Zoekresultaat: 229 artikelen

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Artikel

Marktconforme regulering binnen het nieuwe instrumentarium van de Omgevingswet?

Een rechtseconomische beschouwing van het Europese handelssysteem in broeikasgasemissierechten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Omgevingsrecht, Aflevering 4 2012
Trefwoorden rechtseconomie, broeikasemissierecht, ETS
Auteurs Dr. J. van Zeben
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Deze bijdrage biedt een rechtseconomische beschouwing van het Europese emissiehandelssysteem voor broeikasgassen. Daarbij wordt aandacht besteed aan de ontwikkeling van de bevoegdhedenverdeling tussen Europa en de lidstaten, de wijze waarop de bevoegdhedenverdeling functioneert en worden aanbevelingen gedaan voor de toekomstige verdeling van bevoegdheden.


Dr. J. van Zeben
Mevr. dr. J. (Josephine) van Zeben is onderzoeker Europees (milieu)recht en rechtseconomie bij het Amsterdam Center for Environmental Law and Sustainability van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Boekbespreking

Ensuring Corporate Misconduct

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2012
Auteurs Tetty Havinga

Tetty Havinga

    Visscher gives an overview of the empirical research on the deterrent effects of tort law within the domain of traffic accidents. An impressive amount of law and economics research has been done in the last few decades. This has resulted in special attention for the deterrent effects of the financial incentives which are embedded in various legal systems. Contradictory empirical evidence motivates Visscher to reflect on methodological issues. A major shortcoming of most studies is that the dependent and independent variables are not properly defined and distinguished. Another difficulty is to properly assess the influence of the introduction of the no-fault system on incentives: no-fault not only implies that the prevalence of the tort-system is more-or-less marginalised, but also that it transforms the extent to which the damages of those injured are covered by insurances in various ways. It is not easy to isolate both factors properly. Nevertheless, Visscher finds enough support in the empirical evidence to conclude that, without added financial deterrence incentives, no-fault schemes are likely to lead to increased accident rates, more injuries and more fatalities.


Louis Visscher
Louis Visscher is associate professor in law and economics at the Rotterdam Institute of Law and Economics (RILE) of the Erasmus School of Law. He has studied both economics and law (cum laude) at the Erasmus University Rotterdam, where he also wrote a PhD dissertation on ‘An economic analysis of Dutch tort law’. Louis has published articles and book chapters in the area of the economic analysis of tort law, the law of damages, causation in tort law, insurance, contract law and law enforcement.
Artikel

Klokkenluiden en veiligheid

De wegen die werknemers bewandelen bij verschillende typen misstanden op het werk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden whistle-blowing, safety, employee, report, wrongdoing
Auteurs Doris van van Dijk, Marijke Malsch, Gezinus Wolters e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands whistle-blowing regulations are still unbalanced and ineffective in the protection of whistle-blowers and the prevention of misconduct at work. This article focuses on the question how whistle-blowing behaviour is influenced by the type and severity of the wrongdoing. The study also examines to whom employees would report (internally and/or externally), if they would report anonymously, and why they would do that or not. As far as the authors know, this is one of the first studies on whistle-blowing behaviour that systematically investigates the characteristics of the wrongdoing by using vignettes. In a two by two design, two kinds of wrongdoing (safety problem or embezzlement) at two levels of severity are plotted against each other. When confronted with severe wrongdoing, respondents intend to blow the whistle more often (externally) than with mild wrongdoing. Of the four cases, the difference between mild and severe embezzlement is most pronounced. Internally, a difference is found between the vignettes in reporting anonymously. Most respondents prefer to report to their direct supervisor, especially when a mild safety problem occurs. With severe embezzlement however, respondents prefer to report to a confidential adviser within the company. Outside the company, reporting to one’s trade union is most popular. Nearly all respondents would only report externally after an internal report has not yielded any results, or they would not report outside the company at all. They often argue that it is an internal problem and that the company could be harmed if the wrongdoing would be disclosed. This argument is used in all vignettes. Anonymity is still considered important by the majority of the respondents. It is recommended in this article that policymakers specify whistle-blowing regulations that are adaptable to the specific characteristics of the wrongdoing and the reporting employee(s).


Doris van van Dijk
Mr. D. (Doris) van Dijk MSc is junior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR). E-mail: dorisvandijk@zonnet.nl

Marijke Malsch
Mr. dr. Marijke Malsch is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en rechter-plaatsvervanger bij de rechtbank Haarlem en in het Hof Den Bosch. E-mail: mmalsch@nscr.nl

Gezinus Wolters
Dr. Gezinus Wolters is universitair hoofddocent cognitieve psychologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Wim Huisman
Prof. mr. dr. Wim Huisman is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. E-mail: w.huisman@vu.nl
Column

Euribor-rigging

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 4 2012
Auteurs Prof. dr. Maarten Pieter Schinkel
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Maarten Pieter Schinkel
Prof. dr. M.P. Schinkel is hoogleraar Competition Economics and Regulation aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en co-director van het Amsterdam Centre for Law and Economics (ACLE).
Artikel

