Zoekresultaat: 135 artikelen

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Artikel

Detentie van asielzoekers, de spoedige terugkeer van illegale vreemdelingen, en de openbare orde: het arrest J.N.

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 6 2016
Trefwoorden Bewaring van asielzoekers, Opvangrichtlijn, Terugkeerrichtlijn, illegaal verblijvende derdelanders, openbare orde
Auteurs Mr. G. Cornelisse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In dit artikel wordt het arrest J.N. van het Hof van Justitie besproken. In het artikel wordt beargumenteerd dat het arrest spanningen blootlegt tussen het EHRM en het Unierecht als het gaat om de voorwaarden voor een rechtmatige bewaring van asielzoekers. Verder gaat het artikel in op de manier waarop het Hof van Justitie het Unierecht op het gebied van illegale migratie afbakent ten opzichte van het acquis op het gebied van het asielrecht. Ook wordt aandacht besteed aan de wijze waarop het Hof van Justitie het Unierechtelijke openbare-ordebegrip gebruikt om de uitoefening van nationale bevoegdheden op het gebied van het immigratierecht juridisch te toetsen en aldus controleerbaar te maken
    HvJ 15 februari 2016, zaak C-601/15 PPU, J.N./Staatssecretaris van Justitie, ECLI:EU:C:2016:84


Mr. G. Cornelisse
Mr. G. (Galina) Cornelisse is universitair docent Transnational Legal Studies aan de Vrije Universiteit.
Artikel

De werkwijze van jihadistische netwerken

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden jihadist networks, terrorism, radicalization, modus operandi, police files
Auteurs Dr. J.L. de Bie
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Jihadist networks have become a serious threat to Europe’s internal security and are therefore a policy priority. But what do we know about these networks and how should we counter them? This study focuses on the modus operandi of jihadist networks between 2000 and 2013 and gives an empirical insight in the organizational structures, activities, and involvement mechanisms of jihadist networks in the Netherlands. The data are derived from 28 police investigations, 51 interviews with police investigators, public prosecutors, lawyers, imams, and staff members from Asylum and Detention Centers. The findings show how jihadist networks have changed over the years and how this development has affected the way jihadists operate.


Dr. J.L. de Bie
Dr. Jasper de Bie is verbonden aan de Afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Access_open Bekering als asielmotief

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden Bekering, Asielzoeker, Vluchteling, Bekeerde christen
Auteurs Mr. Kezia Haar en Mr. Gieneke Douma
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A foreign national can be granted asylum if he has made it plausible that he is persecuted in his country for reasons related to religion. In order to make his asylum motives plausible, an applicant must declare consistently and coherently. There cannot be any doubt as to his identity or his asylum motives. A claimed convert has to declare convincingly about his conversion and has to demonstrate a broad knowledge of his Faith. Often, pastors and churches write testimonies stating the conversion is genuine. These letters are important, but never a decisive factor.


Mr. Kezia Haar
Mr. K. Haar is in 2014 cum laude afgestudeerd in het Nederlands recht aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en is thans werkzaam als procesvertegenwoordiger bij de Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst. Dit artikel is geschreven op persoonlijke titel.

Mr. Gieneke Douma
Mr. G.J. Douma is in 1985 afgestudeerd in het Nederlands recht aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en is thans werkzaam als senior procesvertegenwoordiger bij de Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst.

Marjoleine Zieck
Dr. Marjoleine Zieck is Professor of International Refugee Law at the Amsterdam Law School of the University of Amsterdam, and Professor of Public International Law at the Pakistan College of Law, Lahore.
Artikel

Integratie kan woonplaatsplicht bij personen met subsidiaire bescherming rechtvaardigen

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden Kwalificatierichtlijn asiel, Vluchtelingenverdrag, subsidiaire bescherming, onderscheid, huisvesting
Auteurs Mr. A. Pahladsingh
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Het Hof van Justitie spreekt zich in het arrest Alo en Osso uit over de verhouding tussen het vrije verkeer van personen met de subsidiaire beschermingsstatus en de maatregelen ter bevordering van hun integratie. Een woonplaatsverplichting mag hun worden opgelegd wanneer zij meer met integratieproblemen worden geconfronteerd dan andere personen die geen burger van de Unie zijn en legaal verblijven op het grondgebied van de lidstaat die deze bescherming heeft verleend.
    HvJ 1 maart 2016, gevoegde zaken C-443/14 en C-444/14, Alo en Osso, ECLI:EU:C:2016:127


