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Artikel

Access_open Artikel 50 VEU en Brexit: de juridische contouren voor een politiek drama

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 7 2016
Trefwoorden Brexit, Artikel 50 VEU, Uittreding EU, Verenigd Koninkrijk
Auteurs Dr. A. Cuyvers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Deze bijdrage geeft een initiële analyse van de juridische kaders die artikel 50 VEU neerlegt voor de terugtrekking van het VK. Welke regels gelden er en welke beperkingen leggen deze regels, in principe, op aan dit proces? Hiertoe focust de analyse op enkele essentiële elementen van artikel 50 VEU: het indienen en eventueel intrekken van een kennisgeving, de termijn voor het bereiken van een akkoord, de positie van het VK in de EU tijdens het onderhandelingsproces, het aantal en soort akkoorden dat gesloten dient te worden, en de eventuele noodzaak van een wijziging van de EU-verdragen. De bijdrage sluit af met enkele meer algemene observaties over Brexit en enkele suggesties voor de eventuele aanpassing van artikel 50 VEU zelf.
    Artikel 50 Verdrag betreffende de Europese Unie (VEU), Maastricht, 7 februari 1992, PbEG 1992, C 191


Dr. A. Cuyvers
Dr. A. (Armin) Cuyvers is Universitair docent Europees Recht aan het Europa Instituut in Leiden. Bijzondere dank is verschuldigd aan Vestert Borger, Christophe Hillion en Stefaan Van den Bogaert.
Article

Access_open ‘We Do Not Hang Around. It Is Forbidden.’

Immigration and the Criminalisation of Youth Hanging around in the Netherlands

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden Criminalisation of youth hanging around, culture of control, immigration and discrimination
Auteurs Thaddeus Muller
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The focus in this article is the ‘criminalisation’ of youth hanging around with the emergence of bans on hanging around. A critical social constructivist approach is used in this study, which draws predominantly on qualitative primary data collected between the late 1980s and 2010s. The article compares indigenous with immigrant youth, which coincides with, respectively, youth in rural communities and youth in urban communities. This study shows that there is discrimination of immigrant youth, which is shaped by several intertwining social phenomena, such as the ‘geography of policing’ – more police in urban areas – familiarity, sharing biographical information (in smaller communities), and the character of the interaction, normalising versus stigmatising. In further research on this topic we have to study (the reaction to) the transgressions of immigrant youth, and compare it with (the reaction to) the transgressions of indigenous youth, which is a blind spot in Dutch criminology.


Thaddeus Muller
Thaddeus Muller, Ph.D., is senior lecturer at the Lancaster University Law School.
Artikel

Copy, paste

Over de uitleg van boilerplate-bedingen en wat kunnen we leren van het Amerikaanse recht

Tijdschrift Contracteren, Aflevering 2 2016
Auteurs Mr. J.W.A. Dousi
Auteursinformatie

Mr. J.W.A. Dousi
Mr. J.W.A. Dousi is promovendus bij de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en legal counsel bij Koninklijke FrieslandCampina N.V.

    In this article I argue that the major issue in taxonomies of interdisciplinary research is the problem of authority. In a project on the needs of Aboriginal Australians in inheritance, involving interdisciplinary research using law (in both common law and customary law form) and anthropology, issues of translateability and truth/validity arose. Issues for the Aboriginal people included problems of identifying the correct kin, dealing with the body, and protecting customary law information and secrecy, all matters which the customary law could handle but which were not recognised by Australian common law. Because the characterization of these matters in law is often characterized as a problem of authority the article explores the various different ways forms of authority in law and anthropology exist and how they might clash. Because the anthropology concerned was about Aboriginal Customary Law there seemed to be a double problem of authority which needed to be resolved in order to ensure that the connections between the disciplines were clear and the inheritance issues could be resolved.


Prue Vines
Professor, Director of First Year Studies, Co-Director, Private Law Research & Policy Group Faculty of Law, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. Email: p.vines@unsw.edu.au.
Artikel

De zaak Accorinti: aansprakelijkheid van de ECB en implicaties voor het huidige onconventionele monetaire beleid

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 5 2016
Trefwoorden aansprakelijkheid Unie-instellingen, aansprakelijkheid Europese Centrale Bank, Griekse schuldencrisis, Accorinti-arrest, Gauweiler-arrest
Auteurs Mr. N.C. Voortman en Dr. C. Hopman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Aan de hand van de zaak Accorinti wordt in dit artikel het leerstuk van de aansprakelijkheid van Unie-instellingen en de ECB besproken en wordt nader ingegaan op de overwegingen van het GvEA in de zaak Accorinti. Bovendien wordt gekeken naar de betekenis van dit arrest voor het huidige onconventionele monetaire beleid van het Eurosysteem.


