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Artikel

Transnational Supermarket Standards in Global Supply Chains

The Emergence and Evolution of GlobalGAP

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2011
Auteurs Jaap Van der Kloet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years, West European supermarkets have been playing an active role in the global regulation of food safety. They have developed several transnational food safety standards and compelled suppliers of food products around the world to acquire certification under these standards. Why and how did supermarkets do this? This article explores the emergence and evolution of transnational supermarket standards by analyzing the development of GlobalGAP, one of the most commonly implemented supermarket standards on farms throughout the world. In the literature, the emergence of transnational regulation is often attributed to one or two factors that play an important role at a particular moment in time. The main argument made in this article is that the emergence of transnational supermarket standards is best understood when it is studied as a process. The development of GlobalGAP includes four main characteristics which may be helpful in analyzing the emergence of other transnational private standards.


Jaap Van der Kloet
Jaap Van der Kloet is a PhD candidate at the Institute for Sociology of Law of the Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands. His PhD research focuses on comparing the social working of transnational private food safety standards between local farmers in the Netherlands and Kenya. He has a Master’s degree in International Development Studies. He worked as junior researcher at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and as project leader at the Dutch NGO Fairfood.

Jeff Handmaker
Jeff Handmaker is lecturer in law, development and human rights at the International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam and honorary research fellow in the School of Law of the University of the Witwatersrand.

    This paper presents a reflection on the theoretical work on the social working of law of the past two decades. It is argued that early assumptions, that legal models were becoming increasingly globalised, creating an increasingly uniform body of law, have not come true. The global spread of neo-capitalism has not only given rise to de-juridification, it has also engendered juridification in which ever more sectors of social life, from small scale to global, are being colonised by law. This development is initiated from above and below in equal measure, and concerns not only the law of nation states, but also law created by other actors, including religious law of various provenance. The paper argues that great progress has been made in understanding how transnational law is generated and how law is transnationalised, but that the ways in which these processes work when actors actually use this transnationalised law in contexts of legal pluralism are not yet adequately understood. The paper presents a perspective on transnationalisation of law that is grounded in space, a perspective that may aid our understanding of the social working of law in transnational contexts. The first section provides a brief survey of some of the main academic approaches to processes of transnationalisation. The second section addresses the issue of location and considers what happens in settings where actors use transnationalising law. The conclusions discuss the value of transnational space and transnational legal space as concepts for the analysis of transnationalising law.


Keebet von Benda-Beckmann
Keebet von Benda-Beckmann is head of the Project Group Legal Pluralism at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle. She also holds honorary chairs in social anthropology and legal pluralism at the Universities of Leipzig and Halle. She has carried out research on dispute management, social security, natural resources in West Sumatra, the Moluccas, and in the Netherlands. She has been conducting field research on the effects of decentralisation and reforms of local government in West Sumatra since the fall of the Suharto regime. She has widely published on dispute management, resources, social security, and on theoretical issues of legal pluralism.
Artikel

Het poldermodel van de publiek-private samenwerking in mededingingsland

Een analyse van de zaak Pfleiderer

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 9 2011
Trefwoorden decentrale toepassing, private handhaving, publieke handhaving, clementie, procedurele autonomie
Auteurs M.J. Frese LLM
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Na een reeks van uitspraken waarmee het Hof van de Justitie de rechtstreekse werking van het EU-mededingingsrecht heeft ondersteund, keert het zich met Pfleiderer tegen een orthodoxe benadering van private handhaving: het primaat bij het verzekeren van de naleving van de artikelen 101 en 102 VWEU ligt niet bij het individu. Subjectieve rechten genieten weliswaar de bescherming van het Hof van Justitie, civic empowerment legt het af tegen public enforcement indien de vrije mededinging hiermee is gediend. Deze bijdrage bespreekt de implicaties van Pfleiderer voor de autonomie van de lidstaten ten aanzien van publiekrechtelijke clementieregelingen en privaatrechtelijke schadevergoedingsprocedures.


