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Artikel

Georganiseerde kinderpornonetwerken op het darkweb

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2018
Trefwoorden child pornography, Dark Web, organized crime
Auteurs Madeleine van der Bruggen MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The emergence of Dark Web child pornography forums and their availability to large offender communities has enabled a professional form of child pornography distribution as well as an increased exchange of criminal and social capital. Offenders have access to a new platform in which strong ties and long-lasting relationships with co-offenders are formed. Moreover they could be classified as organized crime, because child pornography Dark Web forums are characterized by a hierarchical order, a clear role division and illegal power structures that regulate the illegal activities. The implications from a law enforcement as well as from scientific perspective are discussed.


Madeleine van der Bruggen MSc
M. van der Bruggen MSc MA is als promovendus verbonden aan de Universiteit Leiden en werkzaam bij de Dienst Landelijke Recherche van de Nationale Politie.
Artikel

Alcohol en agressie: een complexe relatie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2011
Auteurs N. van Hasselt, N. van Bunningen en R. Bovens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Not everyone using alcohol turns aggressive. The effect of a substance like alcohol works differently for different individuals. This is not only due to the substance itself, but also to the drinker's attitude, state of mind and personality, as well as the physical, social and cultural settings in which drinking occurs. The relation between alcohol consumption and aggression is therefore a complex one. Moreover alcohol consumption often takes place in settings and situations where other aggression stimulating factors are present. This article explores the relation between alcohol and aggression on the basis of existing literature. Attention goes to the effects of the substance itself, the drinker and the context in which the drinking takes place.


N. van Hasselt
Drs. Ninette van Hasselt is werkzaam bij het Trimbos-instituut.

N. van Bunningen
Drs. N. van Bunningen is werkzaam bij het Trimbos-instituut.

R. Bovens
Dr. René Bovens is werkzaam bij het Trimbos-instituut.

    This paper analyses the association between rural youth violence, drinking alcohol in the weekend and going to the pub, as compared to their peers in more urbanized areas. In addition, the paper analyses whether the gender gap in the use of violence is larger for rural youth. Based on self-report data of 5,062 youngsters aged 14-22 years old, two forms of violence were analysed. The first concerns physical violence: fighting, hitting someone resulting in medical treatment and wounding someone with a weapon. The second comprises behaviour that prepares for the use of violence: threatening and carrying a weapon. These two forms of violence were related to two types of rural areas on the basis of population density. It turned out that youngsters living in the least densely populated areas were not less likely to have engaged in physical violence whereas their peers in more densely populated rural areas had somewhat lower chances to do so. Concerning behaviour that prepares for violence, the analyses showed that in both rural areas, youth were slightly less likely to have engaged in such behaviour. Furthermore, the association between drinking alcohol and the use of physical violence was stronger for youth living in both rural areas. The results also indicate that the gender gap in youth violence is not larger for rural youth. The paper concludes that future research should inquire the specific meanings of alcohol and violence in rural youth culture. Such research should take the diversity of rural areas into account, rather than relying on measures of population density only.


D. Weenink
Dr. Don Weenink is als hoofddocent verbonden aan de Rural Sociology Group van de Universiteit Wageningen. Dit artikel is onderdeel van een onderzoek naar geweld onder jongeren, ondersteund door een NWO Venibeurs.
Redactioneel

Voorwoord

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2011
Auteurs M.P.C. Scheepmaker

M.P.C. Scheepmaker
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