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Jaar 2015 x

mr. L. Strikwerda

Prof. mr. W.D.H. Asser
Prof. mr. W.D.H. Asser is hoogleraar burgerlijk procesrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden en oud-raadsheer in de Hoge Raad der Nederlanden.
Artikel

Internationaal procederen

Verslag van de voorjaarsvergadering 2015 van de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Procesrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Civiele Rechtspleging, Aflevering 4 2015
Auteurs Mr. J.J. Dammingh en Mr. L.M. van den Berg
Auteursinformatie

Mr. J.J. Dammingh
Mr. J.J. Dammingh is universitair hoofddocent burgerlijk (proces)recht aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

Mr. L.M. van den Berg
Mr. L.M. van den Berg is senior juridisch medewerker in de Rechtbank Gelderland en tevens verbonden aan de sectie burgerlijk (proces)recht van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Een visie op de taak van de Hoge Raad in de 21e eeuw

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Civiele Rechtspleging, Aflevering 5 2015
Trefwoorden kostenbeheersing, rechtsregels voor burgers, vereenvoudiging procesrecht, massaschadezaken, institutionele veranderingen
Auteurs Mr. drs. R.M. Hermans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage geeft de auteur vanuit zijn rol als cassatieadvocaat zijn visie op het functioneren van de Hoge Raad.


Mr. drs. R.M. Hermans
Mr. drs. R.M. Hermans is partner bij De Brauw Blackstone Westbroek N.V. te Amsterdam.
Artikel

De koers van de Hoge Raad: (on)voorspelbaar?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Civiele Rechtspleging, Aflevering 5 2015
Trefwoorden werkgeversaansprakelijkheid, art. 81 Wet RO, rechtseenheid, rechtsvorming, onvoorspelbaarheid
Auteurs Prof. mr. C.J.M. Klaassen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De auteur gaat in op de taak van de Hoge Raad om de rechtseenheid en de rechtsontwikkeling te bevorderen. Aan de hand van een aantal arresten op het terrein van het aansprakelijkheidsrecht stelt zij de vraag of de koers van de Hoge Raad wel voldoende voorspelbaar is en op welke wijze de Hoge Raad de voorspelbaarheid van zijn beslissingen kan verbeteren.


Prof. mr. C.J.M. Klaassen
Mw. prof. mr. C.J.M. Klaassen is hoogleraar burgerlijk recht en burgerlijk procesrecht aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

De bijdrage van de civiele cassatieadvocatuur aan de rechterlijke rechtsvorming

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Civiele Rechtspleging, Aflevering 5 2015
Trefwoorden rechtsontwikkeling, rechtsbescherming, kosteloze cassatie in het belang van de maatschappij, rechtsvergelijking
Auteurs Prof. mr. J.B.M. Vranken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De auteur behandelt de bijdrage van de cassatieadvocatuur aan de rechtsontwikkeling door de Hoge Raad in civiele zaken aan de hand van twee stellingen. De eerste stelling luidt dat de cassatieadvocatuur mede verantwoordelijk is voor de toegang tot de cassatierechtspraak, dat wil zeggen dat de cassatieadvocatuur ervoor dient te zorgen dat bepaalde zaken de Hoge Raad daadwerkelijk bereiken. De tweede stelling is dat versterking van de rechtsvormende taak van de Hoge Raad soms een bredere kennis van de context van de zaak vereist.


Prof. mr. J.B.M. Vranken
Prof. mr. J.B.M. Vranken is emeritus hoogleraar methodologie van het privaatrecht aan de Universiteit Tilburg.
Artikel

Beklemd tussen het recht en de feiten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Civiele Rechtspleging, Aflevering 5 2015
Trefwoorden rechtsontwikkeling, rechtsbescherming, civiele kamer, feitenrechtspraak, framing
Auteurs Prof. mr. A. Hammerstein
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage wordt gesteld dat rechtsontwikkeling en rechtsbescherming hand in hand gaan en de cassatierechter daardoor soms in de knel raakt tussen het recht en de feiten.


Prof. mr. A. Hammerstein
Prof. mr. A. Hammerstein is waarnemend Advocaat-generaal bij de Hoge Raad.
Artikel

The legacy and current relevance of Cappelletti and the Florence project on access to justice

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden definition and dimensions access to justice, recommendations, historic context access to justice, current context access to justice
Auteurs Bernard Hubeau
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution explains what access to justice can encompass and how the ideals about access to justice have developed in time. The way to do this is going back to the work of the famous scholars Cappelletti and Garth, who were responsible for a worldwide project on access to justice in the 1970s. Their main issue was to explain access to justice is more than the access to a judge and the organization of courts. Primarily, the system must be equally accessible to all, irrespective of social or economic status or other incapacity. But it also must lead to results that are individually and socially just and fair. Equal access and effective access are the central notions. Their work is put in perspective. The importance of their legacy and the question how we can get along with their work are stressed. Their definition is compared to a few other authoritative definitions. The waves in the history of access to justice are described and putting them in the current context illustrates why a fourth waved can be observed. The major question to be answered is how one can assess the challenges and obstacles of access to justice in the current context. Therefore, some recent dimensions and developments within access to justice are presented: the democratic dimension, the effectiveness of new social rights, the attention for poor and vulnerable people, further juridification, expanding frontiers of and monitoring access to justice, e-justice, and self-help. Finally, a few building blocks for reforms are presented.


