Zoekresultaat: 95 artikelen

x
Artikel

Ethische dilemma’s bij criminologisch onderzoek

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden Ethical issues, Scientific integrity, Confidentiality, Informed consent, Fabrication and falsification, Ethical commissions
Auteurs Prof. dr. Henk van de Bunt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Recent years have seen a growing interest in scientific malpractice. In the Netherlands, for example, several major cases of plagiarism, fabrication of data and falsification of findings have come to light. The scandal surrounding the Dutch social psychologist Diederik Stapel, who simply made up the results of empirical research, prompted worldwide attention. As a result of these scandals, universities have, in the past few years, increased their efforts to better ensure the integrity of scientific research. In this process it is sometimes overlooked that scientific integrity is not a clear-cut concept. By examining three ethical issues relevant to criminological research, this article aims to illustrate that the assessment of integrity is a complicated matter. The first dilemma relates to maintaining confidentiality: how to ensure that the privacy of respondents is protected and the research will not harm their interests? The second dilemma has to do with the degree of openness and transparency required from the viewpoint of scientific accountability. How transparent can one be when it comes to conducting scientific research based on secret information and closed sources that are only accessible to the researchers? Finally, the third dilemma concerns the independent position of criminological research. What are the possibilities and limitations of free and independent research in the field of criminology?


Prof. dr. Henk van de Bunt
Prof. dr. H.G. (Henk) van de Bunt is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

‘We zijn geen padvinders’

Een verkennend onderzoek naar de criminele carrières van leden van één procent motorclubs

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs, one percenters, criminal careers, adult onset
Auteurs Prof. Dr. Mr. Arjan Blokland, Melvin Soudijn en Dr. Eric Teng
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Using officially registered conviction history data, this study examines the criminal careers of 601 members of Dutch outlaw motorcycle gangs, identified as such by the Dutch police. We find that the average 1% er in our sample is a 44-year-old, Dutch-born male. The large majority of these 1% ers have been convicted for a crime at least once. One in four convicted 1% ers can be classified as a chronic offender accumulating over ten convictions from age 12 until 2013. The large majority of 1% ers experiences an adult onset of their officially registered criminal career, with almost half acquiring their first conviction when they are aged 30 or older, challenging the generality of criminology's accepted conclusions about criminal career development.


Prof. Dr. Mr. Arjan Blokland
Prof. Dr. Mr. A.A.J. Blokland is senior Onderzoeker Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving en Bijzonder Hoogleraar Criminology and Criminal Justice, Universiteit Leiden.

Melvin Soudijn
Politie, Landelijke Eenheid afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek

Dr. Eric Teng
Dr. M.R.J. Soudijn is Senior Onderzoeker, Landelijke Eenheid, afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek.
Artikel

Drie drijvende krachten achter bedrijfscriminaliteit

Een empirisch onderzoek naar fraude in het midden- en kleinbedrijf

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden business crime, small and medium sized enterprises, control, opportunity, motivation
Auteurs G.W. Brummelkamp, W. Huisman en T. Flikweert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article gives a report of an empirical study on business crime among small and medium sized enterprises (< 250 employees). The researchers examined 37 cases of business crime by interviewing the entrepreneurs. They were asked how the offence occurred, about their personal stake and their reflections on the interests that were impaired. Although the concept of business crime covers a huge amount of unlawful actions committed with various intentions, in the end there are three main driving forces: control, opportunity and motivation. Control refers to the entrepreneurs’ professionalism and ability to bring business processes – that can be rather complex – in line with regulations. Opportunity refers to the economic interest c.q. the (opportunity) costs of compliance. Motivation refers to the entrepreneurs’ perception of responsibility toward direct stakeholders and social values.


G.W. Brummelkamp
Drs. Guido Brummelkamp is senior onderzoeker bij Panteia.

W. Huisman
Prof. dr. mr. Wim Huisman is als hoogleraar Criminologie verbonden aan de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.