Access_open Globalization as a Factor in General Jurisprudence

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden general jurisprudence, globalization, global legal pluralism, legal positivism, analytical jurisprudence
Auteurs Sidney Richards
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Globalization is commonly cited as an important factor in theorising legal phenomena in the contemporary world. Although many legal disciplines have sought to adapt their theories to globalization, progress has been comparatively modest within contemporary analytical jurisprudence. This paper aims to offer a survey of recent scholarship on legal theory and globalization and suggests various ways in which these writings are relevant to the project of jurisprudence. This paper argues, more specifically, that the dominant interpretation of globalization frames it as a particular form of legal pluralism. The resulting concept – global legal pluralism – comes in two broad varieties, depending on whether it emphasizes normative or institutional pluralism. This paper goes on to argue that these concepts coincide with two central themes of jurisprudence, namely its concern with normativity and institutionality. Finally, this paper reflects on the feasibility of constructing a ‘general’ and ‘descriptive’ jurisprudence in light of globalization.


Sidney Richards
Sidney Richards is Doctoral candidate in Law at Pembroke College at the University of Cambridge.
Discussie

Walls of silence and (dis)trust

Notities bij een onderzoek naar de gepromoveerden van Diederik Stapel

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden fraud, distrust, research, access to informants
Auteurs Thaddeus Müller
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2011 it was revealed that the Dutch social-psychologist Diederik Stapel from Tilburg University faked his experiments and fabricated findings.Many of his PhD-students relied upon his statistical data and, as a result, their dissertations and publications have been qualified as fraudulent. Here I wilI focus mainly on gaining access to the PhD-students. I show that trust and distrust played an essential part in the communication with these respondents. Some of them state that the framing of Stapel as the evil mastermind is not coherent with their experience. They also define him as an enthusiastic and brilliant supervisor who was interested in their work.


Thaddeus Müller
Dr. Thaddeus Müller is verbonden aan de sectie criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. E-mail: muller@law.eur.nl
Artikel

Access_open Aan tafel met André Köbben

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden André J.F. Köbben, primitive law, reseach ethics, scientific fraud, ethnographic research
Auteurs Lodewijk Brunt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    André Köbben’s academic career spans sixty years and he’s still going strong – just because he likes it so much. Doing research by himself, which took him for longer periods to Ivory Coast and Surinam apart from studying conflicts in the Netherlands, but also analysing research by others. He has always been interested in questions of ‘rule’ and ‘reality’: the discrepancy between what people say they do and what they actually are doing. He probed tribal disputes among the Agni, the Bete and the Djoeka, but also conflicting interests between managers ordering research and researchers producing unwelcome results. He is preparing a book on academic fraud.


Lodewijk Brunt
Prof. dr. Lodewijk Brunt is emeritus professor Stadssociologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en momenteel verbonden aan het India Instituut (Amsterdam). E-mail: lbrunt@xs4all.nl


Mr. Denise Ozmis
Mr. D. Ozmis is Claims Manager bij AkzoNobel.

Prof. mr. I.N. Tzankova
Prof. mr. I.N. Tzankova is bijzonder hoogleraar collectieve rechtspleging en rechtsvergelijking aan de Universiteit van Tilburg en advocaat te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Slachtofferschap van cybercrime in kaart gebracht

Hacken, e-fraude, identiteitsfraude en voorschotfraude

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden cybercrime, hacking, online fraud, identity fraud, victim survey
Auteurs Miranda Domenie, Rutger Leukfeldt, Johan van Wilsem e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses the results of a Dutch study that focuses specifically on victimization of various forms of cybercrimes among civilians. The survey addresses the cybercrimes hacking, fraud through selling and auction websites, identity theft and fraud and advanced fee fraud. The results are based on a validated questionnaire which was posted amongst a representative sample of 21,800 citizens, the response rate was 10,314 (47 per cent). In this article of each of these cybercrimes the prevalence is shown. Concerning prevalence, the victim survey shows that in the twelve months preceding the survey 4.3 percent of all Internet users were victims of hacking, 2.4 percent were victims of online scams (by paying for a good or service but not receiving them), 0.8 percent were victims of identity fraud and 0.2 percent of advanced fee fraude. Of all victims, 11.9 percent was victim of more than one of the cybercrimes we studied for this article. If we compare this with figures of offline crime we see that in the Netherlands in 2010, 1 percent were victims of assault, 1.2 percent of burglary and 1.5 percent of sexual offenses. In comparison with these offline crimes, the cybercrimes in our study have significant numbers of victims. Among Internet users, we see that victims of hacking and fraud by auction or selling sites are more often youngsters than older people (for hacking 15 till 35 years in fraud 15 till 25 years), people without a partner are at higher risk than people with partners and people with indicated that their most recently completed education were low are more at risk than people with high education. Especially with the online fraud this is remarkable, because it appears that people who make the most purchases over the Internet are higher educated and mostly in 25 till 45 years old.