Mr. A. Pahladsingh
Mr. A. (Aniel) Pahladsingh is jurist bij de Raad van State en rechter-plaatsvervanger bij de Rechtbank Rotterdam.
Artikel

Europees asielbeleid: van onderling wantrouwen naar een gedeelde verantwoordelijkheid

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Solidariteitsbeginsel, Europees asiel- en migratierecht, Dublin Verordening, Schengengrenscode, Gemeenschappelijk Europees Asiel Systeem
Auteurs Dr. mr. E.R. Brouwer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Hoewel in het kader van de Europese Unie verschillende instrumenten zijn aangenomen ter verwezenlijking van een geharmoniseerd asielsysteem, lijken deze onvoldoende voor een gezamenlijke aanpak van het huidige vluchtelingenvraagstuk, laat staan een evenredige opvang van asielzoekers in Europa. Veel lidstaten kiezen voor unilaterale en restrictieve maatregelen, zoals aanscherping van migratiewetgeving en herinvoering van binnengrenscontroles, en bestaande EU-asielwetgeving wordt niet of onvolledig nageleefd. In deze bijdrage bespreek ik mede aan de hand van bestaande EU-wetgeving en de maatregelen die in 2015 door de Europese Commissie zijn voorgesteld, de vraag welke maatregelen (verder) nodig zijn voor een solidair, effectief en humanitair asiel- en migratiebeleid.


Dr. mr. E.R. Brouwer
Dr. mr. E.R. (Evelien) Brouwer is werkzaam als senior onderzoeker aan de sectie migratierecht, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Brouwer is tevens lid van de Adviescommissie Vreemdelingenzaken (ACVZ). In die functie heeft zij meegewerkt aan het advies ‘Delen in verantwoordelijkheid. Voorstel voor een solidair Europees asielsysteem’, december 2015, gepubliceerd op www.acvz.org. Deze bijdrage is op persoonlijke titel geschreven, al zal zij naar verschillende voorstellen uit dit advies verwijzen.
Artikel

Othering refugees: exclusion, containment and spaces of hope

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden refugee camp, space, foreigner dispositif, fieldwork
Auteurs Lynn Musiol MA
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article examines mechanisms of othering the refugees illustrated on one refugee camp in Germany. Based on the theoretical strand of the foreigner dispositif, I analyze spatial and architectural compositions of the camp to outline the differentiation of ‘we’ (nation state) and ‘others’ (refugees). In the process of othering space excludes, controls and identifies refugees as ‘others’. However, being identified as the other, space can also be conceived as a specific space of hope. The findings shed some light on the link between othering, space and identity.


Lynn Musiol MA
Lynn Musiol is a master student Interna­tional Criminology at the University of Hamburg.
Artikel

Can I sit?

The use of public space and the ‘other’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden public space, built environment, other, social control
Auteurs CalvinJohn Smiley PhD
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Newark Penn Station is the most frequented train station in New Jersey, United States. Two distinct groups occupy this public space. First are the commuters who travel by the trains to reach destinations for work or pleasure. Second are the transient who do not use the trains but instead remain in and around the station for various reasons, otherwise known as the ‘other.’ The latter population is closely monitored and controlled by law enforcement through a variety of written and unwritten laws and codes of conduct, which are based on broken windows theory and crime prevention through environment design (CPTED). The primary focus is how the ‘other’ seemingly navigates and occupies public space. Through ethnographic research, this paper reflects and reveals the ways in which the station is a living social organism that simultaneously marginalizes and incorporates those defined as the ‘other’ into this space. This complex and contradictory dynamic illustrates the interactions between public spaces and its occupiers and regulators.


