Zoekresultaat: 174 artikelen

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Artikel

Herstelrecht en het streven naar een betere democratie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden Restorative justice, ethics, democracy, responsibility
Auteurs Lode Walgrave
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Restorative justice focuses on doing justice after the occurrence of an offence. It gives priority to deliberative encounters as the best way of achieving restoration. The ambition of the maximalist option of restorative justice is to modify the punitive apriorism in criminal justice into a restorative apriorism. One of the challenges is to unravel the socio-ethical and political intuitions that orient the option for restorative justice. Restorative justice is first of all an option based on socio-ethical considerations: aiming at restoration instead of accepting the punitive premise, and giving full space for deliberation processes among stakeholders instead of imposing a top down decision procedure. These social ethical grounds of restorative justice have a potential contribution to improving the quality of our democracies.


Lode Walgrave
Lode Walgrave is emeritus hoogleraar jeugdcriminologie aan de faculteit rechtsgeleerdheid van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
Artikel

Herstelrecht in Nederland?

Voorlopig veel nadruk op gesprekken

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden Restorative justice, penal mediation, evaluation studies, victim-offender conversations
Auteurs John Blad
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article gives a complete and detailed overview of research evaluations and outcomes of restorative justice projects in the Netherlands over the past decades. It involves developments where clearly restorative justice inspiration was visible. The author describes restorative practices with juveniles and the so-called project ‘Herstelbemiddeling’ (restorative mediation) that started in the nineties. Most evaluations had positive outcomes, but nevertheless there was no continuation from the political side. The author also examines the introduction of the country wide ‘victim-offender conversations’ which are carried out by the national victim support organization. Although this choice is justified because of the vulnerability of some victims and the chance of revictimisation, the author questions if victim organizations can really - in the best interests of the victims – turn away from problems related to the (hardened) treatment of offenders. Victim-offender conversations are to be respected and to be continued, but they cannot be seen as a restorative justice practice.


John Blad
John Blad is hoofddocent strafrechtswetenschappen aan de capaciteitsgroep strafrecht en criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en hoofdredacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Herstelrecht in België: een stand van zaken

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden Restorative justice, penal mediation, evaluation studies, victim-offender conversations,
Auteurs Inge Vanfraechem
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, the author evaluates whether the development of restorative justice in Belgium over the past ten years offers an opportunity to ‘celebrate’, as the Journal for Restorative Justice does. Developments in practice show that mediation is available at all stages of the judicial procedure for adult offenders and mediation and conferencing are available according to youth law. Research has been carried out on various topics, covering a variety of practices. Furthermore, it has elaborated the concept of restorative justice, inspired innovative practices and influenced policy-making. Belgium seems to be peculiar in the relation between practice, research and policy, which tend to influence one another. Compared to the Netherlands, Belgium does have more reasons to celebrate the development of restorative justice.


Inge Vanfraechem
Inge Vanfraechem is criminologe en onderzoeker aan de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Zij is actief binnen het European Forum for Restorative Justice en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Recht doen vanuit herstelrechtelijk perspectief

Precies dat begrijpen wat er toe doet

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden Restorative justice, democracy, public opinion, victims
Auteurs Daniel W. Van Ness
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution aims to understand the right things when doing justice. Restorative justice is an approach to crime that, properly pursued, focuses not merely on the lawbreaking behaviour of the offender but also on the effect of that behaviour on victims and communities. Restorative justice seeks accountability on the part of offenders in such a way that the harm done can be addressed and repaired to the extent possible. Restorative justice allows the parties to a crime to participate directly and voluntarily in considering the harm and fashioning a resolution that addresses that harm. It is also important that the right thing about restorative justice and about democracy be understood. Crucial is respectful dialogue during which people who disagree listen to one another, speak from the heart and mind, identify common values, recognize the importance of the others, and work toward a common solution.


