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‘Alles is politiek!’ Topografie van het Israëlisch-Palestijnse conflict

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 0 2011
Trefwoorden conflict, cartography, state crime, visual ethnography, propaganda
Auteurs Dina Siegel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Atlas of the Conflict by Israeli architect Malkit Shoshan presents a fascinating historical analysis of a difficult relationship between Jews and Palestinians. It shows, in maps and diagrams, a great discrepancy in perceptions of both people on such issues as borders, land, heritage, water and settlements. Visual research methods, which are used in this project, are important and innovative to get a deeper insight in the nature of this conflict. However some questions about misuse, propaganda and manipulation of information and symbols remain open and can lead to an important discussion in cultural criminology on the relationship between conflict and culture.


Dina Siegel
Prof. dr. Dina Siegel is als hoogleraar Criminologie verbonden aan het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht. E-mail: d.siegel@uu.nl.
Artikel

Slachtofferschap onder treinconducteurs

De rol van sociale informatieverwerking

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden Social Information Processing (SIP), victimization, (semi-)public professions, types of victims, violence
Auteurs Stephan Verschuren MSc., Tamar Fischer en Dr. Barbara Zwirs
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study examined whether variation in victimization among train ticket inspectors can be explained by the Social Information Processing (SIP) model which underlies the process of interaction. The study (N=125) shows that the amount of victimization is associated with encoding and emotions. Ticket inspectors who perceive more ‘neutral’ than ‘hostile’ cues report less victimization. Emotions have an indirect relation with the amount of victimization. The seriousness of the victimization is related to encoding, response generation, and response evaluation. Less serious victimization is found when neutral rather than hostile cues are observed, less aggressive responses are generated, and when aggressive responses are evaluated negatively and social responses positively. The results suggest that two types of victimization exist among ticket inspectors: the victim who is a relatively frequent victim and the victim who is victim of more serious forms of aggression.


Stephan Verschuren MSc.
S.M.J. Verschuren, MSc. is statistisch onderzoeker bij het Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, smj.verschuren@cbs.nl.

Tamar Fischer
Dr. T.F.C. Fischer is universitair docent bij de sectie criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, fischer@law.eur.nl.

Dr. Barbara Zwirs
Dr. B.W.C. Zwirs is universitair docent bij de sectie criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, zwirs@law.eur.nl.
Artikel

Access_open De nafase van rampen en crises: gedeelde zorg?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden recover phase, crisis, religious organizations
Auteurs Marco Zannoni
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the recover phase following every disaster or crisis, the challenges are plenty. Government agencies and other organizations and individuals have to deal with activities ranging from medical care for victims, to judicial procedures and environmental cleaning. Religious organizations have important added value in providing spiritual and social care. They might provide necessary information to victims and others who are directly or indirectly affected by a crisis. This is something that needs to be recognized in both planning and recovery activities by local government. A correct diagnose of the recovery phase must include an analysis of the affected groups and the necessary stakeholders.


Marco Zannoni
Drs. M. Zannoni is manager Onderzoek & Advies bij het COT Instituut voor Veiligheids- en Crisismanagement.
Artikel

Misdaad en straf

Bespiegelingen over (de dood)straf vanuit religieus perspectief

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2011
Auteurs J.A.A.C. Claessen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    What does a religious perspective imply for the justification of the state imposing punishment on perpetrators of criminal offences under criminal law? As religion is experiencing a revival, it is not a strange idea to examine what a religious perspective can teach us in relation to criminal law. What religious fundamentalism and conservatism have to offer in this respect seems quite clear, namely retributive action by the state, as God's representative on earth, against conduct contrary to the dogmas of the Holy Scriptures. Nevertheless, research shows that conventional believers also often recognize the value of forgiveness and reconciliation. What is not clear, however, is what mysticism has to offer in relation to criminal law. In contradiction to conventional criminal law, from a mystical perspective there is no call for intentional infliction of pain in responding to crime. To avenge evil with evil is dismissed for both moral and practical reasons. Encouraging the spiritual awakening of man forms the alfa and omega of a mystical approach to crime.