CalvinJohn Smiley PhD
Dr CalvinJohn Smiley is currently working at the Sociology Department of Hunter College at the City University of New York.
Article

Access_open Austerity’s Effect on English Civil Justice

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Austerity, court fees and legal aid, adversarial and inquisitorial process, McKenzie Friends, simplified process
Auteurs John Sorabji
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article considers the effect of austerity-induced public spending cuts on the English civil justice system. In doing so it initially examines two fundamental changes engendered by the effect austerity has had on civil court fees and legal aid: first, a challenge to the traditional commitment in English procedure to adversarial process, and a concomitant increase in inquisitorial or investigative processes; and secondly, the growth in use of unqualified individuals to act as advocates in court for individual litigants who are unable to afford legal representation. It then turns to consider what, if any, effect austerity has had on simplified processes available in English civil procedure.


John Sorabji
DPhil, Senior Fellow, UCL Judicial Institute, University College, London, email: j.sorabji@ucl.ac.uk.
Article

Access_open A View from the Sky

A General Overview about Civil Litigation in the United States with Reference to the Relief in Small and Simple Matters

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden civil procedure, United States, small and simple matters
Auteurs Manuel Gomez en Juan Carlos Gomez
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article, which is based on the research conducted for the General Report ‘Relief in Small and Simple Matters in an Age of Austerity’ presented at the XV World Congress of Procedural Law, provides a contextualised and broad overview of these phenomena in the United States. After describing the general features of the federal and state judiciaries, including its adversarial model of judging, and the importance of the jury system, the article turns its attention to discuss the factors that affect the cost of litigation in the United States, the different models of litigation funding, the available legal aid mechanisms, and the procedural tools available for handling small and simple disputes. Furthermore, this article briefly revisits the discussion about the effect of austerity on the functioning of the United States legal system on the handling of small and simple matters and ends with a brief conclusion that summarises its contribution and sketches the points for future research on this important topic.


Manuel Gomez
Manuel Gomez is Associate Professor of Law and Associate Dean of International and Graduate Students at the Florida International University College of Law.

Juan Carlos Gomez
Juan Carlos Gomez is Director of the Carlos A. Costa Immigration and Human Rights Clinic at the Florida International University College of Law.
Artikel

Access to justice: a dynamic concept

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Auteurs Mies Westerveld, Bernard Hubeau en Ashley Terlouw
Auteursinformatie

Mies Westerveld
Mies Westerveld is Professor Legal aid by special appointment and Professor in Labour Law (social insurance) at the University of Amsterdam. Her research concentrates on current issues of access to justice and state-financed legal aid on the one hand and the decreasing role of social insurance on a fragmented labour market on the other hand.

Bernard Hubeau
Bernard Hubeau is a full-time Professor in Sociology and Sociology of Law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Antwerp. He also teaches at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Antwerp and the Faculty of Law and Criminology of the University of Brussels. He is the former ombudsman of the city of Antwerp and of the Flemish Parliament.

Ashley Terlouw
Ashley Terlouw is Professor in Sociology of Law at the Radboud University of Nijmegen. She is responsible for the Centre for Migration Law of the Radboud University. Besides she is part-time Judge at the District Court of Gelderland. Her research concentrates on legal and societal issues of asylum and equal treatment and on the working of the judiciary.
Artikel

Social security and social welfare: barriers and retrograde policies, but cause for optimism?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden social security, legal representation, means-testing, Britain, fees
Auteurs Amir Paz-Fuchs
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution addresses the limits placed on access to justice in the context of social services, with a particular, but not exclusive, focus on the UK, across five central platforms: legal representation, the financial barriers, the structure of the programme, the attitude of the bureaucracy, and the personal attributes of the client. The contribution finds that there exist, for decades, problematic elements that constitute barriers to justice in this area: the means-tested element in the programmes and the bureaucracy’s double role as provider of services and detector of fraud. But to them, in recent years, significant barriers were added: recent cuts in legal aid and the imposition of tribunal fees in the UK are retrograde steps, reverting 40 years of impressive achievements in the field.


