Zoekresultaat: 193 artikelen

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    In this article a longitudinal effect study is described of resilience training Diamant. The training focuses in particular on adolescents with a dual identity who do not have work, are not enrolled in an education, feel unfairly treated (relatively deprived), have low self-esteem, and are at risk of social isolation. The training can be considered as a method to prevent development of criminal behaviour and possibly radicalisation. Certified trainers work with small groups of 10 to 15 adolescents to increase their resilience and help them finding their place in society. The present research focused on the following questions: (1) Does this training have a positive effect on self-esteem among the participants? (2) Does social isolation decrease as a consequence of the training? (3) Does the training reduce feelings of relative deprivation and help participants better deal with conflicts? Participants were interviewed before and halfway the training and directly after completing the training. A follow-up measurement three months after the end of the training examined effects on the longer term. In total 44 semi-structured interviews were held. Interviews were written out and coded using a two-step procedure: In the first step two researchers independently coded each interview. Second, when necessary, changes in the coding scheme were made. Then each interview was coded separately by the two researchers and disagreements were discussed until full agreement was reached. The results show that Diamant has a positive effect on self-esteem of participants. Also, participants overall showed an increase in connectedness to society. Third, Diamant reduced feelings of relative deprivation and participants indicated they could better deal with conflicts. Based on these results it is concluded that Diamant is effective in regard to its goals which were evaluated in this study. Limitations of the research and possibilities for future studies are discussed.


Allard R. Feddes
Dr. Allard Feddes is als postdoctoraal onderzoeker verbonden aan de Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen, afdeling Sociale Psychologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam. E-mail: A.R.Feddes@uva.nl.

Liesbeth Mann
Drs. Liesbeth Mann is als promovenda verbonden aan de Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen, afdeling Sociale Psychologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam. E-mail: L.Mann@uva.nl.

Nathalie de Zwart
Nathalie de Zwart, BSc, was ten tijde van het onderzoek als onderzoeksassistente verbonden aan de Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen, afdeling Sociale Psychologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam. E-mail: dezwart.n@gmail.com.

Bertjan Doosje
Prof. dr. Bertjan Doosje is verbonden aan de Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen, afdeling Sociale Psychologie, en het Amsterdam Institute for Social Sciences (AISS) ‘Challenges to Democratic Representation’. Hij is als bijzonder hoogleraar bekleder van de FORUM Frank Buijs-leerstoel voor Radicaliseringsstudies. E-mail: E.J.Doosje@uva.nl.
Artikel

Cyberpesten vanuit een criminologisch perspectief

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden cybercrime, criminological challenges, cyberbullying, characteristics perpetrators, interrelation online-offline
Auteurs Drs. Joyce Kerstens en Sander Veenstra MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It is assumed that the online world creates new possibilities for criminal behaviour. Only recently criminologists started the debate on the applicability of traditional criminological theories to cybercrime offending. Data retrieved from the national Dutch survey Youth & Cybersafety indicate that cyberbullying behaviour is not only strongly interwoven with traditional bullying behaviours, but is also affected by the distinct features of the online environment. The findings give support to the suggestion that the aetiological schema to explain cyberbullying should postulate the interaction between individual characteristics, distinct features of the online environment and the interaction between offline and online social realities.


Drs. Joyce Kerstens
J. Kerstens is projectleider Jeugd & Cybersafety bij het lectoraat Cybersafety, verbonden aan NHL Hogeschool en de Politieacademie. Zij is tevens promovenda aan de rechtenfaculteit van de Open Universiteit.

Sander Veenstra MSc
S. Veenstra is cum laude afgestudeerd aan de University of Leicester (Criminology, thesis over cyber bullying) en werkt als onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Cybersafety, verbonden aan NHL Hogeschool en de Politieacademie.
Article

Access_open A Turn to Legal Pluralism in Rule of Law Promotion?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3/4 2013
Trefwoorden legal pluralism, rule of law promotion, legal reform, customary law, non-state legal systems, donor policy
Auteurs Dr.mr Ronald Janse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the past 25 years, international organizations, NGOs and (mostly Western) states have spent considerable energy and resources on strengthening and reforming legal systems in developing countries. The results of these efforts have generally been disappointing, despite occasional successes. Among donors, one of most popular explanations of this failure in recent years is that rule of law promotion has wrongly focused almost exclusively on strengthening the formal legal system. Donors have therefore decided to 'engage' with informal justice systems. The turn to legal plu‍ra‍lism is to be welcomed for various reasons. But it is also surprising and worrisome. It is surprising because legal pluralism in developing countries was a fact of life before rule of law promotion began. What made donors pursuing legal reform blind to this reality for so long? It is worrisome because it is not self-evident that the factors which have contributed to such cognitive blindness have disappeared overnight. Are donors really ready to refocus their efforts on legal pluralism and 'engage' with informal justice systems? This paper, which is based on a review of the literature on donor engamenet with legal pluralism in so-called conflict affected and fragile states, is about these questions. It argues that 7 factors have been responsible for donor blindness regarding legal pluralism. It questions whether these factors have been addressed.


