Zoekresultaat: 9 artikelen

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Artikel

Tussen wal en schip

Etnografische inzichten in lokale havenbeveiliging

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2019
Trefwoorden ethnography, ports of Rotterdam and Hamburg, security personnel, customs, global commerce
Auteurs Dr. Yarin Eski
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This ethnography of everyday policing realities in the European ports of Rotterdam and Hamburg presents an understanding of policing spaces where protecting and supporting global commerce dominate. In undertaking this research, the author participated in the daily activities of 85 participants in Rotterdam (N=52) and Hamburg (N=33), consisting of 30 operational port police officers, 31 security officers, 10 customs officers and 14 others involved in port security-related matters (e.g. shipping agents, port authorities, boatmen and maritime engineers). These participants were collectively responsible for protecting the vulnerability of the just-in-time logistics by becoming the intervention, through which they become the very local threat to global commerce itself. A struggle that reveals itself in their (narrated) policing struggles with management, colleagues and multi-agency partners, as well as with the maritime business community and dangerous others.


Dr. Yarin Eski
Dr. Y. Eski is als universitair docent verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschap en Politicologie van de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Militaire actoren en accenten in de veiligheidszorg in twintigste-eeuws België

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden security, policing, Belgium, twentieth century, gendarmerie
Auteurs Jonas Campion Phd in History (UCLouvain, Paris Sorbonne – Paris IV)
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since mid-January 2015, nearly 300 soldiers were mobilized by the Belgian government to ensure the safety of public places in Liège, Brussels, Antwerp and Verviers, providing assistance to local and federal police forces. This provoked intense political and public debate about the issue of the provision of security in a democratic society, raising questions such as: which are the goals of security policies and what kind of risks are they supposed to address? Which control instances should be responsible for the provision of security and how should they operate? The central issue, here, is whether either civilian or military actors and practices are the most appropriate for surveillance and policing tasks. As a matter of fact, this discussion goes back to the Belgian independence and has marked the entire history of the Belgian police system, since at the heart of it, there has long been a military police force, the gendarmerie. In this contribution, we examine how the militarization of security and policing tasks evolved across the twentieth century in Belgium, which socio-political conditions shaped these evolutions, and what kind of arguments pro or contra military approaches have been advanced in this process.


Jonas Campion Phd in History (UCLouvain, Paris Sorbonne – Paris IV)
Jonas Campion is postdoconderzoeker aan de Universiteit Lille 3, France (Irhis, gesteund door het région Nord-Pas-de-Calais) en gastprofessor aan het UCLouvain, België.
Redactioneel

Historische criminologie: een vakgebied

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden History, social change, comparative analysis, crime trends, crime patterns
Auteurs Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld, Prof. dr. Margo De Koster en Prof. dr. Manon van der Heijden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Throughout history people have committed theft, fraud and murder. However, the frequency and severity of crimes are not static, but varies across time and space. The ways in which people respond to crime also change over time: penalties such as banishment, corporal punishment and capital punishment were frequently imposed in early modern Europe, but do not exist here anymore. Our thinking about crime and crime control changed over time as well. In addition to so-called hard crimes such as theft and homicide, various kinds of conduct were – in some times and periods – labeled as criminal (adultery, fornication and blasphemy). In crime control, state formation resulted in the emergence and expansion and professionalization of police forces and judicial systems, which development was accompanied by increasing interactions and interplays between supranational governments, private crime fighters, and informal forms of social control. Criminologists study fluid phenomena which vary across time and space. This makes exchange of knowledge and research cooperation between historians and criminologists particularly fruitful, or as Paul Knepper put it: ‘From what has been done so far, one thing is clear enough: the most interesting criminology arises at the point that history and criminology meet’ (Knepper, 2013, 2081).


Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld
Prof. dr. mr. C.C.J.H. Bijleveld is hoogleraar methoden & technieken van criminologisch onderzoek en directeur van het NSCR.

