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Jaar 2010 x

    This contribution examines the European Directive 2008/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on certain aspects of mediation in civil and commercial matters and deals with the question whether the Belgian law on mediation, namely Articles 1724 to 1737 of the Belgian Judicial Code, as introduced into the Belgian law in 2005, need to be amended in the light of the Directive. It concludes that in some aspects the Belgian law ought to be improved so to implement some provisions of the Directive not yet dealt with in the law of 2005. It recommends to include in the Belgian law a definition on mediation, and also to stipulate which Belgian institution in particular shall provide the requested information on mediation and communicate with the European authorities. The contribution also suggests to consider introducing into the Belgian law a mechanism to promote mediation through incentives and/or sanctions, for which the measures recently adopted in the English legal system might possibly serve as an example.


Herman Verbist
Herman Verbist is advocaat bij de balie te Gent en Brussel, gastprofessor Universiteit Gent en Erkend Bemiddelaar.
Artikel

Case study: the international CSR conflict and Mediation Supply-chain responsibility – the article revisited one year later

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden corporate social responsibility, international CSR conflicts, supply-chain responsibility, CSR
Auteurs Sjef Stoop, Ineke Zeldenrust, Gerard Oonk e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In TMD 2009-2 the article ‘Case study: the international CSR conflict and mediation. Supply-chain responsibility: western customers and the Indian textile industry’ was published. In this article, Tineke Lambooy describes the ins and outs of the multiparty dispute between G-Star, in origin a Dutch company, the Indian-Italian Fibres & Fabrics, the employees of Fibre & Fabrics International, the governments involved and a number of non-governmental organisations striving for good labour relations and labour conditions. Lambooy’s article resulted in four reactions that are published in this article.


Sjef Stoop
Sjef Stoop is trainer-consultant European Works Councils, FNV Formaat. Van 2003 tot 2007 was hij International Verification Coordinator van de Fairwear Foundation.

Ineke Zeldenrust
Ineke Zeldenrust is werkzaam bij Schone Kleren Campagne.

Gerard Oonk
Gerard Oonk is directeur Landelijke India Werkgroep.

Frans Evers
Frans Evers is voorzitter Nationaal Contactpunt voor de toepassing van de OESO-richtlijnen multinationale ondernemingen.

Lawrence Susskind
Lawrence Susskind is Ford Professor of Urban Studies and Planning aan het Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Ook is hij vice chair, Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School.

Tineke Lambooy
Tineke Lambooy is a Senior Researcher at Nyenrode Business University (Nyenrode) in the field of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and she lectures in Legal Aspects of Globalisation-CSR, and Mergers & Acquisitions at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. She is completing a PhD on the Legal Aspects of CSR. Ms Lambooy assisted Mr Lubbers as a mediator in the conflict discussed in this contribution. E-mail: T.Lambooy@nyenrode.nl or T.E.Lambooy@uu.nl

Ruud Lubbers
Ruud Lubbers is mediator and inter alia former Prime Minister of The Netherlands.

    On 19-20 November 2009 the Bucerius Law School in Hamburg (Germany) in cooperation with the Viadrina European University Frankfurt (Oder) held its third bi-annual colloquium on conflictmanagement. The subtitle ‘From the components to a system’ announced that a number of in-house developed systems on conflictmanagement would be presented. Presentations were held by in-house counsel of E.ON, SAP, Bombardier and Deutsche Bahn. In 2007 a number of large German companies founded the ‘Round Table Mediation and Conflictmanagement of the German Industry’. The colloquium demonstrated that important thought-efforts in the design of more value-adding systems resulted in intelligent schemes.


Luc Demeyere
Luc Demeyere is advocaat bij de balie te Antwerpen.

    Since 1 January 2010 the Belgian Centre for Arbitration and Mediation has special rules for mediation in IT disputes. Flexibility and fastness are central to these rules.


Guy Keugten
Guy Keugten is voorzitter van CEPINA.
Praktijk

Eindopdracht ‘Mediation in zakelijke geschillen’ – Wijzer in conflictmanagement

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden effective dispute resolution, internal conflicts, managers, conflict methods
Auteurs Esther van der Drift, Laura Franssen, Lisette Moerdijk e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Research shows that many companies are unfamiliar with Effective Dispute Resolution (EDR) methods. Increasingly however managers wish to effectively solve disputes. This has resulted in the development of a simple tool for managers. Our conflict resolution chart is based on a literature study of factors proven to play a role in the choice for a particular dispute resolution method. The conflict resolution chart was refined based on the answers of ten managers to a questionnaire about the developed tool. The manager can use the chart as a first indicator of what course of actions with regard to the conflict he has to take.


