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Access_open Kestemont, Handbook on Legal Methodology. A Review

(Book review of Kestemont, L. (2018). Handbook on Legal Methodology. From Objective to Method. Cambridge: Intersentia, xiii + 97 pp.)

Tijdschrift Law and Method, januari 2019
Auteurs Wibren van der Burg
Auteursinformatie

Wibren van der Burg
Wibren van der Burg, Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University of Rotterdam and School of Law, Queen Mary University of London.

    In legal education, criticism is conceived as an academic activity. As lecturers, we expect from students more than just the expression of their opinion; they have to evaluate and criticize a certain practice, building on a sound argumentation and provide suggestions on how to improve this practice. Criticism not only entails a negative judgment but is also constructive since it aims at changing the current state of affairs that it rejects (for some reason or other). In this article, we want to show how we train critical writing in the legal skills course for first-year law students (Juridische vaardigheden) at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. We start with a general characterization of the skill of critical writing on the basis of four questions: 1. Why should we train critical writing? 2. What does criticism mean in a legal context? 3. How to carry out legal criticism? and 4. How to derive recommendations from the criticism raised? Subsequently, we discuss, as an illustration to the last two questions, the Dutch Urgenda case, which gave rise to a lively debate in the Netherlands on the role of the judge. Finally, we show how we have applied our general understanding of critical writing to our legal skills course. We describe the didactic approach followed and our experiences with it.


Bart van Klink
Bart van Klink is Professor of Legal Methodology, Department of Legal Theory and History, Faculty of Law, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Lyana Francot
Lyana Francot is Associate Professor of Legal Theory, Department of Legal Theory and History, Faculty of Law, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Artikel

De gunfactor van herstelrecht

Clementie, compassie en de zorg om de dader

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Clementie, Vergeving, recht doen, tweede kans
Auteurs Bas van Stokkom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses the willingness of the victim to judge the offender more mildly after the latter apologized for his wrongdoing and shows that he is involved in behavioral change. A large group of victims wants to help (young) perpetrators and offer them a second chance, even victims who have been treated violently. It is argued that these forms of compassion express a caring attitude, the wish that the offender will be rehabilitated and that a change in behaviour is more important than compensation. This attitude can also be referred to as ‘forbearance’, in terms that a less severe sanction is sufficient. This goodwill factor may well be the most important aspect of ‘doing justice’ in restorative meetings.


Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is hoofdredacteur van dit tijdschrift. Hij is verbonden aan de vaksectie Strafrecht & Criminologie, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Tot de thema’s die in zijn onderzoek aan bod komen behoren politie, burgerschap en lokale veiligheidszorg, straftheorie en herstelrecht. www.basvanstokkom.nl
Artikel

Access_open Drie jaar nieuwe arbitragewet: tien suggesties voor verbetering

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Civiele Rechtspleging, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Arbitrage, Internationale arbitrage, Handelsarbitrage
Auteurs Niek Peters
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In dit artikel worden tien suggesties gedaan ter verbetering van de nieuwe arbitragewet.


Niek Peters
Mr. N. Peters is advocaat te Amsterdam bij Cleber en docent aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Hans den Tonkelaar
Prof. mr. J.D.A. den Tonkelaar is oud-seniorrechter bij de Rechtbank Gelderland en emeritus hoogleraar Rechtspraak aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Partnerdoding in Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Partnerdoding, Epidemiologie, Moord, Nederland
Auteurs Marieke Liem, Inge de Jong en Jade van Maanen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Intimate partner homicide (IPH) constitutes one of the most prevalent types of homicide. This study aims to assess the nature and prevalence of intimate partner homicide in the Netherlands in the period 2009-2014. In doing so, we make use of police data, court data, and media articles. Findings show that IPH occurs 29 times per year, resulting in a victimization rate of 0.20 per 100,000, similar to other Western-European countries. Our results further show a decline in IPH in the last years. IPH in the Netherlands mostly occurs in heterosexual relationships, and involves male perpetrators and female victims. Finally, we reflect on possible causes for the decline of this type of homicide.


