Zoekresultaat: 100 artikelen

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Pending Cases

Case C-804/18, Religious Discrimination

IX – v – WABE e. V., reference lodged by the Arbeitsgericht Hamburg (Germany) on 20 December 2018

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 2 2019
Artikel

Islamitische scholen dragen bij aan integratie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden islamitische scholen, Integratie, bijzonder onderwijs, Schoolidentiteit
Auteurs Dr. Marietje Beemsterboer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Unlike the common expectations, Islamic primary schools can contribute to the integration of Muslims in the Dutch society. This article is a reflection of Dr Beemsterboer’s doctoral research and asks what this conclusion can say about other religion based primary schools.


Dr. Marietje Beemsterboer
Dr. M.M. Beemsterboer promoveerde in 2018 op het proefschrift Islamitische basisscholen in Nederland. Ze werkt als leerkracht in het basisonderwijs en is verbonden aan het Centre for the Study of Islam and Society van de Universiteit Leiden (LUCIS). m.m.beemsterboer@gmail.com
Artikel

Extremisme gezien vanuit de Dialogical Self Theory

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Extremism, zelf, Democratie, Dialog, Diversiteit
Auteurs Prof. dr. Frans Wijsen en em. prof. dr. Hubert Hermans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Extremism is a phenomenon that bothers various EU member states. It is difficult to define, and difficult to study. In this contribution we look at extremism from the perspective of the Dialogical Self Theory (DST). This theory is well-known in personality psychology. Recently is has got a development that could make it relevant for understanding, predicting and preventing extremism. The issue at stake is the relation between diversity, dialogue and democracy.


Prof. dr. Frans Wijsen
Prof. dr. F.J.S. Wijsen is hoogleraar Religie- en missiewetenschap, en decaan van de faculteit Theologie aan de Radboud Universiteit, Nijmegen. Hij redigeerde onder andere (met Kocku von Stuckrad) Making Religion. Theory and Practice of Discursive Study of Religion (Brill, 2016).

em. prof. dr. Hubert Hermans
Dr. H.J.M. Hermans is emeritus hoogleraar Psychologie aan de Radboud Universiteit, Nijmegen. Hij is de grondlegger van de Dialogical Self Theory en president van de International Society for Dialogical Science. Hij is auteur van Society in the Self: A theory of identity in democracy (Oxford University Press 2018). hhermans@psych.ru.nl

    The Supreme Court has ruled that a baker’s refusal to provide a cake with a slogan supporting gay marriage was not sexual orientation discrimination, nor discrimination on grounds of political belief. The Northern Ireland bakery was owned by Christians who had religious objections to gay marriage (they thought Christian doctrine holds that marriage can only take place between a man and a woman). Gay marriage is not legal in Northern Ireland, although it is in the rest of the United Kingdom. Gay couples can enter into a ‘civil partnership’ in Northern Ireland, which formalises the relationship and provides it with legal recognition in a similar way to marriage.


Soren Kristophersen
Soren Kristophersen is a Legal Assistant at Lewis Silkin LLP.
Rulings

ECJ 22 January 2019, case C-193/17 (Cresco Investigation), Discrimination, Religion

Cresco Investigation GmbH – v – Markus Achatzi, Austrian case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Discrimination, Religion
Samenvatting

    The Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) has clarified the grounds on which bad faith can be alleged in a victimisation claim under the Equality Act 2010 (‘EqA’). The EAT held that although motive in alleging victimisation could be relevant, the primary question is whether the employee acted honestly in giving the evidence or information, or in making the allegation. The concept of ‘bad faith’ is thus different in victimisation claims than whistleblowing claims.


Soyoung Lee
Soyoung Lee is an Associate at Lewis Silkin LLP.
Law Review

2019/1 EELC’s review of the year 2018

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2019
Auteurs Ruben Houweling, Catherine Barnard, Filip Dorssemont e.a.
Samenvatting

    For the second time, various of our academic board analysed employment law cases from last year. However, first, we start with some general remarks.


Ruben Houweling

Catherine Barnard

Filip Dorssemont

Jean-Philippe Lhernould

Francesca Maffei

Niklas Bruun

Anthony Kerr

Jan-Pieter Vos

Luca Ratti

Daiva Petrylaite

Andrej Poruban

Stein Evju

    If a religious organisation relies on an exception to the principle of equal treatment to draft rules that differ according to the religion of the employees, this must be subject to judicial review and will be acceptable only if the religion or belief constitutes a genuine and legitimate occupational requirement, justified by the ethos of the organisation concerned and the application of the exception is proportionate. If there are contrary provisions in national law, these must be disapplied.