J.A.A.C. Claessen
Mr. dr. Jacques Claessen is als universitair docent straf(proces)recht verbonden aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Maastricht. Tevens is hij mederedacteur van de Nieuwsbrief Strafrecht.
Artikel

Temperament en antisociaal gedrag in de kindertijd

De rol van empathie, etniciteit en gender

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden zelfregulatie, agressie, jeugdigen, antisociaal gedrag
Auteurs Barbara Zwirs
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Previous research in mainly white Western samples has shown that temperament and conscience are important explanations for antisocial behaviour. In the current cross-sectional study among 2,185 children of the four largest ethnic groups in the Netherlands, namely, 684 Dutch, 702 Moroccan, 434 Turkish, and 365 Surinamese children, it was examined how these factors together explain antisocial behaviour and to what extent these relationships are valid regardless of ethnicity and gender. Teachers completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire for children from grades three to five of elementary school. The temperament dimension self-regulation was negatively related to antisocial behaviour for boys and girls of all ethnic groups with the exception of Turkish boys. Temperamental fearfulness was negatively associated with antisocial behaviour only for Dutch girls. Irrespective of gender and ethnicity, empathy, an important aspect of conscience, was negatively related to antisocial behaviour. Self-regulation moderated the effect of fear on antisocial behaviour only for Dutch girls and Moroccan boys.


Barbara Zwirs
Dr. B.W.C. Zwirs is universitair docent, sectie Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, zwirs@frg.eur.nl.

    Children suffer differently from domestic violence as a witness of interparental violence than as direct victim of maltreatment or sexual abuse. In this article three different research samples of children as witnesses of domestic violence are compared with regard to the posttraumatic stress symptoms they show. One sample is a clinical population from mental health care for youth, one sample consists of children reported to a child maltreatment centre and one sample stems from a pilot study of referrals of domestic violence in families in the G4. In all three samples we find a much higher percentage of children with traumatic symptoms than in the normal population. The highest percentage of traumatized children (74%) we find in the clinical population. When we look at the parents we also find a high percentage of traumatized parents (31%), but more striking is the percentage of parents who themselves were involved (as a victim or witness) in domestic violence when they were children (60%). This leads to questions concerning the intergenerational transfer of domestic violence.


B. Tierolf
Drs. Bas Tierolf is als onderzoeker verbonden aan de afdeling Orthopedagogiek van de Faculteit Psychologie en Pedagogiek van de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam, alsmede aan het Verwey-Jonker Instituut in Utrecht.
Artikel

Fataal huiselijk geweld

Doding van eigen kind, partner of ouder

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 8 2010
Auteurs F. Koenraadt en M. Liem
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Homicides that take place in the family generally lead to shock and incomprehension in society at large. Even though in recent years the number of homicides in the Netherlands has decreased, domestic homicides still claim approximately sixty victims per year. This article aims to describe the nature and incidence of domestic homicide in the Netherlands by making use of both epidemiological data as well as detailed analyses of case reports of domestic homicides. In doing so, several types of domestic homicides are distinguished: intimate partner homicide, child homicide, parent and sibling homicide, multiple family homicide and finally, domestic homicide followed by suicide. The findings are discussed and put into perspective.


F. Koenraadt
Dr. Frans Koenraadt is als hoogleraar Forensische Psychiatrie en Psychologie verbonden aan de Universiteit Utrecht; hij is tevens wetenschappelijk adviseur bij het Pieter Baan Centrum (NIFP) te Utrecht en bij de Forensisch Psychiatrische Kliniek te Assen.

M. Liem
Dr. Marieke Liem is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Verstandelijke beperking in de forensische psychiatrie

Overzicht en presentatie van een onderzoek naar het effect van langdurende klinische behandelingen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2011
Trefwoorden learning disabilitie, clinical treatment, evaluation, Routine Outcome Monitoring
Auteurs Dr. Klaus Drieschner, Isabel Marrozos en Drs. Brenda Hesper
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The first part of the article provides a review of the literature concerning the prevalence of people with learning disabilities in forensic settings, the treatment programs for this population, and the evidence for the effectiveness of these programs. In the second part, a large prospective study into the effectiveness of long-term inpatient treatment in a Dutch treatment center is reported. Preliminary results indicate that the percentage of improved patients in terms of reduction of criminogenic needs increases steadily, and that about half of the patients significantly improve within the first two years of the treatment. In addition, patients are released to settings which are less restrictive than the pre-treatment settings.


Dr. Klaus Drieschner
Klaus Drieschner werkt als senior wetenschappelijk onderzoeker voor het Trajectum Kenniscentrum en is projectleider van het multicenter effectevaluatieonderzoek van het SGLVG expertisecentrum De Borg.

Isabel Marrozos
Isabel Marrozos is werkzaam als onderzoekscoördinator bij het Trajectum Kenniscentrum.

Drs. Brenda Hesper
Brenda Hesper is als wetenschappelijk onderzoeker verbonden aan het Trajectum Kenniscentrum.
Artikel

Familierelaties en het stoppen met misdaad

Aangrijpingspunten voor het reclasseringswerk

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2011
Auteurs B. Vogelvang
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Various criminologists describe family and partner relationships as forms of social capital. Also research shows that many delinquents say they have generally good relations with their family. Instead of focusing only on the delinquent's individual responsibility and risk factors, probation work should pay more attention to the protective aspects of the former convict's social environment. The author presents a framework, based on the work of the family therapist Nagy, that provides probations workers with the tools to involve the delinquent's family members in the process towards desistance.


B. Vogelvang
Dr. Bas Vogelvang is als lector Reclassering en Veiligheidsbeleid verbonden aan het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool te Den Bosch. Hij is tevens als expertadviseur werkzaam bij Adviesbureau Van Montfoort. Dit artikel is gebaseerd op het hoofdstuk ‘Justice for all: Family matters in offender supervision’ (Vogelvang en Van Alphen, 2011).
Artikel

Nut en onnut van morele beginselen en ‘hoge principes’

Een reactie op Bart Pattyn

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, ethics, moral praxis
Auteurs Bas van Stokkom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Van Stokkom endorses Pattyn’s criticism of principled ethics. It is more convincing to view ethics as a way to understand moral practices and moral experiences. For example, the ethical value of restorative justice practices resides in moral communication in which the participants strive for recognition. Nevertheless, Pattyn does not notice that moral justifications often rely on ethical principles. When we must make choices or introduce new policies, we often cannot escape justifications that fit in with ethical principles. Nevertheless, these principles may also paralyze or polarize discussions. In populist times – with its punitive rhetoric – it seems wise to keep public discussion at bay from ‘high restorative principles’ such as the ‘superfluity of punishment’ and concentrate on the narrative power of restorative justice practices.


Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is als ethicus, socioloog en criminoloog verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en de Radboud Universiteit.

    Hoewel diverse grondrechten al sinds jaar en dag worden ingeroepen in Europese mededingingsprocedures, komen op deze grondrechten gebaseerde verweren nog iets minder voor in Nederlandse mededingingszaken. In deze bijdrage, die wegens haar omvang geen uitputtend overzicht vormt, zal nader worden ingegaan op een aantal grondrechtelijke leerstukken die in dat kader met name relevant lijken.


Mr. H.M.H. Speyart
Mr. H.M.H. Speyart is advocaat bij NautaDutilh N.V. te Amsterdam.
Artikel

De relatie tussen subtypen relationeel geweldplegers en de adviezen van de reclassering

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2010
Trefwoorden Relationeel geweld, Subtypen, B-SAFER, Reclassering
Auteurs Drs. Jill Thijssen en Prof. dr. Corine de Ruiter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the present study, the B-SAFER was coded for 146 files of spousal assault cases from the Dutch probation service. The aim of the study was twofold: (1) identifying subtypes of spousal assaulters and (2) examine the relationship between the subtypes found and the advice the probation officers gave to court. Four subtypes of assaulters were identified: family-only, generally violent/antisocial, low-level antisocial, and psychopathology. There was only a significant relationship between the subtypes and the advice on two of the ten advices. The type of advice showed a strong relationship with the region of the probation offices where the batterer was examined.


Drs. Jill Thijssen
Jill Thijssen is als promovenda verbonden aan de afdeling Clinical Psychological Science van de Universiteit van Maastricht.

Prof. dr. Corine de Ruiter
Corine de Ruiter is als hoogleraar Forensische psychologie verbonden aan de Universiteit van Maastricht.

    In 1954 the Statute of the Kingdom of the Netherlands came into force. This document can be seen as an internal Treaty between the Netherlands (as a country in Europe) and its former colonies. Nowadays three countries are (internal) partners in the Kingdom of the Netherlands: the Netherlands, Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles. In 2005 new negotiations have begun for a new (internal) structure of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Netherlands Antilles will cease to be a country in the Kingdom and will be divided into two new countries Curaçao and Sint Maarten. The other remaining (small) islands Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba will be part of the territory of the Netherlands as specific judicial bodies as meant in article 134 Dutch Constitution. A huge diplomatic and judicial procedure has started. Although it is not certain yet, in 2009 it looks as though these plans and procedures will be realized in the very near future.


