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Article

Access_open The Role of Private International Law in Corporate Social Responsibility

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden CSR, conflicts of law, Kiobel, Shell
Auteurs Geert Van Calster Ph.D.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution firstly reviews developments in the EU and in the United States on corporate social responsibility and conflict of laws. It concludes with reference to some related themes, in particular on the piercing of the corporate veil and with some remarks on compliance strategy, and compliance reality, for corporations.


Geert Van Calster Ph.D.
Geert van Calster is professor at the University of Leuven and Head of Leuven Law's department of European and international law.
Article

Access_open Global Citizens and Family Relations

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden global governance, family relations, nationality, habitual residence, party autonomy
Auteurs Professor Yuko Nishitani Ph.D.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    As globalisation progresses, cross-border movements of people are becoming dynamic and multilateral. The existence of different groups and minorities within the community renders the society multiethnic and multicultural. As individuals acquire new affiliation and belonging, the conventional conflict of laws methods may no longer be viable and should be subject to a thorough re-examination. Against this background, this paper analyses appropriate conflicts rules in international family relations to reflect an individual’s identity. Furthermore, in light of the contemporary law fragmentation, this study also analyses interactions between state law and non-state cultural, religious or customary norms.


Professor Yuko Nishitani Ph.D.
Professor at Kyushu University Faculty of Law, Japan. This work was supported by the JSPS Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) (Grant Number 26380063). The author sincerely thanks Professor Carol Lawson (Nagoya University) and Ms. Nettie Dekker for their devoted editing work.
Article

Access_open Private International Law: An Appropriate Means to Regulate Transnational Employment in the European Union?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden private international law, applicable law, overriding mandatory provisions, transnational employment relations, posting of workers
Auteurs Prof.dr. Aukje A.H. Ms van Hoek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The regulation of transnational employment in the European Union operates at the crossroads between private international law and internal market rules. The private international law rules are currently laid down in the Rome I Regulation. This regulation is complemented by the Posted Workers Directive, a directive based on the competences of the EU in the field of free movement of services. The current contribution first describes the rules which determine the law applicable to the employment contract under Article 8 Rome I Regulation and the way these rules are interpreted by the CJEU before critically analysing these rules and the reasoning that seems to lie behind the court’s interpretation (section 2). The law applying to the contract is, however, only of limited relevance for the protection of posted workers. This is due inter alia to the mandatory application of certain rules of the country to which the workers are posted, even if a different law governs their contract. This application of host state law is based on Article 9 Rome I Regulation in conjunction with the Posted Workers Directive. Section 3 describes the content of these rules and the – to some extent still undecided – interaction between the Rome I Regulation and the PWD. The conclusion will be that there is an uneasy match between the interests informing private international law and the interests of the internal market, which is not likely to be resolved in the near future.


Prof.dr. Aukje A.H. Ms van Hoek
Aukje van Hoek is Professor at the University of Amsterdam.
Artikel

National variations in the implementation and enforcement of European food hygiene regulations

Comparing the structure of food controls and regulations between Scotland and the Netherlands

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden food regulation, official controls, EU food law, implementation, enforcement
Auteurs Tetty Havinga
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the course of time the European Union has increased its powers considerably. Currently, almost all food safety regulations in the member states rest on European law. Despite this common legal base, several differences between member states still exist. This article compares the way Scottish and Dutch authorities deal with a particular item of European food law: the development of national guides to good practice for hygiene and for the application of HACCP principles by the food industry. The results of this investigation are consistent with the conclusion of Falkner et al. that the implementation of EU law in both the Netherlands and the UK depends on domestic issues. The dominant issue in Scotland (and the UK) is the FSA objective to bring consistent food controls and independency from industry which results in the development of governmental guidance. The prevailing issue in the Netherlands is making industry responsible for food safety which helps explain the extensive use of industry guides. This study shows that in order to understand what happens on the ground it is important to look beyond transposition or direct effect and also to investigate the implementation of regulations and to dig deeper than just their transposition.