Dr.mr Ronald Janse
Ronald Janse is Associate Professor of Law, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Artikel

Over motieven voor het melden van misstanden

Een kwalitatief onderzoek binnen het Belgische federale politiekorps

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2013
Trefwoorden Belgian federal police, organizational misbehavior, internal reporting behavior, internal reporting motives, grid-group cultural theory
Auteurs K. Loyens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Whistleblowing research should more explicitly focus on underlying motives for the decision to report on organizational misbehavior. Arguably, these motives are connected to the factors that can explain the decision whether or not to blow the whistle. Reporting for egoistic reasons can probably be explained by other factors than reporting for altruistic reasons. This article aims to enrich the whistleblowing literature by proposing grid-group cultural theory as an alternative approach. This theoretical framework could provide more insight into reporting decisions by identifying various motives for such decisions and linking them with elements in the organizational culture that could explain them. As an illustration, the theory is applied in an ethnographic study in two investigative teams of the Belgian federal police. More research is, however, needed to fine-tune the conceptual framework and to test the preliminary findings of this empirical study.


K. Loyens
Dr. Kim Loyens is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Utrecht en plaatsvervangend docent Criminologie aan de KU Leuven.
Article

Access_open Towards Context-Specific Directors' Duties and Enforcement Mechanisms in the Banking Sector?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden banking sector, directors' duties, financial crisis, context-specific doctrines, public enforcement
Auteurs Wasima Khan LL.M.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The global financial crisis gives reason to revisit the debate on directors’ duties in corporate law, mainly with regard to the context of banks. This article explores the need, rationale and the potential for the introduction of context-specific directors’ duties and enforcement mechanisms in the banking sector in the Netherlands from a comparative perspective.
    Chiefly, two legal strategies can be derived from the post-crisis developments and calls for legal reforms for the need and rationale to sharpen directors’ duties in the context of the banking sector in order to meet societal demands. The two strategies consist in shifting the scope of directors’ duties (i) towards clients’ interests and (ii) towards the public interest.
    Subsequently, this article explores the potential for context-specific directors’ duties and accompanying enforcement mechanisms. Firstly, it is argued that the current legal framework allows for the judicial development -specific approach. Secondly, such context-specific directors’ duties should be enforced through public-enforcement mechanisms to enhance the accountability of bank directors towards the public interest but currently there are too much barriers for implementation in practice.
    In conclusion, this article argues that there is indeed a need, rationale and potential for context-specific directors’ duties; yet there are several major obstacles for the implementation of accompanying public-enforcement mechanisms. As a result, the introduction of context-specific directors’ duties in the banking sector may as yet entail nothing more than wishful thinking because it will merely end in toothless ambitions if the lack of accompanying enforcement mechanisms remains intact.


Wasima Khan LL.M.
PhD Candidate at the Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam. The author wishes to express her gratitude for valuable comments on an earlier draft of this article from Prof. Vino Timmerman and Prof. Bastiaan F. Assink at the Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam, as well as the Journal‘s editors and peer reviewers. Any errors remain those of the author.

    Utrecht, the fourth largest city of The Netherlands, is addressing resolving social conflict by promoting schools to adhere to the Peaceful School Program and civilians and professionals to join the Peaceful Neighborhood Program. The Peaceful School Program is designed to address problematic behavior of youth in primary, secondary and high school education and evolved into a democratic and participatory citizenship program. The Peaceful Neighborhood Program is involving important organizations that are active within the neighborhood, members of the community and stake-holders to adapt peaceful attitudes in daily life, including a mind-set that addresses conflicts by resolving them (together).
    These two programs are in the process of ‘conquering’ the whole of the city of Utrecht and every single neighborhood. The so-called Utrecht Model for Mediation is supporting these Peaceful Programs, through empowering citizens and professional to enhance their ‘peaceful skills’ and skills for conflict resolution. Citizens and professionals are being trained to develop this mindset. The Utrecht Model for Mediation is organizing a community of mediators that can be of help. A pool of volunteer mediators is being formed to help organizations, professionals, parents, students and members of the community in case of problems, tensions, problematic behavior of youth groups, etcetera. Professional mediators intervene in case of escalated conflicts and penal cases.