M.J. Frese LLM
M.J. Frese LLM is promovendus Amsterdam Centre for European Law and Governance/Amsterdam Center for Law & Economics aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Het Europees burgerinitiatief

Symboolwetgeving of daadwerkelijke democratische versterking van de Unie?

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 9 2011
Trefwoorden Europees burgerinitiatief, unieburgerschap, directe democratie, legitimiteit, verdrag van Lissabon
Auteurs Prof. mr. L.A.J. Senden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Het Europees burgerinitiatief (EBI) is een noviteit in het EU-recht, ingevoerd door het Verdrag van Lissabon. In deze bijdrage wordt de potentiële bijdrage van het EBI aan de democratische fundamenten van de Unie besproken, in het licht van de nadere uitwerking en vormgeving daarvan in Verordening (EU) nr. 211/2011. Krachtens deze Verordening zullen burgerinitiatieven kunnen worden ingediend vanaf 1 april 2012.


Prof. mr. L.A.J. Senden
Prof. mr. L.A.J. Senden is hoogleraar Europees recht aan het Europa Instituut van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Access_open Transnational Fundamental Rights: Horizontal Effect?

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden fundamental rights, societal constitutionalism, inclusionary and exclusionary effects, anonymous matrix
Auteurs Gunther Teubner
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Violations of human rights by transnational corporations and by other ‘private’ global actors raise problems that signal the limits of the traditional doctrine of ‘horizontal effects’. To overcome them, constitutional law doctrine needs to be complemented by perspectives from legal theory and sociology of law. This allows new answers to the following questions: What is the validity basis of human rights in transnational ‘private’ regimes – extraterritorial effect, colère public or external pressures on autonomous law making in global regimes? Do they result in protective duties of the states or in direct human rights obligations of private transnational actors? What does it mean to generalise state-directed human rights and to respecify them for different social spheres? Are societal human rights limited to ‘negative’ rights or is institutional imagination capable of developing ‘positive’ rights – rights of inclusion and participation in various social fields? Are societal human rights directed exclusively against corporate actors or can they be extended to counteract structural violence of anonymous social processes? Can such broadened perspectives of human rights be re-translated into the practice of public interest litigation?


Gunther Teubner
Gunther Teubner is Professor of Private Law and Legal Sociology and Principal Investigator of the Excellence Cluster ‘The Formation of Normative Orders’ at the Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main. He is also Professor at the International University College, Torino, Italy.
Discussie

Access_open Against the ‘Pestilential Gods’

Teubner on Human Rights

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden semiosphera, paranomia, Drittwirkung, matrix argument
Auteurs Pasquale Femia
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Examining the function of human rights in the semiosphere requires a strategy of differentiation: the dissolution of politics into political moments (politics, it is argued, is not a system, but a form of discourse); the distinction between discourse and communication; the concept of systemic paranomic functionings. Paranomia is a situation generated by the pathological closure of discourses, in which knowledge of valid and observed norms obscures power. Fundamental rights are the movement of communication, claims about redistributing powers, directed against paranomic functionings. Rethinking the debate about the third party effect implies that validity and coherence must be differentiated for the development of the ‘matrix argument’.


Pasquale Femia
Pasquale Femia is Professor of Private Law at the Faculty of Political Studies of the University of Naples II, Italy.
Discussie

Access_open The Destruction and Reconstruction of the Tower of Babel

A Comment to Gunther Teubner’s Plea for a ‘Common Law Constitution’

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden global society, constitutionalism, social systems theory, Teubner, law and order
Auteurs Bart van Klink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article presents some critical comments concerning the conceptual, normative and institutional foundations of Teubner’s plea for a ‘common law constitution’. My comments question the desirability of the means chosen for attaining this objective as well as their efficacy. In particular, I have difficulties with the ambivalent role that is assigned to man, either as a person or as a human being; with the reduction of social problems to problems of communication; and, finally and most importantly, with the attempt to conceive of law and politics beyond established legal and political institutions, which in my view is doomed to fail. The conclusion offers some tentative suggestions for an alternative approach.


