Verfijn uw zoekresultaat

Zoekresultaat: 401 artikelen

x

    Relying on the prohibition of age discrimination stemming from Directive 2000/78, the Labour Tribunal of Leuven refused to apply a Collective Labour Agreement establishing the minimum monthly salary for employees depending on their work experience even if not relevant and the Royal Decree enforcing it. The jurisdiction grounded its decision on the fact that this gave a strong advantage to older employees without objective justification.


Gautier Busschaert
Gautier Busschaert is an attorney-at-law at Van Olmen & Wynant, Brussels, Belgium.
Artikel

‘Gelukkig is geen ramp ontstaan’

De omgang met slachtoffers na grote branden

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3-4 2019
Trefwoorden victim needs, social justice, disasters, fires, legal settlement
Auteurs Michael Blommers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Based on a retrospective analysis of six large scale and fatal fires in the Netherlands, an improvement in terms of meeting the needs of victims can be seen. A comparison of the legal settlement of these fires shows mayor differences in the fulfilling of different aspects of social justice that are identified in social psychology. Two victim needs commonly associated with retributive justice – financial compensation and a thorough, neutral investigation into the causes of the disaster – were fulfilled to a higher degree after the most recent fires than after those that occurred decades ago. The legal settlement after the New Year’s fire in Volendam (2001) appears – at least on paper – to have been more just from the victim’s point of view than the ones after the other incidents. Empirical research into the experienced social justice after the New Year’s fire can be valuable to assess the factors that can lead to a just settlement after disasters.


Michael Blommers
Michael Blommers is een in de praktijk werkzame onderzoeker en verbonden aan Spuistraat 10 Advocaten te Amsterdam.
Article

Access_open Mercosur: Limits of Regional Integration

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Mercosur, European Union, regionalism, integration, international organisation
Auteurs Ricardo Caichiolo
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study is focused on the evaluation of successes and failures of the Common Market of the South (Mercosur). This analysis of Mercosur’s integration seeks to identify the reasons why the bloc has stagnated in an incomplete customs union condition, although it was originally created to achieve a common market status. To understand the evolution of Mercosur, the study offers some thoughts about the role of the European Union (EU) as a model for regional integration. Although an EU-style integration has served as a model, it does not necessarily set the standards by which integration can be measured as we analyse other integration efforts. However, the case of Mercosur is emblematic: during its initial years, Mercosur specifically received EU technical assistance to promote integration according to EU-style integration. Its main original goal was to become a common market, but so far, almost thirty years after its creation, it remains an imperfect customs union.
    The article demonstrates the extent to which almost thirty years of integration in South America could be considered a failure, which would be one more in a list of previous attempts of integration in Latin America, since the 1960s. Whether it is a failure or not, it is impossible to envisage EU-style economic and political integration in South America in the foreseeable future. So far, member states, including Brazil, which could supposedly become the engine of economic and political integration in South America, have remained sceptical about the possibility of integrating further politically and economically. As member states suffer political and economic turmoil, they have concentrated on domestic recovery before being able to dedicate sufficient time and energy to being at the forefront of integration.


Ricardo Caichiolo
Ricardo Caichiolo, PhD (Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium) is legal and legislative adviser to the Brazilian Senate and professor and coordinator of the post graduate programs on Public Policy, Government Relations and Law at Ibmec (Instituto Brasileiro de Mercado de Capitais, Brazil).
Artikel

Prepping and verstehen

A narrative criminological perspective

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Verstehen, narrative, prepping, experience, ethnography
Auteurs Michael F. Mills en Jennifer Fleetwood
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Talk, chat, and stories are ubiquitous in ethnographic research. Engaging with the recently burgeoning literature around narrative criminology, this article argues that considerations of stories and storytelling can add much to cultural criminologists’ pursuit of ‘criminological verstehen’ (Ferrell, 1997). In doing so, we focus on one case study: ethnographic research grounded within the USA’s contemporary ‘doomsday’ prepping subculture. The article considers the value of attending to narrative during the pursuit of verstehen at two levels. First, we address the importance of storytelling upon entry to the ethnographic field – drawing attention to how the narratives researchers share, and their respect for certain stories, can facilitate deep and experiential access to stigmatized fields of activity (such as prepping). Second, we explore how narrative remains in play during immediate experiences. In particular, we argue that fleeting excitements featured in prepping lifestyles are often shaped by the significance of the ‘moments’ in which they occur to numerous personal narratives. We therefore contend that, for ethnographers interested in verstehen, a consideration of narrative offers a means to expand and deepen empathetic appreciation of participants’ worldviews and activities.


