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    In this article four possible relations of the credit crunch and corporate crime are examined. A first relation is that cases of accounting fraud have contributed to the causation of the crisis. Due to these scandals the trust in large corporations and the financial sector would have been eroded. A second possible relation is the reverse: the crisis will lead to more corporate crime. Because of the crisis companies run into financial difficulties. In their despair they could try to cut costs by not complying with regulations or they could try to gain illegal profits through fraud. The third relation is the criminalization of more unethical corporate behavior. The moral outrage on the behavior of banks and insurance companies that contributed to the crisis might lead to an increased labeling of risky or greedy of corporate executives as crime. This will result in more regulation. The fourth and final relation is that these amplification effects will lead to the discovery of more corporate crime.


W. Huisman
Prof. dr. Wim Huisman is als hoogleraar criminologie verbonden aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.
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Voorwoord

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2009
Auteurs M.P.C. Scheepmaker

M.P.C. Scheepmaker

    The increase of piracy attacks in the Horn of Africa as of 2007-2008 as well as its changing face towards types of maritime terrorism, has given rise to the question as to whether the contemporary system on the Laws of the High Seas needs to be revisited.
    In particular, the question merits thought as to the effectiveness of the adjudicatory system in piracy cases. At present, this is left into the hands of national jurisdictions to decide whether to investigate and prosecute such cases. However, the discretionary powers of states as to such prosecutions result in many lacunae. Should or could the International Criminal Court, instead of national jurisdictions, assume jurisdiction in these matters? If not, is there ample argument for the advent of an ad hoc international criminal tribunal on this area? In this article, answers to these queries will be provided.


G.G.J. Knoops
Prof. dr. mr. Geert-Jan Alexander Knoops is hoogleraar internationaal strafrecht en internationaal strafrechtadvocaat bij Knoops & Partners Advocaten te Amsterdam.

    Recent years have seen a surge in piracy in the Gulf of Aden, followed by growing international involvement in pursuing pirates off the Somali coast. The piracy problem is multifaceted and includes complex geopolitical, regional, legal and operational challenges. But the commitment demonstrated by a broad range of actors to fight piracy in Somali waters also offers unique opportunities. The unprecedented awareness of and attention to the region's insecurity provides international stakeholders with the momentum to strengthen their ties and address the root causes. This article gives a comprehensive account of the piracy issue and presents recommendations to nations engaged in counter-piracy activities.


B. van Ginkel
Mr. Bibi van Ginkel is verbonden aan het Clingendael Security and Conflict Programme van het Instituut Clingendael in Den Haag.

J. Hemmer
Drs. Jort Hemmer is verbonden aan het Clingendael Security and Conflict Programme van het Instituut Clingendael in Den Haag.

S. Kamerling
Drs. Susanne Kamerling is verbonden aan het Clingendael Security and Conflict Programme van het Instituut Clingendael in Den Haag.

F.-P. van der Putten
Dr. Frans-Paul van der Putten is verbonden aan het Clingendael Security and Conflict Programme van het Instituut Clingendael in Den Haag.
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