Marieke Liem
Marieke Liem is Universitair Hoofddocent, verbonden aan het Institute of Security and Global Affairs, Faculteit Governance & Global Affairs van de Universiteit Leiden.

Inge de Jong
Inge de Jong is thans werkzaam bij de Nationale Politie als adviseur bij de dienst Informatie Management en tijdens het uitvoeren van deze studie student Crisis & Security Management aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Jade van Maanen
Jade van Maanen isthans werkzaam bij Rijkswaterstaat als technisch projectleider bij de dienst Centrale Informatievoorziening en tijdens het uitvoeren van deze studie student Crisis & Security Management aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Annotatie

Het Hof van Justitie oordeelt over de reikwijdte van de Europese standstillverplichting

HvJ EU 31 mei 2018, zaak C-633/16, ECLI:EU:C:2018:371 (Ernst & Young P/S)

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 5 2018
Trefwoorden standstill, concentratiecontrole, concentratie, gun-jumping, Hof van Justitie
Auteurs Stijn de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Het Hof van Justitie oordeelt in de zaak Ernst & Young P/S over de reikwijdte van de Europese standstillverplichting. Stijn de Jong annoteert dit arrest en geeft enkele praktische handvatten.


Stijn de Jong
Mr. S. de Jong is advocaat bij Stibbe te Amsterdam.

    The Czech Supreme Court has ruled that the concept of good moral conduct must be taken into account when assessing whether an employee has breached his or her non-compete obligation and thus whether it is fair to demand that the employee pay a contractual penalty for the breach. The Court annulled the penalty.


Anna Diblíková
Anna Diblíková is an attorney at Noerr in Prague, www.noerr.com.
Pending cases

Case C-37/18, Miscellaneous

Vueling Airlines SA – v – Jean-Luc Poignan, reference lodged by the the Cour de cassation (France) on 19 January 2018

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 4 2018

    A provision of Dutch law, according to which employees who lose their jobs upon retirement are excluded from the right to statutory severance compensation, is not in breach of the Framework Directive.


Peter C. Vas Nunes
Peter Vas Nunes is Of Counsel at BarentsKrans N.V., The Hague, the Netherlands.

    The Danish Supreme Court has held there was no discrimination against four part-time teachers at a university in that they did not receive pension contributions. Their positions could not be compared to those of full-time teachers, who were entitled to pension contributions. However, it did constitute a violation of the Danish rules on fixed-term work that the teachers had, for a number of years, been employed on several fixed-term contracts, as they had, in effect, been continuously employed in the same position. Consequently, the teachers were awarded compensation.


Christian K. Clasen
Christian K. Clasen is a partner at Norrbom Vinding, Copenhagen.
Rulings

ECJ 21 November 2018, case C-245/17 (Viejobueno Ibáñez and De la Vara González), Fixed-term work, Paid leave

Pedro Viejobueno Ibáñez, Emilia de la Vara González – v – Consejería de Educación de Castilla-La Mancha, Spanish case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Fixed-term work, Paid leave
Samenvatting

    The sole fact that fixed-term employment relationships terminate, whereas permanent relationships do not, does not constitute discrimination. Nevertheless, fixed-term teachers should receive an allowance in lieu of untaken leave.

Landmark Rulings

ECJ 6 November 2018, joined cases C-569/16 (Bauer) and C-570/16 (Willmeroth), Paid leave

Stadt Wuppertal – v – Maria Elisabeth Bauer and Volker Willmeroth – v – Martina Broßonn, German case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Paid leave
Samenvatting

    Heirs of a deceased worker are entitled to an allowance in lieu of untaken paid annual leave. Based on the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, this applies between individuals as well.