Michael F. Mills
Michael F. Mills is Lecturer in Criminology, School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research, University of Kent.

Jennifer Fleetwood
Jennifer Fleetwood is Senior lecturer in Criminology, Department of Sociology, Goldsmiths, University of London.
Artikel

Conflict narratives and conflict handling strategies in intercultural contexts

Reflections from an action research project based on restorative praxis

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden action research, conflict, restorative justice, intercultural contexts
Auteurs Brunilda Pali
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A rapidly growing field of research and practice, restorative justice has primarily found its gravitational centre within the criminal justice system, as an alternative of dealing with the aftermath of crime. Less explored remains the application of restorative justice in complex, urban, or intercultural contexts, an application which raises a whole set of conceptual and practical challenges. This article is based on an action project which aimed to research conflict narratives in intercultural contexts and transform them through restorative praxis. Mostly used in educational, organizational, and health care settings, action research remains an underused but a highly interesting methodology for criminology and criminal justice research. Its alternative epistemology makes it particularly apt for scientific projects that aim both at investigating crime and justice related issues and at engendering change, either at the level of criminal justice or communities. Although action research has focused mostly on creating change at the level of practical knowledge, when conceived in a critical manner, action research aims not only at improving the work of practitioners, but also at assisting them to arrive at a critique of their social or work settings. Practice concerns at the same time problem setting or problem framing. By zooming into one of the case studies of the project, more specifically the social housing estates in Vienna, I focus in this article specifically on the tensions and dilemmas created by processes of engagement in a problematizing approach to the context and to practice. During these processes, together with other social actors, such as inhabitants and professionals, we named problems (in our case social conflicts) and framed the context in which we addressed them. I argue that participatory forms of inquiry, such as action research, should actively reframe rather than merely describe contexts and problems they work with.


Brunilda Pali
Brunilda Pali is FWO Postdoctoral researcher, Leuven Institute of Criminology, Leuven, Belgium.
Article

Access_open Due Diligence and Supply Chain Responsibilities in Specific Instances

The Compatibility of the Dutch National Contact Point’s Decisions With the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises in the Light of Decisions Made by the UK, German, Danish and Norwegian National Contact Points

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden due diligence, supply chain, OECD, NCP, specific instance
Auteurs Sander van ’t Foort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since the introduction of a human rights chapter in the 2011 OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, National Contact Points (NCPs) have been increasingly dealing with specific instances referring to human rights violations by companies. According to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the human rights provisions are the most cited provisions of the Guidelines. Specific instances include allegations such as a company’s failure to implement human rights due diligence, to apply the principles of free, prior and informed consent, to take supply chain responsibility, and/or to comply with the right to cultural heritage. Of all topics, human rights due diligence and human rights supply chain responsibilities are most commonly referred to in complaints based on the Guidelines. This article focuses on how NCPs have handled these topics of human rights due diligence and supply chain responsibility in specific instances. The Dutch NCP has been selected because it is celebrated in literature as the ‘gold standard’ because of its composition including independent members, its forward-looking approach, and because it is one of the most active NCPs in the world. All decisions of the Dutch NCP concerning these two topics are analysed in the light of the decisions of four other NCPs (UK, Denmark, Germany and Norway). A doctrinal methodology is used to analyse similarities and differences between the argumentations of the five NCPs.


Sander van ’t Foort
Sander van ’t Foort is Lecturer at Nyenrode Business University.
Article

