Zoekresultaat: 31 artikelen

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Artikel

Boulevard Zuid in Rotterdam: een onderzoek naar het vertrouwen van winkeliers in politie en gemeente

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden shopkeepers; procedural justice; the Netherlands; ethnic minorities; performance theory
Auteurs Marc Schuilenburg, Laura Messie en Darnell de Vries
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, we analyze which aspects of performance theory and the procedural justice-based model are explaining the trust of shopkeepers in the police and local government. Utilizing a survey of 156 shopkeepers and 94 semi-constructed interviews with shopkeepers, which are located at the South Shopping Boulevard in Rotterdam (The Netherlands), the study finds that shopkeepers have a relatively high trust in the police and local government. This is surprising because various attempts in the past 30 years to revive the high street by the government have failed to improve its bad image, as dwindling visitor numbers, poor turnover, limited range of retailers, empty shops and high crime and offence levels show only too plainly. The findings also highlight that ethnic minority respondents have more trust in local government than Dutch shopkeepers. The explanation therefor is sought in the dual frame of reference theory.


Marc Schuilenburg
Marc Schuilenburg is universitair docent Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Laura Messie
Laura Messie, MSc was ten tijde van het initiële onderzoek masterstudente aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Darnell de Vries
Darnell de Vries, MSc was ten tijde van het initiële onderzoek masterstudente aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Kroniek Formeel strafrecht

Tijdschrift Advocatenblad, Aflevering 10 2019
Auteurs Max den Blanken, Maike Bouwman, Rachel Bruinen e.a.

Max den Blanken

Maike Bouwman

Rachel Bruinen

Chaimae Ihataren

Desiree de Jonge

Rick van Leusden

Patrick van der Meij

Michiel Olthof

Paul van Putten

Ben Polman

Melissa Slaghekke

Aimée Timorason

Paul Verweijen

Robert Malewicz

Linda Marsman
Artikel

Kroniek Materieel strafrecht

Tijdschrift Advocatenblad, Aflevering 10 2019
Auteurs Frezia Aarts, Rachel Bruinen, Dirk Dammers e.a.

Frezia Aarts

Rachel Bruinen

Dirk Dammers

Alexandra Emsbroek

Robert Malewicz

Michiel Olthof

Ben Polman

Inge Raterman

Melissa Slaghekke

Paul Verweijen

Linda Marsman
Artikel

Etnische diversiteit en onveiligheidsgevoelens in de buurt

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden fear of crime, ethnic diversity, neighborhoods, Herfindahl-Hirschman Index, geo-linguistic classification
Auteurs Iris Glas MSc en Dr. Roel Jennissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Living in a multicultural environment may be accompanied with an increased fear of crime. Residents may become alienated in a very diverse environment and withdraw themselves in their own social world. This ‘hunkering down’ may ensue feelings of unsafety. However, social scientists have done hardly any research on whether citizens who live in a multicultural environment in Western Europe actually feel more unsafe. This study seeks to contribute to fill in this knowledge gap. The authors’ research reveals that residents are more likely to feel unsafe in neighborhoods with a high degree of ethnic diversity. The aforementioned correlation is the most noticeable in neighborhoods consisting of people on medium incomes.


Iris Glas MSc
I. Glas MSc is PhD-kandidaat aan de Erasmus School of Social and Behavioural Sciences van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Dr. Roel Jennissen
Dr. R. Jennissen is als senior wetenschappelijk medewerker verbonden aan de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid.
Artikel

Een held valt niet – morele dilemma’s als een gevierde insider in de fout gaat

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden hero, moral entrepreneur, Bill Cosby, Jimmy Savile, Gerrit Achterberg
Auteurs Dr. Frank van Gemert en Danaé Stad MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Bill Cosby, Jimmy Savile and Gerrit Achterberg lived in different periods, in the US, UK, and the Netherlands. They were heroes because of what they accomplished during their professional careers but all three turned out to have committed serious crimes. Disclosure is painful, not only for the hero who comes to fall but also for the community that finds itself redefining moral standards when losing a celebrated insider. For this reason, the crimes of these three men have been concealed and kept secret for years. In comparing the three cases, this article tries to find out who decides on keeping the hero on his feet, how this is done, and if this changes over time.


