Zoekresultaat: 37 artikelen

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Tijdschrift PROCES x Jaar 2012 x

Schoolverzuimers hebben al genoeg problemen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden truancy, school refusal, juvenile delinquency, risk factors
Auteurs MSc. Myrte van Veldhuizen

    Truancy is connected with early dropout and juvenile delinquency. In order to find effective ways in dealing with truants, it is necessary to investigate the problems truants are experiencing at different levels (for example in the family and at school). This article shows the results of a research analyzing 225 school refusal cases from the location Rotterdam of the Dutch Child Protection Service. All truants suffer from risk factors on different levels and have relatively little protective factors. Children in the ‘civil group’ show significantly more problems than children in the ‘pure refusal group’ and children in the ‘crime group’. Because most truants suffer from a cumulation of problems they need focussed assistance rather than punishment.

MSc. Myrte van Veldhuizen
Myrte van Veldhuizen MSc. heeft in 2010 de master ‘Maatschappelijke Opvoedingsvraagstukken’ afgerond aan de Universiteit Utrecht met een thesis over schoolverzuim. In oktober 2012 zal ze een PhD-studie beginnen aan de University of Portsmouth.

    In a column a journal editor or an author expresses his or her opinion on a particular subject.

Mr. Coosje Peterse
Mr. Coosje Peterse is advocaat te Den Haag en tevens redactielid van PROCES.

Intelligencegestuurd politiewerk: een maturity model

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden intelligence led policing, maturity model, information, deciding
Auteurs Dr. ir. Mariëlle den Hengst

    Intelligence Led Policing (ILP) is an increasingly important concept for policing. ILP is about analyzing information and knowledge and using these analyses to support decision making about police work. The implementation of ILP is characterized by different stages of development. In this paper we describe each stage by five aspects. The stages are: intuition, justify actions, guiding actions and prescribing actions. The five aspects are: collecting information, analyzing information, presenting analyses, interaction and using analyses.

Dr. ir. Mariëlle den Hengst
Dr. ir. Mariëlle den Hengst is lector Intelligence aan de Politieacademie te Apeldoorn en tevens universitair docent aan de faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de Technische Universiteit Delft.

Het adolescentenrecht; nut en noodzaak?

Een verslag van het symposium van de Rechtbank Rotterdam van 15 maart 2012

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden adolescent law, legislative proposal, symposium, juvenile law
Auteurs LL.B BSc Celesta Bonnet

    Recently, a legislative proposal concerning adolescent criminal law is published. This proposal focuses on an offender-oriented approach towards youth risk and offers a coherent package of measures aiming at persons aged 15 to 23 and therefore aims to improve the flexibility in imposing sanctions around the age limit of 18 years. During the symposium of District Court Rotterdam of March 15, 2012, juvenile law experts commented on the proposal from different perspectives.

LL.B BSc Celesta Bonnet
Celesta Bonnet LL.B BSc is masterstudente Rechtsgeleerdheid en Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Jaren zonder?

Seksualiteit en intimiteit achter de tralies

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden column
Auteurs Dr. Jaap van Vliet

    In a column a journal editor or an author expresses his or her opinion on a particular subject.

Dr. Jaap van Vliet
Dr. Jaap van Vliet is als beleidsadviseur en onderzoeker verbonden aan Leger des Heils Jeugdzorg & Reclassering en aan het lectoraat ‘Werken in justitieel kader’ van de Hogeschool Utrecht en is tevens redacteur van PROCES.

Jeugdzonde, eeuwig zonde?

Een onderzoek naar de beoordelingswijze van Verklaring Omtrent het Gedrag-aanvragen van jongeren

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden juvenile ex-offenders, collateral sentencing, conduct certificate, legitimacy
Auteurs Elina Kurtovic

    This study aims to examine the practice of the decision making on conduct certificate requests of juvenile ex-offenders, as there has not been done any empirical research on this topic so far. 57 cases are studied in order to answer the question whether the decision making meets the legal and penological justifications for collateral sentencing. Conclusion is the decisions are not proportional as to the seriousness of the risks which are aimed to be prevented and the relation between the past convictions and the desired job. Moreover, the requests are being individually assessed, yet more weight should be attached to the age, interests and positive developments of juvenile ex-offenders. Only then, the decisions can be regarded legitimate and proportional and do hinder juvenile ex-offenders’ successful reintegration into society.