Bart van Klink
Bart van Klink is Professor of Legal Methodology at the Faculty of Law of the VU University Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Discussie

Dik of dun?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden European Court of Human Rights, constitutional questions, fundamental principles of justice, judicial activism
Auteurs Thierry Baudet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In a footnote on the last page of her article, Janneke Gerards writes: ‘Here I will leave to one side the debate on the involvement of the ECHR with questions that are not really constitutional.’ But it is precisely the involvement of the ECHR with questions that are ‘not really constitutional’ – and therefore not really fundamental – that the debate is about. It is regrettable that those who are indignant about my critique of the course that the ECHR is currently taking hardly – if ever – respond to my arguments against such an expansive course. The fact that the Court is now facing a pile of waiting cases rapidly approaching 200,000, as well as problems of legitimacy after taking a stand in undeniably political cases such as prisoners’ voting rights, limits to the freedom of speech, as well as its hinting that it would disapprove of a ban on the burqa, all undermine and impede what the ECHR was originally set up for: to be an effective, swift and authoritative voice in the protection of ‘fundamental principles of justice’. By indulging in meddlesomeness and political correctness, the ECHR is digging its own grave.


Thierry Baudet
Thierry Baudet studeerde geschiedenis en rechten aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en zit thans in de eindfase van zijn promotieonderzoek in de rechtsfilosofie aan de Universiteit Leiden. Tevens schrijft hij een tweewekelijkse column voor NRC Handelsblad.
Discussie

De waarde van een Europees mensenrechtenhof

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden European Court of Human Rights, judicial review, fundamental rights, supranational protection of human rights
Auteurs Janneke Gerards
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the last few months, the European Court of Human Rights has been heavily criticised in the Dutch media and by Dutch politicians. Although the criticism is mainly directed at the perceived overextension of the Court’s fundamental rights protection, it also concentrates on fundamental issues such as the interference with national sovereignty that is affected by supranational adjudication and the anti-democratic character of supranational judicial review. In this contribution to the debate, it is argued that the present criticism of the Court is largely misconceived. Although the Court and its case law should certainly not be accepted uncritically, the arguments on which the criticism is based either lack nuance or disregard the Court’s specific function as a protector of fundamental rights. To provide a better basis for sensible and relevant criticism of how the Court functions, this contribution therefore aims to revisit the main roles of the European Convention on Human Rights and of international human rights protection, as well as the classic debate on judicial review.


Janneke Gerards
Janneke Gerards is als onderzoekshoogleraar fundamentele rechten verbonden aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Deze bijdrage is een uitwerking van de bijdrage die zij leverde aan een debatbijeenkomst over de rol van het EHRM die op 12 mei 2011 plaatsvond aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Wonen, wijken en diversiteit

Een interpretatieve beleidsanalyse van de legitimering van de relatie tussen huisvesting en integratie in ‘probleemwijken’

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden legitimacy, housing, integration, interpretative policy analysis
Auteurs Marleen van der Haar en Ashley Terlouw
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we study ways in which the relationship between housing and integration of migrants are being justified and legitimated in policy documents from the cities of Arnhem and Nijmegen. Making use of a critical frame analysis, we are particularly interested in the assumptions made with regard to the preferred population composition of neighbourhoods, images of ‘normality’ and ‘the ideal society’. Based on the analysis of a set of policy documents (such as the most recent coalition agreement, housing policy document and several neighbourhood plans of each city) and a pilot study that includes interviews with local administrators and residents of twelve neighbourhoods, we found that most problems that are being related to residential segregation in neighbourhoods are defined in socio-economic terms. In general, the data show that the mixing of people with different socio-economic positions is thought to be the solution to this problem. References to migrants are mainly indirect: many documents mention that a large part of the poor people are migrants. The issue of integration is mostly dealt with in documents that focus on so-called ‘problem neighbourhoods’. We conclude that the desirability of diverse neighbourhoods in terms of types of housing and groups of people is widespread. Yet the assumptions on which these ideas are built remain largely implicit.