T. Flikweert
Mr. drs. Tamara Flikweert is als junior onderzoeker verbonden aan de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Patronen in de criminele ontwikkeling van fraudeurs

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden white-collar crime, life course, risk taking, adult offending, opportunities
Auteurs J.H.R. van van Onna
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Both white-collar research and law enforcement tend to focus on the circumstances surrounding the white-collar offence and pay less attention to the background of the offender. Research shows that white-collar offenders are a heterogeneous group and that different development pathways and offender profiles can be identified. For many offenders the offence appears to be an isolated occurrence in norm conform lives, for others patterns in offending can be distinguished. For some this is a divers and long criminal career, others display a mix of norm conform and deviant behaviour. After briefly exploring if an underlying tendency for deviant and risk full behaviour may characterise white-collar offenders and how this may interact with opportunities for white-collar crime, the significance of these findings for law enforcement is discussed.


J.H.R. van van Onna
Drs. Joost van Onna werkt als onderzoeker bij het Functioneel Parket (Openbaar Ministerie) en is als promovendus verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam, waar hij onderzoek doet naar de criminele ontwikkeling van fraudeurs.
Artikel

Kapitalistische banken als criminele ondernemingen: de casus Wall Street

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden finance crime, financial crisis, financial networks, white collar crime, Goldman Sachs
Auteurs D.O. Friedrichs
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The central thesis of this article is that the structure of the present financial system, its culture, and its collective practices and policies are fundamentally criminal and criminogenic. The harms emanating from this financial system are exponentially greater than those emanating from the disadvantaged environments that generate a disproportionate percentage of conventional crime. Accordingly, on various levels, there is much at stake in more fully and directly recognizing and identifying many core policies and practices of the financial system for what they are: crimes on a very large scale.


D.O. Friedrichs
Prof. David O. Friedrichs is als distinguished professor verbonden aan het Department of Sociology, Criminal Justice & Criminology van de University of Scranton. Hij is tevens gasthoogleraar aan de School of Law van de University of Western Australia (Perth).
Artikel

De bestrijding van voedselfraude in Nederland

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden NVWA-IOD, food fraud, food industry, food laundering, criminal cases
Auteurs K.E. Gussow en L.H. Kuiper
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Food fraud has recently been recognized as a blind spot among regulators. In Europe, few organizations have experience with large cases of food fraud; also scientific knowledge into this type of crime is limited. This article aims to contribute experience to this gap. The NVWA-IOD is a specialist crime unit in the Netherlands, carrying out criminal investigations into, among other things, food fraud. This article gives insight into numbers of cases dealt with by the NVWA-IOD in the past fifteen years, for different types of food fraud. Nine criminal cases, concentrating on suspects within trade and industry, are analyzed in more detail from a basic criminological perspective. There is looked into, among other things, the motive, the opportunity and the product. The cases discussed relate to products such as meat, eggs, fish and dairy products. The main motive for committing food fraud is making money; the gain makes fraudulent activities attractive and financially beneficial. Opportunities refer mainly to ambiguous laws and regulations and little supervision. Also, evasive behavior was found. To combat food crime, specialist knowledge of tempting opportunities is essential.


K.E. Gussow
Dr. Karen Gussow is als senior inspecteur verbonden aan de Inlichtingen- en Opsporingsdienst (IOD) van de Nederlandse Voedsel- en Warenautoriteit (NVWA).

L.H. Kuiper
Loes Kuiper studeerde af aan de Hogeschool Van Hall Larenstein te Leeuwarden en loopt stage bij de Inlichtingen- en Opsporingsdienst (IOD) van de Nederlandse Voedsel- en Warenautoriteit (NVWA).
Artikel

Kwetsbaarheid voor voedselfraude in de vleessector

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden food fraud, meat sector, melamine scandal, adulterants, food analysing techniques
Auteurs S. van Ruth en W. Huisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Food fraud is as old as mankind but has advanced in the last decades. Fraud regarding the gross composition of food has progressed in the direction of the addition of unconventional adulterants. Furthermore, consumers are more and more interested in how and where their foods are produced and pay price premiums for organic foods, fair trade, animal welfare considering, and sustainable food products. Since these products are very similar to their conventional counterparts in terms of composition, they provide an additional challenge. The knowledge regarding occurrence, type of meat fraud, causes and damage caused to the sector is limited. There is a need for extensive identification of the vulnerabilities and criminogenic factors. These insights offer leads for detection and prevention. The article deals with a first step into the inventory of these vulnerabilities and factors affecting meat fraud, by assessing fraud risks related to products, companies and the meat supply chain.