Access_open Consumer Social Responsibility in Dutch Law

A Case Study on the Role of Consumers in Energy Transition

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden consumer, energy transition, social responsibility, Dutch law, EU law
Auteurs Katalin Cseres
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    As our economies continue to focus on growth, competition and maximisation of consumer choice, the global increase in consumption takes vast environmental and social costs and cause irreversible harm to our climate and environment. The urgency of reducing human footprint and to diminish one of the root causes of a declining climate and environment is irrefutable. In the shift that globally has to take place, a decentralised energy system relying on more distributed generation, energy storage and a more active involvement of consumers form a crucial component of renewable energy solutions. The move from a highly centralised to a more decentralised power system involves an increasing amount of small-scale (intermittent) generation from renewable energy which is located closer to the point of final consumption. In order to steer consumption towards sustainability national governments and supranational organisations have adopted policies and corresponding legislation that address individual consumers as rational and active choice-makers who make socially responsible choices when they receive the ‘right’ amount of information. By relying on insights from modern consumption theories with contributions from sociology, this article questions the effectiveness and legitimacy of these ‘consumer-centred’ policies and laws. First, the article argues that the single focus on individual consumer behaviour as a rational and utility maximising market actor fails to take into account the complexity of consumption, which is fundamentally influenced by social norms and its broader institutional setting. Although consumers are willing to consume more sustainably, they are often ‘locked in by circumstances’ and unable to engage in more sustainable consumption practices even if they want to. Second, by relying on evidence from sociological studies the article argues that individual consumers are not the most salient actors in support of sustainable consumption. Even though the urgency of the energy transition and the critical role consumers play in (un)sustainable energy consumption is acknowledged in both the EU and its Member States, their laws and policies remain grounded on goals of economic growth with competitive economies, the sovereignty of consumer choice and wealth maximisation, instead of aiming at slower economic growth or even degrowth, reducing overall resource use and consumption levels and introducing radically different ways of consumption.
    Third, the role of law is underlined as a social institution both as a constraint on the autonomous acts of consumption, dictating the normative frameworks within which the role of consumer is defined, and as a facilitator which consumers might also employ, in order to determine for themselves particular normative parameters within which consumption can occur.
    The Netherlands, which serves as a case study in this article, has reached important milestones in its energy transition policy since 2013. Still, it remains strongly focused on economic rationality and market competitiveness. Even though various models of consumer participation exist and local consumer energy initiatives are flourishing and are recognised as key actors in the energy transition, they remain embedded in institutional, structural and behavioural settings where consumers still face challenging sociocultural barriers to sustainable practices.
    In light of these legal, political and social complexity of energy transition, the article offers a critical analysis of the current Dutch law in its broader legal context of EU law in order to answer the question what the role of (energy) law is in steering consumers towards sustainable energy consumption.


Katalin Cseres
Katalin Cseres is Associate Professor of Law, Amsterdam Centre for European Law & Governance (ACELG), University of Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Using Case Studies for Research on Judicial Opinions. Some Preliminary Insights

Tijdschrift Law and Method, november 2019
Trefwoorden case study, judicial opinions, empirical legal research, qualitative methods, research on judicial opinions
Auteurs Mateusz Stępień
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There is a pressing need to develop a research methodology for studying judicial opinions that goes beyond both dogmatic analyzes and the established positions developed within philosophy of law and legal theory (e.g. the hermeneutic and argumentative approaches). One possible way is to adopt or modify methodologies developed within empirically oriented social sciences. Most social science textbooks devoted to methodology of empirical research deal with case studies. So far, this research framework developed within the social sciences has not been applied directly to judicial opinions, though they have been used for some empirical legal research studies. Even et first sight, case study research would appear to have potential for use with judicial opinions. The aim of the paper is to answer the question, how and to what extent can case study methodology developed within the social sciences be fruitfully used to examine judicial opinions? The general answer is undoubtedly positive (case studies can bring new, non-trivial threads to the research methodology on judicial opinions), though with many serious and far-reaching reservations.


Mateusz Stępień
Assistant Professor, Department of Law and Administration, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland.

    The author discusses the recent ECJ judgments in the cases Egenberger and IR on religious discrimination.


Andrzej Marian Świątkowski
Andrzej Marian Świątkowski, is a Jean Monet Professor of European Labour Law and Social Security, Jesuit University Ignatianum, Krakow, Poland and a member of the EELC Academic Board.
Case Reports

2019/29 Eweida versus Achbita: a storm in a teacup? (EU)

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Religious discrimination
Auteurs Morwarid Hashemi LLM
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Most scholars have argued that the Achbita judgment is not in line with the jurisprudence of the ECtHR, in particular with the Eweida judgment, and gives less protection to the employee than granted by the ECtHR. In this article, I provide a different perspective on the relation between both judgments and nuance the criticisms that followed the Achbita judgment.


Morwarid Hashemi LLM
Morwarid Hashemi LLM is a former student of Erasmus University Rotterdam
Artikel

Het verstrekken van pleitnotities aan media

Tijdschrift Caribisch Juristenblad, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden verspreiden pleitnotities, artikel 8 EVRM, artikel 10 EVRM, civiele criteria rectificatie, kleinschalige samenleving
Auteurs Mr. O.E. Kostrzewski
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In een spraakmakende zedenzaak verstrekte de verdediging na afloop van de zitting de pleitnotities in ongeclausuleerde vorm aan de media met als gevolg dat zeer gevoelige informatie aangaande de slachtoffers in Curaçao in de openbaarheid kwam. In deze bijdrage onderzoekt de auteur in hoeverre deze wijze van het verspreiden van pleitnotities in lijn is met de jurisprudentie van het EHRM inzake artikel 8 en 10 EVRM.


