Zoekresultaat: 156 artikelen

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Artikel

Access_open Strafbare seks tussen jongeren: ‘ontuchtig’ of ‘anders dan in het kader van een gelijkwaardige relatie’

Wie het weet mag het zeggen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden ontuchtige handelingen, seksuele autonomie minderjarigen, Legaliteit
Auteurs Dr. Renée Kool en Dr. Lydia Dalhuisen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A revision of the Dutch vice law is to be expected, amongst others with regard to sex between minors. The current standard requires such contacts to be in violation with the social view, indicating that the minor’s perspective is subdue to the majority opinion. Applying the legal standard of ‘indeceny’ (‘ontuchtig’), the judiciary are left with room for interpretation. In order to grant minors more sexual autonomy and to further legality, the legislator wants to change the criterion, opting for the standard of ‘other than in an equal relationship’. This begs the question whether this will solve the interpretive issues that flow from such open criteria. In order to predict whether the standard of ‘other than in an equal relationship’ will contribute to clarify the issues of legality, the jurisprudence with regard to the standard of ‘indecency’ was analyzed in order to learn which variables are applied by the magistracy.


Dr. Renée Kool
Dr. Renée Kool is universitair hoofddocent UCall/WPI bij Utrecht Centre for Accountability & Liability Law (UCALL).

Dr. Lydia Dalhuisen
Dr. Lydia Dalhuisen is universitair docent UCall/WPI, Universiteit Utrecht.
Recent

Rechtszaal uit, kamer in

Tijdschrift Advocatenblad, Aflevering 3 2021
Auteurs Francisca Mebius

Francisca Mebius
Artikel

De aanvang van de korte verjaringstermijn bij beroepsaansprakelijkheidsvorderingen na het arrest van de Hoge Raad van 9 oktober 2020

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden beroepsfout, bekendheid, art. 3:310 BW, schadevergoeding
Auteurs Mr. M. de Haan en Mr. E.A.L. van Emden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Op 9 oktober 2020 heeft de Hoge Raad een arrest gewezen over het moment waarop de verjaringstermijn van de beroepsaansprakelijkheidsvordering van de (voormalig) cliënt op zijn adviseur een aanvang neemt. In dit artikel wordt het arrest bekeken in de context van eerdere rechtspraak over dit onderwerp en wordt onderzocht hoe de door de Hoge Raad gegeven norm in de praktijk kan uitwerken.


Mr. M. de Haan
Mr. M. de Haan is advocaat bij NN Advocaten (Nationale-Nederlanden) te Den Haag.

Mr. E.A.L. van Emden
Mr. E.A.L. van Emden is advocaat bij NN Advocaten (Nationale-Nederlanden) te Den Haag en buitenpromovendus aan de Radboud Universiteit te Nijmegen.
Artikel

Acht advocaten strijden om Kamerplek

Tijdschrift Advocatenblad, Aflevering 1 2021
Auteurs Francisca Mebius

Francisca Mebius
Redactioneel

Politieke kernwaarden

Tijdschrift Advocatenblad, Aflevering 1 2021
Auteurs Kees Pijnappels

Kees Pijnappels
Artikel

Boulevard Zuid in Rotterdam: een onderzoek naar het vertrouwen van winkeliers in politie en gemeente

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden shopkeepers, procedural justice, the Netherlands, ethnic minorities, performance theory
Auteurs Marc Schuilenburg, Laura Messie en Darnell de Vries
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, we analyze which aspects of performance theory and the procedural justice-based model are explaining the trust of shopkeepers in the police and local government. Utilizing a survey of 156 shopkeepers and 94 semi-constructed interviews with shopkeepers, which are located at the South Shopping Boulevard in Rotterdam (The Netherlands), the study finds that shopkeepers have a relatively high trust in the police and local government. This is surprising because various attempts in the past 30 years to revive the high street by the government have failed to improve its bad image, as dwindling visitor numbers, poor turnover, limited range of retailers, empty shops and high crime and offence levels show only too plainly. The findings also highlight that ethnic minority respondents have more trust in local government than Dutch shopkeepers. The explanation therefor is sought in the dual frame of reference theory.