Dr. Frank van Gemert
Dr. Frank van Gemert is universitair docent bij de sectie strafrecht en criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Danaé Stad MSc
Danaé Stad MSc studeerde criminologie aan de VU en is werkzaam bij het Regionaal Informatie en Expertise Centrum Amsterdam-Amstelland (RIEC-AA).
Artikel

Wel of geen identiteitscontrole? Het dilemma van de ‘rule enforcer’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Identity control, Police, Rule enforcer, Selectivity, Discretionary space
Auteurs Dra Inès Saudelli
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It is common knowledge that the police in executing its duty as “rule enforcer” disposes of certain discretionary powers. Because of the heavy workload and the often ambiguous legislation, the police officer needs to decide on a selective basis when, how and towards whom he/she will act. These discretionary powers are present in proactive identity controls and already provoked strong reactions in the past. The media accused the police of over-controlling certain minority groups. With this ethnographic study into the Belgian practice of identity controls, in which we observe and interview police officers, we wish to get a better view of the way in which identity controls are executed. Although the research is still ongoing, we have already been able to establish that the decision-making process is based on a police feeling which police officers claim to have and which is formed by (a combination of) different triggers attracting their attention.


Dra Inès Saudelli
Inès Saudelli Onderzoeker criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel ines.saudelli@vub.ac.be
Artikel

Access_open Oververtegenwoordiging van jongeren met een migratieachtergrond in de strafrechtketen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden disproportionate minority contact, DMC, juvenile justice, ethnicity, adolescents
Auteurs Dr. Albert Boon, Melissa van Dorp MSc en Drs. Sjouk de Boer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the United States, the term disproportionate minority contact (DMC) is used to refer to the disproportionate number of minority youth who come into contact with the juvenile justice system. Statistics on DMC in the United States put the issue on the political agenda and measures have been taken to reduce the inequality. In the Netherlands, there are some studies on the representation of ethnic minority groups in suspect statistics, but data regarding all ethnic groups at various stages of the juvenile justice chain are lacking. Due to this lack of information, DMC is not mentioned in Dutch research literature and is not a political issue. Therefore, the purpose of this article was to explore whether DMC existed in the Netherlands and whether elements of the US policy could be applied to the Dutch situation. To investigate this, the likelihood (odds ratio (OR)) was calculated for young people with a migration background to be registered and held as a suspect, to participate in an alternative punishment program (Halt) and their likelihood of incarceration. It turned out that the OR for young people with a non-Western migration background to be registered as a suspect was more than three times as high, with an OR of 5 or higher for some ethnic groups. The chances of a Halt-settlement were much lower for young people with a non-Western background. The odds of ending up in a youth prison was over six times higher for youngsters with a non-Western background compared to their Dutch native peers. For young people of Caribbean and Moroccan origin the likelihood was more than ten times higher. These results showed that DMC is present at all examined stages in the Dutch juvenile justice chain. The large overrepresentation of young people with a migration background (especially of Moroccan and Caribbean origin) shows that further research is needed in order to develop programs to reduce DMC. To establish this, it is important to register the ethnic origin of the individuals at all stages of the juvenile justice chain.


Dr. Albert Boon
Dr. A.E. Boon is psycholoog/onderzoeker bij Lucertis/De Jutters: kinder- en jeugdpsychiatrie (Parnassia Groep) en bij Curium-LUMC, de afdeling kinder- en jeugdpsychiatrie Universiteit Leiden.

Melissa van Dorp MSc
M. van Dorp, MSc is psycholoog/onderzoeker bij Lucertis/De Jutters: kinder- en jeugdpsychiatrie (Parnassia Groep) en bij de Academische Werkplaats Risicojeugd.

Drs. Sjouk de Boer
Drs. S.B.B. de Boer is psycholoog/onderzoeker bij Lucertis/De Jutters: kinder- en jeugdpsychiatrie (Parnassia Groep).
Artikel

Framing en interactie in grootschalige rechercheonderzoeken

Goffmans perspectief op de opsporing

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden criminal investigation, framing, police, Goffman
Auteurs Mr. dr. Renze Salet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This empirical study examines how criminal investigative police officers (re)construct a criminal case and the vulnerabilities of their logic.The investigation process is analyzed through Goffman’s framing and interaction theories. While Goffman’s theories have been widely applied to other disciplines, such contributions remain rare in criminology. Here, they shed light on how detectives understand and give meaning to the situation surrounding the criminal case they encounter. The results indicate that this approach shows promise for improving our understanding of the investigative process, if complemented by other theoretical views.


Mr. dr. Renze Salet
Mr. dr. R. Salet is universitair docent bij de sectie Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Trends in de overrepresentatie van jongens en jongemannen met een Marokkaanse achtergrond in de verdachtenstatistiek

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden crime trend, recorded crime, Moroccans, the Netherlands, cultural dissonance
Auteurs Dr. R. Jennissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Similar to the total youth crime, the share of Moroccan boys and men who are suspected of committing a crime is decreasing. The percentage of suspects among male Moroccan teens and early twenties declined with as much as 35% in the period from 2005 to 2015. However, the share of 12- to 24-year-old males with a Dutch background who were suspected of committing a crime, declined even more sharply. Therefore, the overrepresentation of Moroccans increased. The increased amount of cultural dissonance among Moroccan boys and young adults seems to be the most probable explanation for the increased overrepresentation of this group in recorded crime. Cultural dissonance is where migrants have to steer a middle course between two highly contrasting cultures, namely the culture of their country of origin (of their parents) and that of the country in which they are residing.


Dr. R. Jennissen
Dr. Roel Jennissen is als senior wetenschappelijk medewerker verbonden aan de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid. Hij schreef dit artikel op persoonlijke titel.
Artikel

Over de esthetica van het recht

Tragedie en christendom

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Tragedie, Esthetica, Dionysisch, Apollinisch, Liefde
Auteurs Dr. Timo Slootweg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Aesthetics of law entails a philosophical inquiry into the art and beauty of jurisprudence. In respect to this field of inquiry, Nietzsche’s The Birth of Tragedy (1872) has been largely ignored. Since Socrates’ ‘emancipation’ of the apollonian from the Dionysian element, the art of politics and law, has been founded almost exclusively on logic and scientific knowledge. This tradition of nihilistic ‘socratism’, culminated eventually in legalism and legal positivism that have subdued the acknowledgement of life, subjectivity and creativity. In line with Nietzsche, this article explores the prospective of a ‘rebirth of tragedy’. But in difference to him, it designates this rebirth to develop from out of the spirit of Christianity and Christian existentialism. Paul Scholten in particular, is interpreted as one whose biblical personalist approach resounds this tragic sense of law.


Dr. Timo Slootweg
Dr. T.J.M. Slootweg is historicus en filosoof. Hij doceert Rechtsfilosofie en ethiek aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden. Hij publiceerde onlangs: Uit de schaduw van de wet. Inleiding tot de esthetica van het recht (Antwerpen/Apeldoorn: Garant 2016).
Artikel

Mediale verbeelding en politiecultuur

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 0203 2016
Trefwoorden Police, culture, media
Auteurs Lianne Kleijer-Kool en Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the traditional understanding of police culture as well as in the criticism against the use of the concept of ‘police culture’, not much attention has been paid towards the influence of the representation of police work and crime in the media. Although since the pioneering studies in the sixties and seventies of the last century it has been made clear that police work is not limited to dealing with crime and criminal justice, the mass media for decades have presented a completely different image: one of thrill seeking and hardcore action. Police officers themselves tend to ‘sensationalize’ their work. Police culture is no longer understood as a deterministic coping mechanism, but is rooted in active and constructive participation of police officers. As a consequence we must pay attention to representation of ‘the police’ by the media and ask ourselves how identity work by police officers is influenced by the representation of crime and the police in the (new) media.


Lianne Kleijer-Kool
Lianne Kleijer-Kool is onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Werken in Justitieel Kader en docent Integrale Veiligheidskunde bij Hogeschool Utrecht.

Janine Janssen
Janine Janssen is Lector Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties bij het expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool en hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de nationale politie.
Redactioneel

Politiecultuur als kernbegrip en discussiethema

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 0203 2016
Auteurs Merlijn van Hulst, Jan Terpstra en Emile Kolthoff
Auteursinformatie

Merlijn van Hulst
Merlijn van Hulst is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan Tilburg University.