Elina Kurtovic
Elina Kurtovic is advocaat te Amsterdam.

De beoordeling van een VOG-aanvraag

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden declaration of good conduct, integrity, screening, moral policy
Auteurs Mr. drs. Roy Wildemors

    In this article, Roy Wildemors explains how the Central Organisation for Certificates of Good Conduct decides on an application for a certificate of good conduct (CGC). First, it is determined whether the applicant has a criminal record that is relevant to the purpose for which the CGC has been applied for. If he does not have one, the CGC will be granted. If he has, specific personal circumstances will be taken into account, e.g. the number of antecedents, his age and the time that has passed since his last antecedent. Finally, his interests will be balanced against those of society.

Mr. drs. Roy Wildemors
Mr. drs. Roy Wildemors is medewerker Juridische Zaken en Uitvoeringsbeleid bij de Dienst Justis.

Verklaring Omtrent het Gedrag

Tour d’horizon door de jurisprudentie

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden declaration of good conduct, judicial procedure, jurisprudence, screening
Auteurs Mr. Jop Spijkerman

    As a result of the workshop ‘Decision making VOG’, this article provides an overview of the relevant case-law regarding the issuing of a certificate of good conduct. This article especially focuses on the way an application of a certificate is being judged by the authorities (the COVOG) and later on the judge(s) using the objective and subjective criteria summed up in the ‘policy guideline VOG’. If possible, the article provides tips and tricks for applicants (and lawyers) regarding the application of a certificate of good conduct and the judicial procedure after the issuance is refused.

Mr. Jop Spijkerman
Mr. Jop Spijkerman is advocaat te Den Haag.

De VOG en minderjarige wetsovertreders

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden juveniles, criminal records, reintegration, juvenile justice
Auteurs Prof. mr. drs. Mariëlle Bruning

    Juvenile offenders are confronted with criminal records. When they want to start education, work or an internship after detention, they often need a certificate of good conduct. In the Netherlands in recent years it has become more difficult for youth offenders to receive this certificate; criminal records have a detrimental impact, in particular for sex offenders. International juvenile justice standards stress the importance of the right of youngsters to social reintegration and protection of the right to privacy and should lead to an adjustment of this policy of repression.

Prof. mr. drs. Mariëlle Bruning
Prof. mr. drs. Mariëlle Bruning is hoogleraar Jeugdrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden.

‘Gestraft’ na de straf

Legitimiteit en proportionaliteit van juridische belemmeringen na afloop van de straf

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden Certificate of good conduct, wet justitiële en strafvorderlijke gegevens, collateral sentencing, disqualifications
Auteurs Prof. dr. Miranda Boone

    In this contribution the question is addressed how measures that aim to hold ex-convicts from occupying certain jobs and positions can be justified and what their limitations are. In the literature on collateral sentencing in particular four conditions are stressed. First, the vulnerable character of the occupation or activity involved. Second, there should be a strong relation between the conviction and the risk that has to be avoided. Third, collateral consequences should be individualized and only be imposed against those posing specific and demonstrable risks. Finally, a broad proportionality test should be applied on them, harsh civil disqualification should not be applied for relatively minor offences and burdensome restrictions may not be imposed in order to prevent relatively trivial risks. This theoretical model is applied on the regulation and practice of the Dutch conduct certificate.

Prof. dr. Miranda Boone
Prof. dr. Miranda Boone is bijzonder hoogleraar Penologie en Penitentiair recht aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en universitair hoofddocent aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

‘Gestraft’ na de straf: justitiële documentatie en de Verklaring Omtrent het Gedrag

Verslag PROCES-studiedag

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden PROCES-studiedag
Auteurs Astrid Bentvelzen, Celesta Bonnet, Laura Felderhof e.a.

    Verslag van de PROCES-studiedag.

Astrid Bentvelzen
Astrid Bentvelzen studeert Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Celesta Bonnet
Celesta Bonnet studeert Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Laura Felderhof
Laura Felderhof studeert Strafrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Jenske Wieman
Jenske Wieman studeert Rechtsgeleerheid aan de Universiteit Leiden.

De bilknijper

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2012
Auteurs Mr. Rogier Hörchner

Mr. Rogier Hörchner
Mr. Rogier Hörchner is advocaat te Breda.