Daniel W. Van Ness
Daniel W. Van Ness is Executive Director van het Prison Fellowship International’s Centre for Justice and Reconciliation in Washington DC. Hij is, samen met Karen Heetderks Strong, auteur van Restoring Justice: An Introduction to Restorative Justice (4th ed.), en met Gerry Johnstone redacteur van The Handbook of Restorative Justice. Hij is ook de hoofdredacteur van www.restorativejustice.org.
Redactioneel

Herstelrecht en democratische zelforganisatie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2011
Auteurs Annemieke Wolthuis en Bas van Stokkom
Auteursinformatie

Annemieke Wolthuis
Annemieke Wolthuis is onderzoeker aan de Open Universiteit en verbonden aan het Verwey-Jonker Instituut. Zij is redacteur van dit tijdschrift en bestuurslid van het European Forum for Restorative Justice.

Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is redactiesecretaris van dit tijdschrift en verbonden aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam.
Praktijk

Mogelijkheden voor slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling in het Nederlandse strafproces

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden victim-offender mediation, criminal procedure, restorative Justice, principles of law
Auteurs Marianne Lochs
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands victim-offender mediation is scarcely organized. However, the Dutch criminal procedure does offer possibilities for the implementation of mediation. In this article four modalities are discussed. At the stage of police investigation the police can refer parties to a mediation service. At the stage of the prosecution the public prosecutor can offer mediation as a condition for dismissal. When the case has been laid before a Court, the parties can involve in mediation after the proceedings have been stayed. The result of the mediation can then be taken into account by the Judge in the penal decision. When it comes to the more serious offences there should be possibilities for mediation at the stage of the penal execution. However, because of the contrasts between the principles of mediation and the criminal procedure, all of the modalities will have to find a balance between these principles.


Marianne Lochs
Marianne Lochs is advocaat-stagiaire.
Artikel

Welk spoor volgt Nederland?

Een reactie op Hans Dominicus

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, implementation, conditions for
Auteurs Annemieke Wolthuis en Eric Wiersma
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Comparing the developments in the Netherlands with those in Belgium the authors find important differences relating to the questions pertinent to implementation. Experiments have also been done in the Netherlands and their evaluations showed positive results, but there were different models which were not clearly – or not at all – related to the traditional criminal justice process. They all were lacking the formal collaboration with the courts, that was seen in Belgium. There has been no form of central direction and no important influence from the academic world and the various projects have officially been replaced in 2006 by a national policy of implementing ‘victim-offendertalks’. These talks have their merits and are appreciated by victims and offenders, but they do not amount to mediation in a restorative style, since restorative agreements are not allowed to result. Nevertheless, there are a number of indications that restorative justice practices could still become recognized and accepted. Staff of the police, the public prosecutors office and judges are interested and new experiments are beginning. The new development of local ‘veiligheidshuizen’ (‘front offices for safety’) offers a promising setting for interagency co-operation and conferencing with citizens in trouble and conflict. The conferencing-model has gained broad acceptance in the context of juvenile care and may continue to inspire justice personnel. In process now is the foundation of a new restorative justice network, called ‘Restorative Justice Netherlands’.


Annemieke Wolthuis
Annemieke Wolthuis is als onderzoekster verbonden aan het Hilde Verweij –Jonker Instituut te Utrecht.

Eric Wiersma
Eric Wiersma is werkzaam als beleidsconsulent bij Halt Nederland.

John Blad
John Blad is hoofddocent strafrechtswetenschappen, verbonden aan de Erasmus Law School van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Herstelrecht en sociaal werk

Een reactie op Maria Bouverne-De Bie & Rudi Roose

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, social work, reintegration, structural problems
Auteurs Lode Walgrave
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Responding to Bouverne-De Bie and Roose Walgrave stresses the importance of using a narrow definition of restorative justice as a way of doing justice by repairing the harm caused by crime. This narrow definition alone allows for the development of a consistent praxis and theory of restorative justice and for adequate research of its effects. Restorative Justice cannot offer the ´politically critical´ social praxis on the interface between the public and the private world that Bouverne-De Bie and Roose would like to see. But the apparent influence that basic concepts and ideas of restorative justice have on social practices outside the sphere of criminal justice imply that such social practices and restorative justice praxis can work in the same direction by avoiding stigmatization and exclusion and promoting redress and inclusion.