Mr. O.E. Kostrzewski
Mr. O.E. Kostrzewski is als wetenschappelijk medewerker verbonden aan de University of Curaçao en tevens werkzaam als advocaat te Curaçao. De auteur is als advocaat bij de in het artikel besproken zaak betrokken geweest. Zij heeft de klaagsters in deze procedure bijgestaan en was tevens de gemachtigde van een aantal slachtoffers in de strafzaak tegen B.
Artikel

Access_open Mobile Individualism: The Subjectivity of EU Citizenship

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Individualism, EU Citizenship, Depoliticisation, Mobile Individualism, Citizenship and Form of Life
Auteurs Aristel Skrbic
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The central aim of this article is to analyse the manner in which the legal structure of EU citizenship subjectifies Union citizens. I begin by explicating Alexander Somek’s account of individualism as a concept which captures EU citizenship and propose to update his analysis by coining the notion of mobile individualism. By looking at a range of CJEU’s case law on EU citizenship through the lens of the purely internal rule and the transnational character of EU citizenship, I suggest that movement sits at the core of EU citizenship. In order to adequately capture this unique structure of citizenship, we need a concept of individualism which takes movement rather than depoliticisation as its central object of analysis. I propose that the notion of mobile individualism can best capture the subjectivity of a model EU citizen, a citizen who is a-political due to being mobile.


Aristel Skrbic
Aristel Skrbic is a PhD candidate and teaching and research assistant at the Institute of Philosophy at the KU Leuven.
Artikel

En wat als het misgaat?

De omzetting en herroeping van toezicht op justitiabelen in de samenleving

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden breach decision-making, revocation, recall, conditional release, community service order
Auteurs Prof. mr. dr. Miranda Boone
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The decision to revoke or recall a conditional sanction is barely researched in criminal justice research, despite the interests involved for the offender as well as society. This article reflects on some results from a comparative research project on breach decision-making (COST Action on Offender Supervision in Europe). Using Hawkins’ concept of serial decision-making, the interdependence of early stage and final stage decision makers is highlighted. The significant power exercised by early stage actors raises the issue of the need to ensure credibility of community sanctions and appropriate due process protections, without reducing their discretion so much that they cannot perform their role of supporting the offender to complete the supervisory order successfully.


Prof. mr. dr. Miranda Boone
Prof. mr. dr. M.M. Boone is als hoogleraar criminologie en vergelijkende penologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Urgenda en de beoordeling van macro-argumenten

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden Urgenda, Macro-argumenten en macro-effecten, public interest litigation, positieve verplichtingen, rechterlijke risicoregulering
Auteurs Mr. dr. E.R. de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Het Urgenda-arrest illustreert de vragen die ontstaan ten aanzien van de rol die de civiele rechter kan en wellicht ook moet vervullen bij het vormgeven van het publieke leven van het civiele aansprakelijkheidsrecht. In deze bijdrage wordt ingegaan op de vraag hoe de civiele rechter daarbij om kan gaan met macroargumenten.


Mr. dr. E.R. de Jong
Mr. dr. E.R. de Jong is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan het Utrecht Centre for Accountability and Liability Law (UCALL) en het Molengraaff Instituut voor Privaatrecht van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

‘Ik mag doen wat ik moet doen’

Bevindingen en praktijkimplicaties uit een onderzoek naar de criminele ontwikkeling van fraudeurs

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Bijzonder Strafrecht & Handhaving, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Fraudeur, Levensloop, Criminologie, Moraliteit, Sociale binding
Auteurs Dr. J. van Onna
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Fraude heeft grote maatschappelijke en financiële gevolgen. Toch is over het proces waarlangs en de redenen waarom managers, bestuurders of ondernemers zich inlaten met serieuze vormen van fraude nog relatief weinig bekend. Deze kennislacune omtrent de criminele ontwikkeling van fraudeurs is onderwerp van onderzoek in een recent afgerond proefschrift. In het artikel worden de belangrijkste bevindingen uit het proefschrift en de aanbevelingen voor de handhaving besproken.