S. van Ruth
Prof. dr. ir. Saskia van Ruth is als hoogleraar Voedselauthenticiteit verbonden aan de Food Quality and Design Group en het Rikilt – Instituut voor Voedselveiligheid van de Universiteit Wageningen.

W. Huisman
Prof. dr. mr. Wim Huisman is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.
Boekbespreking

De symbolische parallellen tussen rap en crack

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden Crack (cocaine), rap, war on drugs, Music industry
Auteurs Tom Decorte
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 5 Grams: Crack Cocaine, Rap Music, and the War on Drugs Dimitri Bogazianos, an assistant professor at the departement Criminal Justice of California State University, discusses the cultural links between the American ‘war on drugs’ and the creative contributions of those directly affected by its destructive effects. At the centre of his analysis is the parallel between what the author calls ‘the crack game’ and ‘the rap game’. On the one hand Bogazianos examines the profound symbolic consequences of America’s reliance on the paradoxical punishment structure of crack; on the other hand the author focuses on the multiple ways crack appeared as a symbolical reference in the lyrics of rap artists.


Tom Decorte
Prof. dr. Tom Decorte is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Gent. E-mail: Tom.Decorte@ugent.be.
Redactioneel

Levensbeschouwing, religie en criminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden religion, crime, Islam, sexual abuse
Auteurs Prof. dr. Gily Coene, Prof. dr. Els Dumortier, Prof. dr. Wim Huisman e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In contrast to the societal debate, the topic of religion and crime is only scarcely present in contemporary criminological research. A special issue on this theme hence seemed very relevant. Even though the editors launched an open call, the submitted proposals were almost always related to Islam. In this introduction we therefore reflect on questions and themes that, in our opinion, should be included in this special issue on religion and crime. First, we give a short overview of Belgian, Dutch and American research on the missing theme of sexual abuse in the church. Second, we discuss the complex concept of ‘religion’. Third, we assess the complex relationship between religion and crime and reflect on the question of whether and when religion leads to more or, on the contrary, less crime. We end this introduction with a brief overview of the selected contributions for this special issue.


Prof. dr. Gily Coene
Prof. dr. G. Coene is docent aan de VUB, vakgroep Wijsbegeerte en Moraalwetenschappen.

Prof. dr. Els Dumortier
Prof. dr. E. Dumortier is voltijds docent aan de VUB, vakgroep Criminologie.

Prof. dr. Wim Huisman
Prof. dr. W. Huisman is hoogleraar bij de sectie criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Dr. Stijn Ruiter
Dr. S. Ruiter is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan de NSCR, themagroep Mobiliteit en Spreiding van Criminaliteit.

Dr. Bas van Stokkom
Dr. B.A.M. van Stokkom is verbonden aan het Criminologisch Instituut van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Met biografieën een beter begrip van witteboordencriminaliteit?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden white-collar crime, corporate crime, biographies, case studies
Auteurs Wim Huisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The central question of this article is whether biographies can be a source for criminological research on white-collar crime and how they can contribute to the explanation of white-collar crime. To answer this question, 35 Dutch biographies were studied. Following the legal ambiguities of white-collar crime, not all of these biographies are about criminal offences. And following the dominant anthropomorphic approach to corporate crime, some of these are corporate biographies. Many biographies confirm current criminological explanations of the causation of white-collar crime. Yet, biographies also offer additional insights, for instance about the causal relevance of the private life of white-collar offenders.


