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Artikel

Asset tracing

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 12 2010
Trefwoorden asset tracing, fraude, beslag, art. 843a Rv, Engels recht
Auteurs Mr. V.C.J. Brugge en Mr. H.J.Th. Biemond
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Asset tracing is het proces van het achterhalen van gestolen of verduisterde vermogensbestanddelen of de financiële opbrengst daarvan. In deze bijdrage wordt ingegaan op de bestaande juridische middelen die een benadeelde in Nederland daarvoor tot zijn beschikking heeft en tegen welke problemen een benadeelde daarbij in de praktijk aanloopt. In dat verband zal tevens worden gekeken naar de meer ontwikkelde praktijk van asset tracing in Engeland, en welke mogelijke lessen daaruit getrokken kunnen worden. Tot slot zal worden stilgestaan bij de rol van de politie en het Openbaar Ministerie in het proces van asset tracing.


Mr. V.C.J. Brugge
Mr. V.C.J. Brugge is werkzaam als advocaat bij Allen & Overy LLP.

Mr. H.J.Th. Biemond
Mr. H.J.Th. Biemond is werkzaam als advocaat bij Allen & Overy LLP.
Artikel

Onderzoek naar meer levenskwaliteit tijdens scheiding

IPOS-project – eerste resultaten

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden divorce, mediation, quality of life, research
Auteurs Lut Daniëls en Ann Buysse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Interdisciplinary Project for the Optimization of Separation Trajectories in Flanders, IPOS, collected a unique Belgian data set of divorcing people and their children. All aspects of the innovative, process orientated and multidisciplinary model of quality of life are longitudinal examined. The methodology and first results of this IPOS-study are presented. Special attention is paid to mediation.


Lut Daniëls
Lut Daniëls is wetenschappelijk medewerkster aan de Universiteit Gent.

Ann Buysse
Prof. dr. Ann Buyse is hoogleraar aan de Universiteit Gent.

    On 21 May 2008 the European Directive on certain aspects of mediation in civil and commercial matters was adopted. The directive will have to be implemented in Dutch legislation before 21 May 2011. The objective of the Directive is to facilitate access to alternative dispute resolution and to promote the amicable settlement of disputes, by encouraging the use of mediation and by ensuring a balanced relationship between mediation and judicial proceedings (Article 1(1)). As a result of the arrival of the European Mediation Directive mediation the Netherlands will get a legal basis and thereby recognition. This article inter alia discusses the Mediation Directive from the NMI's perspective and discusses the articles from the Directive relevant to NMI step by step.


Esther Gathier
Mr. Esther Gathier is beleidsmedewerker bij het NMI.
Artikel

Mijn kind … ons kind!

Preventie van internationale kinderontvoeringen

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden child abduction
Auteurs Hilde Demarré
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    For children involved in an international abduction by one of the parents, there is a real risk of losing their right to contact with the other parent for an extended period of time and sometimes forever. A number of international legal remedies have been created that should provide a solution to these often traumatising experiences. However, their application in an international context often takes a particularly long time and the procedures remain painful and difficult for the families involved. The various players working in the field of international child abductions recognise the importance of preventing international child abductions. The requirement here is that the people involved in the field are well informed of the available and most desirable prevention mechanisms. Therefore Child Focus, in cooperation with the European Commission, developed a prevention guide with information on the phenomenon of international child abduction, prevention mechanism, intervening organizations and flow charts.


Hilde Demarré
Hilde Demarré is projectmanager bij Child Focus en opgeleid familiebemiddelaar.

Prof. mr. J.K.M. Gevers
Artikel

De Wcz en kwaliteit van zorg

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Gezondheidsrecht, Aflevering 8 2010
Auteurs Prof. mr. J. Legemaate

Prof. mr. J. Legemaate

Mr. A.C. de Die

Mr. W.R. Kastelein

Prof. mr. A.C. Hendriks

Prof. mr. J.G. Sijmons
Artikel

De bestrijding van arbeidsuitbuiting

Werkwijzen en bevindingen van de SIOD

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2010
Auteurs A. Bogaerts, P. Plooij en R. Zoetekouw
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the strategies and investigation results of the Social Intelligence and Investigation Service (SIOD) concerning labour exploitation are discussed. The results from reactive criminal investigation confirm current ideas in the literature about labour exploitation in relation to vulnerable (victim) groups. However, an increase in reports did not lead to more investigations. This is partly caused by bad or incomplete reports. Therefore the SIOD is in addition developing a new approach: the labour exploitation risk model. This method fits into the idea of Intelligence-Led Policing and tackles the problem that many exploitation cases are not reported to the police. In a risk model enterprises and employers with a (high) risk of violations are selected for control or investigation on the basis of particular characteristics generated from various information databases of various (government) agencies. The authors discuss the further development of the risk model and conclude with a look ahead.


A. Bogaerts
Anne Bogaerts MSc is werkzaam als onderzoeker respectievelijk senior criminaliteitsanalist bij de SIOD. De auteur dankt haar collega's en in het bijzonder Arjan van der Lugt, Floris van Dijk en Sabine Konings voor hun bijdragen aan de totstandkoming van dit artikel.

P. Plooij
Drs. Peter Plooij is werkzaam als onderzoeker respectievelijk senior criminaliteitsanalist bij de SIOD. De auteur dankt zijn collega's en in het bijzonder Arjan van der Lugt, Floris van Dijk en Sabine Konings voor hun bijdragen aan de totstandkoming van dit artikel.

R. Zoetekouw
René Zoetekouw is werkzaam als onderzoeker respectievelijk senior criminaliteitsanalist bij de SIOD. De auteur dankt zijn collega's en in het bijzonder Arjan van der Lugt, Floris van Dijk en Sabine Konings voor hun bijdragen aan de totstandkoming van dit artikel.

    Illegal activities like smuggling, prostitution and the production and sales of illicit drugs contribute to the national income of a country. In practice, however, they are not included in the statistics, because reliable estimates of the size of these activities hardly exist. Recently Statistics Netherlands started research into the share of illegal activities in the national income. This article presents the first estimates for the production and trade of illicit drugs. The total contribution of illicit drugs to the national income of the Netherlands ranges from € 1,300 million in 1995 to almost € 1,800 million in 1998 to 1,200 million in 2008. This is equal to approximately 0.45% of the national income in the 1990s to about 0.2% in 2008. The main reasons for this decrease are the decrease in the prices for drugs, the deterioration of terms of trade and the increase in international competition, especially for xtc and amphetamines.


M. Rensman
Dr. Marieke Rensman werkt bij het Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Het artikel is geschreven op persoonlijke titel.

A. Bruil
Drs. Arjan Bruil werkt bij het Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Het artikel is geschreven op persoonlijke titel.

A. van de Steeg
Dr. Annemieke van de Steeg werkt bij het Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Het artikel is geschreven op persoonlijke titel.

B. Kazemier
Dr. Brugt Kazemier werkt bij het Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Het artikel is geschreven op persoonlijke titel.

    ‘Informal economy’ is a controversial concept defined in many different ways. This is reflected in the amount of synonyms, such as shadow economy, parallel economy, hidden economy, black economy etcetera. On the international level the concept of the informal sector was first used in 1972 by the International Labour Organization (ILO) in its report on a mission to Kenya. The popular view of informal sector activities was that they are primarily those of petty traders, street hawkers, shoeshine boys and other groups ‘underemployed’ on the streets of the big towns. The evidence presented in the report suggested that the bulk of employment in the informal sector, far from being only marginally productive, is economically efficient and profit-making, though small in scale. The informal sector is formed by the coping behaviour of individuals and families in economic environment where earning opportunities are scarce, or where regulation is too complex. The informal sector can also be a product of rational behaviour of entrepreneurs wishing to escape state regulations. There is a relation between welfare (GDP per capita) and relative size of the informal sector. Richer countries have relatively a smaller informal sector. However, government policies and attitudes are important as well. The relative size of the informal sector depends, among other factors, on the ‘regulatory capacity’ and ‘regulatory intent’ of governments. There is little known about the relation between informal and criminal activities. The informal economy seems to be a permanent feature of both high, middle and low income countries. Due to the actual economic crisis, people are pushed from the formal to informal economy. Rapid urbanisation is a factor as well. While the problem of size measuring is not insignificant, most observers agree that the informal economy is large and growing and will be an enduring feature of the economy of mega-cities.