Dr. J. van Onna
Dr. J. van Onna is senior adviseur en onderzoeker bij het Functioneel Parket (Openbaar Ministerie) en research fellow aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Een mogelijke inpassing van de G1000 op nationaal niveau

Tijdschrift RegelMaat, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden G1000, burgerparticipatie, deliberatie, representatieve democratie, wetgevingsproces
Auteurs Mr. M. van Zanten, G.J.P. Penders, L.S.R. Frietman e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De G1000 is als vorm van burgerparticipatie herhaaldelijk ingezet op lokaal niveau als aanvulling op de representatieve democratie. Daarmee voorziet de G1000 in potentie in de behoefte van veel burgers aan (meer) politieke betrokkenheid. In dit artikel gaan de auteurs daarom in op de vraag of en hoe de G1000 ook op nationaal niveau, in het wetgevingsproces, kan worden ingepast. Daarbij wordt eerst ingegaan op de behaalde resultaten van de G1000 op lokaal niveau en de toegevoegde waarde van het instrument ten opzichte van andere vormen van burgerparticipatie. Vervolgens wordt gekeken welke constitutionele grenzen het grondwettelijk stelsel stelt aan de inpassing van een G1000 op nationaal niveau. De auteurs komen tot de conclusie dat een G1000 binnen deze grenzen kan worden ingepast, waarbij tegelijkertijd de basisprincipes van de G1000 zoveel mogelijk worden gerespecteerd. Zij dragen in dat kader enkele ideeën aan voor de daadwerkelijke implementatie van de G1000 in het nationale wetgevingsproces.


Mr. M. van Zanten
Mr. M. (Melanie) van Zanten is als promovenda verbonden aan de afdeling Staatsrecht, Bestuursrecht en Rechtstheorie van het departement Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Utrecht.

G.J.P. Penders
G.J.P. (George) Penders is masterstudent Staats- en bestuursrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en is werkzaam als student medewerker bij de sectie bestuursrecht van Pels Rijcken.

L.S.R. Frietman
L.S.R. (Lars) Frietman heeft in Utrecht zijn bachelor Rechtsgeleerdheid afgerond en is oud-voorzitter van Studievereniging Politeia voor staats-, bestuursrecht en rechtstheorie.

P.A. Oudijn
P.A. (Nellieke) Oudijn heeft haar master Staats- en Bestuursrecht afgerond aan de Universiteit Utrecht en is werkzaam als advocaat bij BVD advocaten.

L.J.C.M. van der Ven
L.J.C.M. (Lorenz) van der Ven heeft zijn bachelor Rechtsgeleerdheid afgerond aan de Universiteit Utrecht en is werkzaam als buitengriffier op de Rechtbank Midden-Nederland.
Artikel

Access_open Is een ‘akkoorden-democratie’ wel een democratie?

Tijdschrift RegelMaat, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden parlement, politieke legitimiteit, wetgeving, poldermodel, regeerakkoord
Auteurs Prof. dr. R.A. Koole
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De toename en verbreding van politiek-maatschappelijke akkoorden (tussen politici en belangenorganisaties) en parlementaire akkoorden (tussen fracties in de Tweede Kamer) roept de vraag op of de parlementaire democratie hiermee gediend is. Internationale literatuur wijst op de ontwikkeling naar een verzwakking van de positie van parlementen. De Nederlandse praktijk van ‘regeren bij akkoord’ versterkt deze trend, met name in het geval van politiek-maatschappelijke akkoorden (waaronder klimaatakkoorden). Het eventuele gebruik van dergelijke akkoorden zou zo moeten worden vormgegeven dat het parlement voldoende tijd en ruimte heeft om de resultaten ervan te doorgronden en eventueel te wijzigen.


Prof. dr. R.A. Koole
Prof. dr. R.A. (Ruud) Koole is hoogleraar politieke wetenschappen aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Law Review

2019/1 EELC’s review of the year 2018

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2019
Auteurs Ruben Houweling, Catherine Barnard, Filip Dorssemont e.a.
Samenvatting

    For the second time, various of our academic board analysed employment law cases from last year. However, first, we start with some general remarks.


Ruben Houweling

Catherine Barnard

Filip Dorssemont

Jean-Philippe Lhernould

Francesca Maffei

Niklas Bruun

Anthony Kerr

Jan-Pieter Vos

Luca Ratti

Daiva Petrylaite

Andrej Poruban

Stein Evju
Toont 61 - 80 van 401 gevonden teksten
1 2 4 6 7 8 9 20 21
U kunt door de volledige tekst zoeken naar alle artikelen door uw zoekterm in het zoekveld in te vullen. Als u op de knop 'Zoek' heeft geklikt komt u op de zoekresultatenpagina met filters, die u helpen om snel bij het door u gezochte artikel te komen. Er zijn op dit moment twee filters: rubriek en jaar.