Jan Terpstra
Jan Terpstra is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Radboud Universiteit te Nijmegen.

Emile Kolthoff
Emile Kolthoff is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Open Universiteit, en doet onderzoek bij Avans University en de VU Amsterdam.
Artikel

Krachten op Straat: waar politiemensen uit putten en mee worstelen in hun alledaagse werk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 0203 2016
Trefwoorden Police culture, Meaning, focus groups, values
Auteurs Merlijn van Hulst, Gabriel van den Brink, Wiljan Hendrikx e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article scrutinizes the forces that are at play during the work of police officers in the Netherlands in order to unravel how they shape and give meaning to police officers’ workaday practice. By doing so, we contribute to scholarly debates in the fields of criminology and public administration and give a new impulse to the Dutch debate on policy culture. Using insights from the literatures on police culture, policing, police morality and police styles as theoretical background, an empirical study was conducted using fifteen focus groups with a total of 83 police officers working at street-level as main method of data collection. After analyzing the transcripts through an iterative coding process, four main forces that influence police officers’ workaday practice emerged from the data, partly confirming and partly expanding existing research: 1) environment and public; 2) group culture; 3) organization and its supervisors; and 4) personal factors. However, by acquiring a deeper understanding of these forces in relation to each other and to their workaday practice, police officers’ ‘moral resilience’ will increase: it will help them to act well-considered, strengthening their ability to explain the logic of their actions.


Merlijn van Hulst
Merlijn van Hulst is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan Tilburg University.

Gabriel van den Brink
Gabriël van den Brink is hoogleraar wijsbegeerte bij Èthos aan de Vrije Universiteit. Voorheen was hij lector aan de Politieacademie en hoogleraar maatschappelijke bestuurskunde aan Tilburg University.

Wiljan Hendrikx
Wiljan Hendrikx is PhD onderzoeker aan Tilburg University, waar hij onderzoek doet naar de professionele rolidentiteit van professionals in de zorg en het onderwijs in relatie tot veranderingen in de beleidscontext van beide sectoren.

Nicole Maalsté
Nicole Maalsté is als researcher, adviseur en publicist werkzaam bij Acces Interdit. Zij doet al 25 jaar onderzoek in moeilijk toegankelijke (drugs)milieus en ondersteunt met haar expertise over drugsmarkten het denkwerk van overheden, advocaten, belangenorganisaties en politieke partijen.

Bas Mali
Bas Mali is als docent-onderzoeker verbonden aan de School voor Hogere Politiekunde en aan de afdeling Onderzoek & Ontwikkeling van de Politieacademie.
Artikel

Normbeelden als alternatief voor politiecultuur: de integere, neutrale en loyale supercop

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 0203 2016
Trefwoorden police culture, norm image, integrity, neutrality, loyalty
Auteurs Sinan Çankaya
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article argues that the notion of norm images does more justice to the complexity of the police organization. The notion of ‘police culture’ is heavily criticized for its homogenizing tendencies, monolithic connotations and stereotypical and negative evaluation of police work. Norm images have an analytical value, because (1) the images are contextualized within and connected to the rule of law, (2) the images are sufficiently analytically flexible for a situational and relational interpretation of the cultural processes within the police organization, and (3) the notion theoretically presupposes the resistance strategies of social actors against the norm images. The article illustrates the theoretical value of norm images by focusing on the dominant images of the ‘trustworthy’, ‘neutral’ and ‘loyal’ police officer.


Sinan Çankaya
Sinan Çankaya is universitair docent op de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen & Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Dr. Liza Cornet
Dr. L.J.M. Cornet is als wetenschappelijk medewerker verbonden aan het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC) van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie.

