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Artikel

Zorgvuldig en bedachtzaam

De eerste uitspraak van het Constitutioneel Hof Sint Maarten

Tijdschrift Caribisch Juristenblad, Aflevering 2 2014
Auteurs Mr. G.A.H. Bakhuis, Mr. H. Nummerdor, Mr. S. Philipsen e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In dit artikel staat de eerste uitspraak van het Constitutioneel Hof van Sint Maarten centraal. Allereerst worden de mogelijkheden van constitutionele toetsing in het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden geschetst. Aansluitend wordt de toetsingsbevoegdheid van het Hof besproken zoals die is opgenomen in de Staatsregeling van Sint Maarten. Daarna wordt ingegaan op de uitgangspunten die het Hof kiest bij de uitoefening van deze bevoegdheid. Op basis van hetgeen is beschreven, concluderen de auteurs dat het Hof zijn ruime bevoegdheid zorgvuldig en bedachtzaam heeft ingekaderd.


Mr. G.A.H. Bakhuis
Mr. G.A.H. Bakhuis is als promovendus werkzaam bij de sectie Staats- en Bestuursrecht van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam

Mr. H. Nummerdor
Mr. H. Nummerdor is als docent werkzaam bij de sectie Staats- en Bestuursrecht van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam

Mr. S. Philipsen
Mr. S. Philipsen is als promovendus werkzaam bij de sectie Staats- en Bestuursrecht van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam

Mr. dr. J.C. de Wit
Mr. dr. J.C. de Wit is als docent werkzaam bij de sectie Staats- en Bestuursrecht van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam

    Indien de belastingplichtige grove schuld of opzet kan worden toegerekend, mag de Belastingdienst een vergrijpboete opleggen. Deze vergrijpboete kan bij opzettelijk handelen oplopen tot 100% van het te weinig betaalde belastingbedrag. Dit artikel tracht inzicht te geven in de invulling van deze strafrechtelijke begrippen in de Curaçaose fiscale praktijk. De kwalificatie van grove schuld of opzet is casuïstisch, waarbij de bewijslast bij de Belastingdienst ligt. Grove schuld is omschreven als een in laakbaarheid aan opzet grenzende mate van verwijtbaarheid dat mede grove onachtzaamheid omvat. Opzet is omschreven als het willens en wetens handelen of nalaten. Indien sprake is van een pleitbaar standpunt, kan de belastingplichtige geen verwijt worden gemaakt. Wanneer een belastingplichtige zijn belastingzaken laat behartigen door een adviseur, kan de schuld van de adviseur niet zonder meer worden toegerekend aan de belastingplichtige.


Mr. Siegfried G. Kenswil
Mr. Siegfried G. Kenswil is belastingadviseur bij KPMG Meijburg Caribbean.
Artikel

Een remix van het strafproces? Een hiphop-theorie van het herstelrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden hip-hop, herstelrecht, culturele criminologie, populaire cultuur, commodificatie
Auteurs Antony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Hip-hop and restorative justice may seem odd bedfellows, but according to Antony Pemberton they have more in common than many would assume. In the first place hip-hop shares a common history, at least with restorative justice's modern incarnations, spanning four decades, to become a similarly global phenomenon. Much of the social ecology shaping RJ is similar to hiphop. In addition hiphop's criticism of criminal justice almost goes without saying. Almost no source offers similar scathing critique of criminal justice and penal institutions as rap lyrics. Pemberton concludes that rituals in hip-hop are connected with the need to deal with conflict. The way respect and disrespect can coincide in rap-battles might offer insights in the way similar dialectics can be navigated within restorative justice processes. The extent to which this is possible is necessarily limited. Pemberton finds that hip-hop – with the exception of graffiti- does not seem currently to criticize the key neo-liberal values of the American Zeitgeist. The much maligned chasm between the old-school and the new school can be situated in this observation. Where hip-hop, as a social movement, used to deploy the depiction of injustice as a means to underline the necessity of social change, the current motto appears to be rich or die tryin”. The life of the thug and the gangsta is depicted as the epitome of the American Dream. Here Pemberton sees grounds for a cautionary warning for restorative justice, which is nurtured by a similar neo-liberal undercurrent in a number of jurisdictions.


