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Artikel

Access_open Derdeninterventie bij collectieve arbeidsconflicten na de Wnra

Het ‘vergeten’ derde lid van artikel 6 ESH

Tijdschrift Arbeidsrechtelijke Annotaties, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden Normalisering, Derdeninterventie, Bemiddeling, Arbitrage, Cao-conflicten
Auteurs Mr. N. Hummel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Met de inwerkingtreding van de Wet normalisering rechtspositie ambtenaren op 1 januari 2020 hebben de meeste overheidssectoren de overstap gemaakt naar het cao-stelsel. De Ambtenarenwet 2017 bevat geen wettelijke grondslag meer voor een regeling ter beslechting van collectieve arbeidsconflicten. In de ambtelijke cao’s keert de (Lokale) Advies- en Arbitragecommissie (AAC) terug in de vorm van een derdeninterventieclausule. In deze bijdrage wordt ingegaan op de rol van de AAC voor en na 1 januari 2020, mede in het licht van de wijze waarop derdeninterventie bij cao-conflicten gestalte heeft gekregen in de marktsector. Ook wordt de vraag gesteld of de wijze waarop een voorziening ter beslechting van collectieve arbeidsgeschillen is verwezenlijkt, invloed heeft op het collectief actierecht. Daarbij spreekt de auteur een sterke voorkeur uit voor (her)invoering van een wettelijke grondslag voor een geschillenregeling voor sectoren die essentiële diensten leveren, zowel in de publieke als in de private sector.


Mr. N. Hummel
Mr. N. (Nataschja) Hummel is als docent verbonden aan de Universiteit Utrecht en doet promotieonderzoek naar de bijzondere rechtspositie van de militair.

Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is onder andere verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit en is TMD redactielid. Hij trad enkele malen op als rapporteur-generaal voor de Raad van Europa op het gebied van ADR/mediation.

Patrick Van Leynseele
Patrick Van Leynseele is attorney (Brussels and New York Bars), arbitrator, mediator and editor of this journal.
Interview

Twee experimenten met laagdrempelige rechtspraak: de Rotterdamse Regelrechter en de Haagse Wijkrechter

In gesprek met kantonrechter/regelrechter mr. Wim Wetzels en kantonrechter/wijkrechter mr. Jerzy Luiten

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2019
Auteurs Emese von Bóné
Auteursinformatie

Emese von Bóné
Emese von Bóné is als rechtshistorica verbonden aan de Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit te Rotterdam.
Artikel

De vrederechter in historisch perspectief

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden legal history, justice of the peace, Conciliation, small claim courts, access to justice
Auteurs Mr. dr. Emese von Bóné
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is about the history of the justice of the peace, a low profile judge where people easily have access to. The history of the justice of the peace goes back to the seventeenth century. The justice of the peace was reintroduced in the Netherlands in the French period, when the country was annexed by the French Empire under the reign of Napoleon. The justice of the peace was also introduced in Belgium and is still in use. The most important task of the justice of the peace is ‘conciliation’. In the conciliation procedure the justice of the peace has a very active role. The judge tries to mediate between the parties in order to come to an agreement.


Mr. dr. Emese von Bóné
Mr. dr. E.K.E. von Bóné is als universitair docent werkzaam bij de Capgroep Privaatrecht van de Erasmus School of Law (ESL) van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Zij doceert rechtsgeschiedenis en doet rechtshistorisch en rechtsvergelijkend onderzoek naar laagdrempelige rechtspraak.

Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is associate professor of ADR and comparative law at Erasmus University Law School in Rotterdam, editor-in-chief of TMD, and vice chair of the exams committee of the Mediators Federation of the Netherlands MFN. She has published extensively on mediation and has inter alia been a Rapporteur three times for the European Commission on the use of mediation in employment disputes.
Interview

Experimenteren met de vrederechter is de moeite waard!

Een gesprek met kantonrechter Rik Kruisdijk en vrederechter Lode Vrancken

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2018
Auteurs Emese von Bóné
Auteursinformatie

Emese von Bóné
Emese von Bóné is als rechtshistorica verbonden aan de Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit te Rotterdam.

    With a Belgian law of June, 18 2018, the principle of the voluntary nature of mediation was affected. A lot of critical comments can be made at this point. The scope of the obligation is not clear. Mandatory mediation raises the threshold to the court and has as effect that many cases are not handled in the most appropriate way. The bar doesn’t support the measure. Research is needed to find out if the new measure is justified.