Tetty Havinga
Tetty Havinga is Associate Professor at the Institute for the Sociology of Law, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands. She has published on the regulation of food safety, policy implementation and law enforcement, equal opportunities law, asylum migration and migrant workers. Her recent research projects deal with the development and effects of private regulation of food safety, oversight and official controls in the food industry, and the experiences of large companies with Dutch special courts. She is co-editor of The Changing Landscape of Food Governance (to be published by Edward Elgar, 2015).
Artikel

The government’s roles in transnational forest governance

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden transnational governance, forest certification, legality verification, emerging economies, public-private interaction
Auteurs Liu Jing
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Forest certification schemes and the legality regime are two main methods of transnational forest governance. A recent review of the literature has revealed that the government and forest certification are often intertwined. Based on that review, this contribution argues that governments play divergent roles in forest certification schemes in different aspects of the regulatory process: namely, agenda and standard setting, implementation, monitoring, and enforcement. In most FSC schemes, governments in developed countries play a less active role in most of these aspects than they do in context-based industry-dominated schemes. In the three emerging economies examined – Indonesia, Brazil, and China – the government sometimes plays a more active role in context-based, industry-dominated schemes than it does in developed countries. The rising legality regime might further strengthen the role of the government in forest governance in these emerging economies. Moreover, China may exemplify the fact that forest governance is entering a new phase, because the country not only exports to countries demanding legal verification, but also imports from countries where the risk of illegal logging is high. This illustrates that the role of governments in forest governance is constantly evolving.


Liu Jing
Liu Jing is a postdoctoral researcher in Erasmus University Rotterdam (the Netherlands). She is conducting research on ‘smart mixes in relation to transboundary environmental problems’, especially in the areas of forest, fishery, oil and climate change governance. Her research interests cover regulation and governance, environmental law as well as law and economics.
Artikel

Regulatory governance by contract: the rise of regulatory standards in commercial contracts

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden contracts, transnational regulation, codes of conduct, private standards, supply chain
Auteurs Paul Verbruggen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this paper a literature review is used to explore the role that commercial contracts concluded between private actors play as instruments of regulatory governance. While such contracts are traditionally seen as a means to facilitate exchange between market participants, it is argued in the literature that commercial contracts are becoming increasingly important vehicles for the implementation and enforcement of safety, social and sustainability standards in transnational supply chains. The paper maps the pervasiveness of this development, its drivers, and the governance challenges that arise from it. While doing so, the paper more generally explores the relationship between regulation and contract law.


Paul Verbruggen
Paul Verbruggen is Assistant Professor of Private Law at the Business and Law Research Centre of Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. He conducted his PhD research at the European University Institute, Florence, Italy, which resulted in the monograph Enforcing Transnational Private Regulation: A Comparative Analysis of Advertising and Food Safety (Edward Elgar, 2014). Paul writes on the design and operation of regulatory frameworks (both public and private), focusing on questions of legitimacy, accountability and enforcement. His research interests concern European private law, regulatory policy, risk regulation and certification.
Artikel

What role is there for the state in contemporary governance?

Insights from the Dutch building sector

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden governance, collaborative governance, governance performance, urban sustainability, fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA)
Auteurs Jeroen van der Heijden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    An emerging body of empirical governance studies highlights that the role of the state in governance has been changing. It has moved away from governing societal problems solely through traditional direct regulatory interventions. State actors are now (also) taking up facilitative and enabling roles in innovative voluntary governance arrangements. This article seeks to gain a better understanding of these facilitating and enabling roles of state actors in real world practice and what (clusters of) roles are needed to obtain successful outcomes from these arrangements. It builds on an empirical study of ten different arrangements in the Dutch sustainable building sector, which are analysed using fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) methodology. It finds no evidence that any of the specific (clusters of) role(s) is necessary to achieve positive outcomes from the arrangements studied, but uncovers that when combined, such roles affect the outcomes of arrangements. It concludes by presenting an evidence-based typology of combinations of roles that state actors may wish to take up in seeking positive outcomes from innovative voluntary governance arrangements, or preventing negative outcomes.


Jeroen van der Heijden
Jeroen van der Heijden is a senior research fellow at the Australian National University and an assistant professor at the University of Amsterdam. His main research interest is governance for urban sustainability and resilience. He has recently brought together his research on this topic, conducted over nearly the last ten years, in his book Governance for Urban Sustainability and Resilience: Responding to Climate Change and the Relevance of the Built Environment (Edward Elgar Publishers, 2014).
Artikel

The food label as governance space: free-range eggs and the fallacy of consumer choice

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden food label, free-range eggs, animal welfare, regulatory governance
Auteurs Christine Parker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In a neoliberal age governments, NGOs, food producers and retailers all state that the food system can be governed via consumer choice aka voting with your fork. This makes the retail food label an important space for contests between different actors who each seek to govern the food system according to their own interests and priorities. The paper argues that this makes it crucial to ‘backwards map’ the regulatory governance networks behind the governance claims staked on food labels. The paper uses the example of the contested meaning of ‘free-range’ claims on animal products in Australia to propose and illustrate a methodology for this backwards mapping.