Antony Pemberton
Antony Pemberton is werkzaam aan het International Victimology Institute van Tilburg University.
Artikel

Het esoterische mensbeeld in Die Zauberflote van Mozart

Wat straf- en herstelrecht daarvan kunnen leren

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden esoterische wijsheid, levensloopbenadering, desistance, Die Zauberflöte, Mozart
Auteurs Jacques Claessen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The focus of this contribution is on the esoteric view on mankind as depicted in Mozart's opera The Magic Flute. Within this context, the stages of development of the conscience and soul that a man can go through will receive additional attention. This development can also be influenced by external factors. According to esotericists, the purpose or destination of man is that he comes into contact with his divine nature, but also that he identifies himself with this nature and that he will live in accordance with it. Such a life can be characterized by wisdom and love and therefore by virtue (charity), which is the opposite of sin or mis-doing. Before the identified development of man can be visualized based on The Magic Flute, this opera firstly needs to be embedded in the tradition of the freemasonry (‘Royal Art’) and other, older initiation schools. It is therefore important to recognize that the esoteric view on mankind has historical roots and that, only in recent centuries, this view has been marginalized, due to the rise of the scientific view on mankind. Finally, the question is posed what criminal law and restorative justice can learn from the esoteric view on mankind. In response to this question, a starting point will be presented of the development of a spiritual life-cycle approach, which complements the existing life-cycle approach and the related desistance theories within contemporary criminology. Furthermore, the concept of interconnectedness, which plays an important role in the context of the esoteric views on mankind, will be connected to a restorative crime approach, which provides restorative justice with spiritual legitimization.


Jacques Claessen
Jacques Claessen is als universitair docent straf(proces)recht verbonden aan de Universiteit Maastricht.
Artikel

Vlieland als ons eigen Siberië

Over de (on)mogelijkheden van resocialisatie voor ex-delinquenten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden resocialisering, ontkerstening, ex-delinquenten, christelijke deugden, Dostojevski
Auteurs Jaap Goedegebuure
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In a recent novel that received much public revulsion, Flemish writer Kristien Hemmerechts identifies with Michelle Martin, ex-wife and accomplice of the notorious criminal Marc Dutroux. To a certain extent her book is a plea for rehabilitation and re-socialization of Martin. By the wider public this ‘humanization’ is experienced as unacceptable. Nowadays re-acceptation of ex-convicts has become increasingly problematic. It seems the public would prefer to banish many ex-offenders to a desert island or a distant country. This development shows that the ethic of forgiveness has lost social influence. In this essay Hemmerechts' position is compared to that of Dostoevsky, especially with his novel Crime and Punishment in which the Gospel message of humility, charity and compassion reverberates.


Jaap Goedegebuure
Jaap Goedegebuure was van 2005 tot 2012 hoogleraar moderne Nederlandse letterkunde aan de Universiteit Leiden. Eerder vervulde hij leeropdrachten aan de universiteiten van Berlijn, Tilburg en Nijmegen. Hij publiceert regelmatig over de literatuur van de negentiende en twintigste eeuw. Zijn laatste publicatie in boekvorm is Nederlandse schrijvers en religie 1960-2010.
Artikel

Access_open Constantijn Kelk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden Constantijn Kelk, Constant Nieuwenhuys, compassion, solidarity
Auteurs prof. dr. Willem de Haan
Samenvatting

    In this interview, Contantijn Kelk talks about his life and career in criminal law and the relationship between his work and the fine arts. More specifically, he talks about his friendship with the painter Constant Nieuwenhuys (1920-2005) who, like he himself, in his work demonstrated compassion and solidarity with the suspected, convicted and detained fellow human being.