Janny Dierx
Janny Dierx werkt als adviseur en mediator en is ambassadeur van de Stichting mediation in strafzaken. Zij is tevens lid van de redactie van het Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht.

Caroline Verhoeff
Caroline Verhoeff is Directeur Kwaliteit bij de Stichting Primair Onderwijs Utrecht en stedelijk coördinator Vreedzame Wijkaanpak.
Praktijk

The provision of legal aid in asylum procedures

A comparative case study in the Netherlands, the UK and France

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden legal aid, asylum procedure, lawyer conduct
Auteurs Tamara Butter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Several reports covering the provision of legal aid in asylum procedures in a selection of European countries expressed concerns on the effectiveness of the legal aid provided to asylum seekers. Among others, the cuts in legal aid funding and the speed of the asylum process were put forward as issues affecting the provision of adequate and effective legal aid. Lawyers providing legal aid in asylum procedure have to cope with the day-to-day realities arising from the national asylum procedure and legal aid system in which they operate. The aim of my research project is to explore and understand the impact of the institutional context, i.e. the functioning of the asylum procedure and the legal aid system on lawyers’ conduct. To this end I will conduct a comparative case study in three EU Member States which have arranged for the provision of legal aid in different ways, i.e. Netherlands, the United Kingdom1xHere it must be noted that the UK comprises of four constituent countries with different regimes. This research will be confined to the England region of the UK. and France.

Noten

  • 1 Here it must be noted that the UK comprises of four constituent countries with different regimes. This research will be confined to the England region of the UK.


Tamara Butter
Tamara Butter is PhD candidate at the Centre for Migration Law/Institute for Sociology of Law, Radboud University.
Diversen

Is the peer ethnographic approach a suitable method for researching lives of undocumented migrants?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden peer methods, undocumented, ethnographic, research
Auteurs Latefa Narriman Guemar en Helen Hintjens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article reflects on some of the qualities and strengths, as well as some potential weaknesses, of a research methodology used to study ‘hard-to-reach’ groups, such as the undocumented. This approach, known as the PEER (Participatory Ethnographic Evaluation and Research) approach, is introduced in terms of its key elements of trust, anonymity, in-depth data and flexibility. Its suitability for sensitive, or ‘liminal’ research issues, involving groups of vulnerable informants, is explained. The method is based on relations of trust, which are maintained through anonymity in data collection, and extend from social researchers to informants, through the intermediation of trained community-based peer researchers. It is they who interview others in their own social networks; since trust is the key ingredient in making this ethically-informed methodology work well, trust must be invested also in the peer researchers, who form part of the research team.


Latefa Narriman Guemar
Latefa Narriman Guemar is als PhD-student verbonden aan het Centre for Migration Policy Research, Swansea University. Tevens is ze verbonden aan de London School of Economics in London. E-mail: guemarn@yahoo.fr

Helen Hintjens
Dr. Helen Hintjens is universitair docent Development and Social Justice bij het International Institute of Social Studies te Den Haag (onderdeel van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam). E-mail: hintjens@iss.nl
Casus

Ontspoorde experimenten

Tijdschrift RegelMaat, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden Stapel-affaire, experimenten, slordige wetenschap, rechtenopleiding
Auteurs Prof. dr. R.A.J. van Gestel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De commotie rond de fraude van sociaalpsycholoog Diederik Stapel heeft een smet geworpen op de (sociale) psychologie en meer in het algemeen op de betrouwbaarheid van de wetenschap. Zijn data bleken vaak verzonnen en van de experimenten die wel werden uitgevoerd, werden de uitkomsten ‘opgepompt’. Wat valt er voor wetgevingsjuristen en wetgevingsonderzoekers van deze fraudezaak te leren: zijn rechtswetenschappers in het algemeen minder ‘slodderig’ dan psychologen en hoe bewaken we de kwaliteit van wetgeving of juridische publicaties waarbij gebruik wordt gemaakt van inzichten uit andere disciplines? In deze bijdrage wordt betoogd dat de methodologische basiskennis van juristen de komende jaren op een hoger peil dient te worden gebracht om ervoor te zorgen dat zowel rechtswetenschappers als praktijkjuristen niet te snel ontsporen wanneer zij bijvoorbeeld deskundigenoordelen en empirische data gebruiken in hun werk.