Marc Schuilenburg
Marc Schuilenburg is universitair docent Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Laura Messie
Laura Messie, MSc was ten tijde van het initiële onderzoek masterstudente aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Darnell de Vries
Darnell de Vries, MSc was ten tijde van het initiële onderzoek masterstudente aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Column

Advocaat-politicus

Tijdschrift Advocatenblad, Aflevering 10 2020
Auteurs Najima Khan

Najima Khan
Recent

Kort nieuws

Tijdschrift Advocatenblad, Aflevering 10 2020
Auteurs Kees Pijnappels

Kees Pijnappels
Artikel

Nederlands Caribisch rechtspersonenrecht

Tijdschrift Caribisch Juristenblad, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden Rechtspersonenrecht, Caribisch recht, Boek 2 BW
Auteurs Mr. K. Frielink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage over het rechtspersonenrecht wordt een overzicht gegeven van de ontwikkelingen op het terrein van wetgeving, rechtspraak en literatuur in de afgelopen 10 jaar.


Mr. K. Frielink
Mr. K. Frielink is advocaat te Curaçao en redacteur van het Caribisch Juristenblad.
Artikel

Access to Justice voor 12- tot 16-jarigen bij niet-nakoming van de geneeskundige behandelingsovereenkomst?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Jeugdrecht, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden Access to Justice, minderjarigen, medische behandelingsovereenkomst, formele rechtsingang, artikel 5 IVRK
Auteurs B. Blanckenburg LL.M, I.F.H.M. Gerrits LL.B en Dr. M.P. Sombroek-van Doorm
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Patiënten in de leeftijd van 12 tot 16 jaar moeten, naast hun ouders, op basis van de Wet op de Geneeskundige Behandelingsovereenkomst (WGBO) toestemming geven voor hun medische behandelingsovereenkomst. Maar dit houdt niet in dat de jeugdige tussen de 12 en 16 jaar een zelfstandige toegang tot de rechter toekomt in geval van niet-nakoming van de behandelingsovereenkomst. Is dit in overeenstemming met kinder- en mensenrechten?


B. Blanckenburg LL.M
B. Blanckenburg LL.M is advocaat bij Van Doorn cs advocaten.

I.F.H.M. Gerrits LL.B
I.F.H.M. Gerrits LL.B is masterstudent jeugdrecht aan de Universiteit van Leiden.

Dr. M.P. Sombroek-van Doorm
Dr. M.P. Sombroek-van Doorm is directeur van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid en benoemd in het Faculteitsbestuur. Verder is zij universitair docent bij de afdeling jeugdrecht en tuchtrechter bij het Regionaal Tuchtcollege voor de gezondheidszorg in Amsterdam.

Mr. K. Frielink
Mr. K. Frielink is advocaat, docent Verdiepend ondernemingsrecht aan de University of Curaçao en redacteur van het Caribisch Juristenblad.

Mr. dr. M.V.R. Snel
Mr. dr. M.V.R. Snel is als wetenschappelijk hoofdmedewerker privaatrecht verbonden aan de University of Curaçao en als research fellow aan het Tilburgs Instituut voor Privaatrecht, en redacteur van het Caribisch Juristenblad.
Article

Access_open Giving Children a Voice in Court?

Age Boundaries for Involvement of Children in Civil Proceedings and the Relevance of Neuropsychological Insights

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden age boundaries, right to be heard, child’s autonomy, civil proceedings, neuropsychology
Auteurs Mariëlle Bruning en Jiska Peper
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the last decade neuropsychological insights have gained influence with regard to age boundaries in legal procedures, however, in Dutch civil law no such influence can be distinguished. Recently, voices have been raised to improve children’s legal position in civil law: to reflect upon the minimum age limit of twelve years for children to be invited to be heard in court and the need for children to have a stronger procedural position.
    In this article, first the current legal position of children in Dutch law and practice will be analysed. Second, development of psychological constructs relevant for family law will be discussed in relation to underlying brain developmental processes and contextual effects. These constructs encompass cognitive capacity, autonomy, stress responsiveness and (peer) pressure.
    From the first part it becomes clear that in Dutch family law, there is a tortuous jungle of age limits, exceptions and limitations regarding children’s procedural rights. Until recently, the Dutch government has been reluctant to improve the child’s procedural position in family law. Over the last two years, however, there has been an inclination towards further reflecting on improvements to the child’s procedural rights, which, from a children’s rights perspective, is an important step forward. Relevant neuropsychological insights support improvements for a better realisation of the child’s right to be heard, such as hearing children younger than twelve years of age in civil court proceedings.


Mariëlle Bruning
Mariëlle Bruning is Professor of Child Law at Leiden Law Faculty, Leiden University.

Jiska Peper
Jiska Peper is Assistant professor in the Developmental and Educational Psychology unit of the Institute of Psychology at Leiden University.
Article

Access_open Safeguarding the Dynamic Legal Position of Children: A Matter of Age Limits?

