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Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid

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Aflevering 2, 2014 Alle samenvattingen uitklappen
Redactioneel

Access_open Richting het oosten

Auteurs Dr. Khadija Kadrouch-Outmany
Auteursinformatie

Dr. Khadija Kadrouch-Outmany
Dr. K. Kadrouch-Outmany studeerde rechten en wereldgodsdiensten in Leiden en promoveerde in september 2014 op een proefschrift over de juridische, religieuze en sociale aspecten van islamitisch begraven in Nederland en België. Zij is redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid.
Artikel

Access_open Constitutionele antwoorden op toenemend pluralistische samenlevingen

Religieuze diversiteit in Frankrijk, Italië en Canada

Trefwoorden religieuze diversiteit, religieuze symbolen, secularisme, boerkaverbod, ‘reasonable accommodation’
Auteurs Dr. Carla Zoethout
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, the question is raised which constitutional answer to immigration is most sustainable with a view to future multicultural societies. I focus on the constitutional answers to immigration in France, Italy and Canada. In France, in 2010, legislation was adopted prohibiting the wearing of face-covering clothing in public. With this ban, the French intended to enhance the equal participation of citizens in society and to protect the equality of the sexes. In Italy, a heated debate took place about the display of crucifixes in (public) schools, which resulted in a restoration of the predominance of the Catholic religion. Across the ocean, in the Canadian province of Québec, the National Assembly of Québec has been discussing a ‘Charter’, whose prevailing idea is to enhance the neutrality of the state, among others by prohibiting religious clothing in public institutions. The question is which of these approaches is best defensible to regulate a society, which will undoubtedly become even more diverse in the near future.


Dr. Carla Zoethout
Dr. C.M. Zoethout is universitair hoofddocent Staatsrecht aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zij is redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid.
Artikel

Access_open Dossier imamopleiding: het Nederlandse ‘imamopleidingsdebat’ in historisch perspectief

Trefwoorden imam, imamopleiding, ‘nationaal model’, Integratie
Auteurs Dr. Welmoet Boender
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2005 and 2006 three state-funded Islam- and imam training programs started at Amsterdam Free University, Leiden University and Hogeschool Inholland, after more than two decades of political and public debate. These confessional programs were to educate a Dutch ‘polder imam’. Recently however, the closure of two programs was announced.
    This article places the establishment as well as the closure of these programs in a historical perspective. It explores two striking parallels between the motivations in favor of an imam training and the ways the Dutch state has dealt with the institutionalization of religious plurality in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.


Dr. Welmoet Boender
Dr. W. Boender is universitair docent Islamstudies en religiewetenschap aan de Universiteit Utrecht, faculteit Geesteswetenschappen, departement Filosofie en Religiewetenschap.

Maurits Berger
Artikel

Access_open God wil het! - de zoeaven

Auteurs Ben Koolen
Auteursinformatie

Ben Koolen
Dr. G.M.J.M. Koolen legt zich na zijn pensionering als ambtenaar van het ministerie van Justitie toe op de bestudering van de verhouding tussen overheden en levensovertuigingen in de negentiende en twintigste eeuw. Hij is redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid.
Artikel

Access_open Bestuurlijke transities in de rooms-katholieke kerk

Trefwoorden rooms-katholieke kerk, bestuursstructuur, vereniging/netwerk, digitalisering, universele kerk – bisdom – parochie
Auteurs Prof. dr. Henk Witte
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Roman Catholic Church experiences a transition from the highly centralized Church formation of Ultramontane Mass Catholicism into a more decentralized and pluralistic Choice Catholicism. With respect to governance, this transition concerns the increasing importance of the diocesan intermediate level in the Church on the one hand, and a transition from a union-oriented organization model into a network-oriented model on the other. The network model is catalyzed by the digitalization of daily life and its polycentrism. This contribution discusses these developments in a systematic way with the help of sociological and theological insights. By way of conclusion it summarizes some challenges from a policy and governmental point of view. They concern the ecclesial leadership style, membership and participation, catholicity, online community building, and self-presentation in the social media.


Prof. dr. Henk Witte
Prof. dr. H. Witte is bijzonder hoogleraar Xaverius-leerstoel voor spiritualiteit en theologie vanuit ignatiaans perspectief en emeritus universitair hoofddocent Dogmatiek aan de Tilburg School of Catholic Theology, Tilburg University.
Jurisprudentie

Access_open De zaak Fernández Martínez tegen Spanje

Auteurs Prof. dr. Sophie van Bijsterveld
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In its ruling of June 12, 2014, the European Court on Human Rights (Grand Chamber) concluded that no violation of the right to private life and family life under the European Convention of Human Rights had taken place in the case of the non-renewal of an employment contract of a Roman Catholic teacher of religion and ethics. The reason for this non-renewal was the withdrawal of the required ecclesiastical approval of the teacher. According to the European Court, church autonomy prevailed in this case over the right to private life and family life of the teacher, a married priest with five children and an active member of an organization promoting voluntary celibacy. This contribution analyses and discusses the ruling of the ECHR, also in the light of the main dissenting opinion. It supports the Court’s conclusion, but criticizes some of its reasoning. It also states that regardless of the extent of church autonomy, a clear and correct procedural approach to employment issues also does honour ecclesiastical authorities.


Prof. dr. Sophie van Bijsterveld
Prof. dr. S.C. van Bijsterveld is bijzonder hoogleraar Religie, rechtsstaat en samenleving aan de Universiteit van Tilburg. Zij is redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid.