Zoekresultaat: 97 artikelen

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Article

Access_open Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Treaty-Based Settlement of Terrorism-Related Disputes in the Era of Active United Nations Security Council Involvement

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden Terrorism, inter-state dispute, international treaties, the United Nations Security Council, the International Court of Justice
Auteurs Nathanael Tilahun Ali LL.M.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The United Nations Security Council has become a crucial actor in international counterterrorism by not only spurring the taking of preventive and suppressive measures against terrorist individuals and groups, but also by taking actions against states that are said to stand in the way. The Security Council's actions against such states invariably arise from accusations by other states, such as accusations of refusal to extradite suspects of terrorism or responsibility for supporting terrorists. Meanwhile, most such issues of dispute are covered under international treaties relating to terrorism, which provide for political (negotiation) and judicial (arbitration and adjudication) mechanisms of dispute settlement. The Security Council's actions against states in connection with terrorism, therefore, involve (explicit or implicit) factual and legal determinations that affect the legal positions of the disputing states under the applicable international treaties relating to terrorism. The point of departure of this paper is that, in this respect, the Security Council effectively becomes an alternative to the treaty-based dispute-settlement mechanisms. The article centrally contends that the Security Council effectively acts as a more attractive alternative to treaty-based dispute-settlement mechanisms for pursuing terrorism-related (legal) disputes between states, without providing a meaningful platform of disputation that is based on equality of the parties. And the Security Council's relative attractiveness, arising from the discursive and legal superiority its decisions enjoy and the relative convenience and expediency with which those decisions are delivered, entails the rendering of resort to treaty-based dispute-settlement mechanisms of little legal consequence. The point of concern the article aims to highlight is the lack of platform of disputation some states are faced with, trapped between a hostile Security Council that makes determinations and decisions of legal consequence and an unhelpful treaty-based dispute-settlement mechanism.


Nathanael Tilahun Ali LL.M.
PhD Candidate in public international law, Erasmus School of Law. E: ali@law.eur.nl. I would like to thank Prof. Xandra Kramer and Prof. Ellen Hey for their valuable comments on an earlier draft of this article. The usual disclaimer applies.
Discussie

Access_open ‘We Are Also Here.’ Whose Revolution Will Democracy Be?

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden democracy, public sphere, civil society, Arab Spring, feminism
Auteurs Judith Vega
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Steven Winter’s argument is premised on a sharp contrast of individualist and social revolutions. I elaborate my doubts about his argument on three accounts, involving feminist perspectives at various points. First, I take issue with Winter’s portrayal of liberal theory, redirecting the focus of his concern to economic libertarianism rather than liberalism, and arguing a more hospitable attitude to the Kantian pith in the theory of democracy. Secondly, I discuss his conceptualization of democracy, adding the conceptual distinction of civil society and public sphere. Thirdly, I question his normative notion of socially situated selves as having an intrinsic relation to social freedom. I moreover consult cultural history on the gendered symbolics of market and democracy to further problematize Winter’s take on either’s meaning for social freedom.


Judith Vega
Judith Vega is Lecturer in Social and Political Philosophy at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands.
Article (without peer review)

Access_open The Law on Administrative Procedures in the Netherlands

Tijdschrift Netherlands Administrative Law Library, juni 2012
Auteurs prof. dr. Tom Barkhuysen, prof. dr. Willemien den Ouden en ">dr. Ymre E. Schuurmans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this contribution the history of Dutch administrative law and the General Administrative Law Act (GALA) has been described, with a strong focus on administrative procedures. It sets out the the scope and structure of the act and highlights the main debates on codification of administrative procedure. Finally, it describes the impact of international and European law on Dutch administrative procedures. In conclusion the authors appreciate the uniformity and systematization that the GALA has brought, but place some critical remarks on the strong focus on the procedural side of decision-making, which may be at the expense of the substantive review of orders.


prof. dr. Tom Barkhuysen
All authors work at the Constitutional and Administrative Law Department of Leiden University; Tom Barhuysen and Willemien den Ouden as Professors in Constitutional and Administrative law, Ymre Schuurmans as an Associate Professor. Tom Barkhuysen is also a practising member of the Amsterdam Bar at Stibbe. The authors can be contacted at y.e.schuurmans@law.leidenuniv.nl.

prof. dr. Willemien den Ouden
All authors work at the Constitutional and Administrative Law Department of Leiden University; Tom Barhuysen and Willemien den Ouden as Professors in Constitutional and Administrative law, Ymre Schuurmans as an Associate Professor. Tom Barkhuysen is also a practising member of the Amsterdam Bar at Stibbe. The authors can be contacted at y.e.schuurmans@law.leidenuniv.nl.