Wim Huisman
Prof. dr. Wim Huisman is hoogleraar bij de sectie criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. E-mail: w.huisman@vu.nl.
Artikel

De exfiltratie van verdachte en veroordeelde criminelen

Over de onmisbaarheid van een effectieve regeling voor coöperatieve criminele getuigen

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2012
Auteurs C. Fijnaut
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch Code of Criminal Procedure and the related guidelines of the College of Procurators-General are for all sorts of historical and ideological reasons heavily restrictive when it comes to the use of cooperative witnesses in criminal proceedings. What strikes most is that even in very serious cases it is not possible to grant a witness complete or partial immunity in exchange for his important cooperation. This contribution describes the problems arising sometimes in criminal cases wherein prosecutors, despite the existing narrow framework, make a deal with such a witness. The article outlines not only the historical and international background of the use of cooperative witnesses, but also its contemporary legal framework in the United States, Italy, the United Kingdom and Germany. The outcome of this comparative exercise is that at least the current legal provisions should be evaluated and that this evaluation should take into account the system and experiences in other countries as well as the problems of serious crime in the Netherlands and the leniency policies that govern the efforts to contain serious white collar crime like e.g. cartels.


C. Fijnaut
Prof. dr. em. Cyrille Fijnaut was tot voor kort als hoogleraar internationaal en vergelijkend strafrecht verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg. Hij is thans voorzitter van de Toegangscommissie van de Commissie Evaluatie Afgesloten Strafzaken (CEAS).
Artikel

Mediaberichtgeving over witteboordencriminaliteit

‘There’s no such thing as bad publicity’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Toezicht, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden witteboordencriminaliteit, strafrecht, media, publiciteit, framing
Auteurs Drs. J.J.H. Beckers en Dr. J.G. van Erp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Recentelijk werden de hoofdverdachten in de ‘Klimop-zaak’ door de Rechtbank Haarlem in eerste aanleg veroordeeld tot uiteenlopende straffen. Strafrechtelijke vervolging van fraude zou er mede toe moeten dienen witteboordencriminaliteit ondubbelzinnig te veroordelen. Welke rol spelen de media bij deze pogingen om een grens te trekken in het grijze gebied tussen innovatief ondernemerschap en verwerpelijke roekeloosheid?


Drs. J.J.H. Beckers
Drs. J.J.H. Beckers is als promovendus verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus School of Law.

Dr. J.G. van Erp
Dr. J.G. van Erp is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan de Erasmus School of Law en lid van de redactie van Tijdschrift voor Toezicht.

    Illegal deforestation is generally not considered as a criminological subject but in this article it is argued that it can easily be considered as such. The central question that is addressed here is how the theme of deforestation, which clearly fits into the new realm of green criminology, relates to more traditional criminological concepts. This question is discussed through various case studies: the Brazilian Amazon (mainly Brazil), Central Africa (mainly the Democratic Republic of Congo), South East Asia (mainly Indonesia), Russian Siberia, and Pakistan's Swat forests. The case studies show that there are actually many victims of deforestation, both human and non-human, and that deforestation is linked to a variety of other crimes and harms as well. It is concluded that even without taking a green criminological perspective, several concepts of criminology apply to illegal deforestation practices: governmental and state crimes, corporate crimes, and various types of organized crime.


T. Boekhout van Solinge
Dr. Tim Boekhout van Solinge is als universitair docent verbonden aan het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen van de Universiteit Utrecht.

    As a contribution to literature drawing together green criminology and studies of organized and corporate crime, this paper provides a case study of crimes and public health harms linked to the Naples garbage disposal crisis. The context is the inability of modern consumer society to cope with the problem of mass production of waste. In turn this leads to opportunities for both legal and criminal entrepreneurs to offer services that promise but fail to ‘dispose’ of the problem. The analysis draws upon environmental law and classic studies of organised crime.


V. Ruggiero
Prof. Vincenzo Ruggiero is als hoogleraar sociologie verbonden aan de Middlesex University in Londen.

N. South
Prof. Nigel South is hoogleraar sociologie aan de University of Essex.
Artikel

Zin en onzin van het downloadverbod

Actuele ontwikkelingen in digitale piraterij nader beschouwd

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2012
Auteurs H.B.M. Leeuw
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this contribution, the author explores some of the issues that are currently dominant in the debate revolving illegal downloading (also known as digital piracy). Four specific issues are addressed. Firstly, the legal status of downloading is discussed, followed by a brief analysis of a debate currently being held within the Dutch parliament dealing with this issue. Of particular interest is the proposed ‘download-ban’ which is intended to decrease digital piracy and increase legitimate sales. However, as will be demonstrated, this proposed ban is not without criticisms. Following this analysis, the question is raised what is actually empirically known about the impact of illegal downloading on the involved industries, and whether proposed measures such as a ‘download-ban’ can have the desired impact. Finally, the role of copyrights in the digital environment is explored.


