professionals in de frontlijn, Complexiteit, Ketenpartners, Moeilijk bereikbaren
Auteurs Drs. Jeanet de Jong en Heleen Jansen Msc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The day to day work of social professionals working with ‘hard to reach’ people, is known to be highly complex. Especially the interdependent relationship with other agencies.
    Often problems are not only related to social and welfare themes but also to safety and justice issues. Therefore a wider perspective is asked for. Questions answered in this article are: which elements are being perceived as complex in the relationship with other agencies and how do professionals relate to these elements. Data is used from former research performed within a team working with Roma families. Knowledge, expertise, information sharing and coordination are perceived as complex elements. Good contacts and communication between individual professionals are essential. Understanding each other’s perspective is crucial in achieving a joint effort. Professionals need intensive support in order to keep focused on the values of their work and avoid being led by emotions and issues of the day.


Drs. Jeanet de Jong
Drs. Jeanet de Jong is docent hoger onderwijs Academie Sociale Studies Breda, en onderzoeker Expertisecentrum Veiligheid bij de Avans Hogeschool.

Heleen Jansen Msc
Heleen Jansen Msc is strategisch beleidsadviseur bij het UWV.

Bernadette Janssen
Bernadette Janssen is als gedragswetenschapper verbonden aan Sterk Huis en tevens lid van de kenniskring bij het lectoraat Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool.
Artikel

Zelfredzaamheid in detentie

Kritische kanttekeningen bij het systeem van promoveren en degraderen

Trefwoorden Zelfredzaamheid, Burgerschap, Gevangenis, Autonomie
Auteurs Dr. Esther van Ginneken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the ‘participation society’ it is expected that citizens actively contribute to solving societal problems, including health care, immigration and security issues. A somewhat similar responsibilisation culture is visible in prisons, where prisoners are held responsible for their own rehabilitation. This article problematizes the way in which prisoners’ agency is promoted in Dutch prisons, considering prisoners’ constrained agency and the normative expectations that are tied to the approach. This critique is advanced through discussion of the promotion/demotion system that has been used in Dutch prisons since 2014. This system, comparable to the Incentives and Earned Privileges system in England and Wales, espouses both ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ behavioural norms. The soft behavioural norms reflect a citizenship ideal that extends beyond compliance with the law. It is argued that these normative expectations tied to agency have a limiting effect on prisoners’ autonomy. This article argues in favour of a shift from the citizenship ideal to an autonomy ideal, which applies the principle of minimum restrictions. Furthermore, access to education, reintegration courses and contact with family should be treated as a right, rather than a privilege, in order to maximise autonomy and minimise the harmful effects of imprisonment.


Dr. Esther van Ginneken
Dr. Esther van Ginneken is universitair docent Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Daders van arbeidsuitbuiting

Over de vermeende rol van de georganiseerde misdaad

Trefwoorden Arbeidsuitbuiting, Mensenhandel, georganiseerde criminaliteit, grensoverschrijdende criminaliteit
Auteurs Dr. Masja van Meeteren en Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Human traffickers are usually depicted in public discourse as evil villains: the crème de la crème of organized crime. Although this image has also been dominant among scholars for a long time, it has become increasingly controversial. On the one hand, this debate is fueled by discussions amongst criminologists on criminal networks, on the other hand by the expansion of the legal definition of the crime since 2005. Apart from exploitation in the prostitution sector, various other forms of human trafficking are distinguished now, including labor exploitation. This article explores the question of which organizational forms play a role in labor exploitation. Through a review of the empirical research literature on labor exploitation, the authors show that in the field of labor exploitation, there is probably less involvement in criminal syndicates or criminal networks that maintain contacts with other criminal networks. In many cases, labor exploitation is committed by individuals or family businesses, or smaller loosely organized networks that are not necessarily embedded in other criminal networks. For researchers and policy makers alike, it is therefore advisable not to approach labor exploitation exclusively from the perspective of transnational organized crime.


Dr. Masja van Meeteren
Dr. Masja van Meeteren is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Grijze gebieden

Hoe hybride professionals hun identiteit bevechten binnen de politie

Trefwoorden hybride professionaliteit, Politie, identitieit
Auteurs Teun Meurs MsC en Amanda Visch Bsc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Public organizations seem to be in a permanent state of transition in an attempt to adapt to the outside world. A recent development is the emergence of hybrid professional roles in fields such as healthcare and primary education. These hybrids are a midway between managerial and professional roles and are expected to collaborate with stakeholders in tackling problems. This article focuses on the challenges of recently appointed hybrid professionals within a Police team in The Netherlands. We focus on their efforts to find a place and position in their team by analyzing some critical incidents in which they clashed with their fellow professionals. In doing so, they perform ‘identity work’ to find out who they are, both for themselves, as for colleagues. We conclude both identity and identity work don’t come natural in a hybrid professional reality and stress the need for facilitation of professional reflection at the organizational level.


Teun Meurs MsC
Teun Meurs Msc is promovendus ‘valorisatie en politieprofessionaliteit’ aan de Hogeschool van Arnhem en Nijmegen.

Amanda Visch Bsc
Amanda Visch BSc is operationeel specialist bij de Politie Noord-Holland.
Column

Alex en zijn ouders

de noodzaak van kosteloze rechtsbijstand aan elke minderjarige verdachte

Auteurs Mr. Coosje Peterse
Auteursinformatie

Mr. Coosje Peterse
Mr. Coosje Peterse is bestuurslid van de Haagse Vereniging Jeugdrechtadvocaten (HVJA), (jeugdrecht)advocaat bij Sennef De Koning van Eenennaam Advocaten in Den Haag en redacteur van PROCES.