Marleen van der Haar
Marleen van der Haar is postdoc onderzoeker en docent bij het Institute for Management Research, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Op dit moment doet zij (samen met Mieke Verloo en Iris van Huis) een studie naar organisaties in de publieke sector die projecten uitvoeren met als doel bepaalde mannen te emanciperen en te activeren. Hiervoor deed zij (samen met Dvora Yanow) aan de Vrije Universiteit onderzoek naar de implicaties van het gebruik van de beleidstermen allochtoon en autochtoon. In 2007 promoveerde zij op een proefschrift over de manieren waarop professionele repertoires van maatschappelijk werkers beïnvloed worden door hulpverlening aan een cultureel divers cliëntenbestand. Kenmerkend voor haar werk is het gebruik van een combinatie van kritische frameanalyse en etnografisch onderzoek.

Ashley Terlouw
Ashley Terlouw is hoogleraar rechtssociologie aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Zij studeerde rechten aan de Universiteit Utrecht en werkte onder meer als wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het stafbureau Vreemdelingenzaken van de Rechtbank Den Haag en als hoofd van de afdeling Vluchtelingen bij Amnesty International Nederland. In 2003 promoveerde zij aan de Radboud Universiteit op een rechtssociologisch onderzoek naar samenwerking tussen vreemdelingenrechters. In de periode 2004-2008 was zij als commissielid verbonden aan de Commissie gelijke behandeling. Zij publiceert op het gebied van gelijke behandeling, rechtspleging en migratierecht.
Artikel

Scharnierpunt tussen Europees en nationaal consumentenrecht

De ‘gemiddelde consument’ als gemeenschappelijke standaard?

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 7/8 2011
Trefwoorden gemiddelde consument, Europees consumentenrecht, zorgplichten, Dexia, rechtsvorming
Auteurs Dr. V. Mak
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De ‘gemiddelde consument’ is een toetssteen voor consumentenbescherming, zowel in het EU-recht als in het nationale privaatrecht. De standaarden lopen echter uiteen: in het EU-recht wordt hij als gemiddeld omzichtig en oplettend beschouwd, terwijl het nationale privaatrecht juist uitgaat van een consument die meer bescherming nodig heeft. In deze bijdrage verken ik de achtergrond van dit onderscheid door naar de functie van het begrip te kijken op de beide niveaus van regelgeving. Voorts betoog ik dat het begrip als ‘open platform’ een centrale functie kan vervullen in een nieuw model voor rechtsvorming in het Europese consumentenrecht.


Dr. V. Mak
Dr. V. Mak is universitair docent aan Tilburg University.
Artikel

Zijn Nederlandse burgers écht enthousiast over de nieuwe antiterrorismemaatregelen?

Een vergelijking van attitudes en willingness to pay

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden counterterrorism policy, public opinion, willingness to pay, legitimacy
Auteurs Johan van Wilsem en Maartje van der Woude
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since 2001, the Netherlands have broadened their array of antiterrorism legislation and policies. However, there is hardly any insight into the level of public support for them. This article assesses the Dutch public opinion on four measures that were recently made effective: enhanced possibilities for stop-and-search, broadening of possibilities for special investigative resources, increased obligations for identification, and body scans in airports. Two randomly selected, comparable groups were asked different questions about these issues: attitudes or willingness to pay. The results show that respondents have positive attitudes towards newly introduced antiterrorism measures, yet simultaneously, they have low willingness to pay. Both groups were also asked how they would allocate an imaginary fixed budget to various criminal justice policies and tax rebate. These results show similar relations for both attitudes and willingness to pay, suggesting they both measure the relative importance assigned to antiterrorism policies. A right political orientation predicts both positive attitudes and high willingness to pay. Furthermore, people with high income have higher willingness to pay. The results underline the necessity to pay attention to the subtleties underlying public opinion on crime control.


Johan van Wilsem
Dr. J.A. (Johan) van Wilsem is universitair hoofddocent criminologie bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. E-mail: J.A.van.Wilsem@law.leidenuniv.nl.