Christine Parker
Christine Parker is a Professor of Law at Monash University, Melbourne Australia. She conducts socio-legal research on business regulation enforcement and compliance and lawyer ethics. Her books include The Open Corporation (2002), Explaining Compliance (edited with Vibeke Nielsen, 2011), and Inside Lawyers Ethics (with Adrian Evans, 2014).
Artikel

The need for an integrated comparison of the effectiveness of international sustainable forestry, coffee and cocoa initiatives

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden effectiveness, private sustainability standards, certification, FSC, UTZ Certified
Auteurs Martijn Scheltema
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    To date the effectiveness of private sustainability standards has been assessed from different angles which attribute different meanings to effectiveness. This contribution compares the effectiveness of two international certification initiatives (i.e. sustainable forestry (Forest Stewardship Council, FSC) and sustainable coffee and cacoa (UTZ Certified)) from three different angles (legal, impact, acceptance/legitimacy/governance). Based on publicly available data, it is shown that FSC scores better on some dimensions of these three angles (e.g. enforcement, cost and price premium, and government acceptance), while UTZ Certified scores better on others (e.g. verifiable evaluation criteria, regular evaluation, innovation). Hence, this analysis shows that a comparative evaluation of both initiatives would have been biased if it would have been based on a single angle approach. There is all the more reason to use such an integrated approach, since the different angles are intertwined. Therefore, it has been established that in order to establish the effectiveness of private certification initiatives an integrated approach is needed which combines different angles. This contribution shows such an approach is feasible.


Martijn Scheltema
Martijn Scheltema is professor at Erasmus University Rotterdam (the Netherlands). He researches the effectiveness of international private regulation in the CSR arena. He is board member of ACCESS Facility (www.accessfacility.org.) Beside this, he is board member of the CSR committee of the International Bar Association and attorney at law/partner with Pels Rijcken & Droogleever Fortuijn (The Hague, the Netherlands).
Artikel

Verkoop van een gemeenschappelijke woning: de mogelijkheden in kort geding

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 11 2014
Trefwoorden gemeenschap, verdeling, kort geding, reële executie
Auteurs Mr. drs. W. Jansen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage worden de mogelijkheden in kort geding onderzocht om te komen tot verkoop en levering van een gemeenschappelijke woning aan een derde.
    De dwangsom volstaat vaak niet als executiemiddel en het is raadzaam een machtiging tot reële executie te vorderen. Wanneer sprake is van een gewichtige reden kan in kort geding met succes een machtiging tot te gelde maken als bedoeld in art. 3:174 BW worden gevorderd. In andere gevallen moet het verkoopproces worden opgeknipt en per onderdeel een executiemiddel worden gevorderd.


Mr. drs. W. Jansen
Mr. drs. W. Jansen is stafjurist bij team handel van de Rechtbank Den Haag. Deze bijdrage is geschreven op persoonlijke titel. Met dank aan mr. M.W. Knigge voor haar commentaar op een eerdere versie van dit artikel.
Artikel

De nieuwe richtsnoeren staatssteun milieubescherming en energie

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 5 2014
Trefwoorden Richtsnoeren, staatssteun, energie, milieubescherming, concurrerende inschrijvingsprocedure
Auteurs Mr. Stephanie Dielemans-Goossens en Mr. drs. Jan Erik Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Op 1 juli 2014 zijn de Richtsnoeren staatssteun ten behoeve van milieubescherming en energie 2014-2020 (hierna: de Richtsnoeren) in werking getreden. ( Pb. EU 2014, C 200/01). De Richtsnoeren vervangen de Richtsnoeren inzake staatssteun voor milieubescherming uit 2008 ( Pb. EU 2008, C/82/01). (hierna: de Richtsnoeren 2008). Dit artikel geeft een overzicht van de Richtsnoeren en belicht de belangrijkste verschillen met de Richtsnoeren 2008.


Mr. Stephanie Dielemans-Goossens
Mr. S.M. Dielemans-Goossens is advocaat bij Stek.

Mr. drs. Jan Erik Janssen
Mr. drs. J.E. Janssen is advocaat bij Stek.
Artikel

Stuiting van verjaring per e-mail

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 11 2014
Trefwoorden stuiting, schriftelijkheidsvereiste, e-mail, art. 3:37 BW, ontvangsttheorie
Auteurs Mr. E.M. van Orsouw en Mr. A.M. Morssinkhof
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De praktijkjurist is geneigd vast te houden aan de oude gewoonte om verjaring per brief te stuiten. In dit artikel wordt onderzocht in hoeverre dat noodzakelijk is. Daarnaast worden enkele vragen opgeworpen die in het geval van stuiting van de verjaring spelen in het kader van art. 3:37 BW. Geconcludeerd wordt dat het niet nodig is om e-mail bij stuiting links te laten liggen, mits goed wordt nagedacht over het veiligstellen van bewijs dat de schuldenaar is bereikt.