    Following the ECJ’s decision in Somoza Hermo – v – Ilunion Seguridad, C-60/17 (Somoza Hermo) of 11 July 2018, all eyes were on the Spanish Supreme Court. Since 2016, the Court has ruled a number of times that limitations to the liability of the new contractor established in a collective bargaining agreement (‘CBA’) in the context of a CBA-led transfer were valid (see e.g. EELC 2018/21). Somoza Hermo established that a CBA-led transfer that entails a non-asset-based transfer is a transfer within the meaning of the Acquired Rights Directive. Now the Supreme Court (in a decision dated 27 September 2018 taken with one dissenting opinion) is clear that its doctrine must be reviewed and has therefore held that limitations on pre-transfer liability for a new contractor under a CBA-led transfer that trigger a non-asset-based transfer, are not valid.


Luis Aguilar
Luis Aguilar is an attorney-at-law at Eversheds Sutherland in Madrid, Spain and associate professor of Employment Law at IE University in Madrid, Spain.

    The Court of Appeal has confirmed that an expectation that a disabled employee would work long hours was a ‘provision, criterion or practice’ in a disability discrimination claim regarding reasonable adjustments. It also held that, on the facts, the employer’s conduct had caused the employee to resign and this entitled him to claim constructive unfair dismissal.


Tom McEvoy
Tom McEvoy is an Associate Solicitor at Lewis Silkin LLP.
Rulings

ECJ 6 September 2018, case C-17/17 (Grenville Hampshire), Insolvency

Grenville Hampshire – v – The Board of the Pension Protection Fund, British case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Insolvency
Samenvatting

    Each ex-employee of an insolvent employer is individually entitled to at least 50% of the pension that s/he would have enjoyed, had no insolvency taken place.

    In a recent decision, the Labour Court awarded an employee € 7,500 for working in excess of 48 hours a week, contrary to working time legislation. The complainant allegedly regularly checked and responded to emails outside of business hours, occasionally after midnight. The Labour Court reiterated it is the employer’s responsibility to ensure that employees are not permitted to work beyond the statutory maximum period and that if an employer is aware that an employee is working excessive hours, must take steps to curtail this.


Lucy O’Neill
Lucy O’Neill is an attorney-at-law at Mason Hayes & Curran in Dublin, Ireland.
Pending cases

Case C-177/18, Other forms of discrimination

Almudena Baldonedo Martín – v – Ayuntamiento de Madrid, reference lodged by the Juzgado de lo Contencioso-Administrativo de Madrid (Spain) on 7 March 2018

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 4 2018
Artikel

Angst voor de dood als schade(post)

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Vergoeding Personenschade, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden angstschade, doodsangst, angst, dood, overlijden
Auteurs A.M. Overheul LLM
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Deze bijdrage gaat over angst voor de dood als schade(post) in het Nederlandse recht. Aanleiding hiervoor is een arrest van het Franse Cour de Cassation, waarin het Hof arrest wijst over angst voor de dood. De auteur spitst angst als schade toe op de dood, waarbij een onderscheid gemaakt wordt tussen drie verschillende situaties: het slachtoffer weet niet óf hij doodgaat; het slachtoffer heeft het ongeval – tegen de verwachting in – overleefd en het slachtoffer weet dat hij gaat overlijden.


A.M. Overheul LLM
Mw. A.M. Overheul LLM is als wetenschappelijk medewerker verbonden aan de Hoge Raad der Nederlanden.
Artikel

Toegang tot enquête voor kapitaalverschaffers – de evaluatie geëvalueerd

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Ondernemingsrecht, Aflevering 10-11 2018
Trefwoorden ontvankelijkheid, enquêterecht, aandeelhouder, ondernemingsrecht, beursvennootschap
Auteurs Mr. drs. Q.L.C.M. Bongaerts
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De auteur bekritiseerde in 2016 de koppeling van geplaatst kapitaal en (beurs)waarde (art. 2:346 lid 1 aanhef en sub c BW). Deze bijdrage bevat enkele ontwikkelingen die aanpassing van de wettekst rechtvaardigen. De auteur behandelt het effectenonderzoek van Tilburg University, de literatuur en de discussie tijdens een expertbijeenkomst op het ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.


Mr. drs. Q.L.C.M. Bongaerts
Mr. drs. Q.L.C.M. Bongaerts is advocaat bij Bynkershoek in Amsterdam.
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