Maartje van der Woude
Mr. dr. M.A.H. (Maartje) van der Woude is universitair docent criminologie bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. E-mail: m.a.h.vanderwoude@law.leidenuniv.nl.
Artikel

Herstelrecht en criminaliteitspreventie

Van conceptueel kader naar praktische uitdaging

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden criminaliteitspreventie, conceptueel kader
Auteurs Adam Crawford
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    On the basis of current definitions and approaches of restorative justice and crime prevention, and making use of a two-dimensional typology of crime prevention, this article develops a conceptual framework and seeks to offer points of connections and departure at the theoretical level between restorative justice practices and different models of offender-oriented, victim-oriented and community-oriented prevention. In order to face some of the present limitations of restorative justice, in particular the missing link to causes of crime at the societal-structural level, the author widens the perspective of restorative justice to the broader notion of ‘community justice’. The challenge for restorative justice is, then, to integrate polycentric problem-solving approaches into its operational models.


Adam Crawford
Adam Crawford is professor Criminology and Criminal Justice en directeur van het Centre for Criminal Justice Studies aan de universiteit van Leeds. Hij is eveneens hoofdredacteur van het wetenschappelijke tijdschrift Criminology and Criminal Justice.
Artikel

Is het Nederlandse terrorismebeleid écht zo degelijk vormgegeven?

Een bespreking van recent uitgevoerd evaluatieonderzoek

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden legislation evaluation, counterterrorism legislation, evaluative research, security culture
Auteurs Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Almost ten years after the catastrophic attacks in New York and Washington, Dutch counterterrorism legislation has been evaluated. Since (the drafting of) this body of legislation has been highly criticized over the past years, there was a great need for a thorough and objective evaluation, covering the questions that were risen over years concerning the legitimacy, necessity and effectiveness of the counterterrorism legislation. This article aims to show that the political nature of counterterrorism seems to impede on such an evaluation by systematically discussing the flaws and weaknesses of the evaluative study carried out by the Ministry of Security and Justice.


Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
Mr. dr. M.A.H. van der Woude is universitair docent bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie, Universiteit Leiden en tevens redactielid van PROCES.
Discussie

Technoregulering: regulering of ‘slechts’ disciplinering

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden regulation by technology, code as law, legitimacy, rule of law, regulation
Auteurs Ronald Leenes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this contribution Ronald Leenes discusses the implications of technoregulation, i.e. regulation by means of technology. Starting from Julia Black’s definition of regulation he discusses how technologies are used to alter or modify human behaviour. One of the objections he raises concerns the intransparency of the norm that is thus enforced, and he argues that technoregulation easily becomes administration or discipline rather than law.


Ronald Leenes
Ronald Leenes is geïnteresseerd in de rol die technologie speelt en kan spelen in het reguleren van menselijk gedrag en binnen welke randvoorwaarden dit plaats moet vinden. Toepassingsgebieden hiervan binnen zijn huidige blikveld zijn privacy, identiteit en identiteitsmanagement, en intellectueel eigendom. Hij is betrokken (geweest) bij onderzoek op het gebied van biometrie, human enhancement, RFID, Ambient Intelligence en nanotechnologie. Hij heeft in verschillende (KP6 en KP7) Europese onderzoeksprojecten gewerkt op het gebied van privacy en identeit(smanagement). Hij is tevens betrokken bij diverse nationale onderzoeksprojecten rond online-identiteit.
Discussie

Technologische en juridische normativiteit: het tekort van het reguleringsparadigma

Een respons op Leenes’ ‘Technoregulering’

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden regulation by technology, code as law, legitimacy, rule of law, regulation
Auteurs Mireille Hildebrandt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Mireille Hildebrandt responds to the article of Ronald Leenes. She largely agrees with Leenes’ objection that technoregulation threatens to conflate rule-making (a task of the legislator) with administration (a task of the executive). In her reply she rejects the external perspective that is inherent in regulation as behaviour-modification, arguing that legal subjects are not to be seen as mere objects of regulation. At the same time she calls for a reflection on the normative implications of technological infrastructures for existing legal rights, e.g., on privacy, even if these implications were not intended by a regulator.


