Zoekresultaat: 11 artikelen

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Artikel

De handhaving van Amerikaans sanctierecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Bijzonder Strafrecht & Handhaving, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden sancties, OFAC, extraterritorialiteit, schikkingen, Verenigde Staten van Amerika
Auteurs Mr. Y. Amar en Mr. S. Bennink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dit artikel beschrijft de effectiviteit van het Amerikaanse sanctierecht en de gevolgen daarvan voor de rechtsontwikkeling en wereldwijde sanctiecompliance. Amerikaans sanctierecht kent een vergaande extraterritoriale werking. De handhaving daarvan loopt voorop in de wereld. Deze vindt plaats middels een combinatie van hoge boetes en boeteverlaging bij vrijwillige inkeer. Dit maakt het Amerikaanse sanctierecht uiterst effectief, maar het heeft ook evidente negatieve aspecten. Dit artikel gaat op beide aspecten in.


Mr. Y. Amar
Mr. Y. Amar is advocaat bij Wladimiroff Advocaten te Den Haag.

Mr. S. Bennink
Mr. S. Bennink is advocaat bij Wladimiroff Advocaten te Den Haag.
Article

Access_open The Singapore International Commercial Court: The Future of Litigation?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden international commercial court, Singapore, dispute resolution, litigation
Auteurs Man Yip
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Singapore International Commercial Court (‘SICC’) was launched on 5 January 2015, at the Opening of Legal Year held at the Singapore Supreme Court. What prompted the creation of SICC? How is the SICC model of litigation different from litigation in the Singapore High Court? What is the SICC’s track record and what does it tell us about its future? This article seeks to answer these questions at greater depth than existing literature. Importantly, it examines these questions from the angle of reimagining access of justice for litigants embroiled in international commercial disputes. It argues that the SICC’s enduring contribution to improving access to justice is that it helps to change our frame of reference for international commercial litigation. Hybridisation, internationalisation, and party autonomy, the underpinning values of the SICC, are likely to be the values of the future of dispute resolution. International commercial dispute resolution frameworks – typically litigation frameworks – that unduly emphasise national boundaries and formalities need not and should not be the norm. Crucially, the SICC co-opts a refreshing public-private perspective to the resolution of international commercial disputes. It illuminates on the public interest element of the resolution of such disputes which have for some time fallen into the domain of international commercial arbitration; at the same time, it introduces greater scope for self-determination in international commercial litigation.


Man Yip
BCL (Oxon).

    This article provides an overview regarding the Singapore International Commercial Court (the ‘SICC’). It describes the scope and services of the SICC and discusses amongst other things the relation between the SICC and mediation / international arbitration.


mr. Chong Yee Leong
Mr. Chong Yee Leong is a partner at Allen&Gledhill.
Article

Access_open Harmony, Law and Criminal Reconciliation in China: A Historical Perspective

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden Criminal reconciliation, Confucianism, decentralisation, centralisation
Auteurs Wei Pei
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2012, China revised its Criminal Procedure Law (2012 CPL). One of the major changes is its official approval of the use of victim-offender reconciliation, or ‘criminal reconciliation’ in certain public prosecution cases. This change, on the one hand, echoes the Confucian doctrine that favours harmonious inter-personal relationships and mediation, while, on the other hand, it deviates from the direction of legal reforms dating from the 1970s through the late 1990s. Questions have emerged concerning not only the cause of this change in legal norms but also the proper position of criminal reconciliation in the current criminal justice system in China. The answers to these questions largely rely on understanding the role of traditional informal dispute resolution as well as its interaction with legal norms. Criminal reconciliation in ancient China functioned as a means to centralise imperial power by decentralizing decentralising its administration. Abolishing or enabling such a mechanism in law is merely a small part of the government’s strategy to react to political or social crises and to maintain social stability. However, its actual effect depends on the vitality of Confucianism, which in turn relies on the economic foundation and corresponding structure of society.


