Zoekresultaat: 115 artikelen

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Jaar 2016 x
Artikel

Krachten op Straat: waar politiemensen uit putten en mee worstelen in hun alledaagse werk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 0203 2016
Trefwoorden Police culture, Meaning, focus groups, values
Auteurs Merlijn van Hulst, Gabriel van den Brink, Wiljan Hendrikx e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article scrutinizes the forces that are at play during the work of police officers in the Netherlands in order to unravel how they shape and give meaning to police officers’ workaday practice. By doing so, we contribute to scholarly debates in the fields of criminology and public administration and give a new impulse to the Dutch debate on policy culture. Using insights from the literatures on police culture, policing, police morality and police styles as theoretical background, an empirical study was conducted using fifteen focus groups with a total of 83 police officers working at street-level as main method of data collection. After analyzing the transcripts through an iterative coding process, four main forces that influence police officers’ workaday practice emerged from the data, partly confirming and partly expanding existing research: 1) environment and public; 2) group culture; 3) organization and its supervisors; and 4) personal factors. However, by acquiring a deeper understanding of these forces in relation to each other and to their workaday practice, police officers’ ‘moral resilience’ will increase: it will help them to act well-considered, strengthening their ability to explain the logic of their actions.


Merlijn van Hulst
Merlijn van Hulst is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan Tilburg University.

Gabriel van den Brink
Gabriël van den Brink is hoogleraar wijsbegeerte bij Èthos aan de Vrije Universiteit. Voorheen was hij lector aan de Politieacademie en hoogleraar maatschappelijke bestuurskunde aan Tilburg University.

Wiljan Hendrikx
Wiljan Hendrikx is PhD onderzoeker aan Tilburg University, waar hij onderzoek doet naar de professionele rolidentiteit van professionals in de zorg en het onderwijs in relatie tot veranderingen in de beleidscontext van beide sectoren.

Nicole Maalsté
Nicole Maalsté is als researcher, adviseur en publicist werkzaam bij Acces Interdit. Zij doet al 25 jaar onderzoek in moeilijk toegankelijke (drugs)milieus en ondersteunt met haar expertise over drugsmarkten het denkwerk van overheden, advocaten, belangenorganisaties en politieke partijen.

Bas Mali
Bas Mali is als docent-onderzoeker verbonden aan de School voor Hogere Politiekunde en aan de afdeling Onderzoek & Ontwikkeling van de Politieacademie.

    Op grond van het (internationaal) maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen (IMVO) stimuleert de overheid ondernemingen in dertien Nederlandse sectoren om in sectorverband samen met de overheid en partijen uit het maatschappelijk middenveld afspraken te maken om complexe IMVO-risico’s in de keten aan te pakken. Dit is opmerkelijk, want op grond van het mededingingsrecht kan het maken van dergelijke afspraken – indien zij in strijd zijn met het kartelverbod – ondernemingen duur komen te staan. Om deze gecompliceerde situatie te verbeteren heeft de minister van Economische Zaken op 30 september 2016 de herziening van de Beleidsregel mededinging en duurzaamheid gepubliceerd. In dit artikel analyseert de auteur de effecten van de herziening en beoordeelt zij of het mededingingsrecht op deze manier meer ruimte geeft aan duurzaamheidsinitiatieven.


Jeanine Wubbels
Mr. J.J. Wubbels is onderzoeker aan de Leerstoel International Business and Human Rights aan de Erasmus Universiteit.

    This article provides an introduction for this issue of TCR, which is devoted to the establishment of the Netherlands Commercial Court (NCC) and its international context.


Prof. dr. C.H. van Rhee
Prof. dr. C.H. van Rhee is Professor of European Legal History and Comparative Civil Procedure at the Department of Foundations and Methods of Law, Maastricht University.

    This article provides an overview of the coming into being of the Netherlands Commercial Court and a perspective from a judge on the Netherlands Commercial Court.


mr. D.J. Oranje
Mr. D.J. Oranje is a judge at the Amsterdam Court of Appeal.

    This article discusses the role of the German civil justice system in changing times. It describes the challenges the civil justice system faces.


Prof. dr. M. Stürner
Prof. dr. M. Stürner is full Professor of Civil Law, Private International Law and Comparative Law at the University of Konstanz, Germany.

    This article provides a brief overview of Delaware’s two business courts – the Court of Chancery and the Superior Court’s Complex Commercial Litigation Division – as well as its business-friendly Rapid Arbitration Act.


M.J. O’Toole

C.N. Kelly
M.J. O’Toole (partner) and C.N. Kelly (associate) are attorneys at Potter Anderson & Corroon LLP, Wilmington, Delaware.