Reflections on the Fundamental Principles and Practical Application of Age Limits in Light of International Children’s Rights Law

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden age limits, dynamic legal position, children’s rights, maturity, evolving capacities
Auteurs Stephanie Rap, Eva Schmidt en Ton Liefaard
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article a critical reflection upon age limits applied in the law is provided, in light of the tension that exists in international children’s rights law between the protection of children and the recognition of their evolving autonomy. The main research question that will be addressed is to what extent the use of (certain) age limits is justified under international children’s rights law. The complexity of applying open norms and theoretically underdeveloped concepts as laid down in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, related to the development and evolving capacities of children as rights holders, will be demonstrated. The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child struggles to provide comprehensive guidance to states regarding the manner in which the dynamic legal position of children should be applied in practice. The inconsistent application of age limits that govern the involvement of children in judicial procedures provides states leeway in granting children autonomy, potentially leading to the establishment of age limits based on inappropriate – practically, politically or ideologically motivated – grounds.


Stephanie Rap
Stephanie Rap is assistant professor in children’s rights at the Department of Child Law, Leiden Law School, the Netherlands.

Eva Schmidt
Eva Schmidt is PhD candidate at the Department of Child Law, Leiden Law School, the Netherlands.

Ton Liefaard
Ton Liefaard is Vice-Dean of Leiden Law School and holds the UNICEF Chair in Children’s Rights at Leiden University, Leiden Law School, the Netherlands.
Peer reviewed

Access_open Geen aangifte, en dan?

Juridische aspecten en politiepraktijken

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden politie, autonomie, aangifte, politiestrategieën
Auteurs Mr. dr. Renze Salet, Mr. Melvin Kremers en Prof. dr. ir. Jan Terpstra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In previous observational studies among operational police officers, some officers stated that if a victim is not willing to (officially) report a crime to the police, they are not able to police these cases. This rather cynical and fatalistic statement raises several questions. What do police officers mean when they say this? What do they actually do in those cases and why? In this paper we try to answer these questions based on explorative qualitative interviews with several police officers in two police teams in the Netherlands. The results show that even though police officers recognize these statements among their colleagues, they do not agree with them and in practice police officers show a lot of effort and involvement in these cases. In fact, police officers have several possible strategies available to deal with these cases. Which strategy they opt for depends on various pragmatic, organisational and moral considerations.


Mr. dr. Renze Salet
Mr. dr. R. Salet is universitair docent Criminologie, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Strafrecht & Criminologie.

Mr. Melvin Kremers
Mr. M. Kremers is docent/onderzoeker Strafrecht, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Strafrecht & Criminologie.

Prof. dr. ir. Jan Terpstra
Prof. dr. ir. J. Terpstra is hoogleraar criminologie (em.), Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

    In former times, citizens themselves were responsible for ensuring and protecting their own safety. Over the years, this responsibility largely shifted to the government, partly due to the establishment of an institutionalized police force. In recent years, citizens have increasingly reestablishing themselves in domain of social security. Citizens are engaged in tasks that are traditionally seen as primarily the responsibility of the police, such as law enforcement, criminal investigation and immediate in case of emergencies.
    Technology can be considered as one of the major driving forces behind this increasing contribution of citizens in the field of security. Technology makes it possible to quickly find and share information and enhances people’s ability to deal with cognitively complex tasks. In a certain way, technology democratizes police work by making the skills and tools available for every citizen.
    In this article we will discuss the value of a specific form of technological support for citizens in their search for missing persons: the missing persons app ‘Sarea’. The Netherlands has a high number of missing persons and in many incidents citizens start searching themselves. Often, this citizen initiatives are uncoordinated. Therefore, an app has been developed by the police to help citizens start and coordinate their own searches for a missing person.


Jerôme Lam
Jerôme Lam is werkzaam bij de Politieacademie.

Nicolien Kop
Nicolien Kop is werkzaam bij de Politieacademie.