Miranda Domenie
M.M.L. (Miranda) Domenie BSc is onderzoeker bij het Lectoraat Cybersafety van NHL Hogeschool en Politieacademie. E-mail: m.m.l.domenie@nhl.nl

Rutger Leukfeldt
E.R. (Rutger) Leukfeldt MSc is onderzoeker bij het Lectoraat Cybersafety van NHL Hogeschool en Politieacademie en promovendus aan de Open Universiteit. E-mail: e.r.leukfeldt@nhl.nl

Johan van Wilsem
Dr. J. (Johan) van Wilsem is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden.

Wouter Stol
Prof. dr. W.Ph. (Wouter) Stol is Lector Cybersafety aan de NHL Hogeschool en Politieacademie en bijzonder hoogleraar Politiestudies aan de Open Universiteit.
Column

Het academische antwoord op het frauderen van Stapel

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Toezicht, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden Fraude, cultuur, universiteit, toezicht, macht
Auteurs Dr. T. Müller
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze beschouwing over het frauderen van Diederik Stapel wordt ingegaan op de voorgestelde maatregelen om dit in de toekomst te voorkomen: meer en beter toezicht van onafhankelijke buitenstaanders. Het is de vraag of dit aansluit op de praktijk van (het ontdekken van) fraude. Zo zijn het vaak bekenden en collega’s die de fraude ontdekken. Onafhankelijke buitenstaanders weten niet waar ze moeten beginnen en zoeken in feite naar de spreekwoordelijke speld in de hooiberg. Tevens gaan de gesuggereerde maatregelen voorbij aan de culturele en sociale context waarin Stapel opereerde. Gedetailleerd inzicht hierin dient verkregen te worden om vergelijkbare vormen van fraude in de toekomst te voorkomen.


Dr. T. Müller
Dr. T. Müller is verbonden aan de sectie criminologie van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Mediaberichtgeving over witteboordencriminaliteit

‘There’s no such thing as bad publicity’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Toezicht, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden witteboordencriminaliteit, strafrecht, media, publiciteit, framing
Auteurs Drs. J.J.H. Beckers en Dr. J.G. van Erp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Recentelijk werden de hoofdverdachten in de ‘Klimop-zaak’ door de Rechtbank Haarlem in eerste aanleg veroordeeld tot uiteenlopende straffen. Strafrechtelijke vervolging van fraude zou er mede toe moeten dienen witteboordencriminaliteit ondubbelzinnig te veroordelen. Welke rol spelen de media bij deze pogingen om een grens te trekken in het grijze gebied tussen innovatief ondernemerschap en verwerpelijke roekeloosheid?


Drs. J.J.H. Beckers
Drs. J.J.H. Beckers is als promovendus verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus School of Law.

Dr. J.G. van Erp
Dr. J.G. van Erp is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan de Erasmus School of Law en lid van de redactie van Tijdschrift voor Toezicht.

    The laundering of criminal proceeds from environmental crime has so far received little attention. This is to some extent surprising because environmental crime is one of the most profitable types of crime. Criminal proceeds are in many cases bigger than in the drug trade. In this article three different categories of money laundering are described. The authors use an analogy with soccer to describe these categories. In ‘division one’ transactions are almost all in cash. The illegal goods, for instance fireworks, can be bought and sold with cash money. There is hardly any need to launder money and the border is barely an obstacle. In the ‘premier league’ the border plays an important role to launder money. The authors identify several methods of money laundering such as the mixing of legal and illegal trade, the use of double-entry bookkeeping and the use of priority rights. In the ‘Champions League’ criminal groups create an opportunity to make money illegally and to launder their criminal proceeds. For example the EU-wide introduction of CO2 emissions trading created an opportunity for VAT fraud.


W.P.E. van der Leest
Drs. Wouter van der Leest is werkzaam bij de dienst IPOL van het Korps landelijke politiediensten (KLPD).

G.J. van der Zon
Mr. George van der Zon is werkzaam bij de dienst IPOL van het Korps landelijke politiediensten (KLPD).

J. Han Wansink
Emeritus Professor of Insurance Law, Erasmus University and Leiden University.

Niels Frenk
Professor of Liability- and Insurance Law, VU University Amsterdam.

Herman Cousy
Director, Centre for Risk and Insurance Studies, K.U. Leuven.

Malcolm Clarke
Emeritus Professor of Commercial Contract Law, University of Cambridge.

Helmut Heiss
Dr. iur. (University of Innsbruck), LL.M. (University of Chicago); Professor of Law (University of Zurich); Chairman of the Project Group on a Restatement of European Insurance Contract Law; of counsel, gbf attorneys-at-law, Zurich.
Artikel

Slachtofferschap van identiteitsfraude

Een studie naar aard, omvang, risicofactoren en nasleep

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2012
Auteurs J. van Wilsem
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Identity fraud involves the theft of another person's identity information (e.g. bank account number and password), mostly for purposes of financial gain to the offender. The literature review summarizes main results from international and Dutch research with respect to the nature, size, risk factors and aftermath of identity fraud as well as the consequences for its victims. Though scientific research on these phenomena is taking place more and more, much work yet remains to be done. This review ends with suggestions for future research on identity fraud.


J. van Wilsem
Dr. Johan van Wilsem is als universitair hoofddocent Criminologie verbonden aan de Universiteit Leiden.
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