Prof. dr. R.A.J. van Gestel
Prof. dr. R.A.J. van Gestel is hoogleraar theorie en methode van wetgeving aan de Universiteit van Tilburg en redacteur van RegelMaat.r.a.j.vangestel@uvt.nl

    This article examines the actual application of European administrative soft law in light of the Dutch principle of legality. European administrative soft law is not legally binding. However, European administrative soft law can generate judicial binding effects for the Member States on the basis of the jurisprudence of the Court of Justice. Moreover, the research on the actual application of administratice soft law in the field of European subsidies shows that it can also have a 'de facto' binding effect for the Member Sates.

    The (legal and actual) binding effects of European administrative soft law are problematic in light of the principle of legality, according to which binding norms must be laid down in hard law. The article argues that with the application of administrative soft law, three functions of the principle of legality (the principle provides legal certainty and legitimacy and serves as a safeguard against public authorities) are not sufficiently met. Several possible solutions that may resolve this tension are proposed.


Claartje van Dam
Claartje van Dam is masterstudent Staats- en Bestuursrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Access_open Exciting Times for Legal Scholarship

Tijdschrift Law and Method, 2012
Trefwoorden legal methodology, law as an academic discipline, ‘law and …’-movements, legal theory, innovative and multiform legal scholarship
Auteurs Jan Vranken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Until recently, legal-dogmatic research stood at the undisputed pinnacle of legal scientific research. The last few years saw increasing criticism, both nationally and internationally, levelled at this type of research or at its dominant role. Some see this as a crisis in legal scholarship, but a closer look reveals a great need for facts, common sense, and nuance. Critics usually base their calls for innovation on a one-dimensional and flawed image of legal-dogmatic research. In this article, the author subsequently addresses the various critical opinions themselves and provide an overview of the innovations that are proposed. He concludes that there are a lot of efforts to innovate legal scholarship, and that the field is more multiform than ever, which is a wonderful and unprecedented state of affairs. This multiformity should be cherished and given plenty of room to develop and grow, because most innovative movements are still fledgling and need time, sometimes a lot of time, to increase in quality. It would be a shame to nip them in the bud now, merely because they are still finding their way. In turn, none of these innovative movements have cause to disqualify legal-dogmatic research, as sometimes happens (implicitly), by first creating a straw-man version of the field and then dismissing it as uninteresting or worse. That only polarises the discussion and gains us nothing. Progress can only be achieved through cooperation, with an open mind towards different types of legal research and a willingness to accept a critical approach towards their development. In the end, the only criterion that matters is quality. All types of research are principally subject to the same quality standards. The author provides some clarification regarding these standards as well.


Jan Vranken
Jan Vranken is hoogleraar Methodologie van het privaatrecht aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Virtuele ontmoetingsruimtes voor cybercriminelen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2012
Trefwoorden offender convergence settings, cyber crime, phishing, carding
Auteurs Dr. Melvin Soudijn en Eileen Monsma MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Felson introduced the concept of offender convergence settings in his articles on situational crime prevention. He refers to physical locations where criminals get together to relax, share information, fence stolen goods, plot new crimes, etc. Such places come in the form of restaurants and cafes that are in the hands of the ‘underworld’, but may equally well consist of deserted schoolyards where unruly adolescents gather. According to Felson, such settings facilitate the committing of crimes and enable the creation of structure and continuity in criminal networks.
    In this article the authors argue that virtual meeting places also exist that can be labeled as offender convergence settings. To demonstrate this, a case study regarding a so-called ‘carding’ forum is used. Carding is a term from the world of cybercrime and refers to the set of techniques by which personal financial information is acquired, traded and abused by criminals. Through a qualitative and a quantitative analysis of the carding forum, the possibilities for cyber criminals to come into contact with each other, co-offending, and the durability of the criminal network is analyzed.


Dr. Melvin Soudijn
Dr. M.R.J. Soudijn is senior onderzoeker bij de KLPD.