B.M.J. Slot
Dr. Brigitte Slot is als beleidsmedewerker verbonden aan de directie Financiële Markten van het ministerie van Financiën. Zij schreef dit artikel op persoonlijke titel.
Artikel

Mensenhandel en arbeidsuitbuiting

Recente ontwikkelingen in de jurisprudentie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2010
Auteurs L. van Krimpen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article describes the developments in jurisprudence on human trafficking in sectors other than the sex industry. In October 2009, the Supreme Court for the first time ruled in a case about human trafficking outside the sex industry. Whereas the number of cases before the Supreme Court ruling was limited, with only a few convictions for this type of exploitation, and with differences in the way courts interpreted the legal definition, this has changed tremendously after this ruling. The Supreme Court, in the case about exploitation in a Chinese restaurant, gave a very clear interpretation on the elements ‘intention of exploitation’ and the means ‘abuse of a vulnerable position’. Following the Supreme Court ruling, the number of cases has increased, as well as the number of convictions for this type of exploitation. Among these cases are also cases of criminal exploitation. It is not completely clear yet what type of behaviour falls within the scope of criminal exploitation.


L. van Krimpen
Mr. Linda van Krimpen is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Bureau Nationaal Rapporteur Mensenhandel in Den Haag.
Artikel

Werken in de marge

Illegaal verblijvende jongeren in Nederland

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2010
Auteurs R. Staring en J. Aarts
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A large number of former unaccompanied minors in the Netherlands leave for unknown destinations during the asylum procedure or after being rejected. In this contribution the authors provide answers to the question how undocumented (former) unaccompanied minors provide for their living and housing. The study is based on interviews with 118 former undocumented unaccompanied minors who were recruited through the personal networks of the researchers and through contacts with representatives of (private) organizations who support the youngsters. The undocumented minors are excluded from formal employment as well as provisions of the welfare state. By far the largest group of the undocumented (former) unaccompanied minors has never been involved in criminal activities and only one third of them work in the informal economy. The sectors in which these youngsters perform informal work vary from cleaning and construction to catering and personal services. The work is characterized by uncertain working hours. There are often few hours available and the work often takes place on call. The pay is meagre and few respondents can survive exclusively on their earnings. The undocumented (former) unaccompanied minors are mainly supported by friends and private organizations for their living and housing. It is because of this support that the youngsters do not roam the streets and can continue their illegal stay in the Netherlands. The strong orientation of the youngsters towards a lawful residence in the Netherlands causes them to fear the risks of arrest while working, so they rather settle for the limited support of private organizations and friends. The support of private organizations and the focus of the youngsters towards a lawful stay thus constitute a buffer against exploitation.


R. Staring
Dr. Richard Staring is verbonden aan de vakgroep Criminologie van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Erasmus Universiteit in Rotterdam.

J. Aarts
Drs. José Aarts is verbonden aan de vakgroep Criminologie van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Erasmus Universiteit in Rotterdam.
Artikel

Een opeisbaarheidsaddertje onder het gras?

Een ongeluk komt zelden alleen…

Tijdschrift EstateTip Review, Aflevering 41 2010
Trefwoorden testament
Auteurs



Mr. E.R. Helder

Mr. E.B. van Veen
Artikel

Wat te doen met de digitale nalatenschap?

Tijdschrift EstateTip Review, Aflevering 40 2010
Trefwoorden testament
Auteurs Mr. F.M.H. Hoens

Mr. F.M.H. Hoens
Artikel

Eten van twee walletjes met ventieltechniek

Vermogens met de nieuwe tariefstructuur sneller groot

Tijdschrift EstateTip Review, Aflevering 39 2010
Trefwoorden testament
Auteurs


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