Wei Pei
Wei Pei, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor at the Beihang School of Law in the Beihang University.

Jing Hiah
Jing Hiah is PhD candidate at the Department of Criminology, Erasmus University Rotterdam (hiah@law.eur.nl).

Thomas Riesthuis
Thomas Riesthuis is PhD candidate at the Department of Sociology, Theory and Methodology, Erasmus University Rotterdam (riesthuis@law.eur.nl).
Article

Access_open A Law and Economics Approach to Norms in Transnational Commercial Transactions: Incorporation and Internalisation

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden Incorporation and internalisation, transnational commercial transactions, transnational commercial norms
Auteurs Bo Yuan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In today’s global economy, a noticeable trend is that the traditional state-law-centred legal framework is increasingly challenged by self-regulatory private orders. Commercial norms, commercial arbitration and social sanctions at the international level have become important alternatives to national laws, national courts and legal sanctions at the national level. Consisting of transnational commercial norms, both codified and uncodified, and legal norms, both national and international, a plural regime for the governance of transnational commercial transactions has emerged and developed in the past few decades. This article explores the interaction between various kinds of norms in this regime, identifies the effects of this interaction on the governance of transnational commercial transactions and shows the challenges to this interaction at the current stage. The central argument of this article is that the interaction between social and legal norms, namely incorporation and internalisation, and the three effects derived from incorporation and internalisation, namely systematisation, harmonisation and compliance enhancement, are evident at both the national and international levels. In particular, the emergence of codified transnational commercial norms that are positioned in the middle of the continuum between national legal norms and uncodified transnational commercial norms has brought changes to the interaction within the international dimension. Although the development of codified transnational commercial norms faces several challenges at the moment, it can be expected that these norms will play an increasingly important role in the future governance of transnational commercial transactions.


Bo Yuan
Bo Yuan is a Ph.D. candidate at the Erasmus University Rotterdam, Department of Law and Economics.
Artikel

Vliegen onder Verdrag of Verordening? Samenloopleerstuk biedt sleutel tot evenwichtige oplossing

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 6 2014
Trefwoorden Samenloop, Montreal, 261/2004, Passagiersrechten, Vertraging
Auteurs Mr. R. de Graaff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De samenloop tussen Verordening 261/2004 inzake passagiersrechten en het Verdrag van Montreal zorgt al jaren voor controverse. Een meer genuanceerde benadering is noodzakelijk. Daarvoor kan inspiratie worden geput uit de wijze waarop samenloopproblemen binnen het privaatrecht worden opgelost. De auteur bespreekt kritisch de jurisprudentie van het Hof van Justitie van de Europese Unie en de voorstellen tot herziening van de verordening, waarover de onderhandelingen in volle gang zijn.


Mr. R. de Graaff
Mr. R. de Graaff is als promovendus verbonden aan het Instituut voor Privaatrecht van de Universiteit Leiden. Deze bijdrage is een bewerking van zijn afstudeerscriptie, die vanwege de Jongbloed scriptieprijs 2013 is uitgegeven: R. de Graaff, Something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue?, Den Haag/Leiden: Jongbloed 2014 (zie http://ssrn.com/abstract=2440726).
Artikel

De Bitcoin-verzekering. Een kans voor de financiële sector om klantbelang centraal te stellen in innovatieve productontwikkeling?

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 5 2014
Trefwoorden Bitcoin, virtueel geld, vermogensrecht naar buitenlands recht, verzekering, consumentenbescherming
Auteurs Mr. dr. M.F.M. van den Berg, Mr. J.W.P.M. van der Velden en Mr. C.W.M. Vergouwen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De juridische kwalificatie van het virtuele geld ‘Bitcoin’ zorgt wereldwijd voor hoofdbrekens. Auteurs concluderen dat de Bitcoin zich als vermogensrecht naar buitenlands recht kwalificeert. Om de ontwikkeling van virtueel geld positief te beïnvloeden en meer consumentenbescherming te kunnen bieden, wordt een aanzet gegeven tot ontwikkeling van een Bitcoin-verzekering.