Esther van der Drift
Esther van der Drift is bachelor informatiekunde.

Laura Franssen
Laura Franssen is bachelor rechtsgeleerdheid.

Lisette Moerdijk
Lisette Moerdijk is bachelor algemene sociale wetenschappen.

Silke Praagman
Silke Praagman is studente togamaster.

Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is hoofdredacteur TMD.

    December 2008 over 2.000 lawyers were asked by an online questionnaire about their view on referral to mediation. The referral provision to mediation is well-known amongst lawyers; over 90% of the lawyers are acquainted with it. A majority of these lawyers sees court referral to mediation as a valuable supplement in general within the traditional court procedure. Some of them, however, see it as a valuable supplement in certain kinds of cases.There appears to be a correlation between experience with and attitude towards mediation: a lawyer who has gained more experience with mediation, for example by attending one or more mediation sessions, has a more positive view and as a result in the future he will recommend mediation to his client more often.In family law cases, a lawyer’s advice to use mediation as a tool to solve a conflict, is more often accepted by a client, then it is in commercial cases. Lawyers would like to see some improvement in the timing of the mediation proposal by the court. Sometimes a proposal comes too early, sometimes it comes too late.The cooperation between lawyers and mediators is assessed positively by 90% of the lawyers. However, lawyers who do not attend one or more mediation sessions would like to receive more information about the progress. On the other hand, lawyers are satisfied about the information exchange with their clients during the mediation process.


Lia Combrink-Kuiters
Mr. dr. Lia Combrink-Kuiters was tot 1 januari 2010 werkzaam bij Landelijk Bureau Mediation naast Rechtspraak als adviseur Monitoring en evaluatie. Daarnaast vanaf 2004 onderzoeker bij de Raad voor Rechtsbijstand in Utrecht.

Harold Dellink
Harold Dellink werkte als onderzoeksmedewerker bij het Landelijk Bureau Mediation naast Rechtspraak in Arnhem. Sinds 1 december 2009 is hij beleidsmedewerker bij de Raad voor de rechtspraak in Den Haag.

Jacques de Waart
Mr. Jacques de Waart is zelfstandig gevestigd mediator, advocaat en trainer. Hij is auteur van o.a. Groepsmediation, dynamiek, procesontwerp en werkvormen. Hij is trainer voor o.a. CVC en Amsterdams ADR-instituut. Ook is hij voorzitter van de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Mediation-Advocaten.
Artikel

De ovenbouwers van de Holocaust

Een casestudie van organisatiecriminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Tweede Wereldoorlog, Holocaust, Organisatiecriminaliteit, Duitsland
Auteurs Prof. dr. Wim Huisman en BSc Annika van Baar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, theories on organisational crime are applied to the involvement of the German corporation Topf & Söhne in the Holocaust. This corporation produced ovens for various concentration and destruction camps in Germany and Poland and contributed significantly to the execution of the Holocaust with their innovative products. The motivation to procure these ovens to the SS does not seem to stem from force, ideological agreement or maximisation of profit. Instead loss-minimisation and a ‘culture of perfection’ seem to form the explanation. Opportunity was provided by the Nazi-Germany regime and the knowledge and skills were already at hand within the organisation. Because of the close collaboration between these two parties, this case can be qualified as a form of state-corporate crime. Administrative, political and social control was absent and neutralisations only seem to have been formed after the Holocaust. The analysis shows how theories about ‘regular’ organisational criminality can form an explanation of the involvement of corporations in international crimes.


Prof. dr. Wim Huisman
Prof. dr. W. Huisman is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, w.huisman@rechten.vu.nl.

BSc Annika van Baar
A. van Baar BSc. is student-assistent aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, a.vanbaar@rechten.vu.nl.
Boekbespreking

Criminele kinderen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2010
Auteurs dr. Machteld Hoeve
Auteursinformatie

dr. Machteld Hoeve
Dr. M. Hoeve is universitair docent bij forensische orthopedagogiek aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam, m.hoeve@uva.nl.

dr. Bert Berghuis
Dr. A.C. Berghuis is raadadviseur op het beleidsterrein van criminaliteit en rechtshandhaving bij het ministerie van Justitie, a.c.berghuis@minjus.nl.
Artikel

Kinderen van gedetineerde moeders

Een studie naar het gedrag en welbevinden van kinderen met een moeder in de gevangenis

