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Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases x Jaar 2017 x
ECJ Court Watch

Case C-189/16. Social security

Boguslawa Zaniewicz-Dybeck – v – Pensionsmyndigheten, reference lodged by the Swedish Högsta förvaltningsdomstolen on 4 April 2016

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 4 2017

    Between 2008 and 2016, around 7000 Asda employees working in retail stores (who were largely women) issued equal pay claims in the Manchester Employment Tribunal (‘ET’). The Claimants argued that retail store workers carry out work of ‘equal value’ to the predominantly male workforce working in the distribution centres, meaning they were appropriate comparators for the purposes of an equal pay claim. The ET upheld their claim, even though the stores and distribution centres were run by different departments and the rates of pay set by a different method. Asda appealed to the EAT, which dismissed all grounds of appeal and upheld the ET’s decision, allowing the UK’s largest private-sector group equal pay claim to proceed.


Katie Johnston
Katie Johnston is a Senior Associate at Lewis Silkin LLP.
ECJ Court Watch

Case C-370/17. Social security

Caisse de retraite du personnel navigant professionnel de l’aéronautique civile (CRPNPAC) – v – Vueling Airlines SA, reference lodged by the French Tribunal de grande instance de Bobigny on 19 June 2017

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017

    Under the Latvian Labour Law an employee has the right to terminate an employment contract with immediate effect, i.e. without complying with the statutory notice period of one month, if the employee has ‘good cause’. Under the Labour Law, ‘good cause’ is any situation, which, based on considerations of morality and fairness, would not allow for the employment to continue. If an employee terminates their employment contract for good cause the employer must pay severance to the employee based on the employee’s years of service with the employer and amounting to between one and four months’ average earnings. If the employee gives notice for good cause, this terminates the employment contract with immediate effect.
    Even if the employer disagrees with the reasons given in the termination notice, the employer cannot terminate the employment contract on any other ground and does not have the right to challenge the validity of the notice in court. However, if the employer suffers loss as a result of the immediate termination; its reputation is damaged based on the reasons given in the notice; or it has faced some other adverse consequence; the employer can bring a claim arguing that what is stated in the notice is untrue.


Andis Burkevics
Andis Burkevics is a senior associate with the Latvian office of law firm SORAINEN (www.sorainen.com).

    A recent decision by the Labour Court found that a policy requiring employees to speak English in the workplace constituted discrimination on grounds of national origin but was objectively justifiable.


Orla O’Leary
Orla O’Leary is a Senior Associate at Mason Hayes & Curran.

    A recent decision by the Irish Supreme Court ruled that the blanket ban on asylum seekers working in Ireland was unconstitutional and had to be changed.


Orla O’Leary
Orla O’Leary is a Senior Associate at Mason Hayes & Curran in Dublin (www.mhc.ie).
Case Reports

2017/25 Company practice versus collective bargaining agreement in the formation of acquired rights (PT)

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Collective labour law, Collective agreements
Auteurs Maria de Lancastre en Mariana Azevedo Mendes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Supreme Court of Justice recently decided that the amount of time a practice has been observed in a collective bargaining agreement (in this case, four years) was not relevant to the acquisition of an entitlement. The entitlement in the case at hand was a public holiday on Shrove Tuesday.


Maria de Lancastre
Maria de Lancastre Valente is a Managing Associate at SRS Advogados, Portugal (www.srslegal.pt).

Mariana Azevedo Mendes
Mariana Azevedo Mendes is a Trainee Associate at SRS Advogados, Portugal.
Case Reports

2017/30 Discrimination of workers’ representatives – burden of proof (LI)

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Discrimination (other), Discrimination of workers’ representatives
Auteurs Vida Petrylaite
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Lithuanian Supreme Court has found discrimination against an employee based on his trade union activities and ruled that there was no need for the burden of proof to shift to the employer.


Vida Petrylaite
Vida Petrylaite is a partner with CONFIDENCE Law Office, Vilnus (www.confidence.lt).

