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Artikel

Access_open Het normatieve karakter van de rechtswetenschap: recht als oordeel

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden legal theory, science, methodology, normativity, knowledge
Auteurs Prof. mr. Carel Smith
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Propositions of law are based upon normative judgement. The interpretation and application of legal provisions rest upon a judgement that determines which weight must be attributed to some point of view or perspective. In this respect, legal theory has a normative character. Its normative character does not preclude legal theory from being a scientific discipline. The scientific character of legal theory is not located in the possibility of testing the correctness of its theories. Rather, legal theory owes it scientific character to the shared standards of production and evaluation of legal arguments: the grammar of justice.


Prof. mr. Carel Smith
Carel Smith is associate professor at the Department of Metajuridica, Faculty of Law, Leiden University.
Redactioneel

Access_open Honeste vivere

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden ethics and law, banking law, juridification, Höffe, ethical principles
Auteurs Dr. mr. Jonathan Soeharno
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this editorial Soeharno takes a critical stand on the juridification of ethical principles within banking law. He argues that the legal incorporation of ethical principles, such as ‘integrity’ or ‘prudence’, is counter-productive. Within a legal context, these principles acquire a strictly legal significance and will be deprived of their essentially ethical character.


Dr. mr. Jonathan Soeharno
Jonathan Soeharno is Doctor of Laws and lawyer at De Brauw Blackstone Westbroek, Amsterdam and fellow at the Montaigne Centre for Judicial Administration and Conflict Resolution, Utrecht University.
Boekbespreking

Access_open Ben Golder & Peter Fitzpatrick, Foucault’s Law

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden Foucault, supression thesis
Auteurs Mr. dr. Marc de Wilde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Marc de Wilde, book review of Ben Golder & Peter Fitzpatrick, Foucault’s Law. Abingdon/New York: Routledge, 2009


Mr. dr. Marc de Wilde
Marc de Wilde is assistant professor at the Department of Legal History, University of Amsterdam.
Boekbespreking

Access_open Jon Elster, Reason and Rationality

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden methodic individualism, choice theory
Auteurs Dr. mr. Bertjan Wolthuis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Bertjan Wolthuis, book review of Jon Elster, Reason and Rationality, translated by Steven Rendall. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009


Dr. mr. Bertjan Wolthuis
Bertjan Wolthuis is assistant professor at the Department of Legal Philosophy, VU University Amsterdam.
Boekbespreking

Access_open Giorgio Agamben, Le règne et la gloire. Homo sacer (II, 2)

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden political theology, economic theology, Schmitt, Peterson
Auteurs Dr. mr. Thom Holterman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Thom Holterman, book review of Giorgio Agamben, Le règne et la gloire. Homo sacer (II, 2). Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 2008


Dr. mr. Thom Holterman
Thom Holterman is Doctor of Laws and lives in Urciers, France.
Artikel

Access_open Corporate Responsibility Revisited

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden individual responsibility, collective responsibility, legal liability, responsibility and politics
Auteurs prof. Philip Pettit
Samenvatting

    This paper responds to four commentaries on “Responsibility Incorporated”, restating, revising, and expanding on existing work. In particular, it looks again at a set of issues related primarily to responsibility at the individual level; it reconsiders responsibility at the corporate level; it examines the connection of this discussion to issues of responsibility in law and politics.


prof. Philip Pettit
Hoofdartikel

Access_open Responsibility Incorporated

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden corporate agency, corporate responsibility, collective responsibility
Auteurs prof. Philip Pettit
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Incorporated groups include businesses, universities, churches and the like. Organized to act as single centers of agency, they also routinely satisfy the three conditions that make an agent fit to be held responsible: they face significant choices, can recognize the relative value of different options, and are able to choose in sensitivity to such values. But is it redundant to hold a corporate agent responsible for something, when certain members are also held responsible for the individual parts they play? No it is not, for it is often possible for a corporate entity to be fully fit to be held responsible, when this is not true of the individual members; they may be able to make excuses that are not available at the corporate level. Does the case made for corporate responsibility extend to unincorporated collectivities like nations or religions? Not strictly but it does explain why it may be sensible to treat those collectivities as if they had corporate responsibility in certain domains.


prof. Philip Pettit
Philip Pettit is the Laurence S. Rockefeller University Professor of Politics and Human Values at Princeton University.
Artikel

