Zoekresultaat: 77 artikelen

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Article

Access_open On the Eve of Web-Harvesting and Web-Archiving for Libraries in Greece

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden web harvesting, data analysis, text & data mining, TDM: Proposal EU Copyright Directive
Auteurs Maria Bottis, Marinos Papadopoulos, Christos Zampakolas e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This conference paper submitted on the occasion of the 8th International Conference on Information Law and Ethics (University of Antwerp, December 13-14, 2018) that focused on modern intellectual property governance and openness in Europe elaborates upon the Text and Data Mining (TDM) issue in the field of scientific research, which is still-by the time of composition of this paper-in the process of discussion and forthcoming voting before the European Parliament in the form of provision(s) included in a new Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market. TDM is included in the proposal for a Directive of the European parliament and of the Council on copyright in the Digital Single Market-Proposal COM(2016)593 final 2016/0280(COD) that was submitted to the European Parliament.


Maria Bottis
Associate Professor, Department of Archives, Library Science and Museology, Ionian University, Corfu, Greece.

Marinos Papadopoulos
Attorney-at-Law, Independent Researcher, PhD, MSc, JD, Athens, Greece.

Christos Zampakolas
Archivist/Librarian, Independent Researcher, PhD, MA, BA, Ioannina, Greece.

Paraskevi Ganatsiou
Educator, MA, BA, Prefecture of Ionian Islands, Corfu, Greece.
Article

Access_open Access and Reuse of Machine-Generated Data for Scientific Research

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden machine-generated data, Internet of Things, scientific research, personal data, GDPR
Auteurs Alexandra Giannopoulou
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Data driven innovation holds the potential in transforming current business and knowledge discovery models. For this reason, data sharing has become one of the central points of interest for the European Commission towards the creation of a Digital Single Market. The value of automatically generated data, which are collected by Internet-connected objects (IoT), is increasing: from smart houses to wearables, machine-generated data hold significant potential for growth, learning, and problem solving. Facilitating researchers in order to provide access to these types of data implies not only the articulation of existing legal obstacles and of proposed legal solutions but also the understanding of the incentives that motivate the sharing of the data in question. What are the legal tools that researchers can use to gain access and reuse rights in the context of their research?


Alexandra Giannopoulou
Institute for Information Law (IViR) – University of Amsterdam.
Externe betrekkingen

Een steun in de rug voor het investeringsbeleid van de Commissie: Advies 1/17 (CETA)

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 9-10 2019
Trefwoorden advies 1/17, internationaal investeringsrecht, autonomie van de rechtsorde van de EU, geschillenbeslechting, advies 2/13, ISDS-systeem
Auteurs Dr. L.J. Ankersmit
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In Advies 1/17 oordeelt het Hof van Justitie dat het geschillenbeslechtingsmechanisme tussen investeerders en staten (hierna: het ‘ISDS-systeem’) in de Brede Economische en Handelsovereenkomst tussen Canada en de EU (CETA) verenigbaar is met de Verdragen. Het advies was aangevraagd door de Belgische regering op verzoek van de Waalse regering. In het Advies gaat het Hof van Justitie in op drie aspecten van het adviesverzoek van de Belgische regering over de verenigbaarheid van het ISDS-systeem met de Verdragen: de autonomie van de rechtsorde van de Unie, het beginsel van gelijke behandeling en het recht op toegang tot een onafhankelijke rechter. Advies 1/17 is vooral opvallend omdat het minder strikt is dan voorgaande rechtspraak van het Hof van Justitie over externe controlemechanismen in internationale verdragen en doordat het Hof van Justitie zich mengt in de discussie over de impact van het ISDS-systeem op het democratische besluitvormingsproces binnen de EU.
    HvJ 30 april 2019, A-1/17, ECLI:EU:C:2019:341 (CETA)


Dr. L.J. Ankersmit
Dr. L.J. (Laurens) Ankersmit is universitair docent Europees recht aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Werk in uitvoering

The alternative war on drugs: drug evictions and the (re)regulation of cannabis

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Drug eviction, Drug policy, Culture of Control, Empirical legal research
Auteurs L. Michelle Bruijn LLM Ph.D.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    As a reaction to the perceived enforcement deficit of criminal law in the field of drug control, several countries implemented alternative regulatory strategies. One such strategy is the reregulating drugs, especially cannabis. Another strategy is the use of civil or administrative law to address drug-related crime. Especially the use of eviction to combat drug activities has become increasingly popular.
    My PhD research focuses on these two developments within the field of drug control. More specifically, on the underlying rationales for the policies on recreational cannabis, the possibilities that international law provide to regulate recreational cannabis, the legal protection against drug-related evictions, and the explanation for the use of eviction to fight drug-related activities.