Mr. N.C. Voortman
Mr. N.C. Voortman en dr. C. Hopman zijn als jurist werkzaam bij de Divisie Juridische zaken van De Nederlandsche Bank.

Dr. C. Hopman

Ronald Tinnevelt
Ronald Tinnevelt is hoofddocent rechtsfilosofie aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

    This paper interprets the presumption of innocence as a conceptual antidote for sacrificial tendencies in criminal law. Using Girard’s philosophy of scapegoat mechanisms and sacrifice as hermeneutical framework, the consanguinity of legal and sacrificial order is explored. We argue that some legal concepts found in the ius commune’s criminal system (12th-18th century), like torture, infamy, or punishment for mere suspicion, are affiliated with scapegoat dynamics and operate, to some extent, in the spirit of sacrifice. By indicating how these concepts entail more or less flagrant breaches of our contemporary conception of due process molded by the presumption of innocence, an antithesis emerges between the presumption of innocence and sacrificial inclinations in criminal law. Furthermore, when facing fundamental threats like heresy, the ius commune’s due process could be suspended. What emerges in this state of exception allowing for swift and relentless repression, is elucidated as legal order’s sacrificial infrastructure.


Rafael Van Damme
Rafael Van Damme is PhD-student in philosophy.

    This paper provides a dialectical-historical description of the EU's constitutional discourse. It is argued that the early Community's member state blind principle of justice implied the notion of a European political community and led to the establishment of fair procedures for decision making. This coming of age of an encompassing European constitutional narrative of justice and fairness prompted the question of the demarcation between the political role of the European political community and that of member states' political communities. The answer proved to be subsidiarity. However, subsidiarity has introduced national conceptions of justice in the Union's constitutional discourse, at the risk of making European justice dependent on national conceptions of justice.


Dries Cools
Dries Cools works at the National Bank of Belgium and holds a Master of Laws and a Master in Philosophy of the KU Leuven and an LL.M. of Harvard Law School.

    In the theory, legislation and practice of regulation and conduct of administrative procedures, trends towards the concept of good administration can be detected at both supra- and national levels. Based on normative and comparative-legal analyses of Slovene (1999), Croatian (2009) and the EP Resolution (2013) administrative procedure acts (APAs), the article identifies user-oriented institutions that pursue the principles of good administration. Furthermore, it examines acceleration and braking mechanisms that influence the duration of procedures (e.g. setting and shortening time limits, positive fiction, preclusions, and enforcement of procedural errors, broader participation of affected parties, legal protection). Timely and efficient decision-making viewed as a human right with balanced protection of public and private legal interests is in fact crucial for achieving good administration. Hence, in conclusion, the authors propose selected changes de lege ferenda for the reregulation of APAs in Slovenia and beyond, in support of less excessive length of procedures.


Tina Sever

Polonca Kovac
Artikel

De doorslaggevende of beslissende stem van de OK-bestuurder

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Ondernemingsrecht, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden doorslaggevende stem, beslissende stem, enquêterecht, tijdelijk bestuurder, onmiddellijke voorziening
Auteurs Mr. T. Salemink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In enquêteprocedures benoemt de Ondernemingskamer bij wijze van onmiddellijke voorziening met enige regelmaat een tijdelijk bestuurder met een doorslaggevende of beslissende stem. Uit de rechtspraak is echter niet zonder meer duidelijk wat deze begrippen inhouden. Voor de rechtspraktijk is een duidelijk(er) onderscheid van belang.


Mr. T. Salemink
Mr. T. Salemink is advocaat bij Lemstra Van der Korst te Amsterdam en onderzoeker bij het Van der Heijden Instituut, Onderzoekscentrum Onderneming & Recht, van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

You can talk the talk but can you walk the walk?

Niet-mededingingsrechtelijke nationale belemmerende maatregelen met betrekking tot fusies en buitenlandse investeringen en het recht van de Europese Unie

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 10 2015
Trefwoorden Fusies en buitenlandse investeringen, publieke belangen, bevoegdheidsverdeling nationaal-supranationaal
Auteurs Mr. P. Jansen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Een nieuwe golf van economisch patriottisme doet de vraag rijzen in hoeverre het Unierecht een keurslijf vormt voor publieke belangen die, in het kader van fusies en buitenlandse investeringen, kunnen worden ingeroepen ter onttrekking van nationale regelingen aan de vrije mededinging. In dit artikel zal deze kwestie benaderd worden vanuit het perspectief van het internemarktrecht. Daarbij zal worden ingegaan op de vraag of – en zo ja, wanneer – lidstaten op grond van het Unierecht nationale mechanismen mogen instellen en/of toepassen.