Mireille Hildebrandt
Mireille Hildebrandt is hoogleraar ICT en rechtsstaat aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, hoofddocent rechtstheorie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en senior onderzoeker aan Law Science Technology and Society Studies (LSTS) aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Haar onderzoek richt zich in het bijzonder op de implicaties van slimme (proactieve) omgevingen voor rechtsstaat en democratie. Zij was deelprojectleider van het Europese KP6-project the Future of Identity in Information Society (FIDIS) en is momenteel betrokken bij het Europese KP7-project Security Impact Assessment Measurement (SIAM). Zij is naar Brussel gedetacheerd op het fundamenteel onderzoeksproject Law and Autonomic Computing. Mutual Transformations, redigeerde samen met Serge Gutwirth Profiling the European citizen. Cross-disciplinary perspectives (Springer: Dordrecht 2008) en samen met Antoinette Rouvory Law, human agency and autonomic computing. The philosophy of law meets the philosophy of technology (Routledge: New York 2011).
Artikel

Verzet tegen gedoogbeleid: iets typisch rechts?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden punitive turn, political conservatism, ‘gedoogbeleid’, administrative tolerance
Auteurs Peter Mascini en Dick Houtman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article demonstrates on the basis of a representative survey among the Dutch population (N=1,892) that it is not necessarily politically ‘rightist’ or ‘conservative’ to resist the toleration of illegal activities (‘gedoogbeleid’). Even though, generally speaking, political conservatives are most likely to be critical, this is merely because they unconsciously associate the latter with practices of tolerating illegal activities by marginal individuals. Whereas conservatives hence oppose the latter more than political progressives do, the latter for their part are more critical than conservatives about tolerating illegal activities by official agencies. These findings illustrate that gedoogbeleid does not have a universal legitimacy in the eyes of the public, but that its legitimacy is determined case by case by the concrete aims and targets addressed by this policy instrument.


Peter Mascini
Peter Mascini is universitair docent sociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op de legitimiteit, uitvoering en handhaving van publiek beleid. Hierover heeft hij onder andere gepubliceerd in Law and Policy, Regulation and Governance, British Journal of Criminology, International Migration Review en Tijdschrift voor Criminologie.

Dick Houtman
Dick Houtman is als hoogleraar cultuursociologie verbonden aan het Centre for Rotterdam Cultural Sociology (CROCUS) van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij verricht overwegend onderzoek naar de spiritualisering van religie en de culturalisering van de politiek in hedendaagse westerse samenlevingen. Zijn twee recentste boeken zijn Religions of modernity (2010; red. met Stef Aupers) en Paradoxes of individualization (in druk; met Stef Aupers en Willem de Koster).
Artikel

Access_open Legitimiteit, gemeenschap en rechtvaardigheid

Een kritiek op Dworkins verklaring voor legitimiteit

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden legitimacy, associative obligations, justice, community, Dworkin
Auteurs Thomas Decreus
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In Law’s Empire Ronald Dworkin offers a specific answer to the age old question of political legitimacy. According to Dworkin, legitimacy originates in a ‘true community’ that is able to generate associative obligations among its members. In this article I illustrate how this answer contrasts with the moral and political principle of justice. The question remains how a conceptual link can be found between a community-based view on legitimacy and a more universal demand for justice. I try to answer this question by offering a close reading of Law’s Empire and other basic essays in Dworkin’s philosophy of law. In my attempt to solve this problem I propose an alternative view on community and legitimacy. In opposition to Dworkin I claim that legitimacy is prior to the community.


Thomas Decreus
Thomas Decreus is PhD student in political philosophy at the KULeuven Institute of Philosophy.
Artikel

Access_open Law in the twilight of environmental Armageddon

A response to Han Somsen

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden environmental catastrophe, legitimacy, geo-engineering, phenomenology
Auteurs Luigi Corrias
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper argues that Somsen’s article, though brave in approach and daring in ideas, suffers from some fundamental flaws. First of all, it remains unclear how Somsen conceptualises the relationship between legitimacy and effectiveness, and what this means for his position towards the argument of a state of exception. Secondly, a plea for regulation by code has serious consequences for the claim to attain justice. Finally, geo-engineering poses some profound difficulties, both because of its consequences and because of its presuppositions.


Luigi Corrias
Luigi Corrias is Assistant Professor of Legal Philosophy at VU University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
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