L. Michelle Bruijn LLM Ph.D.
Michelle Bruijn is promovendus en docent aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

Prepping and verstehen

A narrative criminological perspective

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Verstehen, narrative, prepping, experience, ethnography
Auteurs Michael F. Mills en Jennifer Fleetwood
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Talk, chat, and stories are ubiquitous in ethnographic research. Engaging with the recently burgeoning literature around narrative criminology, this article argues that considerations of stories and storytelling can add much to cultural criminologists’ pursuit of ‘criminological verstehen’ (Ferrell, 1997). In doing so, we focus on one case study: ethnographic research grounded within the USA’s contemporary ‘doomsday’ prepping subculture. The article considers the value of attending to narrative during the pursuit of verstehen at two levels. First, we address the importance of storytelling upon entry to the ethnographic field – drawing attention to how the narratives researchers share, and their respect for certain stories, can facilitate deep and experiential access to stigmatized fields of activity (such as prepping). Second, we explore how narrative remains in play during immediate experiences. In particular, we argue that fleeting excitements featured in prepping lifestyles are often shaped by the significance of the ‘moments’ in which they occur to numerous personal narratives. We therefore contend that, for ethnographers interested in verstehen, a consideration of narrative offers a means to expand and deepen empathetic appreciation of participants’ worldviews and activities.


Michael F. Mills
Michael F. Mills is Lecturer in Criminology, School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research, University of Kent.

Jennifer Fleetwood
Jennifer Fleetwood is Senior lecturer in Criminology, Department of Sociology, Goldsmiths, University of London.

Mr. D.C. Houtzager
Mr. D.C. (Dick) Houtzager is Senior Programmamanager bij ZonMw en hoofdredacteur van Handicap & Recht.
Jurisprudentie

Access_open Kroniek Ondernemingsstrafrecht

Eerste helft 2019

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Bijzonder Strafrecht & Handhaving, Aflevering 3 2019
Auteurs Prof. mr. H.J.B. Sackers (red.), mr. A.A. Feenstra, mr. A.C.M. Klaasse e.a.
Samenvatting


Prof. mr. H.J.B. Sackers (red.)

mr. A.A. Feenstra

mr. A.C.M. Klaasse

prof. mr. M. Nelemans

mr. K.M.T. Helwegen

mr. dr. E. Sikkema

mr. dr. drs. B. van der Vorm

mr. dr. J.S. Nan
Article

Access_open The Court of the Astana International Financial Center in the Wake of Its Predecessors

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden international financial centers, offshore courts, international business courts, Kazakhstan
Auteurs Nicolás Zambrana-Tévar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Court of the Astana International Financial Center is a new dispute resolution initiative meant to attract investors in much the same way as it has been done in the case of the courts and arbitration mechanisms of similar financial centers in the Persian Gulf. This paper examines such initiatives from a comparative perspective, focusing on their Private International Law aspects such as jurisdiction, applicable law and recognition and enforcement of judgments and arbitration awards. The paper concludes that their success, especially in the case of the younger courts, will depend on the ability to build harmonious relationships with the domestic courts of each host country.


Nicolás Zambrana-Tévar
LLM (LSE), PhD (Navarra), KIMEP University.
Article

Access_open The Emergence of International Commercial Courts in India: A Narrative for Ease of Doing Business?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Commercial contracts, Enforcement, Jurisdiction, Specialized courts, India
Auteurs Sai Ramani Garimella en M.Z. Ashraful
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The liberal globalised order has brought increased focus on the regulation of international commerce, and especially dispute resolution. Enforcement of contracts has been a concern largely owing to the insufficiencies of the legal systems, especially relating to the institutional structure, and it holds true for India as well. The commercial courts mechanism – international and domestic – with innovative features aimed at providing expedited justice is witnessing much traction. India, similar to many other jurisdictions, legislated in favour of specialized dispute resolution mechanisms for commercial disputes that could help improve the procedures for enforcement of contracts. This research attempts to critique the comparable strengths and the reform spaces within the Indian legislation on commercial courts. It parses the status of commercial dispute resolution in India especially in the context of cross-border contracts and critiques India’s attempt to have specialised courts to address commercial dispute resolution.