Lode Walgrave
Lode Walgrave is emeritus-hoogleraar jeugdcriminologie van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
Artikel

Maatschappelijke integratie: variëren op het thema

Een reactie op Maria Bouverne-De Bie & Rudi Roose en Lode Walgrave

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, social work, reintegration, structural problems
Auteurs Jan van Lieshout
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The author, reflecting upon both Bouverne-De Bie & Roose and Walgrave, deplores to some degree the fact that the Journal for Restorative Justice, from its foundation, has narrowed its focus and scope by making it a priority to attempt to influence the criminal justice system. Most of the conflicts and troubles between citizens never reach the criminal agencies and are dealt with by other methods, such as methods of social work, without approaching the police. The potential scope for influencing conflict-behavior is therefore immensely greater outside the sphere of the criminal law.


Jan van Lieshout
Jan van Lieshout is journalist en betrokken bij de Eigen Kracht Centrale te Zwolle.
Artikel

Herstelrecht en de maatschappelijke (re)integratie van de dader

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, social work, reintegration, structural problems
Auteurs Maria Bouverne-De Bie en Rudi Roose
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Social (re-)integration is such a complex phenomenon that it is not possible to make a direct link between restorative justice and social reintegration of offenders. If one considers restorative justice, not in its utility for maintaining the law but as a praxis of social work, one could get the impression that restorative justice runs the risk of individualizing the social problem of crime by making offenders responsible and of losing sight of the structural dimensions causing or contributing to criminality. The same structural dimensions may appear to be a blockade for effective emancipation of offenders from their often marginal and powerless positions. Considered as a praxis of social work, restorative justice should be able to promote (the awareness of) accountability and the mutual exploration of the many roads that can lead to effective emancipation and reintegration.


Maria Bouverne-De Bie
Maria Bouverne-De Bie is als hoofddocent verbonden aan de vakgroep Sociale, Culturele en Vrijetijdsagogiek van de Universiteit van Gent.

Rudi Roose
Rudi Roose is als wetenschappelijk assistent verbonden aan de vakgroep Sociale, Culturele en Vrijetijdsagogiek van de Universiteit van Gent.
Artikel

Herstelrecht in Nederland: een slachtofferperspectief

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, paradigma, tailoring, victims
Auteurs Marc Groenhuijsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The author advises the protagonists of restorative justice to become less paradigmatic and more pragmatic in their approach of criminal justice and victims needs and interests. The offer of a restorative procedure is not suitable for all victims, nor for all thinkable moments after the event of a crime. Tailoring is needed to make each victim the best offer, and the utility of restorative justice is important, but limited. The author believes that much of the restorative justice literature is aiming at proving the superiority of restorative justice practices above any other type of intervention or service, and he feels that this is partly why restorative justice has not been well received in the Netherlands. A piecemeal implementation of mediation and conferencing in the sphere of criminal justice might be served by being less paradigmatic.


Marc Groenhuijsen
Marc Groenhuijsen is hoogleraar straf(proces)recht, verbonden aan de Universiteit Tilburg en Intervict.

