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Artikel

Dienstbodes in Saoedi-Arabië; intersectionaliteit en toegang tot het recht

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden domestic workers, Saudi Arabia, patriarchy, access to justice
Auteurs Antoinette Vlieger
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Domestic workers in Saudi Arabia suffer from severely limited access to justice, which affects the conflicts they may have with their employers. As there is no bargaining in the shadow of the law, the more powerful party, employer, can usually enforce their preferred outcome. This article focuses on the question of why domestic workers’ access to justice is so limited; are the underlying causes comparable to the ones in other countries, or does it concern an issue specific to Saudi Arabia? Literature on domestic workers points at both gender and citizenship as factors that weaken the position of these female migrant workers in many societies. This article discusses to what extent these two factors limit access to justice in Saudi Arabia and concludes with some critical remarks concerning the concept of intersectionality.


Antoinette Vlieger
Antoinette Vlieger is docent-onderzoeker aan de juridische faculteit van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. De afgelopen vijf jaar deed zij onderzoek naar conflicten tussen dienstbodes en hun werkgevers in Saoedi-Arabië en de Verenigde Arabische Emiraten. Op 21 december aanstaande zal zij haar proefschrift hierover verdedigen. Zij heeft lesgegeven in verschillende juridische en metajuridische vakken. Hierna hoopt zij nieuw onderzoek te doen, bijvoorbeeld naar de vraag wat de verschillende relaties zijn tussen olie, migratiestromen en de ontwikkeling van arbeidsrecht. Ook hoopt zij te kunnen bijdragen aan de verbetering van de positie van met name vrouwen en migranten in het Midden-Oosten.

    On March the first 2009 the compulsory parenting plan was introduced in Dutch law. The plan is a binding agreement between parents on the consequences of the divorce for their children. During the parliamentary debate, the compulsory character of the parenting plan was frequently criticised. The author scrutinises the relevant case law on the parenting plan over the last two and a half years to examine how it operates in practice. Questions about accessibility of the judicial procedure, the minimum requirements and the completion if the parents do not come to an agreement are discussed. The author concludes that considering the judicial decisions and the small amount of publicised case law the compulsory parenting plan does not seem to cause many problems or delays in the divorce proceedings. More research is necessary to determine whether the parenting plan is able to fulfill its goal to reduce the amount of conflicts between parents after a divorce.


M. van der Lans
Mr. Marit van der Lans is als promovendus verbonden aan het Amsterdams Centrum voor Familierecht van de Vrije Universiteit.

    The article deals with so-called ‘koude uitsluiting’ (‘cold exclusion’), a certain type of matrimonial property contract, in which spouses diverge from the standard matrimonial system of community of all property, without any other compensating provisions. Cohabitants who do not have a cohabitation agreement, are in a similar situation. After a divorce or a separation especially many women with children encounter serious financial problems, while the former spouse often experiences an improvement of his financial situation. The article is based on an empirical and (partly comparative) legal study, which proposes new legislation to overcome the most unjust effects of ‘koude uitsluiting’. The author gives a short overview of these proposals.


L.C.A. Verstappen
Prof. mr. Leon Verstappen is als hoogleraar privaatrecht in het bijzonder notarieel recht verbonden aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Deze bijdrage is gebaseerd op het rapport Koude uitsluiting van de hand van M.V. Antokolskaia, B. Breederveld, J.E. Hulst, W.D. Kolkman, F.R. Salomons en L.C.A. Verstappen, reeks Familie & Recht, deel 2, Netherlands Institute for Law and Governance, Boom Juridische uitgevers, Den Haag, 2011.
Artikel

‘Als het hier niet lukt, dan maar in Marokko?’

Vormen van kapitaal in transnationale Nederlands-Marokkaanse echtscheidingen

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 6 2011
Auteurs I. Sportel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    During a transnational divorce, spouses can get into contact with two different legal systems, each with its own procedures, courts and documents. This article focuses on transnational divorces between the Netherlands and Morocco. In these divorces Moroccan and Dutch family law interact in several ways. First of all, as determined by Dutch Private International Law, Moroccan family law can be applied in the Netherlands, by Dutch judges. Especially with regard to the division of property, the Dutch and Moroccan family law systems can produce significantly different outcomes. Moreover, a divorce from Morocco is not automatically valid in the Netherlands and vice versa. Using four examples of Dutch-Moroccan divorce cases the author shows how, in this complicated situation, spouses in transnational marriages make use of economic, social and cultural capital in both countries to obtain their divorce.