Mr. E.M. van Orsouw
Mr. E.M. van Orsouw en mr. A.M. Morssinkhof zijn advocaat bij Kennedy Van der Laan te Amsterdam.

Mr. A.M. Morssinkhof

Joëlle Rozie
Prof. dr. J. Rozie is hoogleraar Strafrecht bij de Onderzoeksgroep Rechtshandhaving aan de Universiteit Antwerpen.

Thierry Vansweevelt
Prof. dr. T. Vansweevelt is hoogleraar Buitencontractueel aansprakelijkheidsrecht bij de Onderzoeksgroep Persoon & Vermogen aan de Universiteit Antwerpen.
Artikel

Access_open Openbaarheid van overheidsinformatie

Recente rechtsontwikkelingen in Nederland en Europa

Tijdschrift Preadviezen Vereniging voor de vergelijkende studie van het recht, Aflevering 1 2014
Auteurs Marga Groothuis
Auteursinformatie

Marga Groothuis
Mr. dr. M.M. Groothuis is universitair docent Staats- en bestuursrecht aan de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden en universitair hoofddocent Law and ICT aan de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de Technische Universiteit Delft.
Artikel

Access_open Causaliteit in het Nederlandse strafrecht

Praeadvies voor de Vereniging voor de vergelijkende studie van het recht van België en Nederland 201

Tijdschrift Preadviezen Vereniging voor de vergelijkende studie van het recht, Aflevering 1 2014
Auteurs Ad Machielse
Auteursinformatie

Ad Machielse
Hoogleraar straf- en strafprocesrecht aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en advocaat- generaal in buitengewone dienst bij de Hoge Raad der Nederlanden.
Artikel

Access_open Wat niet weet, dat niet deert?

Over de reikwijdte van het beginsel ‘eenieder wordt geacht de wet te kennen’ in het hedendaagse recht

Tijdschrift Preadviezen Vereniging voor de vergelijkende studie van het recht, Aflevering 1 2014
Auteurs Marc Loth en Eric Tjong Tjin Tai
Auteursinformatie

Marc Loth
Prof. mr. M.A. Loth is hoogleraar privaatrecht aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Eric Tjong Tjin Tai
Prof. mr. T.F.E. Tjong Tjin Tai is hoogleraar privaatrecht aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Ignace Claeys
Prof. dr. I. Claeys is hoogleraar aan de Universiteit Gent en advocaat bij Eubelius te Brussel.

Ludo Cornelis
Prof. dr. L. Cornelis is hoogleraar aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel en advocaat bij Eubelius te Brussel.
Artikel

Access_open Openbaarheid van overheidsinformatie in België

Hoe transparant is openbaarheid van overheidsinformatie?

Tijdschrift Preadviezen Vereniging voor de vergelijkende studie van het recht, Aflevering 1 2014
Auteurs Kaat Leus
Auteursinformatie

Kaat Leus
Prof. dr. K. Leus is Staatsraad bij de afdeling Wetgeving van de Raad van State, Hoofddocent aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
Artikel

Van AWBZ naar Wlz: een trendbreuk met het verleden?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Gezondheidsrecht, Aflevering 7 2014
Trefwoorden Algemene Wet Bijzondere Ziektekosten, Wet langdurige zorg, hervorming stelsel langdurige zorg
Auteurs Mr. J.A.E. van der Jagt-Jobsen, mr. drs. J.J. Rijken en mr. M.A.M. Verduijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Het stelsel van langdurige zorg wordt ingrijpend hervormd. Een van de onderdelen van de hervorming is de vervanging van de Algemene Wet Bijzondere Ziektekosten (hierna: AWBZ) door de Wet langdurige zorg (hierna: Wlz). Een belangrijk verschil tussen de AWBZ en de Wlz betreft de doelgroep: alleen mensen met een zware, langdurige zorgvraag hebben aanspraak op Wlz-zorg. Op het gebied van verzekerde prestaties, leveringsvormen en verwezenlijking van verzekerde prestaties bestaan veel overeenkomsten tussen de AWBZ en de Wlz.


Mr. J.A.E. van der Jagt-Jobsen
Juliette van der Jagt-Jobsen en Margriet Verduijn zijn advocaat bij Pels Rijcken & Droogleever Fortuijn in Den Haag.

mr. drs. J.J. Rijken
Joris Rijken is advocaat bij AKD in Amsterdam.

mr. M.A.M. Verduijn
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