R. Nehmelman
Mr. dr. Remco Nehmelman is als universitair hoofddocent Staats- en Bestuursrecht verbonden aan de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Het nieuwe hooliganisme

Geweld ook buiten het voetbalveld

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2010
Auteurs H. Ferwerda, I. van Leiden en T. van Ham
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Large-scale violations of public order occur regularly in the Netherlands. The most startling riot of the last decade took place last summer on the beach of Hoek van Holland during the dance festival Sunset Grooves. In this riot as well as in other riots, hooligans play more and more a negative role. Put differently, they do not confine themselves to the riots at football matches, but they also show up at events, parties and in entertainment centres to disturb the peace. The article argues that the phrase ‘hooligan’ is in fact inappropriate. It is better to speak about notorious disturbers of the peace; people who are consciously looking for a stage and an opponent to disturb the peace.


H. Ferwerda
Dr. Henk Ferwerda is als directeur/onderzoeker werkzaam bij Bureau Beke in Arnhem.

I. van Leiden
Drs. Ilse van Leiden is als senior onderzoekster werkzaam bij Bureau Beke in Arnhem.

T. van Ham
Drs. Tom van Ham is als junior onderzoeker werkzaam bij Bureau Beke in Arnhem.
Artikel

Ontwikkelingsgericht bemiddelen

Conflicten als bron van groei

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 3 2010
Trefwoorden developmental mediation, retaining, adding, creating
Auteurs Diana Evers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The author discusses the potential of developmental mediation. In developmental mediation the focus of the mediator is on retaining, adding and creating.


Diana Evers
Diana Evers is werkzaam bij het Mediation Instituut Vlaanderen.
Artikel

De architect heeft het gedaan!

De rol van stedenbouw, architectuur en stadsbestuur in de rellen in de Franse voorsteden van 2005

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2010
Auteurs W. Vanstiphout
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Is the design of a city a decisive factor in the development of violent behavior by its inhabitants? The discussion following the 2005 riots in the French suburbs shows that many blame the concept of La Ville Radieuse and its most famous founding father, the architect Le Corbusier, for the social degeneration of the banlieues. For some critics, like the British author Theodore Dalrymple, this ‘totalitarian’ architecture symbolizes the evil of the welfare state with its social security, mass immigration, egalitarism and its elites with their blindness for the threat to the western Enlightenment values coming from these ‘black’ suburbs. However, the truth of urban development is that cities are fundamentally unpredictable. After several generations a building will be used in a completely different way than perceived, by people whose existence one wasn't aware of and in a social context one couldn't have predicted. This ‘natural’ development is labeled as the failure of a project, often leading to a policy of repression and demolition. However, local politicians, project developers and architects should realize that it's not their actions that determine the development of cities, but the way the inhabitants use and interpret their environment. They create their own city. Instead of replacing the inhabitants by demolishing their houses, we probably have no other choice than getting to know these quarters better and renovate these together with and for the local inhabitants.


W. Vanstiphout
Prof. dr. Wouter Vanstiphout is lid van Crimson Architectural Historians. Met Crimson houdt hij zich sinds 1994 bezig met stedenbouwkundig onderzoek, ontwerp, het maken van tentoonstellingen en het schrijven en redigeren van boeken. Hij is tevens hoog leraar Ontwerp & Politiek aan de Faculteit Bouwkunde van de Technische Universiteit Delft.
Jurisprudentie

Kroniek strafrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Gezondheidsrecht, Aflevering 6 2005
Auteurs W.L.J.M. Duijst

W.L.J.M. Duijst


Jurisprudentie

2007/7 Woongroep; ontwrichtend gedrag van vader van bewoonster; beperking recht op ‘family life’

Gerechtshof Arnhem (mrs. Van den Dungen, De Vries Robbé-de Roy van Zuydewijn en Prakke-Nieuwenhuizen) d.d. 5 december 2006.

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Gezondheidsrecht, Aflevering 3 2007
Auteurs


Casus

NVVMA Symposium Afscheid John Bosnak

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden Dutch Association of Mediation Lawyers, farewell symposium, professional privilege
Auteurs Jacques de Waart en Rob Jagtenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A symposium took place in Utrecht on 22 April 2010 to bid John Bosnak farewell as President of the Dutch Association of Attorney Mediators. Presentations were given on European aspects of professional privilege for mediators, on the antecedents of the European mediation directive and on psychological pitfalls that await the mediator who tries to oppress his/her own emotional stress.


Jacques de Waart
Jacques de Waart is voorzitter van de Nederlandse Vereniging van Mediation Advocaten NVVMA, gecertificeerd NMI-mediator, trainer bij onder meer het CvC en advocaat te Amersfoort.

Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg, verbonden aan o.a. de Erasmus Universiteit, was en is betrokken bij diverse Europese projecten inzake geschillenbeslechting.
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