Bernard Hubeau
Bernard Hubeau is a full-time Professor in Sociology and Sociology of Law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Antwerp. He also teaches at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Antwerp and the Faculty of Law and Criminology of the University of Brussels. He is the former ombudsman of the city of Antwerp and of the Flemish Parliament.
Artikel

Moving access to justice ‘upstream’ from the courts

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden access to justice, legal problems, justice system, legal needs
Auteurs Ab Currie
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A very large number of people experience everyday legal problems considered by them to be serious and difficult to resolve, the vast majority say it is important to resolve these problems, and virtually everybody experiencing legal problems takes some action to resolve them. However, the fact that very few people make use of the formal justice system suggests that the justice system is not meeting the legal needs of the public. One response would be to expand the traditional formal justice system to include an early-resolution services sector. An ERSS would encompass the early intervention and supported self-help objectives of many existing access to justice initiatives, but would go farther by conceiving what we mean by the justice system more broadly in a way that would accommodate what the everyday legal problems approach tells us about how the public experiences legal problems.


Ab Currie
Ab Currie, Ph.D. (Sociology, University of Toronto), is Senior Research Fellow at the Canadian Forum on Civil Justice, where he is currently involved in a range of research on access to civil justice mainly. Prior to joining the Forum, Ab was for over 30 years Principal Researcher in areas of legal aid and access to justice at the Federal Department of Justice in Canada. He has conducted extensive research in criminal and civil legal aid, in particular on unmet need for criminal legal aid and on the civil justice problems experienced by the public. Contact by email at abcurrie@sympatico.ca or acurrie@cfcj-fcjc.org.
Artikel

Access to justice: a dynamic concept

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Auteurs Mies Westerveld, Bernard Hubeau en Ashley Terlouw
Auteursinformatie

Mies Westerveld
Mies Westerveld is Professor Legal aid by special appointment and Professor in Labour Law (social insurance) at the University of Amsterdam. Her research concentrates on current issues of access to justice and state-financed legal aid on the one hand and the decreasing role of social insurance on a fragmented labour market on the other hand.

Bernard Hubeau
Bernard Hubeau is a full-time Professor in Sociology and Sociology of Law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Antwerp. He also teaches at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Antwerp and the Faculty of Law and Criminology of the University of Brussels. He is the former ombudsman of the city of Antwerp and of the Flemish Parliament.

Ashley Terlouw
Ashley Terlouw is Professor in Sociology of Law at the Radboud University of Nijmegen. She is responsible for the Centre for Migration Law of the Radboud University. Besides she is part-time Judge at the District Court of Gelderland. Her research concentrates on legal and societal issues of asylum and equal treatment and on the working of the judiciary.

    Access to justice for those who cannot afford it remains a serious and intractable problem. Financial shortfalls and austerity cuts have caused much of the free legal advice sector to contract. Recent gains in the economy have not been distributed to the poorest in society, many of whom view lawyers as expensive and inaccessible. The result has been a widening of the justice gap – one which can only be filled if new models based on digitalization and internet based technologies fulfill their potential and allow both law firms and major brands to provide more affordable services. A broader market based response to the coming shortfall in legal assistance is possible if unbundling can become standard among legal practitioners. Technology will enable citizens to be supported with targeted advice and information should they need it. It will also bring solicitor managed services to an increasingly wide segment of the public.


Richard Cohen
Richard Cohen founded Landau & Cohen Solicitors before joining Epoq in 1998 as Joint CEO and is now Executive Chairman and Head of Partnerships. He served on the Solicitors Regulation Authority working group for the introduction of alternative business structures and contributed to the Legal Services Institute’s study on the Legal Services Act and the Legal Services Consumer Panel relating to referrals. In 2011, Richard was nominated for the FT Innovative Lawyers Legal Innovator of the Year Award.

Humphrey Clarke
Humphrey Clarke has worked in business development and market research for both Epoq’s UK and US operations. He has over nine years’ experience working in the legal and insurance sectors and has contributed numerous research papers and articles for industry publications.
Artikel

Social security and social welfare: barriers and retrograde policies, but cause for optimism?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden social security, legal representation, means-testing, Britain, fees
Auteurs Amir Paz-Fuchs
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution addresses the limits placed on access to justice in the context of social services, with a particular, but not exclusive, focus on the UK, across five central platforms: legal representation, the financial barriers, the structure of the programme, the attitude of the bureaucracy, and the personal attributes of the client. The contribution finds that there exist, for decades, problematic elements that constitute barriers to justice in this area: the means-tested element in the programmes and the bureaucracy’s double role as provider of services and detector of fraud. But to them, in recent years, significant barriers were added: recent cuts in legal aid and the imposition of tribunal fees in the UK are retrograde steps, reverting 40 years of impressive achievements in the field.