    It was direct sex discrimination for a male employee who wished to take shared parental leave (SPL) to be entitled only to the minimum statutory pay where a female employee would have been entitled to full salary during an equivalent period of maternity leave, according to a first-instance decision from the Employment Tribunal (ET).


Anna Bond
Anna Bond is an Associate Solicitor at Lewis Silkin LLP.
ECJ Court Watch

Case C-315/17. Fixed term work

Pilar Centeno Meléndez – v – Universidad de Zaragoza, reference lodged by the Spanish Juzgado de lo Contencioso-Administrativo de Zaragoza on 29 May 2017

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

Case C-212/17. Fixed-term work

Simón Rodríguez Otero – v – Televisión de Galicia S.A., reference lodged by the Spanish Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Galicia on 24 April 2017

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 6 April 2017, case C 336/15 (Unionen), Transfer of undertakings

Unionen – v – Almega Tjänsteförbunden and ISS Facility Services AB, Swedish case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Transfer of undertakings
Samenvatting

    A transferee must, when dismissing an employee over a year after a transfer of the undertaking, include the time he or she worked for the transferor in calculating the employee’s length of service, as this is relevant for determining the period of notice to which the employee is entitled.

    This decision of the German Federal Labour Court (‘Bundesarbeitsgericht’, or ‘BAG’) concerns what happens to leave entitlement if the employment contract is amended in the middle of the year and the number of working days changes from a four-day week to a five-day week.


Othmar K. Traber
Othmar K. Traber is a partner at Ahlers & Vogel Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB in Bremen, www.ahlers-vogel.com.
ECJ Court Watch

Case C-147/17. Working time and health and safety

Sindicatul Familia Constanța and Others – v – Direcția Generală de Asistență Socială și Protecția Copilului Constanța, reference lodged by the Romanian Curtea de Apel Constanţa on 23 March 2017

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 19 July 2017, case C-143/16 (Abercrombie & Fitch Italia Srl), Age discrimination

Abercrombie & Fitch Italia Srl – v – Antonino Bordonaro, Italian case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Age discrimination
Samenvatting

    A provision which authorises an employer to make an on-call contract with a worker of under 25 years of age and to dismiss that worker as soon as he or she reaches 25, pursues a legitimate aim of employment and labour market policy and the means to attain that objective were appropriate and necessary.

Case Reports

2017/27 Supreme Court clarifies indirect discrimination test (UK)

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden General discrimination, Indirect discrimination
Auteurs Soyoung Lee
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Supreme Court has given a clear explanation of how the test for indirect discrimination works, holding that it is not necessary to know why a particular group is disadvantaged by an employer’s policy in order to show indirect discrimination. This decision is not particularly helpful for employers as it makes it easier for individuals to make an indirect discrimination claim. However, the Supreme Court emphasised that it is always open to an employer to show that indirect discrimination is justified.


Soyoung Lee
Soyoung Lee is an Associate Solicitor at Lewis Silkin LLP (www.lewissilkin.com).
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 22 June 2017, case C-126/16 (Smallsteps), Transfer of undertakings

Federatie Nederlandse Vakvereniging and Others – v – Smallsteps BV, Dutch case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Transfer of undertakings
Samenvatting

    A ‘pre-pack’ agreement is outside the scope of Article 5 of the Acquired Rights Directive. In this situation, the protection of workers guaranteed by Articles 3 and 4 of that directive is maintained.

ECJ Court Watch

Case C-258/17. Discrimination and pension

E.B. – v – Versicherungsanstalt öffentlich Bediensteter BVA, reference lodged by the German Verwaltungsgerichtshof on 15 May 2017

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

Case C-133/17. Health and safety

Dănuț Podilă and Others – v – Societatea Națională de Transport Feroviar de Călători ‘CFR Călători’ SA București, reference lodged by the Romanian Curtea de Apel Cluj on 14 March 2017

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 13 July 2017, case C-354/16 (Kleinsteuber), Part-time work and sex discrimination

Ute Kleinsteuber – v – Mars GmbH, German case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Part-time work, Gender discrimination
Samenvatting

    Distinctions made for part-time workers in calculating occupational pension can be acceptable, as long as the calculations are based on legitimate objectives in accordance with law.

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