Artikel

Islamitische scholen en indoctrinatie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden islamitische scholen, indoctrinatie, Onderwijsvrijheid
Auteurs prof. dr. Michael S. Merry en dr. Marcel Maussen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Islamic schools are often criticized for indoctrinating children, which would violate the goals of education in a democratic society. This article explores whether, as a matter of principle, parents could legitimately choose to send their child to a school where he or she will be indoctrinated, for example because they believe that at a religious schools the opportunities for a child to be stigmatized are smaller. Besides, the article investigates whether it is plausible that children in Islamic school in the Netherlands are indeed being indoctrinated.


prof. dr. Michael S. Merry
Prof. dr. M.S. Merry is hoogleraar Opvoedkunde, in het bijzonder Grondslagen en Geschiedenis van de Pedagogische Wetenschappen aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

dr. Marcel Maussen
Dr. M.J.M. Maussen is universitair hoofddocent bij de afdeling Politicologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open The Enemy of All Humanity

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden hostis generis humani, piracy, crimes against humanity, universal jurisdiction, radical evil
Auteurs David Luban
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Trationally, the term “enemy of all humanity” (hostis generis humani) referred to pirates. In contemporary international criminal law, it refers to perpetrators of crimes against humanity and other core. This essay traces the evolution of the concept, and then offers an analysis that ties it more closely to ancient tyrants than to pirates. Some object that the label is dehumanizing, and justifies arbitrary killing of the “enemy of humanity.” The essay admits the danger, but defends the concept if it is restricted to fair trials. Rather than dehumanizing its target, calling the hostis generis humani to account in a court of law is a way of recognizing that radical evil can be committed by humans no different from any of us.


David Luban
David Luban is University Professor in Law and Philosophy at Georgetown University.
Article

Access_open Privatising Law Enforcement in Social Networks: A Comparative Model Analysis

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden user generated content, public and private responsibilities, intermediary liability, hate speech and fake news, protection of fundamental rights
Auteurs Katharina Kaesling
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    These days, it appears to be common ground that what is illegal and punishable offline must also be treated as such in online formats. However, the enforcement of laws in the field of hate speech and fake news in social networks faces a number of challenges. Public policy makers increasingly rely on the regu-lation of user generated online content through private entities, i.e. through social networks as intermediaries. With this privat-ization of law enforcement, state actors hand the delicate bal-ancing of (fundamental) rights concerned off to private entities. Different strategies complementing traditional law enforcement mechanisms in Europe will be juxtaposed and analysed with particular regard to their respective incentive structures and consequential dangers for the exercise of fundamental rights. Propositions for a recommendable model honouring both pri-vate and public responsibilities will be presented.


Katharina Kaesling
Katharina Kaesling, LL.M. Eur., is research coordinator at the Center for Advanced Study ‘Law as Culture’, University of Bonn.
Artikel

U vraagt, wij draaien iets anders

Een empirische studie naar wat benadeelden zoeken en krijgen in zaken over seksueel misbruik door de rooms-katholieke kerk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Vergoeding Personenschade, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden seksueel misbruik, rooms-katholieke kerk, slachtoffers, klachtenprocedure, compensatie
Auteurs Prof. mr. G. van Dijck
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De wereldwijde belangstelling die het seksueel misbruik door de rooms-katholieke kerk heeft gekregen, heeft in Nederland geresulteerd in een procedure voor slachtoffers van dit seksueel misbruik in Nederland. Deze bijdrage doet verslag van een onderzoek waarin is geanalyseerd (1) of benadeelden kregen wat zij zochten, en (2) wat daarnaast verklaarde waarom de geschilbeslechters overgingen tot het toekennen van niet-financiële compensatie zoals excuses, erkenning van het leed en erkenning van het seksueel misbruik.


Prof. mr. G. van Dijck
Prof. mr. G. van Dijck is hoogleraar Privaatrecht aan Maastricht University.
Artikel

De constitutionele advisering door de Venice Commission

Tijdschrift RegelMaat, Aflevering 4 2018
Auteurs Prof. mr. drs. B.P. Vermeulen en Mr. dr. A. Jasiak
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De Venice Commission heeft zich sinds 1990 ontwikkeld tot een gezaghebbende constitutioneel raadgever met betrekking tot de verenigbaarheid van (grond)wetgeving met de beginselen van de rule of law, mensenrechten en democratie voor de lidstaten van de Raad van Europa. Besproken wordt wat de Commissie is, wat zij doet en hoe zij dat doet. Vervolgens wordt ingegaan op de maatstaven die zij hanteert, en de specifieke uitdagingen die haar internationale positie, mede gezien het opkomend populisme en het spanningsveld tussen democratie en rechtsstaat, met zich brengen voor de mate van terughoudendheid in haar oordeelsvorming. Daarbij wordt specifiek ingegaan op de ‘casus Polen’.


Prof. mr. drs. B.P. Vermeulen
Prof. mr. drs. B.P. (Ben) Vermeulen is lid van de Raad van State en lid van de Venice Commission (2007-2011 substituut-lid).