Eileen Monsma MSc
E. Monsma, MSc. is senior adviseur Team High Tech Crime bij de KLPD.
Artikel

Access_open ‘Down Freedom’s Main Line’

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden democracy, radical freedom, free market economy, consumerism, collective action
Auteurs Steven L. Winter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Two waves of democratization define the post-Cold War era of globalization. The first one saw democracies emerge in post-communist countries and post-Apartheid South Africa. The current wave began with the uprisings in the Middle East. The first focused on the formal institutions of the market and the liberal state, the second is participatory and rooted in collective action. The individualistic conception of freedom and democracy that underlies the first wave is false and fetishistic. The second wave shows democracy’s moral appeal is the commitment to equal participation in determining the terms and conditions of social life. Freedom, thus, requires collective action under conditions of equality, mutual recognition, and respect.


Steven L. Winter
Steven L. Winter is Walter S. Gibbs Professor of Constitutional Law at Wayne State University Law School, Detroit, Michigan.
Artikel

De inbreng van ngo’s bij het Nederlandse mensenrechtenexamen

Een terug- en vooruitblik door Amnesty International

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 6 2012
Trefwoorden Human Rights Council, Universal Periodic Review, human rights in the Netherlands, Amnesty International, non-governmental organizations
Auteurs C. Mommers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The UPR is an increasingly important instrument for non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to advocate for the protection and promotion of human rights in the Netherlands. In this article, the way that NGOs have used the UPR in relation to the Netherlands will be discussed. This will be done primarily from the perspective of Amnesty International. The article first outlines how NGOs can contribute to the UPR process. Subsequently, it discusses the substantive input provided by Amnesty International for the review of the Netherlands. Finally, the potential impact of this intervention on the promotion and protection of human rights on the ground in the Netherlands will be considered. This impact will depend, inter alia, on the de-politicization of the UPR, the credibility of the process, the follow-up of recommendations made during the review and, prominently, the political will of the incoming government.


C. Mommers
Drs. Christian Mommers is als senior medewerker Politieke Zaken verbonden aan Amnesty International, afdeling Nederland.

    Soft law is a necessity in modern public administration. On the verge of public bodies that execute administrative tasks various forms of soft law are applied. This article explores the many shapes of soft law in a continental European context. This results in the identification of a series of variables that are relevant for the legal effects of soft law. The article further focuses on the way policy rules, as a special form of soft law, are treated in the Dutch legislation.


Ph.D. Albertjan Tollenaar
University of Groningen Assistant Professor Department of Administrative Law and Public Administration
Artikel

Access_open De liberale canon: argumenten voor vrijheid

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden enforcement of morals, liberalism, liberty, political liberalism, Rawls
Auteurs Alex Bood
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines how a liberal public morality can be most successfully defended against perfectionism. First of all the five most important liberal arguments for freedom are taken from what is called the liberal canon: a number of characteristic works of John Locke, Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mill, Isaiah Berlin, Joseph Raz, Ronald Dworkin, and John Rawls. These five arguments are identified as: social and political realism, respect for autonomy, fallibility of ideas, pluralism, and respect for reasonableness. Next, the persuasiveness of these arguments is assessed, starting with the argument of respect for reasonableness, which is at the heart of Rawls’s political liberalism. It is concluded that in itself this argument is not strong enough to persuade perfectionists. A powerful defence of a liberal public morality needs the other arguments for freedom as well. Finally, the paper outlines how these other arguments can strengthen the argument of respect for reasonableness in a coherent manner.


Alex Bood
Alex Bood is Research Manager at the Dutch Public Prosecution’s Office for Criminal Law Studies (WBOM).
Artikel

Access_open Globalization as a Factor in General Jurisprudence

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden general jurisprudence, globalization, global legal pluralism, legal positivism, analytical jurisprudence
Auteurs Sidney Richards
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Globalization is commonly cited as an important factor in theorising legal phenomena in the contemporary world. Although many legal disciplines have sought to adapt their theories to globalization, progress has been comparatively modest within contemporary analytical jurisprudence. This paper aims to offer a survey of recent scholarship on legal theory and globalization and suggests various ways in which these writings are relevant to the project of jurisprudence. This paper argues, more specifically, that the dominant interpretation of globalization frames it as a particular form of legal pluralism. The resulting concept – global legal pluralism – comes in two broad varieties, depending on whether it emphasizes normative or institutional pluralism. This paper goes on to argue that these concepts coincide with two central themes of jurisprudence, namely its concern with normativity and institutionality. Finally, this paper reflects on the feasibility of constructing a ‘general’ and ‘descriptive’ jurisprudence in light of globalization.