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Kinderen, Gedetineerde moeders, Sociale omstandigheden
Auteurs Dr. Menno Ezinga en Drs. Sanne Hissel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Little is known about children when the mothers are imprisoned. Especially in the Netherlands, hardly any empirical research has been conducted regarding the whereabouts and psychological well-being of children with incarcerated mothers. We visited and collected data from four female prisons. Via the mothers’ consent we contacted the children and their caregivers. First, we conducted a semi-structured interview about the wellbeing of the child during the separation through detention of mother and child. Second, we asked mothers and caregivers to complete checklists of behavioral problems. The caretaking situation turned out to be diverse. Generally, the children experienced both internalizing and externalizing behavioural problems and specific problems associated with the detention of their mothers. The well-being of the children seems to be partially related with the incarceration of the mother. However, it also turned out that quite a few risk factors such as a broken home and neglect is present for the child being raised. Results are discussed as well as some recommendations for future research.


Dr. Menno Ezinga
Dr. M.A.J. Ezinga is universitair docent bij de Afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit, M.ezinga@rechten.vu.nl.

Drs. Sanne Hissel
Drs. S.C.E.M. Hissel is als promovendus verbonden aan het Phoolan Devi instituut, in een samenwerkingsverband tussen de afdeling Orthopedagogiek, de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie, en het NSCR, Shissel@nscr.nl.
Artikel

Objectiviteit of schijnzekerheid?

Kwaliteit, mogelijkheden en beperkingen van instrumenten voor risicotaxatie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Risicotaxatieinstrumenten, Meta-evaluatie, Risicotaxatie
Auteurs Dr. Joke Harte en MSc Minke Breukink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Increasingly, instruments for risk assessment have been used for the assessment of future violence. This article provides an overview of the risk assessment instruments that are used in the Netherlands for the prediction of criminal recidivism. The quality of these instruments is regarded by examining studies on the interrater reliability and the predictive validity. The benefits as well as the limitations of risk assessment instruments are discussed. It is concluded that these instruments can be valuable, especially for research on treatment effects in the field of forensic psychiatry. On the other hand, it has to be acknowledged that with risk assessment instruments, the possibility to predict criminal recidivism on individual level is still limited. Psychologist and psychiatrists, presenting a mental health assessment to the court, have to inform the judge correctly about these limitations.


Dr. Joke Harte
Dr. J.M. Harte is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en universitair docent Criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, jharte@nscr.nl.

MSc Minke Breukink
M.D. Breukink MsC was student criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en participeerde in dit onderzoek in het kader van haar afstudeerproject, minkebreukink@live.nl.
Boekbespreking

‘Angst voor criminaliteit’

Een onderzoekstraditie met uitdagingen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2010
Auteurs dr. Gabry Vanderveen
Auteursinformatie

dr. Gabry Vanderveen
Dr. G.N.G. Vanderveen is universitair docent bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. Tevens was zij van 2008-2010 associate lector Public Reassurance bij de Hogeschool INHolland, g.n.g.vanderveen@law.leidenuniv.nl.
Artikel

Digitale en traditionele bedreiging vergeleken

Een studie naar risicofactoren van slachtofferschap

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Bedreiging, Slachtofferschap, Cybercriminaliteit, Internet
Auteurs dr. Johan van Wilsem
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Computers and the internet offer new ways to offenders for committing crimes. The present article uses routine activity theory and large-scale victimization survey data (N=6,896) to study digital threat victimization (i.e. threats people receive by email or chat rooms) in the general population. It assesses risk factors for digital threats and compares them with risk factors for receiving traditional threats and a mixture of digital and traditional threats. The results show that youngsters and offenders of digital crime run higher risks of all types of threat victimization. In extension, outdoor routine activities increase the risk not only of traditional threats but of digital threats as well, while the same holds for certain computer activities (e.g. having a profile on Hyves). These findings point towards the connection of social interactions between people in the physical and digital world. Finally, the results suggest that impulsive people are more vulnerable to threat victimization.


dr. Johan van Wilsem
Dr. Johan van Wilsem is werkzaam als universitair docent criminologie, Universiteit Leiden, J.A.van.Wilsem@law.leidenuniv.nl.
Artikel

De stilte rondom Madoff

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Fraude, Madoff, Oplichting, Verenigde Staten
Auteurs Prof. dr. Henk van de Bunt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on the Madoff case which came to light at the end of 2008. Remarkable for this case is that Madoff could go on with his scam for a very long time. Failing supervision was not the only reason for this. Madoff’s qualities – disguising the illegal activities and his social stature – cannot explain the whole puzzle. The social network, a ‘secret society’ and the fact that people involved went on with it, even when knowing that ‘it was too good to be true’ are explained in this article.