Eric Wiersma
Eric Wiersma is werkzaam als beleidsconsulent bij Halt Nederland.
Artikel

Het belang van ideologie

Een reactie op Marc Groenhuijsen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, Paradigma, Tailoring, victims
Auteurs John Blad
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Blad responds to Groenhuijsen by showing how political decisions in the Netherlands, after successful experiments with restorative justice for juveniles and adults, were based on the belief that criminal justice would lose its punitive foundation and tenor when restorative justice practices would become integrated in the justice system. Criminal justice should not be about resolving conflicts between victims and offenders and the type of mediation, that could lead to an agreement as an important element to be considered in sentencing, was therefore rejected. In so far as restorative justice ideology took influence, it seems to have been a misconception of restorative justice as merely a new form of penal abolitionism. The fact that restorative justice does not deny the legitimacy of the provisions in the substantive criminal law and that all important restorative projects co-operate with criminal justice agencies was apparently ignored. Against the background of the dominant political culture of ‘punitive populism’ and intensified use of severe punishments it seems highly unlikely that abandoning the ambition to develop a restorative justice paradigm would further the implementation of restorative justice.


John Blad
John Blad is hoofddocent strafrechtswetenschappen, verbonden aan de Erasmus Law School van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Het herstelrechtelijk ongeloof in het concept bestraffing

Een verkenning op basis van het ‘last resort’-principe

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2010
Trefwoorden bestraffing, abolitionisme, last resort, criminele gedragingen, leedtoevoeging
Auteurs Vicky De Mesmaecker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Discussions in the movement of restorative justice about the fundamental question, whether its interventions are alternatives to punishment or alternative punishments, have become repetitive and seem to be in a dead end. The author reviews the arguments against the background of the ‘last resort’ principle in Husak’s work. Husak distinguishes between last resort in terms of sentencing and last resort in terms of criminalization. Since the restorative justice movement does not fundamentally reject the primary criminalisations, but accepts the definitions of certain forms of conduct as crime, it merely strives to offer alternatives to punishments that would otherwise be imposed. If protagonists of restorative justice want to avoid this, they should consider an abolitionist option to strive for decriminalization.


Vicky De Mesmaecker
Vicky De Mesmaecker is werkzaam aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie, K.U.Leuven.
Praktijk

Jongeren en criminaliteit

Een lange geschiedenis van de Middeleeuwen tot heden

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2010
Trefwoorden jeugdcriminaliteit, geschiedenis, jeugdige delinquenten, literatuur
Auteurs Dr. Margo De Koster
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Juvenile crime has been present form the Midle Ages onward, although it was nly described as a separate phenomenon in the Nineteenth Century. This article explores the similarities and notions of juvenile crime from a long-term perspective. This sheds another light on present-day youth problems and delinquency and ways to prevent and/or punish them.


Dr. Margo De Koster
Dr. M. De Koster is Universitair docent Historische criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Afdeling strafrecht en criminologie en Post-doctoraal onderzoeker aan de Université catholique de Louvain, Centre d’histoire du droit et de la justice, margo.dekoster@uclouvain.be.
Boekbespreking

Amazing criminology

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2010
Auteurs Prof. dr. Tom Vander Beken
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Tom Vander Beken
Prof. dr. T. Vander Beken is directeur van het institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP), Vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie, Universiteit Gent, Tom.VanderBeken@UGent.be.

    The author notes that the growth of restorative justice practices seems to be hampered by the consequences of the effective socialization into the ‘penal equation’ that presents punishment as the necessary consequence of criminal offending. Upbringing in a different conflict-culture may be a fundamental condition for creating more room for restorative justice in the formal sphere of criminal justice. The need for a different socialization is also noted and discussed in the movement for human rights and has resulted in an Action Plan for human rights education of UNESCO in 2005. A satisfactory implementation of this action plan seems to be absent in the Netherlands today and methods of human rights education do not refer at all to the potentials of restorative practices such as peer mediation in schools. On the other hand, authors in restorative justice do not often refer to human rights and how they are promoted. The author claims that it is plausible that making ample room for peer mediation and conferencing in schools can be an effective way, not only to address offending conduct that often implies a breach of basic human rights – the most basic values therein being human dignity and equality – but also to make new generations aware of the meaning of human rights in their daily interactions and the qualities of their own social life.


John Blad
John Blad is als hoofddocent Strafrechtswetenschappen verbonden aan de capaciteitsgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en hoofdredacteur van dit tijdschrift.
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