prof. dr. Willem de Haan
Artikel

De kunst van het verbeelden

Over de relatie tussen beeldende kunst en criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden visual criminology, fine arts, representation
Auteurs prof. dr. Willem de Haan en prof. dr. René van Swaaningen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Cultural criminology has shown an interest in the visual representation of perpetrators, victims and scenes of crime and punishment in the media. Relatively little attention has been paid to the visual representation of these subjects in the fine arts, however. This lacuna has been the inspiration for this special issue about the art of representation and the relationship between fine arts and criminology. Questions that are addressed include: What is the importance and meaning of representational art for the criminologist? It is conceivable that a criminological researcher would reformulate his or her research problem due to insights that have been articulated by artists? And, by the same token, is it possible that an artist would revise his or her representation because of scientific research? Or, are the doings of both independent of one another? Ultimately, this special issue is concerned with how representations of perpetrators, victims and scenes of crime and punishment come into being, which meaning these images have in different social and cultural contexts and what we, as criminologists, can contribute to them.


prof. dr. Willem de Haan
Prof. dr. Willem de Haan is emeritus hoogleraar criminologie en senior research fellow bij de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.

prof. dr. René van Swaaningen
Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen is hoogleraar Internationaal Comparatieve Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en voorzitter van de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Criminologie.
Artikel

Hunting Worlds Turned Upside Down

Paulus Potter’s Life of a Hunter

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden Art, green criminology, non-speciesism, human-animal relationships
Auteurs prof. dr. Piers Beirne en dr. Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Life of a Hunter (c.1647) is an extraordinary painting by the young Dutch artist Paulus Potter. Its fourteen panels tell the tale of a well-heeled gentleman who likes to hunt and to kill “game” and “exotic” animals. The hunting world is turned upside down when the animals capture the hunter and put him on trial. He is condemned to death, roasted alive and doubtless consumed by the very creatures who had earlier been his quarry. In this essay we try to interpret Potter’s painting. Is it an allegory of the chaotic politics of the mid-17th century Dutch Republic? Does it represent an early modern animal trial? Our tentative conclusion is that Life of a Hunter expresses a Montaignian-inspired moment of transition in cultural attitudes towards human-animal relationships: its restricted vision of animal cruelty is not against animal cruelty tout court and its inversion of two links in the great chain of being is very far from being altogether pro-animal.


prof. dr. Piers Beirne
Prof. dr. Piers Beirne is Professor of Sociology and Legal Studies in the Department of Criminology at the University of Southern Maine. Hij is de founding co-editor van het tijdschrift Theoretical Criminology en de auteur van tal van boeken waaronder Animal Abuse (2009, Rowman and Littlefield).

dr. Janine Janssen
Dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de Nederlandse politie en verbonden aan de vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam.
Artikel

From graffiti to pixação

Urban protest in Brazil

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden Brazilian graffiti, pichação, pixação, criminalization, resistance
Auteurs Paula Gil Larruscahim
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper explores the hypothesis that the process of rupture in Brazilian graffiti writer’s subculture resulting in different groups - pichadores, pixadores and grafiteiros - took place in two different, though complementary, stages. The first stage is the commodification of graffiti by successive media campaigns and its penal control by the state. The second stage - which may be considered as a side effect of the first one - consists of the emergence of a new transgressive pixação movement. Instead of merely writing or tagging their signatures and messages on the walls of the city, they claim the freedom of usage of the urban space and contest the importance that property has in the late modernity context.