Access_open On the Enactment of Corporate Arrangements

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden collective responsibility, individual responsibility
Auteurs prof. Bert van den Brink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Whereas Pettit distinguishes between responsibility for the enactment of a directly harmful act and responsibility for the arrangement or constitution that channels the formation of a corporate agent’s beliefs, desires, and intentions, we should acknowledge the existence of yet a third level of responsibility: the enactment of corporate arrangements that makes the enactment of harmful corporate actions likely or unavoidable.


prof. Bert van den Brink
Bert van den Brink is Associate Professor of Political and Social Philosophy at the Department of Philosophy of Utrecht University.
Artikel

Access_open Morality Incorporated? Some Peculiarities of Legal Thinking

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden responsibility, accountability, imputation, liability
Auteurs prof. Bert van Roermund en prof. Jan Vranken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Responsibility disappears into the background of private law as it deals with imputation of liability. Fitness to be held liable is determined by normative viewpoints different from moral ones, in particular by convictions on how society ought to be organized so as to avoid or end conflict between private citizens. Modes of discursive control are geared to making authoritative decisions in view of the same end, and corporate agency is created, restricted or enlarged to undercut or to impose individual liability.


prof. Bert van Roermund
Bert Van Roermund is Professor of Philosophy at the Department of Philosophy of Tilburg University.

prof. Jan Vranken
Jan Vranken is Professor of Private Law at the Faculty of Law of Tilburg University and former Advocate General at the Dutch Supreme Court.
Artikel

Access_open Collective Responsibility, National Peoples, and the International Order

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden collective responsibility, international legitimacy, global justice
Auteurs prof. Ronald Tinnevelt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper critically scrutinizes Pettit’s defence of corporate and collective responsibility in the light three questions. First, does Pettit successfully argue the passage from corporate responsibility to the responsibility of embryonic group agents, in particular nations? Second, are representation and the authorial and editorial dimensions of democratic control sufficient to ensure that a state is under the effective and equally shared control of its citizens? Third, what kind of international order is required to prevent states from being dominated?


prof. Ronald Tinnevelt
Ronald Tinnevelt is Associate Professor of Legal Philosophy at the Faculty of Law of the Radboud University Nijmegen.
Redactioneel

Access_open Presentation

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Auteurs prof. mr. Hans Lindahl en mr. Erik Claes
Auteursinformatie

prof. mr. Hans Lindahl
Hans Lindahl is Professor in Philosophy of Law at Tilburg University.

mr. Erik Claes
Erik Claes is assistant professor at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
Artikel

Access_open Collective Criminal Responsibility: Unfair or Redundant

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden collective criminal responsibility;, individual responsibility
Auteurs dr. Govert den Hartogh
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper argues, against Pettit’s thesis about the incorporation of responsibility, that holding collective agents criminally responsible is necessarily either redundant or unfair: redundant if responsibility can be distributed without remainder over individual persons; unfair if it cannot. It should be the task of legal systems to create chains of individual criminal responsibility encompassing executives, officials, and members of corporate agents.


dr. Govert den Hartogh
Govert den Hartogh is Professor of Ethics at the Department of Philosophy of the University of Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Lettres Persanes 13

Res publica en rechtsstaat: vrijheid in een onvolmaakte samenleving – Pleidooi voor een functionele (niet te bevlogen) grondwet

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden Vlaanderen, constitutie, Grondwet, fundamentele vrijheden
Auteurs Matthias Storme
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In light of the possibility that Belgium could fall apart in coming years this contribution argues that it is time to reflect on a constitution for Flanders: What are the characteristics of a good constitution? A good constitution would entrench fundamental freedoms, which are historically rooted in society. Moreover, it obliges the government to maintain and enforce the laws, preventing abuse of power and corruption. Finally, a functioning constitution stands above temporary interests of partisan politics, and should not be used as a means to encumber future generations with our ideological choices.


Matthias Storme
Matthias Storme is advocaat aan de balie van Brussel en buitengewoon hoogleraar aan de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en aan de Universiteit Antwerpen.
Artikel

Access_open ‘The Soviet Union did not have a legal system’

An interview with Jeremy Waldron on the methodology debate, historic injustice and the citation of foreign law

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden normative positivism, historic injustice, restitution of property rights, citation of foreign law, methodology debate
Auteurs Kees Quist en Wouter Veraart
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This interview with Jeremy Waldron covers three topics. Firstly, we dealt with the methodology debate, that is, the discussion about how to proceed in analyzing the nature of law. Does the question ‘What is law?’ require a descriptive analysis of the concept of law or, rather, a normative exercise in political philosophy? Secondly, we spoke about the role of law in response to historic injustice, especially in relation to the restitution of property rights. On this topic Waldron vindicates the ‘supersession-thesis’, the idea that, due to changed circumstances and the passage of time, historic injustices become superseded. The third section of the interview is devoted to Waldron’s perspective on the citation of foreign law by national judges.