Sidney Richards
Sidney Richards is Doctoral candidate in Law at Pembroke College at the University of Cambridge.
Artikel

Leidinggevende bestrafte onderneming ervaart carrièreschade

Carrièreontwikkeling na inbreuk van artikel 6 Mw

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden artikel 6 Mw, carrièreontwikkeling, leidinggevenden, carrièreschade, sector
Auteurs N.S.R. Rosenboom MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Leidinggevenden die werkzaam zijn geweest bij een onderneming die bestraft is voor een inbreuk van artikel 6 Mw ervaren een negatief effect op hun carrièreontwikkeling. Het negatieve effect neemt de vorm aan van een lagere kans op een leidinggevende functie na bekendwording van de inbreuk. Dit volgt uit een vergelijking met leidinggevenden van gelijksoortige maar niet-bestrafte ondernemingen.


N.S.R. Rosenboom MSc
N.S.R. Rosenboom MSc is onderzoeker bij SEO Economisch Onderzoek in het cluster Mededinging & Regulering.
Artikel

Het motiverende effect van normatieve en afschrikwekkende boodschappen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Toezicht, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden handhaving, voorlichting, angstcommunicatie, sociale normen, stated preference
Auteurs Drs. D. de Graaf, Dr. B. van den Putte, S.G. van der Werff MSc. e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Door middel van een stated preference-analyse is onderzocht wat de beste manier van communicatie is om te zorgen dat men zich aan regels van de overheid houdt. Zowel aan leidinggevenden van bedrijven als burgers zijn voorlichtingsboodschappen over door hen begane kleine overtredingen voorgelegd. Respondenten zeggen zich het meest te laten motiveren om de overtredingen niet langer te begaan door voorlichtingsboodschappen met een afschrikwekkend element. Bij burgers gaat het daarbij om de sanctiekans, bij leidinggevenden van bedrijven om de boetehoogte. Ook boodschappen die zich richten op persoonlijke en sociale normen worden motiverend gevonden, maar in mindere mate.


Drs. D. de Graaf
Drs. D. de Graaf is stafmedewerker bij de Onderwijsraad in Den Haag en was ten tijde van het beschreven onderzoek senior onderzoeker bij het cluster Arbeid & Onderwijs van SEO Economisch Onderzoek, Amsterdam.

Dr. B. van den Putte
Dr. B. van den Putte is universitair hoofddocent bij de programmagroep Persuasieve Communicatie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

S.G. van der Werff MSc.
S.G. van der Werff MSc is onderzoeker bij het cluster Arbeid & Onderwijs van SEO Economisch Onderzoek te Amsterdam.

Dr. R. Kessels
Dr. R. Kessels is postdoctoraal onderzoeker van het Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek – Vlaanderen (FWO) aan de Faculteit Toegepaste Economische Wetenschappen en StatUa Center for Statistics van de Universiteit Antwerpen.
Artikel

Het effect van werk op de criminele carrière van jeugdige zedendelinquenten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden juvenile sex offender, life-course criminology, employment, fixed and random effects model, typologies
Auteurs MSc Chantal van den Berg, Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld, Prof. dr. Jan Hendriks e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this paper delinquent development from age 12 to 29 of 498 juvenile sex offenders is analyzed. Fixed and random effects models are used to determine the effect of employment and of the stability of employment on the criminal career. We first show that juvenile sex offenders have limited access to the labor market, with stagnating participation rates from age 25 on, many different and short contracts. In spite of this, employment reduces offending, and having stable employment has an additional reducing effect on crime. We also looked at three types of sex offenders (child abusers, peer abusers and group offenders), who have a different background and for whom therefore effects could differ. We found no difference for offender types in the effect of employment on offending. The effects of employment stability, however, were due to only child abusers experiencing significant effects of continuity. We conclude that for juvenile sex offenders employment impacts similarly on offending as was found in previous studies among high-risk groups.


MSc Chantal van den Berg
C.J.W. van den Berg, MSc is junior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld
Prof. dr. mr. C.C.J.H. Bijleveld is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en hoogleraar methoden & technieken van criminologisch onderzoek aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Jan Hendriks
Prof. dr. J. Hendriks is klinisch psycholoog bij De Waag in Den Haag, bijzonder hoogleraar forensische psychiatrie en psychologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en bijzonder hoogleraar forensische orthopedagogische diagnostiek en behandeling aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Dr. Irma Mooi-Reçi
Dr. I. Mooi-Reçi universitair docent bij de afdeling Sociologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
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