H.B.M. Leeuw
Bastiaan Leeuw UM Mcrim is promovendus aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van Maastricht University. Hierbinnen is hij verboden aan de capaciteitsgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie. Zijn onderzoek heeft betrekking op een (criminologische) studie naar downloadgedrag op het internet, waarbij de vraag centraal staat welke mogelijke interventies effectief kunnen zijn om downloadgedrag aan te passen.
Praktijk

Toezicht en controle in de jeugdzorg

Het omgaan met risico’s en dilemma’s in de jeugdbeschermingspraktijk

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden monitoring, risk management, child protection, child abuse
Auteurs Tirza Kuijvenhoven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study aims at exploring dilemmas that child protection workers cope with in daily practice, concerning noticing and acting on suspicions of child abuse. More specifically it addresses the tensions between a growing pressure on a formalisation of practice and sharing information on the one hand, and professional values of child protection work, like autonomy and professional confidentiality, on the other.


Tirza Kuijvenhoven
Tirza Kuijvenhoven is als promovendus werkzaam bij de Sectie Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Zij heeft Pedagogische Wetenschappen gestudeerd aan de Universiteit Leiden en Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Zij heeft als onderzoeker gewerkt bij de Universiteit Leiden en bij het Nederlands Jeugdinstituut, een landelijk kennisinstituut voor de jeugdzorgsector.
Artikel

Verzet tegen gedoogbeleid: iets typisch rechts?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden punitive turn, political conservatism, ‘gedoogbeleid’, administrative tolerance
Auteurs Peter Mascini en Dick Houtman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article demonstrates on the basis of a representative survey among the Dutch population (N=1,892) that it is not necessarily politically ‘rightist’ or ‘conservative’ to resist the toleration of illegal activities (‘gedoogbeleid’). Even though, generally speaking, political conservatives are most likely to be critical, this is merely because they unconsciously associate the latter with practices of tolerating illegal activities by marginal individuals. Whereas conservatives hence oppose the latter more than political progressives do, the latter for their part are more critical than conservatives about tolerating illegal activities by official agencies. These findings illustrate that gedoogbeleid does not have a universal legitimacy in the eyes of the public, but that its legitimacy is determined case by case by the concrete aims and targets addressed by this policy instrument.


Peter Mascini
Peter Mascini is universitair docent sociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op de legitimiteit, uitvoering en handhaving van publiek beleid. Hierover heeft hij onder andere gepubliceerd in Law and Policy, Regulation and Governance, British Journal of Criminology, International Migration Review en Tijdschrift voor Criminologie.

Dick Houtman
Dick Houtman is als hoogleraar cultuursociologie verbonden aan het Centre for Rotterdam Cultural Sociology (CROCUS) van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij verricht overwegend onderzoek naar de spiritualisering van religie en de culturalisering van de politiek in hedendaagse westerse samenlevingen. Zijn twee recentste boeken zijn Religions of modernity (2010; red. met Stef Aupers) en Paradoxes of individualization (in druk; met Stef Aupers en Willem de Koster).
Artikel

De D&A-code van corruptie

Lessen uit een anticorruptietraining bij Douane en Accijnzen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden corruption, aetiology, anti-corruption policy, customs
Auteurs Arne Dormaels en Gudrun Vande Walle
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Belgian Customs Administration has taken the lead on the federal level to elaborate an anti-corruption policy. Up till now the initiatives of the administration D&A consisted of: anti-corruption training for the complete staff, a distribution of the relevant regulation concerning corruption and the setting up of an internal complaints desk. These measures suggest that mainly the individual employee has to take responsibility to prevent corruption. Based on three related research stages we conclude that the social-economic context and the organisational characteristics also contribute to the explanation of corruption which implies to go beyond the micro-level when developing an anti-corruption policy. The structure of our analysis is based on the five key variables of Gobert and Punch: the social, economic and cultural characteristics, the nature and structure of the organisation, rationality, neutralisation techniques and moral disengagement and crime facilitative characteristics. This contribution is the first section of a research project on the responsibilities of the public sector and the private companies for public corruption.