Mr. dr. M.F.M. van den Berg
Mr. dr. M.F.M. van den Berg is jurist bij Achmea en research fellow van Tilburg University.

Mr. J.W.P.M. van der Velden
Mr. J.W.P.M. van der Velden is advocaat bij Keijser Van der Velden N.V. te Nijmegen en fellow bij het Instituut voor Financieel Recht, onderdeel van het Onderzoekcentrum Onderneming & Recht van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

Mr. C.W.M. Vergouwen
Mr. C.W.M. Vergouwen is Compliance Consultant bij Achmea.
Artikel

Statutory Adjudication in the UK: Past, Present and Future

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden adjudication, adjudicator, jurisdiction, enforcement
Auteurs John Wright en Alexandra Bodnar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article describes the system of adjudication as a speedy method of resolving disputes in the construction sector in England, Wales and Scotland. Having been first introduced in 1998 adjudication has grown significantly; the article describes the statutory framework behind adjudication, its principal features and the areas where the adjudication regime does not apply. It goes on to deal with the process adopted when adjudication is invoked, how challenges to the adjudicator’s jurisdictions are handled and also the robust attitude taken by the courts towards enforcement of adjudicators’ decisions.The article also explores the recent legislation introducing modifications to the statutory framework and discusses the impact which these changes are likely to have on this dispute resolution mechanism.


John Wright
John Wright is a solicitor and partner at Goodman Derrick, London.

Alexandra Bodnar
Alexandra Bodnar is a barrister in London.

    Gold and silver coins were money for centuries. Since the early 17th century there was paper. The gold standard linked the value of the world reserve currencies, first the pound sterling and later the dollar, to gold. Both were ‘as good as gold’. In times of crisis, however, the link was broken. The coins dropped in value and gold rose, as the public continues to see gold as the ultimate money. To counteract this, Roosevelt even decided in 1933 and 1934 to nationalise and prohibit the gold held by the Americans. In 2011, amidst the biggest crisis since the Great Depression, we witness the next attack on gold. This time in the Netherlands, where the glass workers' pension fund (SPVG) was ordered by the Dutch central bank to sell the bulk of its gold assets. The DNB argued that gold is a commodity, but SPVG sees gold as a medium of exchange. What will be next?


E. Mecking
Drs. Eric Mecking studeerde geschiedenis aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en is publicist, spreker en financieel-economisch analist. Hij schreef Deflatie in aantocht. Het einde van een tijdperk - het begin van een gouden toekomst? (Mets & Mets, 2010, zevende druk). Tevens publiceerde hij Het drama van 1918. Over de Spaanse griep en de zoektocht naar virus en vaccin (Mets & Schilt, 2006). Momenteel legt hij samen met mr. Elmer Hogervorst de laatste hand aan een boek over geld, goud en zilver.

    This article discusses the role of gold in a modern economic system. It starts from the observation that the price of gold has exploded in recent years, due to an increase in economic and inflation uncertainty following the start of the credit crisis, and that some policymakers have argued for a new role of gold in the global monetary system. Following a bird's eye view of the role of gold in monetary history, we next discuss two economic concepts - the ‘trilemma’ and Triffin's dilemma - which in the past have limited gold's usefulness in monetary systems. We finally discuss gold's present role and argue that, while gold undeniably acts as a safe haven in times of crisis, any return to a global fixed exchange rate system based on gold would unduly limit countries' flexibility to adapt to economics shocks. Yet in financial markets, gold will probably continue to serve its purpose as ‘clotted fear’.


I.J.M. Arnold
Prof. dr. Ivo Arnold is als hoogleraar monetaire economie verbonden aan Nyenrode Business Universiteit en als hoogleraar economisch onderwijs en Vice Dean aan de Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. E-mail: arnold@ese.eur.nl.
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