Prof. dr. Margo De Koster
Prof. dr. M. De Koster is universitair docent historische criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Prof. dr. Manon van der Heijden
Prof. dr. M.P.C. van der Heijden is hoogleraar Comparative Urban History aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Stapels koopwaar als eene bestendige aanlokking voor dieven’. De economische visie op criminaliteit en criminaliteitscontrole in de haven van Antwerpen (1880-1940)

De economische visie op criminaliteit en criminaliteitscontrole in de haven van Antwerpen (1880-1940)

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden governance of security, private security, crime control, situational crime prevention, loss prevention
Auteurs Drs. P. Leloup
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution focuses on the manner in which between 1880 and 1940 private actors in the port of Antwerp, whether or not in cooperation with the public authorities, interpreted crime and crime control in terms of risk management, loss prevention and situational crime prevention through a strict economic approach, as opposed to the then dominant institutionalized and criminological discourse. Whereas crime control by the major criminal justice institutions put an emphasis on the biological, psychological and sociological characteristics of the offender, measures taken by maritime, industrial and commercial organizations were aimed exclusively at manipulating the temporal and spatial dimensions of the opportunity structures in which criminal activities, which posed a threat to the economic profitability, could develop.


Drs. P. Leloup
Drs. P. Leloup is verbonden aan de Crime & Society (CRiS)-onderzoeksgroep van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Faculteit Recht en Criminologie, is houder van masterdiploma’s geschiedenis (Universiteit Gent, 2009) en criminologische wetenschappen (Universiteit Gent, 2012) en werkt aan een proefschrift over de ontwikkeling van de private veiligheidszorg in België, getiteld ‘The development of the private security industry in Belgium (1907-1990). A historical-criminological perspective on contemporary changes in security and crime control’.
Artikel

Het actuele veiligheidsdebat in Frankrijk

Een toneelstuk in meerdere bedrijven

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden security policy, security discourse, Sarkozysm, battle of criminologists
Auteurs Marc Cools
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this contribution the current security debate in France is dissected as if it were a play in different acts. President Sarkozy, the political producer, has launched a public ‘schizophrenic’ discussion in which criminologists/sociologists act and quarrel on the edge of a knife. This debate can only be understood in reference to French criminological history, politics, structures and scientific particularities. The contents of this criminological theatre of war can enrich criminological discussion in the Netherlands and Belgium.


Marc Cools
Prof. Marc Cools is professor in de vakgroep criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel en in de vakgroep strafrecht en criminologie aan de Universiteit Gent. E-mail: Marc.Cools@vub.ac.be, Marc.Cools@UGent.be.
Jurisprudentie

Grenzen aan het oorsprongslandbeginsel? Over de afweging tussen de eisen van de interne markt en sociale rechten

HvJ EG 12 oktober 2004, Zaak C-60/03 (Wolff & Müller): HvJ EG 21 oktober 2004, Zaak C-445/03 (Commissie tegen Luxemburg)

Tijdschrift Arbeidsrechtelijke Annotaties, Aflevering 02 2005
Trefwoorden Artikel 49 EG, beperkingen van vrijheid van dienstverrichting, ondernemingen in sector bouwnijverheid, onderaanneming, verplichting voor onderneming borg te staan voor minimumloon voor door onderaannemer tewerkgestelde werknemers
Auteurs H.H. Voogsgeerd

H.H. Voogsgeerd
Artikel

Misbruik van EG-Verdragsvrijheden: Naar een Europeesrechtelijk leerstuk?

HvJ EG 5 juni 1997 (VT 4), Jur. 1997, p. I-3159, HvJ EG 9 maart 1999 (Centros), Jur. 1999, I-1459, HvJ EG 23 november 1999 (Arblade en Leloup), <i>SEW</i> 1999, p. 42

Tijdschrift Onderneming en Financiering, Aflevering 44 2000
Trefwoorden lidstaat, Europees recht, verdrag, omroepinstelling, wetgeving, bewijslast, hof van justitie EG, rechtspraak, vrij verkeer van diensten, algemeen belang
Auteurs H. Voogsgeerd

H. Voogsgeerd
Jurisprudentie

Beperkingen op het vrije dienstenverkeer ter bescherming van werknemers

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 4 2000
Trefwoorden vrij verkeer van diensten
Auteurs I. van der Steen

I. van der Steen
Interface Showing Amount
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