Celest Houtman
Celest Houtman is als onderzoeker werkzaam bij Politie Nederland, Eenheid Oost-Nederland, Dienst Informatie.
Artikel

Digitale coproductie van preventie en opsporing met burgers

Een verkenning naar de contouren van een nieuw beleidsregime

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden Digitale coproductie, digitaal burgerschap, digitale buurtpreventie, digitale opsporing, Technologieregime
Auteurs Steven van den Oord en Ben Kokkeler
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the years, the use of data and digital technology in neighbourhood watch groups for prevention and detection of crime and citizens initiatives to enhance public safety has increased due to social and technological changes of citizen participation in coproduction of safety and digitization of economy and society. This causes a transition towards a new technology regime, a shift from a ‘closed’ information and communication technology regime owned by governmental organizations towards (inter)national ‘open’ platforms, which in turn challenges the current policy regime. This transition creates new societal expectations and challenges, often with contrasting dynamics. For instance, citizens are becoming the so-called ‘eyes and ears’ for government in prevention and detection of crime in neighbourhoods, while professionals are increasingly expected to coproduce safety with citizens through new forms of prevention and detection. With the rise of data and digital technology such as platforms and applications citizens are increasingly enabled to take the lead and initiate collaboration and organize new forms of prevention and surveillance in their own neighbourhoods.
    Both in literature as in public policy practice, neighbourhood prevention and crime detection in general is addressed. However, less attention is spent on the role and impact of data and digital technology. We propose this is an issue because the emerging digital technology regime requires a new conceptual view wherein citizen initiatives are no longer perceived as merely instrumental to government interventions, but are understood as coproducers of public safety in their neighbourhoods, as part of a broader societal shift in which citizens are enabled by digital technology to organize their own data environments. Based on the introduction of digital coproduction, we illustrate four case examples to explain which opportunities for safety professionals and local governments arise to create a policy regime that suits the emerging digital technology regime.


Steven van den Oord
Steven van den Oord is werkzaam aan Avans Hogeschool ’s-Hertogenbosch.

Ben Kokkeler
Ben Kokkeler is is lector Digitalisering en Veiligheid aan Avans Hogeschool ’s-Hertogenbosch.
Artikel

Is digitale buurtpreventie een goed instrument voor burgeropsporing?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden digital neighborhood watch, community crime prevention, crime reduction, surveillance, social control
Auteurs Jossian Zoutendijk en Krista Schram
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It is often assumed that digital neighbourhood watch groups lead to more emergency calls and more arrests by the police. This article revolves around the question whether or not these groups actually contribute to reducing crime in the Netherlands. It does so by looking at recent studies and the results of researchers’ own ‘realist evaluation’ of the city of Rotterdam’s policy on digital neighbourhood watch. The latter includes a reconstruction of the program theory and ten case studies with different types of groups. The reconstruction of program theory revealed two main routes to crime reduction: 1) more emergency calls and more arrests by the police and 2) more social control. Chat histories have been studied and moderators, participants, non-participants and professionals were interviewed on their perception of active mechanisms and on the efficacy of their group. None of the respondents believed their group led to an increased number of arrests, but interviews and chat histories show that crime can be reduced by means of social control. Social control by neighbours limits the opportunity for crime and disturbs criminal acts. Other studies in the Netherlands support this finding. The article closes by putting digital neighbourhood watch in a citizen’s perspective with suggestions to improve the efficacy of digital neighbourhood watch groups and the notion that for citizens, crime reduction is not the only or principal goal.


Jossian Zoutendijk
Jossian Zoutendijk is werkzaam bij Hogeschool Inholland Rotterdam.

Krista Schram
Krista Schram is werkzaam bij Hogeschool Inholland Rotterdam.
Jurisprudentie

Civiele jurisprudentie van GEA en GHvJ

Tijdschrift Caribisch Juristenblad, Aflevering 1 2020
Auteurs Prof. mr. dr. J. de Boer
Auteursinformatie

Prof. mr. dr. J. de Boer
Prof. mr. dr. J. de Boer is lid van het Gemeenschappelijk Hof van Justitie van Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten en van Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba. Ook is hij lid van de redactie van het Caribisch Juristenblad.
Artikel

Zorgen om zeden

Tijdschrift Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Strafrecht, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden artikel 139h Sr, kinderpornografie, grooming, seksuele intimidatie in de openbare ruimte, seks tegen de wil
Auteurs Mr. S.F.J. (Sidney) Smeets
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Tegen de achtergrond van de reeds aangekondigde integrale herziening en modernisering van de zedenmisdrijven in het Wetboek van Strafrecht en in relatie tot recente en in voorbereiding zijnde strafbaarstellingen op zedengebied brengt de auteur in deze bijdrage een aantal ‘zorgen om zeden’ voor het voetlicht. De auteur wil de wetgever daarmee handvatten aanreiken om de zedentitel inhoudelijk en systematisch tot een helder en werkbaar geheel om te vormen


Mr. S.F.J. (Sidney) Smeets
Mr. S.F.J. Smeets is advocaat bij Spong Advocaten te Amsterdam.
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