Mr. P. Jansen
Mr. P. (Pim) Jansen is als wetenschappelijk onderzoeker verbonden aan het instituut Consument, Concurrentie en Markt van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid aan de KU Leuven, België.
Article

Access_open Austerity in Civil Procedure

A Critical Assessment of the Impact of Global Economic Downturn on Civil Justice in Ghana

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden austerity, small claims, civil justice, civil procedure, Ghana civil procedure
Auteurs Ernest Owusu-Dapaa en Ebenezer Adjei Bediako
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The demand for and availability of civil justice procedures for small claims can neither be disentangled nor extricated from the health of the economic climate of the relevant country concerned. In this article, it is argued that despite not being a developed country, Ghana was not completely insulated from the hardships or implementation of austerity measures that were triggered by the global economic meltdown. The inevitability of behavioural changes on the part of the Government of Ghana as lawmaker and provider of the machinery for civil justice on the one hand and small claims litigants as users of the civil procedure on the other hand are also explored in the article. After properly situating the exploration in the relevant economic context, the article makes recommendations regarding how to minimise the impact of the austerity measures on small claims litigants.


Ernest Owusu-Dapaa
Ernest Owusu-Dapaa is Lecturer in Law at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana. Email: eodapaa@yahoo.com.

Ebenezer Adjei Bediako
Ebenezer Adjei Bediako is Principal Research Assistant at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
Artikel

Access_open Religion Ain’t Sacrosanct

How to Fight Obsolete Accounts of Religious Freedom

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden Hobby Lobby, Hosanna-Tabor, tolerance-leaning liberalism, equality-leaning liberalism
Auteurs Roland Pierik
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper is largely an endorsement and a further elaboration of Cohen’s critical discussion of the Hobby Lobby and Hosanna-Tabor cases and the conceptual overstretch of religious freedom they embody. I disagree with Cohen, however, on the proper interpretation of this debate. Cohen construes the ominous Court cases as an anti-liberal attack on the liberal state order. My main thesis is that the root of this dispute can be traced back to a fault line within liberalism between a more tolerance-leaning and a more equality-leaning tradition. I argue that the ominous cases are instances of the tolerance-leaning tradition in liberalism, which once was characteristic of the liberal tradition. Still, I agree with Cohen that this tradition should be rejected because it reverts to an obsolete interpretation of religious freedom that defends unwarranted privileges for certain groups that are out of sync with the egalitarian underpinnings of contemporary liberal political orders.


Roland Pierik
Roland Pierik is Associate Professor of Legal Philosophy at the University of Amsterdam Law School.

    In her reply to critics, Jean Cohen responds to some of the main criticisms and remarks raised by the respondents.


Professor Jean L. Cohen
Jean L. Cohen is the Nell and Herbert M. Singer Professor of Political Thought and Contemporary Civilization at the Department of Political Science of Columbia University (New York) and will be the Emile Noel Fellow at the Jean Monet Center of the NYU Law School from January till June 2016.

Stefan Rummens
Stefan Rummens is Professor of Moral Philosophy at the Institute of Philosophy of the KU Leuven, Belgium.

Roland Pierik
Roland Pierik is Associate Professor of Legal Philosophy at the University of Amsterdam Law School.
Artikel

Access_open Religious Sovereignty and Group Exemptions

A Response to Jean Cohen

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden democracy, exemptions, group rights, religious institutionalism
Auteurs Jonathan Seglow
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This response concurs with Cohen’s critique of the Hobby Lobby and Hosanna-Tabor cases but investigates whether religious accommodation might sometimes be justified in the case of institutions and groups (not just individuals). It suggests that exemptions for associations that are recruited to advance state purposes (e.g., in welfare or education) may be more justifiable than where private associations seek to maintain illiberal – for example, discriminatory – rules in line with their religious ethos. Non-democratic associations with a strong religious ethos might in principle enjoy permissible accommodation on the grounds that its members acquiesced to that ethos by joining the association, but only if other conditions are met. Democratic associations with a religious ethos have in principle a stronger claim for accommodation; in practice, however, few religious associations are internally democratic, especially where they seek to preserve illiberal internal rules.