Prof. dr. Henk van de Bunt
Henk van de Bunt is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Erasmusuniversiteit te Rotterdam, vandebunt@frg.eur.nl.

Jos Post
Jos Post is hoofd onderzoek bij het Nederlands Instituut voor Fysieke Veiligheid (NIFV). E-mail: Jos.Post@nifv.nl.

Karin Wittebrood
Karin Wittebrood is senior onderzoeker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP) en bijzonder hoogleraar Sociale veiligheid in de stedelijke publieke ruimte aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. E-mail: k.wittebrood@scp.nl.
Artikel

Veiligheidsbeleid: onderbouwd en effectief?

De meerwaarde van beleidstheorieën voor beleid en beleidsevaluatie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Veiligheidsprogramma, Beleidstheorie, Beleidsevaluatie, Evidence-based beleid
Auteurs Peter van der Knaap
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    How can the use of policy theories help to improve the development and evaluation of public policy. This question is central to this contribution. In order to answer this question, an overview is made of the development of the concept policy theory and its application in The Netherlands. More specifically, the relation between the rational approach of using policy theories and the quest for evidence-based policy is made. In addition, the possibilities and risks of theory-based evaluation ex post are explored. An important issue in both policy development and policy evaluation is the quality of policy information: which evidence counts? What quality criteria should be in place? On the basis of recent research by the Netherlands Court of Audit, an assessment is made of the actual quality of the ex ante evidence-based nature and the ex post effectiveness of safety policy in The Netherlands. The article presents conclusions and perspectives on how a more theoretical underpinning of policy programmes and a good use of theory-based evaluations may contribute to public policies that are not only effective, but that are also more open to policy-oriented learning.


Peter van der Knaap
Peter van der Knaap is directeur doelmatigheidsonderzoek bij de Algemene Rekenkamer. E-mail: Peter.vanderknaap@rekenkamer.nl.
Artikel

De invloed van de omgevingskwaliteit op de beoordeling van de leefbaarheid door bewoners

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Leefbaarheid, Sociale veiligheid, Fysieke veiligheid, Woonomgeving, Omgevingskwaliteit
Auteurs Martin Damen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The focus of this article is the relation between the factual conditions of the environmental quality of streets and neighborhoods and the perception of livability by residents.Through analysis of evaluation of environmental quality by residents, combined with observations by trained professionals of certain aspects of the environment (population, demography, type of housing etcetera) it was possible to identify the relations between the way livability is perceived, aspects of the neighborhood and household characteristics. By zooming in on the aspects environmental and personal security and safety the article shows how the environmental quality influences residents perceptions.


Martin Damen
Martin Damen is partner bij RIGO Research en Advies bv, De Ruyterkade 139, 1011 AC Amsterdam, tel. 020-5221164. E-mail: martin.damen@rigo.nl.
Artikel

Het beoordelen van risico’s: een subjectieve zaak

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Risicoperceptie, Heuristieken, Risicocommunicatie
Auteurs Jop Groeneweg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In measuring safety a difference appears to exist between ‘objectively measured safety’ and the subjective perception by the public. Objectively spoken the level of criminality in a neighbourhood may have gone down, but that doesn’t necessary mean that the people living there ‘feel equally safer’. Psychology gives a number of explanations for this phenomenon. For example, the knowledge, the differences in thinking styles and communication about safety with citizens play an important role. This should not be seen as a case of non-rational thinking, but rather of systematic irrationality. These people are not ‘dumb’, they have (sometimes hard-wired) ways of handling information about complex issues like safety that require them to take ‘mental shortcuts’ (heuristics) in order to estimate the risks they are exposed to. This paper will focus on some of the psychological laws that guide our risk perception and surprisingly enough, the ‘objective risk’ seems to be of relatively little importance if compared with other, more subjective factors. Many of the factors relate to the nature of information citizens are exposed to: a risk that this described in easy to imagine way leads to a different evaluation of that risk compared with a less conspicuous presentation. Also the level of expertise of the ‘receiving end’ must be taken into account. Lay-people have different ways to look at risks compared with experts in a certain domain. The discussion on how to improve safety is probably best served with a continuing debate between ‘rational, objective’ and ‘systematic irrational, subjective’ mental models, while recognising their respective strengths and weaknesses. These findings may assist policy makers in particular in the formulation of policy that, in addition to the security objective as such, also improves the perception of safety.


Jop Groeneweg
Jop Groeneweg is Projectleider Menselijk falen bij de Werkgroep Veiligheid, Universiteit Leiden, Postbus 9555, 2300 RB Leiden. E-mail: groeneweg@fsw.leidenuniv.nl.
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