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Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid


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Aflevering 3, 2013 Alle samenvattingen uitklappen
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Auteurs Ben Koolen
Auteursinformatie

Ben Koolen
Dr. G.M.J.M. Koolen heeft diverse studies over de relatie tussen religie en samenleving in historisch perspectief gepubliceerd. Hij is redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid. gmjmkoolen@tele2.nl.
Artikel

De levensbeschouwelijke identiteit van de ongebonden geestelijk verzorger

Trefwoorden spiritualiteit,, geestelijke verzorging, gezondheidszorg, ambtelijke binding
Auteurs Jurn de Vries
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Spiritual assistance to people in an institute, was of old a task of churches and religious or philosophical communities. In the intramural health care more and more health care chaplains are working, the position of which is based only on an appointment of the management and not at the same time on a mission of a church or comparable community. This is experienced as a problem, because there is no supervision on the qualities of these health care chaplains. Therefore a committee recently proposed to establish a Council for Independent Spirituality, who tests the qualification and the competence of unattached health care chaplains and take care of their work.


Jurn de Vries
Dr. J.P. de Vries is onderzoeker aan de Theologische Universiteit van de Gereformeerde Kerken (vrijgemaakt) in Kampen. vries.jpde@tiscali.nl.
Artikel

Een vergeten episode uit de schoolstrijd: de ontdekking van ‘openbaar’ en ‘bijzonder’ onderwijs

Trefwoorden openbaar onderwijs, bijzonder onderwijs, schoolstrijd, Grondwet, vrijheid van onderwijs/ onderwijsvrijheid
Auteurs Sophie van Bijsterveld
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The battle over the school system is one of the liveliest chapters in Dutch constitutional history. It resulted, in 1848, in the constitutional acknowledgement of a dual system of education: education provided by public authority (‘public education’) and private education (practically synonymous with confessional education); and, in 1917, in the constitutional guarantee of public funding for the latter on the same footing as the former.
    The battle over the school system is usually described as a battle for freedom of private, confessional education from the start. This article shows that prior to this, in the first stage of this battle, the concept of ‘private education’ itself had to be invented and that the concept of ‘public education’ had to develop a different meaning. Public education, the notion used in the Constitutions of 1814 and 1815, originally meant education in schools in contrast to house education. It was this broad concept of education that was entrusted to the care of government and, therefore, not free. This article focuses on the first half of the 19th century. On the basis of original sources it traces the fascinating process of the birth of these new categories, that determine the Dutch education system up to now.


Sophie van Bijsterveld
Prof. dr. S.C. van Bijsterveld is bijzonder hoogleraar Religie, rechtsstaat en samenleving aan de Universiteit van Tilburg en redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid. s.c.vbijsterveld@uvt.nl.
Artikel

‘Civiel totalitarisme’, volkssoevereiniteit en de wenselijkheid van beperkt bestuur

Trefwoorden liberale democratie, waardenpluralisme, confuciaanse democratie, christelijke bronnen
Auteurs Hans-Martien ten Napel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    To what extent does liberal democracy still manage to realize the principle of expressive liberty? This article argues that, just as by the ethically monistic character of certain theoretizations of Confucian democracy, expressive liberty is threatened by a Western ‘civic totalism’ that insists that ‘politics enjoys general authority over subordinate activities and institutions because it aims at the highest and most comprehensive good for human beings’ (Galston). The ideal of liberal democracy will remain fundamentally flawed, as long as the sovereignty of the people on which its political legitimacy is more and more exclusively based hinders instead of advances a true sort of value pluralism.


Hans-Martien ten Napel
Mr. dr. H.-M.Th.D. ten Napel is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de afdeling Staats- en Bestuursrecht van de Universiteit Leiden. h.m.t.d.tennapel@law.leidenuniv.nl.
Artikel

Quo vadis, Domine?

Monotheïsme en de keizercultus in het Romeinse Rijk

Trefwoorden heersercultus, Monotheïsme, Romeinse Rijk
Auteurs Renske Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, the Roman perspective on the relations between the Roman imperial cult and monotheistic movements in the same period will be investigated. In modern scholarship, this Roman point of view has been underrepresented. This article will aim to create a better understanding of the religious conflicts that arose between ca. 44 B.C.E. and 313 C.E and serve as an example for attempting to understand the ‘alien’ side in religious conflict. This article will conclude that Roman religion has to be seen in the context of imperial politics to explain not only the conflicts between the Roman state, Jews and Christians, but also the rise of the imperial cult.


Renske Janssen
K.P.S. Janssen studeert Griekse en Latijnse taal en cultuur aan de Universiteit Leiden en neemt aldaar deel aan het Honours College Religie en Recht. renskejanssen@kpnplanet.nl.
Artikel

Kunnen godsdienstige organisaties belastbare winst maken?

De behandeling van religie in de wetgeving rond de vennootschapsbelasting

Trefwoorden belasting, winst, religie, organisatiestructuur, wetgeving
Auteurs Mario Wolff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dutch profit tax does not formally exclude religious organisations. Therefore, these organisations may have to pay tax over their income. The way this tax is determined is dictated by the law on corporate taxation: Wet op de vennootschapsbelasting 1969. In practice however, religious organisations are seldom taxed. In this article I investigate whether there is a formal reason to exclude this type of organisations from taxation, leading to the conclusion that there is no such reason.


Mario Wolff
Mr. M. Wolff studeerde wereldgodsdiensten aan de Universiteit Leiden en fiscaal recht aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Hij is werkzaam als fiscalist. info@mariowolff.nl.
Jurisprudentie

Tien jaar later: kritische beschouwingen bij de visie van het Europees Hof op de sharia

Trefwoorden European Court of Human Rights, Sharia, Refah Partisi, human rights
Auteurs Maurits Berger
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article discusses the implications of the Refah Partisi vs. Turkey case. The Court has made onerous assumptions about the notion sharia by declaring it a ‘violation of [European Human Rights] Convention values’. The Court should not have ventured into an interpretation of a highly technical and controversial term like ‘sharia’, especially when done so in connection with the inciting use of that term by Refat Partisi members. Moreover, given the fact that sharia also encompasses religious rituals like prayer, fasting and burial, calling sharia a violation of human rights is a misnomer. The Court should not have allowed itself to get lured into a domain it is not knowledgeable about but should have stuck to strict legal reasoning.


Maurits Berger
Prof. dr. mr. M.S. Berger is hoogleraar Islam in het hedendaagse Westen aan de Universiteit Leiden en hoofdredacteur van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid. M.S.Berger@religion.leidenuniv.nl.