Paula Gil Larruscahim
Paula Gil Larruscahim is promovenda binnen het Erasmus Mundus Doctoral Programme on Cultural and Global Criminology aan de Universiteit Utrecht en de University of Kent: www.dcgc.eu.
Artikel

Gezichtsbedrog

Over de verbeelding van kleptomanie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden Marlene Dumas, Géricault, kleptomania, ethics of representation
Auteurs prof. dr. Willem de Haan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    An analysis is made of how the painting The Kleptomaniac (2005) by Marlene Dumas – especially through its title – represents a certain kind of criminal and what ethical implications this has. A discussion of art historical research on the genesis of the original Portrait of a kleptomaniac (ca. 1820) from which Dumas has taken the title for her painting, is followed by a discussion of the history of the concept of kleptomania in psychiatry and an analysis of how that concept is reproduced by Dumas’ painting and, in particular, its title: The Kleptomaniac. By giving a painting of a male face this title in 2005 a type of criminal is represented in a way that does not do justice to the history of the concept and the phenomenon itself. By mobilizing a contested and obsolete psychiatric concept for an artistic project, the ambiguity which the painter intended is not left intact but, in fact, destroyed by an allusive title which mystifies the subject while having a disorienting effect on the viewer of the painting.


prof. dr. Willem de Haan
Prof. dr. Willem de Haan is emeritus hoogleraar criminologie en senior research fellow bij de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Vagebonden in woorden en daden, én in beelden

Van deerniswekkende drommel via vrijheidslievende romanticus tot zorgwekkende zorgmijder

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden Beggars, Tramps, Vagrancy, Vagabonds, visual arts
Auteurs prof. dr. Frans Koenraadt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Vagabonds, mainly relating to beggars and vagrants, have occupied the Western European social and criminal landscape by the ages. In this contribution some long term patterns – from the Middle Ages onwards – are investigated. The central questions are a) What is the place vagabonds occupied in society? and b) How was dealt with them in the past centuries? In order to answer these questions the perception of and the distinction between true and false beggars and vagrants are included. In addition to penal and criminological sources also those from the visual arts (history) are applied. Answering these questions shows a process of increasing institutionalization seeing a pattern of social exclusion to institutional confinement. An important role in the institutionalization is reserved for the interference of criminal law.


prof. dr. Frans Koenraadt
Prof. dr. Frans Koenraadt is hoogleraar forensische psychiatrie en psychologie aan de Universiteit Utrecht. Hij is als wetenschappelijk adviseur werkzaam in het Pieter Baan Centrum (NIFP) te Utrecht en bij de Forensisch Psychiatrische Kliniek te Assen, Drenthe. Hij is tevens zelfstandig gevestigd in zijn eigen praktijk voor forensische psychologie in Amsterdam. Hij is hoofdopleider van de profielopleiding Forensische psychologie van de RINO Noord Holland te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Source-usage within doctrinal legal inquiry: choices, problems, and challenges

Tijdschrift Law and Method, juni 2014
Trefwoorden methodological challenges, doctrinal legal inquiry, source-usage, methodology, method
Auteurs Mr. Marnix Vincent Roderick Snel LLM, MA
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article provides an overview of the methodological challenges that scholars are confronted with in relation to use of legislation, case law and literature commentaries within doctrinal legal inquiry. Therefore it employs a systematic literature review and a supplementary explorative expert-consultation among legal scholars of Tilburg University. Although the scope of the research is still limited, it shows that doctrinal legal inquiry is subjected to more and other methodological challenges surrounding the source-usage than one might expect. This insight may contribute to the further development of the meta-discipline ’law and methodology’ and simultaneously allows for more methodological awareness among doctrinal legal scholars.


Mr. Marnix Vincent Roderick Snel LLM, MA
Marnix Snel is a PhD researcher at the Research Group ‘Methodology of law and legal scholarship’ at Tilburg University. I thank prof. Rob van Gestel, prof. Jan Vranken and Dr. Arie-Jan Kwak for their comments on earlier draft version of this article.

    Public law is sometimes said to deal with distributive justice. Such allocation issues are at least very dominant when public authorities grant only a limited number of public rights (authorizations, subsidies, etc.) and the number of applicants exceeds this maximum. The characteristics common to these ’limited public rights’ raise the question whether there are some general allocation rules applying to any allocation of limited public rights. This article shows how economic allocation theory can be helpful in constructing general allocation rules as a corollary of general legal principles. Allocation theory turns out to provide for general concepts and results clarifying general allocation rules and revealing mutual connections. Extending this allocation perspective from limited public rights to public law in general requires the hidden allocation issues in public law to be unveiled.


