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Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid

Meer op het gebied van Criminologie en veiligheid

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Aflevering 1, 2022 Alle samenvattingen uitklappen
Artikel

Access_open Criminele inmenging in het mkb: casusonderzoek naar de faciliterende rol van bonafide ondernemingen in het criminele bedrijfsproces

Trefwoorden criminal interference, criminal intrusion, infiltration, corruption, subversive crime
Auteurs Erik Essen en Jimmy Maan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While not a new phenomenon, research on criminal intrusion in (small) businesses is often focussed on the perspective of the criminal, reconstructed after a crime has taken place. In this article we add the perspective of the entrepreneur from the moment he/she is confronted with early signs of possible criminal intrusion. Firstly, we introduce a definition of criminal intrusion, based on 18 cases of (attempted) criminal intrusion in small business: The process by which an actor of a criminal organization turns to and associates with a bona fide corporation, making that corporation a facilitator of criminal business process without its deliberate intent. Secondly, we distinguish three (not necessarily limitative) main practices on how this facilitation of crime takes place within the scope of criminal intrusion in bona fide businesses: 1) a transactional model, which focusses on an exchange of products or services between criminal organizations and businesses; 2) a parasitic relationship where operational processes are abused for criminal gains, and 3) infiltration, in which targeted infiltration, corruption of employees or ‘criminal investment’ takes place to gain a foothold within the business. By introducing a theoretical framework for the categorisation of cases, we hope to further develop the possibilities of (criminological) analysis of criminal intrusion, while simultaneously provide small business owners insights to strengthen their resilience against organised crime.


Erik Essen
Erik Essen is als onderzoeker werkzaam bij het lectoraat Management van Cultuurverandering aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam. e.essen@hva.nl

Jimmy Maan
Jimmy Maan is als onderzoeker werkzaam bij het Kenniscentrum Business Innovation aan de Hogeschool Rotterdam. j.maan@hr.nl
Artikel

Effecten van de COVID-19-lockdown op sociale stabiliteit: wat leren we van data van de meldkamers?

Trefwoorden COVID-19 crisis, lockdown, effecten, sociale stabiliteit, inzet hulpdiensten
Auteurs Ike Kroesbergen en Leonard Vanbrabant
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, we investigated the effects of the Covid-19 crisis and lockdown on social stability within the individual level, group level and society level. To investigate these effects, data from incident reports of emergency services (i.e., police, fire brigade and ambulance) in the South of the Netherlands from 2018 to 2020 were collected. An incident is defined as an unique notification with deployment of one or more emergency service(s). Incidents were categorized according to the standardized classification LMC 6.0. We investigated regional differences from 2018 to 2020 using monthly time trends. On the individual level we found a time trend in accordance with the onset of the lockdown, with a decrease in property crime operationalized as theft, burglary and robbery, and an increase in psychological effects, operationalized as suicide attempts and nuisance by a person. On the group level, operationalized as incidents nuisance by youth, noise, fireworks and vandalism, we found a time pattern with an increase in incidents coherent with the lockdown period. On the level of the society, operationalized as incidents public order, conflicts, violence and explosives, we also found an increase in incidents coherent with the lockdown period. We conclude that incident reports of emergency services give additional insight in the effects of a lockdown on social stability.


Ike Kroesbergen
Ike Kroesbergen is als senior onderzoeker veiligheid & gezondheid werkzaam bij de GGD West-Brabant. i.kroesbergen@ggdwestbrabant.nl

Leonard Vanbrabant
Leonard Vanbrabant is als statistisch data-analist werkzaam bij de GGD West-Brabant.
Boekbespreking

Denken over zelfredzaamheid

Auteurs Teun Eikenaar
Auteursinformatie

Teun Eikenaar
Teun Eikenaar is antropoloog en werkzaam als postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan de Radboud Universiteit en de Nederlandse Defensie Academie. teun.eikenaar@gmail.com
Boekbespreking

Een remedie tegen maakbaarheidsbestuur

Auteurs Willem-Jan Kortleven
Auteursinformatie

Willem-Jan Kortleven
Willem-Jan Kortleven is Assistant professor Sociologie, theorie & methodologie van het recht aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. kortleven@law.eur.nl