">dr. Ymre E. Schuurmans
All authors work at the Constitutional and Administrative Law Department of Leiden University; Tom Barhuysen and Willemien den Ouden as Professors in Constitutional and Administrative law, Ymre Schuurmans as an Associate Professor. Tom Barkhuysen is also a practising member of the Amsterdam Bar at Stibbe. The authors can be contacted at y.e.schuurmans@law.leidenuniv.nl.

    The case law of the Court of Justice on revoking a national final administrative decision or judgement which is not compliant with EU law can illustrate the existing tension between the principle of primacy on the one hand, and the principle of national procedural autonomy on the other. Although the Court’s choice for one of the two principles as a starting point for solving a collision between EU law and national law may seem arbitrary at first glance, a system may be possible to a certain extent. This study discusses this system, hoping to provide a possible model of explanation which may be applicable to future case law.


Rolf Ortlep
R. Ortlep is gepromoveerd rechtswetenschapper en verbonden aan het Instituut voor Staats- en Bestuursrecht van de Universiteit Utrecht.  M.J.M. Verhoeven is gepromoveerd rechtswetenschapper en RAIO bij de Rechtbank Arnhem.

Maartje Verhoeven
M.J.M. Verhoeven is gepromoveerd rechtswetenschapper en RAIO bij de Rechtbank Arnhem.
Artikel

Arbitration and Alternative Dispute Resolution in the Belgian Construction Sector

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden dispute resolution, arbitration, Construction Law Disputes, Belgium
Auteurs Benoît Kohl en Sophie Bourgois
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Construction contracts are particularly prone to the emergence of disputes. In Belgium, construction disputes have traditionally been referred to State Courts. In recent years however, there has been a growing interest in Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), which has gradually affected the Belgian construction sector. There are now several institutions dedicated solely to providing arbitration and ADR services to the construction industry.Beside the Centre belge de l’arbitrage et de la mediation, three institutions are specialized in the settlement of construction and real estate disputes: the Chambre de Conciliation, d’Arbitrage et de Médiation en matière immobilière, the Commission de conciliation construction and the Centre Scientifique et Technique de la Construction. These institutions offer fast and cost-effective ways of settling disputes, which are often more suitable than judicial proceedings


Benoît Kohl
Benoît Kohl, Professor (University of Liège), Visiting Professor (University of Paris II), Attorney (Stibbe Brussels).

Sophie Bourgois
Sophie Bourgois, Attorney (Stibbe Brussels).

Christoph A. Kern
Dr. Christoph A. Kern, LL.M. (Harvard), professor, chair of Private Law, Private International Law, Comparative Law and Procedural Law at EBS Law School, Wiesbaden. The author wishes to express his gratitude to Maître Anne-Caroline Urbain, LL.M. (Harvard), admitted to the bars of Paris and New York, for her support in researching the current situation in France, as well as PD Dr. Alexander Brunner, Commercial Judge, Zurich, for his support in researching the situation in Switzerland. Remaining errors are the sole responsibility of the author.

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Recht der Werkelijkheid.


Adriaan Bedner
Adriaan Bedner is a senior lecturer at the Van Vollenhoven Institute for Law, Governance and Development of Leiden University. Most of his research has been on law in Indonesia, with a particular focus on access to justice, dispute resolution and the judiciary. He has also done work of a more theoretical and comparative nature, notable on rule of law and access to justice.
Artikel

Mediation Law in Germany

A major move or the end of flexibility?

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden German Mediation Code, confidentiality, duties of disclosure, limitation periods
Auteurs Renate Dendorfer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the contribution ‘Mediation Law in Germany’ Renate Dendorfer discusses the background and contents of the ‘German Code for Promotion of Mediation and other Proceedings of Alternative Dispute Resolution’ in light of the implementation of the EU Mediation Directive. Important issues such as duties of the mediator, confidentiality, and training and education are focused on.


Renate Dendorfer
Prof. dr. Renate Dendorfer LL.M. MBAHeussen Rechtsanwaltgesellschaft mbH, Munich.

    How can the social environment of a prison be accurately assessed? Why is it important to measure? How should the prison experience be represented in empirical research? How do we capture distinctions between prisons, which can be good or bad in so many different ways? There is considerable consensus about the inadequacy of narrow and selective performance measures, such as hours spent in purposeful activity or serious assaults, in representing prison quality. The difficulties are both methodological and conceptual. This paper will outline one attempt to address these questions in England and Wales. Based on a series of studies aimed at identifying and measuring aspects of prison life that ‘matter most’, prisoners describe stark differences in the moral and emotional climates of prisons serving apparently similar functions. The ‘differences that matter’ are in the domain of interpersonal relationships and treatment. A developmental programme of empirical research on the quality of life in prison suggests that (a) some prisons are more survivable than others and (b) important differences in identifiable aspects of prison quality exist and may be related to outcomes. These findings have implications for our understanding of the meaning of terms like ‘inhuman and degrading’ treatment as well as for our uses and expectations of the prison.