Johan Mr.dr. Wolswinkel
C.J. Wolswinkel LLM MSc PhD is Assistant Professor at the VU University Amsterdam and participates in the research programme Public Contracts: Law and Governance of the VU Centre for Law and Governance. This article expands some methodological issues developed in his PhD thesis De verdeling van schaarse publiekrechtelijke rechten. Op zoek naar algemene regels van verdelingsrecht (The Hague: Boom Juridische uitgevers 2013).

    This article addresses the problem of qualitative interviewing in the field of legal studies, and more precisely the practice of interviewing judges. In the last five years the authors of this article conducted two different research projects which involved interviewing judges as a research method. In this article the authors share their experience and views on the qualitative interviewing method, and provide the reader with an overview of the ‘ins’ and ‘outs’ attached to this tool, but also its advantages and disadvantages.


Urszula Jaremba
Urszula Jaremba is an Assistant Professor of EU Law at Erasmus School of Law (Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands)

Elaine Dr. Mak
Elaine Mak is Endowed Professor of Empirical Study of Public Law, in particular of Rule-of-Law Institutions, at Erasmus School of Law (Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands)
Article

Access_open The Economics and Empirics of Tax Competition: A Survey and Lessons for the EU

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden tax competition, tax coordination, European Union, fiscal federalism
Auteurs Thushyanthan Baskaran Ph.D. en Mariana Lopes da Fonseca
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    We survey the theoretical and empirical literature on local and international tax competition in Economics. On the basis of this survey, we discuss whether EU countries should harmonise tax policies to prevent a race to the bottom. Much of the evidence suggests that tax competition does not lead to significant reductions in tax revenues. Therefore, we conclude that tax coordination is in all likelihood unnecessary to prevent inefficiently low levels of taxation in the EU. But since the evidence against the adverse effects of tax competition is not unambiguous, we also discuss whether intergovernmental transfers might be a less invasive means than outright tax harmonisation to prevent a race to the bottom.


Thushyanthan Baskaran Ph.D.
University of Goettingen, Germany.

Mariana Lopes da Fonseca
University of Goettingen, Germany.
Article

Access_open Tax Competition within the European Union – Is the CCCTB Directive a Solution?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden tax competition, tax planning, European Union, Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base, factor manipulation
Auteurs Maarten de Wilde LL.M
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The author addresses the phenomenon of taxable profit-shifting operations undertaken by multinationals in response to countries competing for corporate tax bases within the European Union. The central question is whether this might be a relic of the past when the European Commission’s proposal for a Council Directive on a Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base sees the light of day. Or would the EU-wide corporate tax system provide incentives for multinationals to pursue artificial tax base-shifting practices within the EU, potentially invigorating the risk of undue governmental tax competition responses? The author’s tentative answer on the potential for artificial base shifting and undue tax competition is in the affirmative. Today, the issue of harmful tax competition within the EU seems to have been pushed back as a result of the soft law approaches that were initiated in the late 1990s and early 2000s. But things might change if the CCCTB proposal as currently drafted enters into force. There may be a risk that substantial parts of the EU tax base would instantly become mobile as of that day. As the EU Member States at that time seem to have only a single tool available to respond to this – the tax rate – that may perhaps initiate an undesirable race for the EU tax base, at least theoretically.