    This article provides an overview of the Paris Commercial Court and its international division.


prof. E. Jeuland
Prof. E. Jeuland is professor at the Pantheon-Sorbonne University in Paris.

    This article discusses the Netherlands Commercial Court from the perspective of lawyers and examines whether the NCC will be an attractive venue for international commercial discputes.


mr. P.E. Ernste
Mr. P.E. Ernste and mr. F.E. Vermeulen (partner) are lawyers at NautaDutilh in Amsterdam. Ernste is also a fellow at the Business and Law Research Centre at Radboud University Nijmegen.

mr. F.E. Vermeulen

    This article describes the procedure at the Commercial Court in England and Wales and gives an overview of the applied innovations.


dr. J. Sorabji
Dr. J. Sorabji is Senior Fellow at the UCL Judicial Institute, UCL, London and Principal Legal Adviser to the Lord Chief Justice and the Master of the Rolls.
Artikel

The precaution controversy: an analysis through the lens of Ulrich Beck and Michel Foucault

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Precautionary principle, risk society, governmentality, risk governance, environmental law
Auteurs Tobias Arnoldussen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    According to the precautionary principle lack of scientific evidence for the existence of a certain (environmental) risk should not be a reason not to take preventative policy measures. The precautionary principle had a stormy career in International environmental law and made its mark on many treaties, including the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). However it remains controversial. Proponents see it as the necessary legal curb to keep the dangerous tendencies of industrial production and technology in check. Opponents regard it with suspicion. They fear it will lead to a decrease in freedom and fear the powers to intervene that it grants the state. In this article the principle is reviewed from the perspectives of Ulrich Beck’s ‘reflexive modernisation’ and Michel Foucault’s notion of governmentality. It is argued that from Beck’s perspective the precautionary principle is the result of a learning process in which mankind gradually comes to adopt a reflexive attitude to the risks modernity has given rise to. It represents the wish to devise more inclusive and democratic policies on risks and environmental hazards. From the perspective of Michel Foucault however, the principle is part and parcel of neo-liberal tendencies of responsibilisation. Risk management and prudency are devolved to the public in an attempt to minimise risk taking, while at the same time optimising production. Moreover, it grants legitimacy to state intervention if the public does not live up to the responsibilities foisted on it. Both perspectives are at odds, but represent different sides of the same coin and might learn from each other concerns.


Tobias Arnoldussen
Tobias Arnoldussen is a socio-legal scholar affiliated with the University of Amsterdam Law School and the PPLE honours college. Next to lecturing on a variety of subjects, he focusses on interdisciplinary legal research into the possibilities of law to deal with contemporary social problems.
Artikel

Access_open The Justification of Basic Rights

A Response to Forst

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Basic rights, Justification, Kant
Auteurs Glen Newey
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper responds to Rainer Forst’s article ‘The Justification of Basic Rights’. I argue that Forst's main thesis is difficult to pin down, partly because it is formulated in significantly distinct ways at numerous points. I offer a possible formulation of the argument but note that this encapsulates a fallacy; I further argue that his inference of the basic rights seems to imply an over-moralisation of social life and that his argument does not distinguish rights with discretionary and non-discretionary content. Then I query Forst’s claim that a right to justification is a condition of engaging in justificatory discourse. This leads to the conclusion that what goes into the process of justification, including who figures in the discursive community, are irreducibly political questions, whose answers cannot be convincingly specified antecedently by a form of moral legislation. I argue that actual discursive processes allow for considerably more contingency and contextual variability than Forst’s construction acknowledges. This extends, as I suggest in conclusion, to the idea that content can be specified via the Kantian notion that acceptability requires the ‘containment’ of an actor's ends by another, such as an affected party.


Glen Newey
Glen Newey is professor of Political Philosophy and Ethics at Leiden University.

Jeroen ten Voorde
Prof. mr. J.M. ten Voorde is universitair hoofddocent straf- en strafprocesrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden en als bijzonder hoogleraar strafrechtsfilosofie (leerstoel Leo Polak) verbonden aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

    This article examines the main assumptions and theoretical underpinnings of case study method in legal studies. It considers the importance of research design, including the crucial roles of the academic literature review, the research question and the use of rival theories to develop hypotheses and the practice of identifying the observable implications of those hypotheses. It considers the selection of data sources and modes of analysis to allow for valid analytical inferences to be drawn in respect of them. In doing so it considers, in brief, the importance of case study selection and variations such as single or multi case approaches. Finally it provides thoughts about the strengths and weaknesses associated with undertaking socio-legal and comparative legal research via a case study method, addressing frequent stumbling blocks encountered by legal researchers, as well as ways to militate them. It is written with those new to the method in mind.