Kees Quist
Kees Quist is junior lecturer and PhD fellow at Utrecht Law School.

Wouter Veraart
Wouter Veraart is professor of Legal Philosophy at the VU University Amsterdam.

    In an editorial article the editors supply a commentary on the topics covered in the journal.


Jaap Hage
Jaap Hage is hoogleraar Algemene Rechtsleer aan de Universiteit Maastricht.

    Book review of Koo van der Wal, What happened to ethics? On ethical thinking under late-modern circumstances [Wat is er met de ethiek gebeurd? Over ethisch denken onder laatmoderne omstandigheden], Kampen: Klement 2008, 245 p.


Jonathan Soeharno
Jonathan Soeharno is advocaat bij De Brauw Blackstone Westbroek N.V.

    Book review of T.F.E. Tjong Tjin Tai, Duties of care and ethics of care [Zorgplichten en zorgethiek], Deventer: Kluwer 2007, 455 p.


Rob Schwitters
Rob Schwitters is universitair hoofddocent aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Autonomie als voorwaarde tot legaliteit

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden autonomie, legaliteit, Brouwer, Fuller, certificering
Auteurs Pauline Westerman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Brouwer defended the view that the autonomy of the individual citizen is furthered by articulated, precise and clear legislation. The question arises whether all kinds of rules can be said to enhance such autonomy. It is argued that a distinction should be drawn between rules that dictate desirable outcomes, on the one hand, and rules that determine the way the game is played, on the other. Rules of the game often reflect the way they were drafted and can be seen as the embodiment of power relations between rule-makers. Rules that dictate outcomes, on the other hand, are often drafted by experts who analyse the goals to be reached. The view is defended that only rules of the game – potentially – enhance the autonomy of the citizen, whereas outcome-rules are potentially manipulative, tending to exclude those who are ill-equipped to realize the prescribed outcomes. The virtues of rules therefore do not merely reside in their clear and precise nature, but are largely derived from their capacity to regulate the relations amongst citizens who were included in the process of rulemaking.


Pauline Westerman
Pauline Westerman is hoogleraar Rechtsfilosofie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

Access_open Op de bres voor rechtszekerheid

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden rechtszekerheid, in dubio pro libertate, Brouwer, rechtspositivisme, constructivisme
Auteurs Marc Loth
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper addresses the principle of legal certainty, which was central in the work of Bob Brouwer. He both regretted and disputed the decline of this principle in the theory and practice of law, trying to defend it against the spirit of the time. I argue that this attempt was in vain, because it opposes recent developments in law, as is illustrated by a notorious case of the European Court of Human Rights. Moreover, these developments invoke a constructivist account of legal certainty, which opposes Brouwer’s legal positivist account. Additionally, this meta-level shows that legal certainty in its classical form is indefensible, which – of course – does not mean that it is senseless altogether. On the contrary, the principle of legal certainty does have meaning in current legal systems, and it is the task of new generations of young scholars to try to get a grip on it. In doing so, they will undoubtedly make use of Brouwer’s work, which excels both in the depth of thinking and the clarity of writing.


Marc Loth
Marc Loth is raadsheer in de Hoge Raad der Nederlanden.
Boekbespreking

Access_open R.C. Hartendorp, Praktisch gesproken, alledaagse civiele rechtspleging als praktische oordeelsvorming

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden oordeelsvorming, rechtspraktijk, hermeneutiek, pragmatisme
Auteurs Liesbeth Huppes-Cluysenaer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Book review of R.C. Hartendorp, Practically Spoken. Everyday Civil Procedure as Practical Decisioning [Praktisch gesproken, alledaagse civiele rechtspleging als practische oordeelsvorming], Rotterdam: Erasmus University Rotterdam 2008, 235 p.


Liesbeth Huppes-Cluysenaer
Liesbeth Huppes-Cluysenaer is universitair docent Rechtssociologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
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