Maarten de Wilde LL.M
LL.M, Researcher/lecturer, Erasmus University Rotterdam (<dewilde@law.eur.nl>), lecturer, University of Amsterdam, tax lawyer, Loyens & Loeff NV, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. This article was written as part of the Erasmus School of Law research programme on ‘Fiscal Autonomy and Its Boundaries’. The author wishes to thank the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments on an earlier draft of this article.
Article

Access_open Company Tax Integration in the European Union during Economic Crisis – Why and How?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden company tax harmonisation, EU law, Internal Market, taxation policies
Auteurs Anna Sting LL.M
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Company tax integration in the EU is yet to be realised. This article first outlines the main benefits of company tax integration for the Economic and Monetary Union, and also discusses the main legal obstacles the EU Treaties pose for harmonisation of company tax. The main problem identified is the unanimity requirement in the legal basis of Article 115 TFEU. As this requirement is currently not feasible in the political climate of the debt crisis, this article assesses possible reasons for and ways to further fiscal integration. It considers Treaty change, enhanced cooperation, soft law approaches and also indirect harmonisation through the new system of economic governance. Eventually, a possible non-EU option is considered. However, this article recommends making use of the current EU law framework, such as soft law approaches and the system of the new economic governance to achieve a more subtle and less intrusive tax harmonisation, or instead a Treaty change that would legitimately enhance and further economic integration in the field of taxation.


Anna Sting LL.M
PhD Candidate at the Department of International and European Union Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam. The author would like to thank the organisers of the seminar on Company Tax Integration in the European Union, as well as the participants of the seminar of 11 June 2013 for their comments, as well as Prof. Fabian Amtenbrink for comments on an earlier draft of this paper.
Article

Access_open The Effect of 'Excessive’ Tax Planning and Tax Setting on Welfare: Action Needed?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden tax planning, optimal taxation, tax competition, corporate taxation
Auteurs Hendrik Vrijburg Ph.D.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article presents a literature review on the welfare effects of excessive company taxation practices. The article intends to structure the debate by sketching a conceptual framework of thought for the topic under consideration and places the existing literature within this framework. The article ends with a thought-provoking discussion between two extreme papers in the literature, one against tax planning and one in favour. The discussion is concluded by identifying the fundamental differences in assumptions underlying both approaches.


Hendrik Vrijburg Ph.D.
Assistant Professor, Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam and Tinbergen Institute, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Phone: +31-10-408-1485, Fax: +31-10-408-9031, email: vrijburg@ese.eur.nl.
Artikel

Loyaliteit binnen de rechterlijke macht

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden judiciary, loyalty, judges, new public management, socialisation
Auteurs Nina Holvast en Nienke Doornbos
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Judges in the Netherlands have recently expressed their concerns in the media over the organization of the judiciary and the pressure to deliver output. At the same time, they consider themselves highly loyal to their work. In this article we explore this seeming contradiction by studying the developments in the selection, training and organisation of the judiciary and considering the consequences that these developments could have on the loyalty of judges. In doing so, a distinction is made between loyalty to the profession, to the organisation and to colleagues. We follow Hirschman's theory on Exit, Voice and Loyalty and determine that the act of judges expressing their concerns (instead of exiting the judiciary) is essentially a sign of their loyalty. However, we reason that this displays more loyalty to the profession than to the organisation. Due to changes in the selection and training of judges, more candidates who were formerly employed in other settings, e.g. in advocacy, will enter the profession. With their socialisation taking place in a more business-like setting, where values such as efficiency and productivity are significant, it is expected that they will be more willing to accept the new public management values which are criticized by the present generation of judges.


Nina Holvast
Nina Holvast is promovenda bij het Paul Scholten Centrum van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zij schrijft een rechtssociologisch proefschrift naar de rol van juridische ondersteuning in het rechterlijk besluitvormingsproces. Over dit onderwerp verschijnt binnenkort: ‘Considering the consequences of increased reliance on judicial assistants: a study on Dutch courts’ in International Journal of the Legal Profession.

Nienke Doornbos
Nienke Doornbos is universitair docent en onderzoeker bij de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zij doceert de minor Rechtswetenschappelijk onderzoek en het vak Recht en menselijk gedrag. Haar onderzoek richt zich onder meer op organisatorische kanten van rechterlijke besluitvorming en op toezicht en tuchtrecht binnen de advocatuur.
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