Sai Ramani Garimella
Sai Ramani Garimella, PhD, is assistant professor of the faculty of legal studies at the South Asian University in New Delhi.

M.Z. Ashraful
M.Z. Ashraful is the research student at South Asian University in New Delhi.
Law Review

2019/1 EELC’s review of the year 2018

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2019
Auteurs Ruben Houweling, Catherine Barnard, Filip Dorssemont e.a.
Samenvatting

    For the second time, various of our academic board analysed employment law cases from last year. However, first, we start with some general remarks.


Ruben Houweling

Catherine Barnard

Filip Dorssemont

Jean-Philippe Lhernould

Francesca Maffei

Niklas Bruun

Anthony Kerr

Jan-Pieter Vos

Luca Ratti

Daiva Petrylaite

Andrej Poruban

Stein Evju

Richard Abel
Rick Abel is Connell Distinguished Professor of Law Emeritus and Distinguished Research Professor at University of California Los Angeles (UCLA). 'John and I, we both began our academic careers at Yale in the late 1960s, were alienated by the institution (social pretensions and intellectual narrowness) and happily found other homes: John in the Netherlands and I in California. I left Yale as an Associate Professor. At UCLA I am Connell Distinguished Professor of Law Emeritus and Distinguished Research Professor.'
Artikel

Access_open The Enemy of All Humanity

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden hostis generis humani, piracy, crimes against humanity, universal jurisdiction, radical evil
Auteurs David Luban
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Trationally, the term “enemy of all humanity” (hostis generis humani) referred to pirates. In contemporary international criminal law, it refers to perpetrators of crimes against humanity and other core. This essay traces the evolution of the concept, and then offers an analysis that ties it more closely to ancient tyrants than to pirates. Some object that the label is dehumanizing, and justifies arbitrary killing of the “enemy of humanity.” The essay admits the danger, but defends the concept if it is restricted to fair trials. Rather than dehumanizing its target, calling the hostis generis humani to account in a court of law is a way of recognizing that radical evil can be committed by humans no different from any of us.


David Luban
David Luban is University Professor in Law and Philosophy at Georgetown University.
Editorial

Access_open Introduction by the Editorial Board - Piracy

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2018
Auteurs Michiel van der Wolf

Michiel van der Wolf

Birgit Feldtmann
Birgit Feldtmann is professor (mso) at the Department of Law, Aalborg University.

Christian Frier
Christian Frier is research assistant at the Department of Law, University of Southern Denmark. He obtained his PhD in Law in March 2019.

Paul Mevis
Paul Mevis is professor of criminal law and criminal procedure at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Annotatie

Wat is een nadeel voor de mededinging en wie bepaalt dat? Over de rol van deskundigen en de bewijsstandaard in het kader van discriminatie door een dominant platform

Rechtbank Amsterdam 21 maart 2018, ECLI:NL:RBAMS:2018:1654

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden misbruik van een economische machtspositie, deskundigenrapport, discriminatie, uitsluiting, digitale economie, platform markt
Auteurs Jotte Mulder
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Deze uitspraak van de rechtbank Amsterdam ziet op een langslepend conflict tussen Funda en VBO makelaars. De rechtbank stelt op basis van een deskundigenrapport vast dat Funda in het bezit is van een machtspositie. De uitspraak is interessant vanwege de belangrijke rol van het deskundigenrapport en de centraal staande schadetheorie die atypisch is en aanleiding geeft tot enige reflectie op de verhouding tussen zogenoemde uitsluitings- en exploitatie/discriminatoire vormen van misbruik en de verschillende bewijsstandaarden die daarvoor gelden.


Jotte Mulder
Mr. dr. J. Mulder is werkzaam bij de ACM en tevens universitair docent aan de Universiteit van Utrecht.
Artikel

Access_open The substance of citizenship: is it rights all the way down?

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Citizenship, Political Membership, Citizenship Rights
Auteurs Chiara Raucea
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper examines how the distribution of social goods within a political community relates to decisions on membership boundaries. The author challenges two renowned accounts of such a relation: firstly, Walzer’s account according to which decisions on membership boundaries necessarily precede decisions on distribution; secondly, Benhabib’s account, according to which membership boundaries can be called into question on the basis of universalist claims. Departing from both accounts, the author concludes that actual changes in the pool of participants in practices of creation and exchange of social goods pressure a political community to redefine its distributive patterns and, accordingly, the boundaries of its formal political membership. This claim will be supported by the analysis of threshold cases decided by the EU Court of Justice, in which EU citizenship is invoked with the atypical purpose of granting rights to a specific group of non-formal members.