Lisa Webley
Artikel

De introductie van private partijen in het bouwtoezicht. Waar moeten we om denken?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Omgevingsrecht, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden privatisering, bouwtoezicht, inperking negatieve effecten, Wet kwaliteitsborging voor het bouwen
Auteurs Mr. A. (Annalies) Outhuijse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De Wet kwaliteitsborging voor het bouwen realiseert de privatisering van het bouwtoezicht. Eerdere ervaringen, in binnen- en buitenland, laten zien dat de privatisering van toezicht gepaard kan gaan met negatieve effecten. Dit artikel bekijkt hoe privaat toezicht in de bouwsector kan worden geïntroduceerd, gelet op de mogelijke negatieve effecten, knelpunten en belangen van de diverse actoren. De auteur besluit met het formuleren van enkele aanbevelingen ter inperking van de mogelijke negatieve effecten.


Mr. A. (Annalies) Outhuijse
Mr. A. Outhuijse verricht sinds 1 oktober 2015 promotieonderzoek naar de geschilbeslechting en besluitvorming door de mededingingsautoriteit aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

Positieve veiligheid en positieve vrijheid

Meningen van wijkbewoners in Rotterdam-Zuid over Buurt Bestuurt

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Big Society, Isaiah Berlin, Charles Taylor, positive liberty, security management
Auteurs dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article is an ethnographical study of Rotterdam’s experience with a program called ‘Community Governs’ (Buurt Bestuurt). Community Governs, a Dutch version of the Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy (CAPS), is a community-based program which goal is to solve neighbourhood crime and disorder problems. Community commitment and involvement are a main component of this program. The article emphasizes the effects that this program had on three levels of trust (performances, intentions and skills) of the residents in police officers and municipal service agencies as partners in the fight against crime and disorder. The results indicate that a ‘positive exercise’ of liberty through political participation of civilians is difficult to realise in poor, inner city, neighbourhoods.


dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg is universitair docent Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Positieve veiligheid. Een inleiding

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden state of nature, trust, empathy, care, ethics
Auteurs dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg en dr. Ronald van Steden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminology has come under the spell of thinking negatively about safety and security. It’s focus merely lies on themes such as control, punishment and exclusion. Much interest therefore goes to public policing, private security, CCTV camera’s, anti-social behaviour orders, gated communities and prisons. Of course, this definition of security and security governance as the protection of citizens against crime and disorder must not be rejected out of hand. Without a minimum level of security, society would fall apart in chaos and despair. At the same time, however, we feel increasingly uncomfortable about the dominance of current negative – control and risk-oriented – approaches to (in)security as they overlook positive interpretations associated with trust, community and care. This introduction therefore provides an overview of academic literature that nuance, counter or resist hegemonic and negative meanings of security. In so doing, our aim is to introduce a positive turn in criminology’s interests and concerns regarding crime and disorder problems.


dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg is universitair docent Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

dr. Ronald van Steden
Dr. Ronald van Steden is universitair hoofddocent Bestuurswetenschappen & Politicologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

James Davies
James Davies is Joint Head of Employment team at Lewis Silkin LLP in London, www.lewissilkin.com.

    A staffing agency rejected an application for an advertised job because the applicant refused to remove her hijab. The court of first instance saw no discrimination, the Court of Appeal did. The plaintiff was awarded €500 but had to bear her own legal expenses.


Caterina Rucci
Caterina Rucci is a partner at Bird & Bird in Milan, www.twobirds.com.

    The Supreme Court of Lithuania recently affirmed that the courts have no competence to assess the merits of an employer’s decision to restructure and make staff redundant, as the decision was at the employer’s discretion to make.


Inga Klimašauskienė
Inga Klimašauskienė is an Associate Partner at GLIMSTEDT Law Firm in Vilnius, www.glimstedt.lt.
Artikel

Procederen of schikken?

Lessen voor de procespraktijk uit Thinking, fast and slow van Daniel Kahneman

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Ondernemingsrecht, Aflevering 8-9 2016
Trefwoorden procederen, schikken, Kahneman, besluitvorming, onderhandelen
Auteurs Mr. R.J. Philips
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In Thinking, fast and slow toont Nobelprijswinnaar Daniel Kahneman aan de hand van tientallen jaren psychologisch onderzoek de verborgen gebreken in ons oordeelsvermogen. In de proces(advies)praktijk zijn beoordelingsfouten vaak kostbaar. In dit artikel worden veel voorkomende valkuilen besproken en suggesties gedaan om deze te vermijden.


Mr. R.J. Philips
Mr. R.J. Philips is medeoprichter en bestuurder van Redbreast, een procesfinancier in Amsterdam.
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