Arne Dormaels
Drs. A.P.K. Dormaels is doctoraal onderzoeker binnen de onderzoeksgroep Governing and Policing Security (GaPS) aan de Hogeschool Gent – Departement Handelswetenschappen en Bestuurskunde. Hij is tevens geaffilieerd lid van de Associatie Universiteit Gent binnen de associatieonderzoeksgroep Governance of Security, arne.dormaels@hogent.be.

Gudrun Vande Walle
Dr. G.C.M. Vande Walle is postdoctoraal onderzoeker binnen de onderzoeksgroep Governing and Policing Security (GaPS) aan de Hogeschool Gent – Departement Handelswetenschappen en Bestuurskunde. Ze is tevens geaffilieerd lid van de Associatie Universiteit Gent binnen de associatieonderzoeksgroep Governance of Security, gudrun.vandewalle@hogent.be.
Artikel

Gewone beroepen en georganiseerde criminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden organized crime, occupations, opportunity, concealment
Auteurs Henk van de Bunt, Krista Huisman en Karin van Wingerde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There is a large – and still growing – body of criminological literature on the relationship between crime and work. However, the exact nature of that relationship often remains diffuse. In this article we explored the relationships between organized crime and work. Based on analysis of the forty most recent cases of the Organized Crime Monitor we distinguished between two types of relations connecting organized crime and work. First, crimes can be based in the occupation of the offender when the occupation provides concrete opportunities to offend or facilitates the crimes of others. Secondly, the occupation of the offender can also be used as a shield concealing the illegal behavior or identity of the offender.


Henk van de Bunt
Prof. dr. H.G. van de Bunt is hoogleraar criminologie aan de faculteit der rechtsgeleerdheid van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, vandebunt@frg.eur.nl.

Krista Huisman
Drs. K. Huisman is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker, sectie criminologie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, k.huisman@frg.eur.nl.

Karin van Wingerde
Drs. C.G. van Wingerde is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker, sectie criminologie aan de faculteit der rechtsgeleerdheid van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, vanwingerde@frg.eur.nl.
Artikel

Criminaliteit en werk

Een veelzijdig verband

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden employment, corruption, organisational crime, life course
Auteurs Judith van Erp, Victor van der Geest, Wim Huisman e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Employment and crime are commonly assumed to be negatively correlated. Those employed are less likely to commit crimes, and conversely, those who have a criminal record are less likely to become employed. Criminological research has provided strong empirical and theoretical support for the link between employment and crime, but also suggests that a complex set of mechanisms may be at play. Additionally, studies show that employment can also increase the risk of criminal behaviour. In the introduction of this special issue, three causal relationships in the work-crime nexus will be discussed: employment causing crime, employment preventing crime, and crime blocking future employment.


Judith van Erp
Dr. J.G. van Erp is criminoloog aan de faculteit rechtsgeleerdheid van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, vanerp@frg.eur.nl.

Victor van der Geest
Dr. V.R. van der Geest is als universitair docent verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en als onderzoeker aan het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR), vvandergeest@nscr.nl.

Wim Huisman
Prof. dr. W. Huisman is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, w.huisman@rechten.vu.nl.

Janna Verbruggen
J. Verbruggen, MSc is als promovendus verbonden aan het Phoolan Devi instituut, in een samenwerkingsverband tussen de Afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR), jverbruggen@nscr.nl.
Toont 61 - 80 van 95 gevonden teksten
1 2 4
U kunt door de volledige tekst zoeken naar alle artikelen door uw zoekterm in het zoekveld in te vullen. Als u op de knop 'Zoek' heeft geklikt komt u op de zoekresultatenpagina met filters, die u helpen om snel bij het door u gezochte artikel te komen. Er zijn op dit moment twee filters: rubriek en jaar.