Alison Liebling
Alison Liebling is hoogleraar Criminology & Criminal Justice aan de Universiteit van Cambridge en is directeur van het Prison Research Centre.
Titel

Mediation en conflictmanagement in de praktijk: Een conciliërende rol van de vrederechter in arbeidszaken?

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 03 2008
Trefwoorden Conciliation, Mediation, Rechterlijke organisatie, Loonvordering, Kanton, Machtiging, Werkgever, Akte, Oproeping, Proces-verbaal
Auteurs Bóné, E. von

Bóné, E. von
Recent en Casus

In memoriam Chris ten Raa (1926-2007)

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 01 2008
Trefwoorden Conciliation, Mediation, Conflictbemiddeling, Procespartij, Rechtspraak, Student, Advocatuur, Bemiddeling, Bestuurder, Bouw
Auteurs Jagtenberg, R.

Jagtenberg, R.
Artikel

An overview of mediation in Hong Kong with particular reference to construction and family disputes

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 01 2008
Trefwoorden Mediation, Service, Mediator, Contract, Website, Geschilbeslechting, Private sector, Settlement, Arrangement, Appointing authority
Auteurs To, C.

To, C.
Titel

Europa in de polder: Over onderhandelen, bemiddeling en arbitrage bij collectieve arbeidsconflicten

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 04 2005
Trefwoorden Bemiddeling, Bemiddelaar, Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst, Mediation, Staking, Arbeidsconflict, Arbeidsverhouding, Arbitrage, Deskundigheid, Belanghebbende
Auteurs Roo, A.J. de en Jagtenberg, R.W.

Roo, A.J. de

Jagtenberg, R.W.
Praktijk

Over nut en noodzaak van goede geschillenregelingen voor (familie)bedrijven

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2009
Trefwoorden impasse, geschillenregeling, enquêterecht, deskundigenbericht
Auteurs dr. Bart Prinsen en Carmen Verschuur-Buijssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In companies people work together intensively, especially in family run companies. In such a situation, the interests (income, capital and employment) can be enormous when parties fail to live up to each others expectations.How to deal with situations when parties are in a dead-lock and the continuity of the business is at stake? Depending on the legal form of the company and the type of conflict, there are different legal actions to settle a (legal) conflict. However, there are so many rules and different procedures for each type of legal form, that it may dazzle the reader. Moreover, these procedures may take a long time, while the parties in a family dead-lock desire an expert/arbiter/mediator proceeding expeditiously.In a sense a marriage is also a family run company. The following experiences from the area of family law are described: the processes of a divorce, the break-up announcement (the opposite of the marriage proposal), the experiment in court with the so-called regierechter in family cases, the prenuptial agreement and the plan for parenthood after a divorce. Our conclusion is that in case of a dead-lock, parties need to have a good set of rules on the settlement of disputes, to find a qualified expert/arbiter/mediator having knowledge and experience in financial/tax/pension/legal matters and familiar with dealing with emotions in a deadlock.


dr. Bart Prinsen
Bart Prinsen is advocaat ondernemingsrecht bij MannaertsAppels AdvocatenNotarissen te Breda, lid van Teamwork = Maetwerk, expertisegroep bij conflicten en conflictbeheersing rondom vennootschap en rechtspersoon, en docent ondernemingsrecht aan het Departement Business Law van de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Carmen Verschuur-Buijssen
Carmen Verschuur-Buijssen is advocaat personen- en familierecht bij Asselbergs & Klinkhamer advocaten te Etten-Leur (voorheen rechterlijk ambtenaar in opleiding bij de rechtbank te Breda en docente contract- en aansprakelijkheidsrecht aan het Departement Privaatrecht van de Universiteit van Tilburg).
Artikel

Access_open Collective Responsibility, National Peoples, and the International Order

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden collective responsibility, international legitimacy, global justice
Auteurs prof. Ronald Tinnevelt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper critically scrutinizes Pettit’s defence of corporate and collective responsibility in the light three questions. First, does Pettit successfully argue the passage from corporate responsibility to the responsibility of embryonic group agents, in particular nations? Second, are representation and the authorial and editorial dimensions of democratic control sufficient to ensure that a state is under the effective and equally shared control of its citizens? Third, what kind of international order is required to prevent states from being dominated?


prof. Ronald Tinnevelt
Ronald Tinnevelt is Associate Professor of Legal Philosophy at the Faculty of Law of the Radboud University Nijmegen.

Ellie Palmer
Ellie Palmer is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Law and member of the Human Rights Centre at the University of Essex.

Judith van Erp
Judith van Erp is senior researcher at the department of Criminology at the School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam. She is currently carrying out a research project on naming and shaming, which is funded by the Dutch Council for Scientific Research. The author wishes to thank Henk van de Bunt for his valuable comments on an earlier draft.
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