I. Sportel
Drs. Iris Sportel is als promovendus verbonden aan de vaksectie rechtssociologie van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Scheiden anno 2011

Over depolarisering, mediation en overlegscheiding

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 6 2011
Auteurs B.E.S. Chin-A-Fat
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years many changes occurred in procedural divorce law and divorce practice in the Netherlands. The bottomline of these changes is that divorcing partners themselves should settle the consequences of the divorce as much as possible by mutual agreement. The author describes how in the same period divorce mediation boomed, especially after the introduction in 2009 of the so-called collaborative divorce. This type of mediation is characterised by the presence of lawyers acting for each of the two parties and the line-up of a team of experts. In general the supply of divorce guidance has diversified substantially. It is important that clients are able to choose the form of divorce guidance that suits them best. Divorce mediators should have enough experience and knowledge to handle the psychological as well as the legal aspects of a divorce. Finally the chances of a good ‘after marriage’ are enhanced by ensuring access to affordable mediation for all divorcing couples.


B.E.S. Chin-A-Fat
Mr. dr. Brigitte Chin-A-Fat is advocaat en vFAS-scheidingsmediator in haar eigen praktijk Chin-A-Fat De Voort Familierecht advocaten en mediators te Breda.

    The possibility of imposing shared child residence after divorce - even against the wishes of one of the parents - has been recently introduced in several countries. In the Netherlands such possibility was first part of a Private MP Bill. After its initial rejection, it became incorporated by amendment into the Governmental Bill that became law on 1 March 2009 - against the will of the Minister. Due to this turbulent legislative history and rather unclear wording of the legislation uncertainty remained as to whether shared residence can be imposed against the will of one of the parents and whether the judge is obliged to consider it as a first option in each child residence case. The recent decision of the Supreme Court finally clarified the situation: both questions are answered in the affirmative, however the best interest of the child remains the leading consideration for the judge deciding the case.


M.V. Antokolskaia
Prof. mr. Masha Antokolskaia is hoogleraar privaatrecht, in het bijzonder personen- en familierecht, aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

De nieuwe Duitse zwarte lijst; inferieur ‘oder nicht’- inferieur?

Das ist die Frage

Tijdschrift EstateTip Review, Aflevering 37 2011
Trefwoorden testament
Auteurs


Artikel

Bedrijfsopvolging met meerwaardeclausule (II)

Wel of geen gift bij voortzetting tegen de agrarische waarde?

Tijdschrift EstateTip Review, Aflevering 38 2011
Trefwoorden schenking
Auteurs


Artikel

Dossier Arbeid & Recht november 2011

Tijdschrift Dossier Arbeid & Recht, Aflevering 11 2011
Auteurs Prof. mr. C.J. Loonstra en Mr. B. Hoogendijk

Prof. mr. C.J. Loonstra

Mr. B. Hoogendijk
Artikel

Bezinning en herleving in de Algemene nabestaandenwet

Planning en sociale zekerheid

Tijdschrift EstateTip Review, Aflevering 39 2011
Trefwoorden levensverzekering en pensioen
Auteurs mr. F.M.H. Hoens

mr. F.M.H. Hoens
Artikel

Een nieuw jaar, een nieuw Boek 10 Internationaal Privaatrecht

Een grijpbaar IPR

Tijdschrift EstateTip Review, Aflevering 40 2011
Trefwoorden internationaal
Auteurs


    The use of visual material in Dutch criminal proceedings has become more prominent in recent years. This development has important consequences in regard to the trial procedure and judicial decision-making. Despite the possible influence on our criminal procedure, Dutch criminal law lacks specific standards for the use of visual material in court. In the United States the use of visual technology is more established and better regulated. This article sets out the standards applicable to the use of visual evidence in the American criminal law system by exploring the Federal Rules of Evidence and relevant case law. These standards can be used as frame of reference when putting forward recommendations for possible standards in the Dutch criminal justice system.


J. Roosma
Drs. mr. Jaitske Roosma heeft als projectmedewerker gewerkt bij de politie Rotterdam-Rijnmond en bij de afdeling Digitale Technologie en Biometrie van het Nederlands Forensisch Instituut. Zij start in oktober 2012 met de RAIO-opleiding.