Intelligencegestuurd politie(mensen)werk

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden Intelligence Led Policing, information, communication, safety analysis
Auteurs Drs. Paul Duijn

    In order to control problems of public safety the police have to respond proactively on potential threats. Analyzed information and knowledge (intelligence) is therefore needed to give direction to police work on strategic, operational and tactical police management levels. This principle is called Intelligence Led Policing (ILP), with its main goal to become a more effective police organization. Critics point at bureaucratization processes that go along with the implementation of ILP. In this paper the importance human interaction in relation to ILP is discussed as a key factor in preventing these bureaucratization processes. Direct interaction between information collectors, intelligence analysts and decision makers is a necessary ingredient in order to become an effective intelligence led police organization.

Drs. Paul Duijn
Drs. Paul Duijn is criminoloog en als strategisch analist werkzaam bij Bureau Regionale Informatie van Politie Haaglanden.

Bedreiging van burgers en de grenzen van het strafrecht

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden violence, police reports, victim accounts, criminal law
Auteurs Drs. Bert Bieleman, Prof. dr. Willem de Haan, Dr. Jan Nijboer e.a.

    The rise in criminal violence in the Netherlands tends to be explained by the increase of reported threats of violence, in particular in the domestic and neighborhood context. In order to better understand this increase, we analyzed a sample of police reports, interviewed victims and talked to professionals within the police force, the prosecution office and professional help agencies. We found that, in many cases, victims who reported threats with violence to the police were disappointed by the results. Reasons for their disappointment can be accounted by the nature of the offence and by the requirements of criminal law. Criminal justice does not, and, indeed, cannot, offer victims a satisfactory solution to their problems. To prevent their disappointment victims should, therefore, be made aware of the limits of criminal justice when they file their complaints with the police.

Drs. Bert Bieleman
Drs. Bert Bieleman is directeur van Onderzoeks- en Adviesbureau Intraval.

Prof. dr. Willem de Haan
Prof. dr. Willem de Haan is emeritus hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Dr. Jan Nijboer
Dr. Jan Nijboer is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Nine Tromp
Nine Tromp is onderzoeker bij Onderzoeks- en Adviesbureau Intraval.

Tuigdorpen, straatterroristen en straattuig: mag het wat minder in 2012?

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden Editorial
Auteurs Mr. dr. Jolande uit Beijerse

Mr. dr. Jolande uit Beijerse
Mr. dr. Jolande uit Beijerse is universitair docent straf- en strafprocesrecht aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en tevens redactielid van PROCES.

De gedragsbeïnvloedende werking van jeugdsancties

Een vergelijking tussen het Nederlandse en Nieuw-Zeelandse jeugdstrafrecht

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden youth criminal law, New Zealand, influence on behavior, repeat offending
Auteurs Mr. Sharony Droogendijk

    To achieve effective outcomes in youth justice, youth criminal law should help influence youth criminal behavior and support the young persons development to maturity. In New-Zealand, youth criminal behavior is dealt with by Family Group Conferences according to the Children, Young Persons and Their Families Act. This way of dealing with youth criminal behavior supports the development of young persons and requires involvement of the young persons family and the victim. Research shows that conferencing in youth justice leads to less repeat offending. This supports the conclusion that Dutch youth justice should adopt the New-Zealand principles.

Mr. Sharony Droogendijk
Mr. Sharony Droogendijk studeerde rechtsgeleerdheid aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en rondde onlangs de master strafrecht af aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

De levenslange gevangenisstraf, gratie en voorwaardelijke invrijheidstelling in rechtsvergelijkend perspectief

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden mandatory life sentence, parole, European Convention on Human Rights, comparative law
Auteurs Mr. Wesley Welten

    In the Netherlands, a person sentenced to life imprisonment (lifer) cannot be pardoned or paroled. This has led to debate. I have investigated if this impossibility also exists in other countries (Canada, England, Germany, Belgium). This article shows that in all the other countries studied, lifers can be pardoned after a certain period of time. A law comparative interpretation of article 3 ECHR would therefore lead to the conclusion that the current Dutch policy is contradictory to this article. The results in this article could contribute to the debate that has arisen in the Netherlands.

Mr. Wesley Welten
Mr. Wesley Welten is werkzaam als buitengriffier bij de Rechtbank Rotterdam, sector strafrecht.
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