Amir Paz-Fuchs
Amir Paz-Fuchs (D. Phil Oxford) is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Law, University of Sussex, where he teaches employment law, public law, and legal theory. In addition, he is a Visiting Research Fellow at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies and a Research Associate at Wolfson College, both at the University of Oxford. He is also Co-Director of the ‘The Limits of Privatization’ research project, based at the Van Leer Institute in Jerusalem. He also served on the board of several human rights and social justice NGOs.
Artikel

Merits testing in the English legal aid system: exploring its impact in asylum cases

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden access to justice, asylum seekers, merits testing, English legal aid system
Auteurs Tamara Butter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years, there has been much discussion on the legal aid cuts and reforms in England and Wales, and the possible consequences this would have on access to justice for vulnerable groups in society, including immigrants and asylum seekers. This contribution focuses on one element of the English legal aid system: merits testing by legal aid providers in asylum cases. It explores whether and, if so, how this aspect may affect the access to justice for asylum seekers lacking the financial means to pay privately for legal assistance and representation. The findings indicate that a merits test which makes access to legal aid on appeal conditional upon a case having at least 50% prospect of success and makes legal aid providers responsible for conducting this assessment may compromise asylum seekers’ ability to achieve justice both within and outside the existing body of law.


Tamara Butter
Tamara Butter is a PhD candidate at the Institute for Sociology of Law/Centre for Migration Law of the Radboud University of Nijmegen. Her research consists of a comparative case study into the professional decision making of asylum legal aid lawyers in the Netherlands and England.
Artikel

Access to justice in consumer law

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden consumer law, enforcement of consumer rights, costs of procedure, obstacles for enforcement
Auteurs Marco Loos
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In many areas of private law, mandatory substantive law protects consumers. In this contribution, I will argue that awarding consumer rights without properly regulating the consumer’s access to the court system renders these rights unenforceable through the ordinary courts. Several obstacles to the proper enforcement of consumer rights by individuals are identified, ranging from consumers’ lack of knowledge of their rights to the formalities of proceedings, the use of complex jargon and the costs involved in court procedures. It is argued that these obstacles produce such disincentives for consumers to maintain their rights that the result is that they do so in an insufficient manner, which leads to under-enforcement of consumer law.


Marco Loos
Marco Loos is Professor of Private Law, in particular of European consumer law, at the Centre for the Study of European Contract Law of the University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands and member of the Board of the Ius Commune Research School.
Redactioneel

How to look at access to justice?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Auteurs Bernard Hubeau, Ashley Terlouw en Mies Westerveld
Auteursinformatie

Bernard Hubeau
Bernard Hubeau is a full-time Professor in Sociology and Sociology of Law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Antwerp. He also teaches at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Antwerp and the Faculty of Law and Criminology of the University of Brussels. He is the former ombudsman of the city of Antwerp and of the Flemish Parliament.

Ashley Terlouw
Ashley Terlouw is Professor in Sociology of Law at the Radboud University of Nijmegen. She is responsible for the Centre for Migration Law of the Radboud University. Besides she is part-time Judge at the District Court of Gelderland. Her research concentrates on legal and societal issues of asylum and equal treatment and on the working of the judiciary.

Mies Westerveld
Mies Westerveld is Professor Legal aid by special appointment and Professor in Labour Law (social insurance) at the University of Amsterdam. Her research concentrates on current issues of access to justice and state-financed legal aid on the one hand and the decreasing role of social insurance on a fragmented labour market on the other hand.
Artikel

Responsibilities of the state and legal professions

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden responsibilities, the state, lawyers, the judiciary and judges
Auteurs Mies Westerveld en Ashley Terlouw
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution, which is based on the Dutch legal system, deals with the responsibilities of the State and legal professions in ensuring access to justice. The responsibilities of the four main players involved in bringing justice to the citizen are discussed: the legislator, the executive, the judiciary, and the legal profession. Responsibilities for access to justice do not only stem from the law, they do also evolve from societal problems and discussions. The contribution deals with both. Several actors share some of the responsibilities. One can think of responsibilities for information, for financing, and for being aware of vulnerabilities and other obstacles. What are the legal responsibilities and what other responsibilities are felt by the actors involved and how do they deal with them? And as a result: do they contribute to access to justice, do they form an obstacle, or both?


Mies Westerveld
Mies Westerveld is Professor Legal aid by special appointment and Professor in Labour Law (social insurance) at the University of Amsterdam. Her research concentrates on current issues of access to justice and state-financed legal aid on the one hand and the decreasing role of social insurance on a fragmented labour market on the other hand.

Ashley Terlouw
Ashley Terlouw is Professor in Sociology of Law at the Radboud University of Nijmegen. She is responsible for the Centre for Migration Law of the Radboud University. Besides she is part-time Judge at the District Court of Gelderland. Her research concentrates on legal and societal issues of asylum and equal treatment and on the working of the judiciary.
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