Mr. dr. A. Jasiak
Mr. dr. A. (Anna) Jasiak is sectorhoofd (sectie III) in de Afdeling advisering van de Raad van State; in 2014 was zij gedetacheerd bij het secretariaat van de Venice Commission.
Artikel

Islam en mensenrechten: gaat dat nog lukken?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden sharia, mensenrechten, islam en mensenrechten, minimale mensenrechten, Islamitisch recht
Auteurs Prof. dr. mr. Maurits Berger
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The question central to this article is whether ‘Islam’ and human rights are compatible and, if not, whether there might be room to come to a minimum standard of human rights that can be shared globally. This article will demonstrate that, from the perspective of Islamic orthodoxy, principles that are fundamental to human rights, like equality and freedom of religion, pose unsurmountable problems, and the adjustment of these principles is theologically nearly impossible. However, a growing number of Muslim intellectuals holds the opposite view, using new theological methods to argue that these Islamic principles and human rights are compatible. Although they are warmly welcomed by human rights lawyers and activists, their methods are not uncontroversial, and they are still very small in number.


Prof. dr. mr. Maurits Berger
Prof. dr. mr. M.S. Berger is hoogleraar Islam en het Westen aan de Universiteit Leiden en directeur van de Leiden Islam Academie. Tevens is hij senior research associate aan Instituut Clingendael, lid van de Adviesraad Internationale Vraagstukken van het ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken, en hoofdredacteur van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid. Email: M.S.Berger@hum.leidenuniv.nl.
Landmark ruling

ECJ 17 April 2018, C-414/16 (Egenberger), Religious discrimination

Vera Egenberger – v – Evangelisches Werk für Diakonie und Entwicklung eV, German case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden Religious discrimination
Samenvatting

    It is ultimately for the courts to verify whether religious organisations can legitimately invoke occupational requirements as a reason for unequal treatment.


Lukas van den Berge
Lukas van den Berge is assistant professor of legal theory at the Erasmus University Rotterdam.

    In May 2017, the Ogiek indigenous community of Kenya successfully challenged the denial of their land and associated rights before the African Court of Human and Peoples Rights (‘the Court’). In the first indigenous peoples’ rights case considered the Court, and by far the largest ever case it has had to consider, the Court found violations of Articles 1, 2, 8, 14, 17 (2) and (3), 21 and 22 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (‘the African Charter’). It therefore created a major legal precedent. In addition, the litigation itself and Ogiek’s participation in the various stages of the legal process provided a model for community engagement, through which the Ogiek were empowered to better understand and advocate for their rights. This article will first explain the history of the case and the Court’s findings, and then move on to examine in further detail methods employed to build the Ogiek’s capacity throughout, and even beyond, the litigation.


Lucy Claridge
Legal Director, Minority Rights Group International.

    In the process of adjudication and litigation, indigenous peoples are usually facing a very complex and demanding process to prove their rights to their lands and ancestral territories. Courts and tribunals usually impose a very complex and onerous burden of proof on the indigenous plaintiffs to prove their rights over their ancestral territories. To prove their rights indigenous peoples often have to develop map of their territories to prove their economic, cultural, and spiritual connections to their territories. This article reflects on the role played by the mapping of indigenous territories in supporting indigenous peoples’ land claims. It analyses the importance of mapping within the process of litigation, but also its the impact beyond the courtroom.


Jeremie Gilbert PhD
Jeremie Gilbert is professor of Human Rights Law, University of Roehampton.

Ben Begbie-Clench
Ben Begdie-Clench is a consultant working with San communities in southern Africa.

    The judgment of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in the case of Kaliña and Lokono Peoples v. Suriname is noteworthy for a number of reasons. Particularly important is the Court’s repeated citation and incorporation of various provisions of the 2007 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples into its interpretation of the American Convention on Human Rights. This aids in greater understanding of the normative value of the Declaration’s provisions, particularly when coupled with the dramatic increase in affirmations of that instrument by UN treaty bodies, Special Procedures and others. The Court’s analysis also adds detail and further content to the bare architecture of the Declaration’s general principles and further contributes to the crystallisation of the discrete, although still evolving, body of law upholding indigenous peoples’ rights. Uptake of the Court’s jurisprudence by domestic tribunals further contributes to this state of dynamic interplay between sources and different fields of law.


Fergus MacKay JD
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 18 October 2017, case C-409/16 (Kalliri), Gender discrimination

Ypourgos Esoterikon and Ypourgos Ethnikis paideias kai Thriskevmaton – v – Maria-Eleni Kalliri, Greek case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Gender discrimination
Samenvatting

    The competition notice for enrolment in Greek police schools requires applicants, whichever their gender, to be at least 1.70m in height. This disadvantages a far greater number of women than men and does not appear either appropriate or necessary to achieve the legitimate objective it pursues.

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