Chiara Raucea
Chiara Raucea is lecturer at Tilburg Law School. A longer version of her article is included in her doctoral dissertation Citizenship Inverted: From Rights To Status?, defended in December 2017 at Tilburg University.
Artikel

Crimmigratie en het uitzetten van strafrechtelijk veroordeelde vreemdelingen

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden crimmigration, bordered penality, migration, banishment, bifurcation
Auteurs Jelmer Brouwer MSc E.MA
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article analyses to what extent current responses to crime committed by immigrants can be seen as a modern version of the classical practice of banishment. To that end it analyses three recent policy developments directed at criminally convicted immigration. The analysis shows that during the last ten years there has been a sharp increase in the number of immigrants losing their residence permit following a criminal conviction. Moreover, punishment aimed at criminally convicted immigrants without a legal right to stay is increasingly aimed at permanent exclusion through the practice of deportation. Drawing on the theoretical notions of crimmigration and bordered penality, it is therefore argued that criminally convicted immigrants increasingly see themselves confronted with punishment practices that are the modern equivalent of the classical practice of banishment. This raises important questions about where we should draw the line between insiders and outsiders.


Jelmer Brouwer MSc E.MA
J. Brouwer MSc E.MA is als promovendus verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Verbanning en uitzetting in Noordwest-Europa sinds de vroegmoderne periode

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden banishment, expulsion, history, early modern period, Northwest Europe
Auteurs Dr. Margo De Koster
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    To supplement recent debates concerning the expulsion of criminal foreigners and the repelling of poor refugees with longer-term insights, this contribution examines banishment practices in early modern and modern Northwest Europe. It argues that banishment, a sanction involving a person’s geographical and social exclusion, served both to punish deviants and to monitor mobile newcomers. Expulsion practices were shaped mainly by concerns about the regulation of access to the labor market and poor relief. The profile of the expellee displays remarkable continuity across time: the poor unwanted stranger, lacking social bonds and, in the case of female migrants, perceived as being prone to prostitution. Albeit banishment often proved only temporary and thus not effective, authorities continued to rely on it because of its symbolic function, displaying their diligence in purifying and protecting local society. This was much to the detriment of the expellees, who were driven into marginality and illegality.


Dr. Margo De Koster
Dr. Margo De Koster is als universitair docent Historische Criminologie verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
Recent

Gedragsregels nog onderweg naar eindstation

Tijdschrift Advocatenblad, Aflevering 10 2017
Auteurs Kees Pijnappels en Henriëtte Guest
Auteursinformatie

Kees Pijnappels

Henriëtte Guest
Beeld
Artikel

Keuze voor een sanctiestelsel: bestuurlijke boete of bestuurlijke strafbeschikking?

Tijdschrift RegelMaat, Aflevering 5 2017
Trefwoorden bestuurlijke boete, bestuurlijke strafbeschikking, rechtseenheid, doelmatigheid
Auteurs Prof. mr. H.E. Bröring
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Sinds de invoering van de bestuurlijke strafbeschikking zijn bepaalde voordelen van de bestuurlijke boete komen te vervallen. In deze bijdrage staat de vraag centraal wat anno 2017 de voordelen van de bestuurlijke boete zijn. Betoogd wordt dat bestuurlijkeboeterecht in materieel opzicht strafrecht is en in procedureel opzicht bestuursrecht, en dat de keuze voor de bestuurlijke boete daarom vooral op procedurele argumenten moet stoelen. Het belangrijkste procedurele argument ten gunste van de bestuurlijke boete is het vermijden van extra procedures. Het argument dat de bestuurlijke boete qua rechtsbescherming zou onderdoen voor de bestuurlijke strafbeschikking wordt van de hand gewezen.


Prof. mr. H.E. Bröring
Prof. mr. H.E. (Herman) Bröring is als hoogleraar Integrale Rechtsbeoefening verbonden aan de vakgroep Staatsrecht, Bestuursrecht en Bestuurskunde van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Zijn onderzoeksdomeinen zijn soft law, rechtshandhaving, vertrouwen in de overheid, en het publiekrecht van de Caribische landen en gebieden van het Koninkrijk.
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