Amir Paz-Fuchs
Amir Paz-Fuchs (D. Phil Oxford) is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Law, University of Sussex, where he teaches employment law, public law, and legal theory. In addition, he is a Visiting Research Fellow at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies and a Research Associate at Wolfson College, both at the University of Oxford. He is also Co-Director of the ‘The Limits of Privatization’ research project, based at the Van Leer Institute in Jerusalem. He also served on the board of several human rights and social justice NGOs.
Artikel

Merits testing in the English legal aid system: exploring its impact in asylum cases

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden access to justice, asylum seekers, merits testing, English legal aid system
Auteurs Tamara Butter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years, there has been much discussion on the legal aid cuts and reforms in England and Wales, and the possible consequences this would have on access to justice for vulnerable groups in society, including immigrants and asylum seekers. This contribution focuses on one element of the English legal aid system: merits testing by legal aid providers in asylum cases. It explores whether and, if so, how this aspect may affect the access to justice for asylum seekers lacking the financial means to pay privately for legal assistance and representation. The findings indicate that a merits test which makes access to legal aid on appeal conditional upon a case having at least 50% prospect of success and makes legal aid providers responsible for conducting this assessment may compromise asylum seekers’ ability to achieve justice both within and outside the existing body of law.


Tamara Butter
Tamara Butter is a PhD candidate at the Institute for Sociology of Law/Centre for Migration Law of the Radboud University of Nijmegen. Her research consists of a comparative case study into the professional decision making of asylum legal aid lawyers in the Netherlands and England.
Redactioneel

How to look at access to justice?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Auteurs Bernard Hubeau, Ashley Terlouw en Mies Westerveld
Auteursinformatie

Bernard Hubeau
Bernard Hubeau is a full-time Professor in Sociology and Sociology of Law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Antwerp. He also teaches at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Antwerp and the Faculty of Law and Criminology of the University of Brussels. He is the former ombudsman of the city of Antwerp and of the Flemish Parliament.

Ashley Terlouw
Ashley Terlouw is Professor in Sociology of Law at the Radboud University of Nijmegen. She is responsible for the Centre for Migration Law of the Radboud University. Besides she is part-time Judge at the District Court of Gelderland. Her research concentrates on legal and societal issues of asylum and equal treatment and on the working of the judiciary.

Mies Westerveld
Mies Westerveld is Professor Legal aid by special appointment and Professor in Labour Law (social insurance) at the University of Amsterdam. Her research concentrates on current issues of access to justice and state-financed legal aid on the one hand and the decreasing role of social insurance on a fragmented labour market on the other hand.
Artikel

Responsibilities of the state and legal professions

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden responsibilities, the state, lawyers, the judiciary and judges
Auteurs Mies Westerveld en Ashley Terlouw
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution, which is based on the Dutch legal system, deals with the responsibilities of the State and legal professions in ensuring access to justice. The responsibilities of the four main players involved in bringing justice to the citizen are discussed: the legislator, the executive, the judiciary, and the legal profession. Responsibilities for access to justice do not only stem from the law, they do also evolve from societal problems and discussions. The contribution deals with both. Several actors share some of the responsibilities. One can think of responsibilities for information, for financing, and for being aware of vulnerabilities and other obstacles. What are the legal responsibilities and what other responsibilities are felt by the actors involved and how do they deal with them? And as a result: do they contribute to access to justice, do they form an obstacle, or both?


Mies Westerveld
Mies Westerveld is Professor Legal aid by special appointment and Professor in Labour Law (social insurance) at the University of Amsterdam. Her research concentrates on current issues of access to justice and state-financed legal aid on the one hand and the decreasing role of social insurance on a fragmented labour market on the other hand.

Ashley Terlouw
Ashley Terlouw is Professor in Sociology of Law at the Radboud University of Nijmegen. She is responsible for the Centre for Migration Law of the Radboud University. Besides she is part-time Judge at the District Court of Gelderland. Her research concentrates on legal and societal issues of asylum and equal treatment and on the working of the judiciary.
Artikel