Dr. Katy de Kogel
Dr. C.H. de Kogel is als senior wetenschappelijk medewerker verbonden aan het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC) van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie.
Artikel

‘Boeven vangen’

Het spel tussen politieagenten en de Ander

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden ethnic profiling, policing, othering, proactive stop
Auteurs dr. Lianne Kleijer-Kool en dr. Wouter Landman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is based on ethnographic research over recent years in eight Dutch police teams. It focuses on the othering process in which police officers define ‘crooks’ as the Other and chase, catch and arrest them. Catching crooks is perceived as an assignment as well as a game. Street cops construct detailed subcategories of the crook which influence their daily practices. They select crooks by recognition (the permanent suspects), by abnormalization (out of placeness) and by profiling (regardless of place). In addition to the discussion on ethnic profiling, we argue that profiling is a contextual practice. The contents of the profiles depend on the demographic characteristics of the district in which a police team operates. Interacting mediaframes of both the crook and the police reinforce the mutual caricatures and tense relationships.


dr. Lianne Kleijer-Kool
Dr. Lianne Kleijer-Kool is cultureel antropoloog en criminoloog en werkzaam als onderzoeker/docent bij Hogeschool Utrecht.

dr. Wouter Landman
Dr. Wouter Landman is bestuurskundige en werkzaam als onderzoeker/adviseur bij Twynstra Gudde.
Artikel

Vertrouwen van politiemensen in de strafrechtspleging

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden politie, strafrechtsketen, cynisme
Auteurs Jelle Kort MSc en Prof. dr. ir. Jan Terpstra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Half of Dutch police has no confidence in the criminal justice system. Police officers complain that it is impossible to tackle crime and disorder, because as they believe, prosecutors and judges are often letting them down. This article discusses an empirical study on police attitudes towards criminal law in The Netherlands. It is found that many police officers don’t know much about the legal proceedings that follow police work. A description is presented of how police officers think about legal questions: conviction, sentencing and detention on remand. It is concluded that there is a tension between on the one hand, the operation goals of order following a moral duty to restore street justice, and the protection of legal rights of individual citizens on the other. Subsequent recommendations have to do with the working relationship between police and the judiciary.


Jelle Kort MSc
Jelle Kort MSc is promovendus Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Zijn promotieonderzoek richt zich op de relatie van de politie met het strafrechtssysteem.

Prof. dr. ir. Jan Terpstra
Prof. dr. ir. Jan Terpstra is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Over crimmigratie en discretionair beslissen binnen het Mobiel Toezicht Veiligheid … of Vreemdelingen … of Veiligheid?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden Mobiel Toezicht Veiligheid, Crimmigratie, Discretionaire bevoegdheid, Koninklijke Marechaussee
Auteurs Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude, Tim Dekkers BBA MSc en Jelmer Brouwer MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article aims to explore the driving factors behind the process of crimmigration, the merger of crime control and migration control. By analysing the legal and policy framework governing the so-called ‘Mobile Security Monitor’ – the discretionary immigration checks carried out by the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee in the borderlands with Belgium and Germany, the research explores the extent to which the framework might leave room for crimmigration-based decisions on the street level. As the article shows, the dual nature of the Mobile Security Monitor as both an instrument for immigration control and crime control combined with an important name-change and the ongoing securitization of migration in Europe seem to create a favourable environment for crimmigration.


Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
Maartje van der Woude is Universitair Hoofddocent Straf(proces)recht aan de Universiteit Leiden en verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van dezelfde universiteit.

Tim Dekkers BBA MSc
Tim Dekkers is promovendus Criminologie en verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Jelmer Brouwer MSc
Jelmer Brouwer is promovendus Criminologie en verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Maartje van der Woude Mr. dr. MSc
Mr. dr. M.A.H. van der Woude, MSc is strafjurist en criminoloog en als universitair hoofddocent Straf(proces)recht werkzaam bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. Zij is tevens werkzaam als rechter-plaatsvervanger bij de Rechtbank Noord-Holland.
Artikel

‘Staring at the felony forest’

De complexiteit van risicoprofilering nader in kaart gebracht

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden profileren, discretionaire bevoegdheden, etniciteit, selectie
Auteurs Tim Dekkers MSc en Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, the debate around police profiling has been rather low key – until recently. Now it has turned into a heated discussion with a clear focus on ethnic profiling. This extensive international literature review aims to show that there is more to profiling than just ethnicity. Factors such as behavior and the vehicle someone is driving can be just as important as a person’s looks. The results of this study put profiling in perspective and level the playing field of the debate, in which the side of the organizations using profiling has not gotten enough attention until now.


Tim Dekkers MSc
Tim Dekkers MSc is junior onderzoeker bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude ishoofddocent Straf- en strafprocesrecht aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie te Leiden. Zij is tevens redactielid van PROCES.
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