M.J. Dubelaar
Mr. Marieke Dubelaar is werkzaam als docent en onderzoeker bij de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

De praktijk van telehoren

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2011
Auteurs M. van der Ende

M. van der Ende

    The variety and importance of visual displays in American courtrooms has exploded. This visual and digital transformation of law practice heralds nothing less than a revolution in the ways that lawyers argue, jurors and judges decide, and the public thinks about the law. This article offers essential background for understanding law's visual and digital transformation. Also the ubiquity of digital technologies is discussed. The authors conclude by outlining the challenges that these features of digital culture pose for the law.


N.R. Feigenson
Prof. Neil Feigenson is verbonden aan de Law Faculty van de Quinnipiac University in Hamden CT. Hij is tevens werkzaam als onderzoeker bij de afdeling Psychologie van Yale University in New Haven CT. Dit artikel is een vertaalde en ingekorte versie van het inleidende hoofdstuk van hun boek Law on display; The digital transformation of legal persuasion and judgment (New York University Press, 2009).

Ch.O. Spiesel
Christina Spiesel is als senior-onderzoeker werkzaam bij Yale Law School. Zij is tevens adjunct professor of law aan de Quinnipiac University. Dit artikel is een vertaalde en ingekorte versie van het inleidende hoofdstuk van hun boek Law on display; The digital transformation of legal persuasion and judgment (New York University Press, 2009).
Artikel

Rechtspraak op televisie?

Een bespreking van het rapport van de commissie-Van Rooy

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2011
Auteurs G. Kor
Auteursinformatie

G. Kor
Dr. Gerben Kor is advocaat, mediaspecialist, programmamaker en onderzoeker aan de Vrije Universiteit. Hij is auteur van Medialisering van recht (Kluwer, 2008).

    In 2007 the option of videoconferencing for the hearing of witnesses and the questioning of accused persons in criminal proceedings was introduced in the Dutch Code of Criminal Procedure. So far videoconferencing has only scarcely been used in criminal proceedings, mostly because of a lack of technical means. This however should change rapidly, because of the installation of videoconferencing facilities in all criminal courts and prisons. It remains to be seen whether judges will be convinced that scrutinizing witnesses and accused persons through an audiovisual connection is an acceptable alternative to face-to-face proceedings. If so, the use of videoconferencing can be applied in a wide range of situations, varying from decisions on the pre-trial detention of accused persons to the hearing of witnesses in a criminal trial.


P.A.M. Verrest
Mr. dr. Pieter Verrest is werkzaam bij de sector straf- en sanctierecht van de directie Wetgeving van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie. De auteur schrijft dit artikel op persoonlijke titel.

    The use of images is burgeoning in the criminal justice system and will continue to do so, mainly because of the introduction of the electronic file. Digital technologies and images have become more important in every phase of the system: images are collected and created to gather, analyze and present evidence. Besides mug shots and fingerprints, current images range from CCTV footage to 3D reconstructions and MRI scans. The question is whether these technological advancements and the increasing use and presence of image in the Dutch criminal justice system is revolutionary. This article discusses differences between the ‘old’ and ‘new’ images, focusing on form and content. The increase in types of formats and the highly specialized contents of today raises many empirical questions about the influence of images. Most of these questions have not been conclusively answered so far. The three most convincing findings underline the possible far-stretching, perhaps even revolutionary, consequences.


G.N.G. Vanderveen
Dr. Gabry Vanderveen is als docent en onderzoeker verbonden aan de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Beeldinformatie in forensisch onderzoek

Nieuwe ontwikkelingen die aandacht vragen

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2011
Auteurs J. Bijhold
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    With the introduction of new technology for crime scene recording and image capture, a new field of expertise has been created that is referred to as forensic visualization. In this paper an overview is given of the possibilities and limitations of the new technology in the different stages of a full forensic investigation. Many of these techniques will have an impact on investigation procedures. Research is needed to find out what the impact will be and how we can take advantage of new technology.


J. Bijhold
Dr. Jurrien Bijhold is onderzoeker en projectleider forensische visualisatie bij het Nederlands Forensisch Instituut te Rijswijk (NFI).


Peter Willems
Artikel

Denken in goederen of in geld. Tweetrapsmaking: erfstelling of legaat? (II)

‘Tips’ van of voor notaris Blokland?

Tijdschrift EstateTip Review, Aflevering 41 2011
Trefwoorden testament
Auteurs


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