Access_open Kelsen, Secular Religion, and the Problem of Transcendence

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden Kelsen, secular religion, Voegelin, Schmitt, transcendence
Auteurs professor Bert van Roermund
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    An alleged ‘return to religion’ in contemporary western politics (and science) prompted the Trustees of the Hans Kelsen Institut to posthumously publish Kelsen’s critique of the concept of ‘secular religion’ advanced by his early student Eric Voegelin. This paper identifies, firstly, what concept of transcendence is targeted by Kelsen, and argues that his analysis leaves scope for other conceptions. It does so in two steps: it summarizes the arguments against ‘secular religion’ (section 2) and it gives an account of the differences between Voegelin’s and Schmitt’s conception of transcendence – both under attack from Kelsen (section 3). It then submits an alternative account of the relationship between politics and religion in Modernity, building on the concept of a ‘civil religion’ as found in Rousseau’s Social Contract. Giving a Rousseauist slant to Claude Lefort’s analysis of political theology (section 4) it concludes that a thin concept of transcendence is part and parcel of every, in particular a democratic, account of politics. It should be a stronghold against any resurgence of religion that feeds on hypostatized transcendence. In closing (section 5), it is argued that two key concepts in Kelsen’s legal philosophy may well be understood as paradigms of thin transcendence, namely ‘the people’ and ‘the Grundnorm’.


professor Bert van Roermund
Bert van Roermund is professor (em.) of philosophy at Tilburg Law School and international correspondent of the Hans Kelsen Institute in Vienna.
Artikel

Doorwerking van het Europees recht in de Arubaanse rechtsorde

Over de personele werking van de VEU en VWEU in verhouding tot het Nederlanderschap op Aruba

Tijdschrift Caribisch Juristenblad, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden nationaliteitsrecht, Europees burgerschap, prejudiciële verwijzing, Aruba, LGO
Auteurs N.C. Luk LLM
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In dit artikel verdedigt de auteur het standpunt dat het Europees recht doorwerkt in de rechtsordes van landen en gebieden overzee. Aan de hand van twee argumenten – de personele werking van het Europees burgerschap en de uniforme toepassing van de RWN – wordt deze doorwerking onderbouwd voor het Nederlanderschap op Aruba. Verder wordt aangetoond dat deze doorwerking belangrijke gevolgen heeft voor de Arubaanse rechtsorde. In het bijzonder wordt gewezen op de bijkomende bevoegdheid van Arubaanse rechters om prejudiciële vragen te stellen aan het Hof van Justitie van de Europese Unie.


N.C. Luk LLM
N.C. Luk LLM is een alumnus van de Universiteit van Aruba en Universiteit Maastricht, en is werkzaam als PhD-researcher in het kader van het TRANSMIC-project aan het Centre for European Policy Studies te Brussel.
Artikel

De dynamiek van een migratiereis van Afrika naar Europa

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden African migration, migration journey, European borders, migration policy, migrant aspiration
Auteurs Dr. J. Schapendonk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the context of the most recent European policy initiatives towards putting a halt on illegal immigration from Africa, this article discusses the transnational environment of West African migrants and the dynamics of their migration routes. By following one migration story more closely and by relating this route with the experiences of other migrants the article gives a clear insight into the aspirations of migrants, the often intangible way their journeys are facilitated, as well as into the various results of asylum procedures in Europe. The author argues that a European migration policy should go beyond the securitizing of migration through strategies aiming at immobilizing African migrants. This policy will prove to be ineffective since the aspirations of African migrants are constantly fed by political instability and the transnational reality of globalization.


Dr. J. Schapendonk
Dr. Joris Schapendonk is verbonden aan de Faculteit Geografie, Planologie en Milieu van de Radboud Universiteit te Nijmegen.
Artikel

Asielzoekers in Europa: de geopolitieke context

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden refugees, asylum seekers, Europe, geopolitical context, unrest in the Arabic world
Auteurs Dr. R.P.W. Jennissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years, the number of asylum seekers in Europe has increased again. According to the figures of Eurostat, more than 600.000 applications for asylum were submitted in the countries of the EU in 2014. This is more than double compared to 2010. This article seeks to provide explanations for this sudden increase. Furthermore, this article contains a detailed description of the long route which refugees who lodge an asylum application in a Northern or Western European country have to accomplish. Many considerations have to be made during this route. Other people than the refugees themselves (i.e. traffickers) make these considerations as well and they are often restricted by the circumstances.


Dr. R.P.W. Jennissen
Dr. Roel Jennissen is als wetenschappelijk medewerker verbonden aan het WODC en aan de WRR.
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