Jonathan Seglow
Jonathan Seglow is Reader in Political Theory in the Department of Politics and International Relations at Royal Holloway, University of London.
Artikel

Access_open Freedom of Religion, Inc.: Whose Sovereignty?

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden accommodation, freedom of religion, political theology, liberalism, liberty of conscience
Auteurs Jean L. Cohen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on an expansive conception of religious freedom propagated by a vocal group of American legal scholars – jurisdictional pluralists – often working with well-funded conservative foundations and influencing accommodation decisions throughout the US. I show that the proliferation of ‘accommodation’ claims in the name of church autonomy and religious conscience entailing exemption from civil regulation and anti-discrimination laws required by justice have a deep structure that has little to do with fairness or inclusion or liberal pluralism. Instead they are tantamount to sovereignty claims, involving powers and immunities for the religious, implicitly referring to another, higher law and sovereign than the constitution or the people. The twenty-first century version of older pluralist ‘freedom of religion’ discourses also rejects the comprehensive jurisdiction and scope of public, civil law – this time challenging the ‘monistic sovereignty’ of the democratic constitutional state. I argue that the jurisdictional pluralist approach to religious freedom challenges liberal democratic constitutionalism at its core and should be resisted wherever it arises.


Jean L. Cohen
Jean L. Cohen is the Nell and Herbert M. Singer Professor of Political Thought and Contemporary Civilization at the Department of Political Science of Columbia University (New York) and will be the Emile Noel Fellow at the Jean Monet Center of the NYU Law School from January till June 2016.
Artikel

Access_open Group Pluralism versus Group Accommodation

A Commentary on Jean Cohen

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden group pluralism, multiculturalism, religious accommodation
Auteurs Avigail Eisenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this paper, I sharply distinguish between religious group-based pluralism and religious accommodation, which are each reflected in the cases examined in Jean Cohen’s paper and thereby provide a clearer understanding of different kinds of challenges to protecting religious freedom today and explain how these two approaches sometimes pull interpretations of religious freedom in different directions.


Avigail Eisenberg
Avigail Eisenberg is Professor and Chair of the Department of Political Science at the University of Victoria, Canada.
Artikel

Access_open Disaggregating Corporate Freedom of Religion

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden church autonomy, freedom of association, Jean Cohen, freedom of religion
Auteurs Sune Lægaard
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The paper investigates arguments for the idea in recent American Supreme Court jurisprudence that freedom of religion should not simply be understood as an ordinary legal right within the framework of liberal constitutionalism but as an expression of deference by the state and its legal system to religion as a separate and independent jurisdiction with its own system of law over which religious groups are sovereign. I discuss the relationship between, on the one hand, ordinary rights of freedom of association and freedom of religion and, on the other hand, this idea of corporate freedom of religion, often called ‘church autonomy’. I argue that the arguments conflate different issues, elide important distinctions and equivocate over crucial terms. There is accordingly a need for disaggregation of the concerns raised under the heading of church autonomy. This significantly weakens the apparent case for church autonomy.


Sune Lægaard
Sune Lægaard is Associate Professor in Practical Philosophy at Roskilde University, Denmark.
Artikel

National en European champions: moet een hierop gericht industriebeleid onder de Europese concentratiecontroleregels als illusoir worden beschouwd?

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden National en European champions, industriebeleid, concentratiecontrole, gewettigde belangen
Auteurs Pim Jansen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De vergaande overheidsbemoeienis in het kader van de overnamestrijd rondom Alstom en AstraZeneca roept de vraag op of er in een Europese context juridisch gezien nog ruimte is voor een industriebeleid dat is gericht op het creëren, ondersteunen of beschermen van European en national champions. In dit artikel wordt deze vraag benaderd vanuit de Europese concentratiecontroleregels. Voor zover het gewenste beleid niet reeds op grond van de materiële toets in de CoVo kan worden verwezenlijkt, wordt ingegaan op de vraag welke mechanismen de CoVo bevat om te bepalen of, en zo ja, wanneer de mededinging in dat verband zou moeten wijken.


Pim Jansen
Mr. P. Jansen is als wetenschappelijk onderzoeker verbonden aan het instituut Consument, Concurrentie en Markt van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid aan de KU Leuven, België. Deze bijdrage vertolkt louter de persoonlijke mening van de auteur. Het artikel werd gefinaliseerd op 3 september 2015. Met dank aan Wolf Sauter, Hannelore Buelens en Quirijn Bongaerts voor hun commentaren.
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