Tom Wijnant
Tom Wijnant is assistent en doctoraatsonderzoeker aan de UGent. Zijn onderzoek legt de nadruk op de optimalisering van bemiddeling in België, met een focus op de faciliterende rol van de advocatuur.
Artikel

Promoting Conciliation and Mediation in Collective Labour Conflicts in Europe

Celebrating 50 years of Federal Mediation Services in Belgium

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Mediation, conciliation, collective labour conflict, strikes
Auteurs Ana Belén García, Erica Pender, Francisco J. Medina e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    On 23 April 2018, the Belgian Ministry of Labour, together with a consortium of 12 European research institutes, held a symposium on the current state of the art and best practices for conciliation and mediation in collective labour conflicts within the European Union, and particularly in Belgium. The symposium was organized for two occasions. First, the 50st anniversary of the Belgium law, providing mediation services by the Ministry of Labour to prevent and mediate in collective labour conflicts. Second, the presentation of the results of an EU (DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion) sponsored project in 12 EU member states.
    The management of collective labour conflicts is in all countries regulated differently. The study shows that also practices of third party intervention differ largely. Most countries differentiate conciliation (a relative informal process of facilitated negotiation), mediation (usually defined as a strong involvement of the third party, who gives recommendations to the parties), and arbitration. Mediators typically are not trained, certified or registered as mediators in most countries. In all countries there is a large potential for conciliation, particularly in early stages of conflict (preventive mediation), as well as in rebuilding of trust after conflict episodes. More details in open access book: Mediation in collective labor conflicts (Springer, 2018).


Ana Belén García
Ana Belén García is senior researcher at the University of Seville and KU Leuven, working in the departments of work and organizational psychology. She was coordinator of several EU funded research programs on social dialogue in organisations. The most recent project was on mediation in collective labor conflicts in 12 EU member states. Ana’s interest is on conflict management and mediation in organizations. She was editor of two handbooks in the Springer Series ‘Industrial relations and conflict management’. Ana holds a PhD in Psychology and HRM from the University of Seville and KU Leuven. She is also a registered mediator.

Erica Pender
Erica Pender is a mediator and senior researcher at the University of Seville and KU Leuven in the department of Work and Organizational Psychology. She holds a PhD in Psychology from the University of Seville and KU Leuven focusing on trust and trustworthiness in organizations. After studying psychology at the University of Seville, she obtained her MSc at Maastricht University. She has coordinated two large-scale projects for the European Commission, and was co-editor of two handbooks in the Springer Series ‘Industrial relations and conflict management’.

Francisco J. Medina
Fransisco J. Medina is professor in social and organizational psychology, and Dean of the Faculty of Psychology and Educational sciences, at the University of Seville, Spain. His interests are conflict management, mediation and organizational development. He is engaged for many years in the development of labor mediation in Spain, providing training for mediators. He is also an experienced consultant and mediator. Francisco published both internationally and in Spanish extensively on conflict management and mediation.

Martin Euwema
Martin Euwema is professor in organizational psychology, and chair of the research group Organizational and Occupational Psychology and Professional Learning at KU Leuven, Belgium. He is also co-director of the Leuven Center for Collaborative Management and visiting professor at University of Copenhagen, IESEG-Paris, Sevilla, and Tsinghua (Beijing). He has extensive experience as consultant and mediator for both profit and non-profit organizations. His fields of expertise are conflict management, mediation, leadership, and organizational and team development.

Elisabetta Silvestri
Elisabetta Silvestri is Associate Professor of Italian Civil Procedure and Comparative Civil Procedure; Scientific Director of the postgraduate program on Mediation and ADR, Department of Law, University of Pavia. Co-Director of the annual seminar ‘Public and Private Justice’, Inter-University Centre, Dubrovnik, Croatia; member of the Scientific Advisory Board of Almo Collegio Borromeo, Pavia. She graduated from the University of Pavia and received a LL.M. degree from Cornell Law School. She is a member of the European Law Institute and the International Association of Procedural Law. She has written on Italian civil procedure and a variety of topics in the field of comparative procedure. She has lectured extensively in Italy and abroad; she is a member of one of the Working Groups established by the European Law Institute and UNIDROIT for the development of the project ‘From Transnational Principles to European Rules of Civil Procedure’.

Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is associate professor of ADR and comparative law at Erasmus University Law School in Rotterdam, editor-in-chief of TMD, and vice chair of the exams committee of the Mediators Federation of the Netherlands MFN. She has published extensively on mediation and has inter alia been a Rapporteur three times for the European Commission on the use of mediation in employment disputes.

Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is senior research fellow at Erasmus University and has published frequently on the relationship between public and private justice. He has been involved in research commissioned by the Worldbank, the Netherlands Council for the Judiciary, and various Dutch Ministries including the MoJ funded national project on court-connected mediation.

Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is associate professor of ADR and comparative law at Erasmus University Law School in Rotterdam, editor-in-chief of TMD, and vice chair of the exams committee of the Mediators Federation of the Netherlands MFN. She has published extensively on mediation and has inter alia been a Rapporteur three times for the European Commission on the use of mediation in employment disputes.

Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is senior research fellow at Erasmus University and has published frequently on the relationship between public and private justice. He has been involved in research commissioned by the Worldbank, the Netherlands Council for the Judiciary, and various Dutch Ministries including the MoJ funded national project on court-connected mediation.
Artikel

Mediation on trial: Dutch court judgments on mediation

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden Case law, The Netherlands, Voluntariness, Confidentiality
Auteurs Annie de Roo en Rob Jagtenberg
Auteursinformatie

Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is associate professor of ADR and comparative law at Erasmus University Law School in Rotterdam, editor-in-chief of TMD, and vice chair of the exams committee of the Mediators Federation of the Netherlands MFN. She has published extensively on mediation and has inter alia been a Rapporteur three times for the European Commission on the use of mediation in employment disputes.

Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is senior research fellow at Erasmus University and has published frequently on the relationship between public and private justice. He has been involved in research commissioned by the Worldbank, the Netherlands Council for the Judiciary, and various Dutch Ministries including the MoJ funded national project on court-connected mediation.
Redactioneel

Recht als probleemoplossing?

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2017
Auteurs Hilke Grootelaar, Prof. Peter Mascini en Dr. Wibo van Rossum
Auteursinformatie

Hilke Grootelaar
Hilke Grootelaar is postdoc onderzoeker bij het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtspleging en Conflictoplossing van de Universiteit Utrecht. Daarnaast is ze redactiesecretaris van dit tijdschrift en maakt ze deel uit van de gastredactie van dit themanummer van Recht der Werkelijkheid.

Prof. Peter Mascini
Peter Mascini is hoogleraar Empirical Legal Studies aan de Erasmus School of Law, de universiteit waaraan hij ook verbonden is als universitair hoofddocent Sociologie bij de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op legitimering, uitvoering en handhaving van wetgeving en beleid. Daarnaast is hij redactielid van Recht der Werkelijkheid en maakt hij deel uit van de gastredactie van dit themanummer van Recht der Werkelijkheid.

Dr. Wibo van Rossum
Wibo van Rossum is Universitair Hoofddocent aan het departement Sociology, Theory & Methodology van de Erasmus School of Law. Hij maakt deel uit van de gastredactie van dit themanummer van Recht der Werkelijkheid.
Artikel

Naar een regierecht voor de burger in het sociale domein?

Het recht op een familiegroepsplan als legal transplant

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Family group conference, Legal transplant, Care professionals, Family life, Big Society
Auteurs Dr. Annie de Roo en Dr. Rob Jagtenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The concept of family group conferences (FGCs) originated in New Zealand in 1989 as a tool and statutory right for extended family networks to arrange for the welfare and safety of a child that is neglected or abused by his/her own parents. Through successful FGCs, state intervention can be avoided while the resourcefulness of the larger community is mobilized. The concept has proliferated to many countries and therefore lends itself for analysis as a ‘legal transplant’. This contribution investigates the FGC as a transplant, focussing on how the concept has been adapted and incorporated in the legal systems of England and the Netherlands. In these two countries the ‘Big Society’ and austerity measures in the social domain are high on the policy agenda. How are such policy priorities blended – if at all – with the emancipatory ideal of granting family networks autonomy next to, or even over, publicly funded professionals? It appears that the FGC concept has been compromised in both England and the Netherlands, but in different ways.


Dr. Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is associate professor aan de Erasmus Law School te Rotterdam.

Dr. Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is senior fellow aan de Erasmus Law School te Rotterdam.

Emese von Bóné
Emese von Bóné is als rechtshistorica verbonden aan de Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit te Rotterdam.
Artikel

40 jaar Europa en mediation

Beschouwing naar aanleiding van het eindverslag van de Europese Commissie inzake toepassing van de Mediationrichtlijn in de lidstaten

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Mediation Directive, Geschiedenis ADR, Verslag Europese Commissie, Mediationrichtlijn
Auteurs Annie de Roo en Rob Jagtenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Taking the recent European Commission’s Report on the application of Mediation Directive 2008/52/EC as a starting point, the authors set out to reconstruct the pattern of ADR/mediation activities undertaken by the EU and the Council of Europe over the past 40 years. The authors conclude that the European initiatives have been conducive to a broadening and deepening of the ADR debate. Remarkable shifts can be observed in the emphasis placed by the European agencies during this period, notably a shift from emancipatory to efficiency-based arguments. The inherent coupling of private mediation and public adjudication entails risks however for each of these distinct conflict resolution strategies. The authors call for advanced research designs to generate the data needed for a genuine evidence-based policy in this domain.


Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is hoofdredacteur van TMD, hoofddocent aan de Erasmus Universiteit en vicevoorzitter van de examencommissie Stichting Kwaliteit Mediators. Zij heeft diverse malen als key expert voor de Europese Commissie meegewerkt aan projecten,met name op het gebied van arbeidsrechtelijke mediation.

Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is onder andere verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit en is TMD redactielid. Hij trad enkele malen op als rapporteur-generaal voor de Raad van Europa op het gebied van ADR/mediation.
Artikel

Peer_reviewedAccess_open The way to mediation in Belgian administrative procedural law

Tijdschrift Netherlands Administrative Law Library, februari 2016
Auteurs Lise Vandenhende, Brecht Warnez en Prof.dr. Ludo Veny
Samenvatting

    Given the rise of mediation in other legal disciplines and the influence of the EU, the call for mediation is increasing in Belgian administrative practice. Several years ago, the legislature took the first steps towards mediation in the judicial administrative procedure. This contribution is a study of the existing forms of mediation with its limitations and possibilities. Taking these findings into account, a possible mediation framework, applicable in the Belgian legal system, is proposed.


Lise Vandenhende

Brecht Warnez

Prof.dr. Ludo Veny

    The cost of conflicts in the Netherlands between civil parties or individuals and the government add up to more than 12 billion Euro. For this calculation, a framework has been developed to distinct between three cost categories: Subject (parties) cost, System cost (e.g. court) and Consequential cost. The latter category represents more than 50% of the total cost, the majority of which are born by commercial parties and employer. The government bears 12,5% of the total cost. The impact on insurance companies could not be estimated but is suspected to be substantial. It are these three parties who in concert should fund further investigation and develop initiatives to reduce the financial and human cost of conflicts. It is to be investigated which incentives are required to make this game change to take place.


Ivor Brinkman
Ivor Brinkman (1968) is Registeraccountant en Registermediator. Mede op grond van eigen observaties, aangevuld met uitgebreid onderzoek naar die van anderen, is hij tot de conclusie gekomen dat de impact van conflicten op mensen en organisaties groot is en dat de samenleving lijkt te juridiseren. Om dit tegen te gaan heeft hij Vantage opgezet dat zich richt op het ontwikkelen en verstrekken van instrumenten en diensten om mensen en organisaties te helpen anders om te gaan met conflicten door deze vroeger te herkennen, vaardiger te worden om escalatie te stoppen en meer zelfstandig in staat te zijn om tot oplossing te komen. Vooral het voorkomen van conflicten heeft zijn bijzondere interesse. Zie ook www.vantage.nl.
Artikel

Bemiddeling bij Belgische class actions

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden massaschade, collectieve afwikkeling, consumentengeschillen, class action
Auteurs Marc Taeymans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The author discusses the details of the new Belgian statute on class actions. An intriguing part of the new legislation is that friendly negotiations between the disputing parties are strongly encouraged, yet the intervention of a professional mediator is wholly absent from the law. This is surprising, as the author emphasizes, in view of the procedural safeguards that mediation entails, safeguards that could also be of use in mass litigation.


Marc Taeymans
Marc Taeymans is bedrijfsjurist, praktijklector KU Leuven, en erkend bemiddelaar.
Artikel

When it takes thousands to tango

Over de buitengerechtelijke collectieve afwikkeling van massaschade in Nederland en België

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden mass damage claims, collective settlement, high profile mediation, shadow of the settlement, 2013 European Commission Recommendation on settling mass damage claims (informal mechanisms)
Auteurs Rob Jagtenberg en Stefaan Voet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the authors compare Belgian and Dutch (draft) regulation of mass damage claims, and notably the prominent place reserved for the collective amicable settlement of such claims. Though collective action for the recovery of damage is still not possible in the Netherlands, Dutch law does provide for the possibility of the court endorsing collectively agreed settlements, since 2005. One of most notorious settlements, i.e. the Dexia case, is discussed, illustrating how individual victims may retain their standing to sue in court, although in such cases the courts show a tendency to cling to the terms of the collective settlement just the same (‘reflex effect or shadow of the settlement’). Mediation in brokering such high profile settlements does not necessarily follow the vested principles of mediation in ‘regular’ one to one disputes.


Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is docent aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en lid van de redactie van TMD.

Stefaan Voet
Stefaan Voet is postdoctoraal onderzoeker bij het FWO Vlaanderen, verbonden aan het Instituut voor Procesrecht van de Universiteit Gent en lid van de redactie van TMD.
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