Zoekresultaat: 262 artikelen

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Annotatie

Goed nieuws: Hof van Justitie beschermt stakingsrecht voor de happy few

HvJ EU (Gerecht) 29 januari 2020, T-402/18 (Aquino e.a./Europees Parlement)

Tijdschrift Arbeidsrechtelijke Annotaties, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden Handvest van de grondrechten van de Europese Unie, Recht op collectieve actie, Beperkingen bij wet voorgeschreven, Europese Unie, Ambtenarenrecht
Auteurs Prof. dr. Filip Dorssemont
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Op 29 januari 2020 vernietigde het Gerecht (Hof van Justitie) een bevel van het Europees Parlement als werkgever waarbij een aantal tolken en conferentietolken werd opgeëist. Het bevel kwam tot stand om het hoofd te bieden aan een staking. Het is de eerste maal dat het Hof van Justitie uitdrukkelijk erkent dat EU-ambtenaren een recht te staken hebben. Het arrest illustreert dat beperkingen van in het Handvest van de grondrechten van de Europese Unie gewaarborgde grondrechten bij wet moeten zijn voorzien. Dit veronderstelt dat een duidelijke en voldoende nauwkeurige juridische grondslag moet bestaan. Deze bijdrage werpt licht op het weinig gekende stelsel van collectieve arbeidsverhoudingen binnen de Europese instellingen.


Prof. dr. Filip Dorssemont
Prof. dr. F. Dorssemont is gewoon hoogleraar aan de Université Catholique de Louvain en gastprofessor aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
Artikel

Access_open ILO-Conventie 190: een ‘geïntegreerde aanpak’ van geweld en intimidatie?

Tijdschrift Arbeidsrechtelijke Annotaties, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden ILO-Conventie 190, Geweld en (seksuele) intimidatie, Gelijke behandeling, Arbeidsomstandigheden
Auteurs Mr. dr. Bas Rombouts
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De twee meest recent aangenomen ILO-instrumenten – Conventie 190 en Aanbeveling 206 – reguleren de aanpak van geweld en intimidatie in de context van werk. Het fundament van deze instrumenten is een ‘inclusive, integrated and gender-reponsive approach’ die middels de routes van preventie en bescherming, handhaving en genoegdoening en advies en scholing dient te worden geïmplementeerd. Conventie 190 hanteert een brede definitie van ‘geweld en intimidatie’ en is van toepassing op formele werknemers, maar ook op andere groepen ‘werkenden’. Maar wat is de inhoud en het belang van deze geïntegreerde aanpak, bezien in nationaal en internationaal perspectief? Hoe verhoudt de bescherming tegen geweld en intimidatie onder gelijkebehandelingswetgeving en arbeidsomstandighedenrecht zich tot elkaar en voldoet het Nederlands juridisch raamwerk aan de voorgestelde ‘integrated approach’? Alhoewel de Conventie als normatieve basis gelijke behandeling en non-discriminatie neemt, geeft zij uitdrukkelijk de opdracht aan ratificerende lidstaten om een geïntegreerde aanpak toe te passen, waarbij geweld en intimidatie niet slechts onder gelijkebehandelingswetgeving, maar tevens onder arbeidsomstandighedenrecht en strafrecht worden ondergebracht om zo lacunes in de juridische bescherming voor slachtoffers te voorkomen. Alhoewel de juridische infrastructuur voor deze ‘integrated approach’ in Nederland aanwezig lijkt, is er nog een aantal aandachtspunten aangaande een effectieve implementatie hiervan, met name in relatie tot criteria voor zorgvuldige klachtbehandeling, risicoanalyse en aanpak en de rol van de vertrouwenspersoon.


Mr. dr. Bas Rombouts
Mr. dr. B. Rombouts is werkzaam als universitair hoofddocent aan het departement Private, Business and Labour Law van Tilburg Law School, Tilburg University. Hij is gespecialiseerd in internationaal arbeidsrecht, fundamentele arbeidsnormen, mensenrechten en duurzame ontwikkeling.

Gijs van Maanen
Gijs van Maanen is PhD researcher at Tilburg Law School.
Artikel

Access_open Theme: introduction to the Dutch system of dismissal and its constituents

The editorial board

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Ontslagrecht, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden Ontslagrecht, Rechtsvergelijking, Dismissal law
Samenvatting

Annotatie

One train! (but different working conditions)

CJEU 19 December 2019, C-16/18, ECLI:EU:C:2019:1110 (Michael Dobersberger v Magistrat der Stadt Wien)

Tijdschrift Arbeidsrechtelijke Annotaties, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden Posting of workers, International train, Transport sector, Subcontracting, Short-term posting
Auteurs Marco Rocca
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dobersberger decision of the Court of Justice of the European Union deals with the legal situation of posted workers on an international train. These workers, employed by a Hungarian company and based in Hungary, operate on a train connecting Budapest with Salzburg and Munich. The Court concludes against their inclusion under the Posting of Workers Directive, considering their connection to the Austrian territory as too limited. This decision is based on a selective representation of the facts and sits difficultly with the letter of the law and the intention of the legislator.


Marco Rocca
Dr. M. Rocca is werkzaam als CNRS Researcher aan de University of Strasbourg, UMR 7354 DRES, France, https://marcorocca.wordpress.com, mrocca@unistra.fr.


Claire Toumieux
Claire Toumieux and Susan Ekrami is partner at Allen & Overy LLP in Paris, www.allenovery.com.

Susan Ekrami
Susan Ekrami is a senior associate with Allen & Overy LLP in Paris, www.allenovery.com.


Andreea Suciu
Andreea Suciu is Managing Partner at Suciu | The Employment Law Firm in Bucharest, Romania.

Teodora Manaila
Teodora Manaila is a Senior Associate at Suciu | The Employment Law Firm in Bucharest, Romania.

    The Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) has ruled that the provision under the Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006 (TUPE) which renders changes to employees’ terms and conditions void if they are made because of the transfer applies to changes that are advantageous as well as detrimental to employees. On the facts of the case, this meant that owner-directors who had made significant improvements to their own employment terms before a TUPE transfer could not enforce these against the transferee employer.


Lisa Dafydd
Lisa Dafydd is an associate at Lewis Silkin LLP.
Rulings

ECJ 1 December 2020, Case C-815/18 (Federatie Nederlandse Vakbeweging), Applicable Law, Posting of Workers and Expatriates

Federatie Nederlandse Vakbeweging – v – Van den Bosch Transporten BV, Van den Bosch Transporte GmbH, Silo-Tank Kft, Dutch case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden Applicable Law, Posting of Workers and Expatriates
Samenvatting

    Posting of Workers: Directive 96/71/EC applies to the road transport sector. A worker is posted if his/her work has a sufficient connection with the host country.The ECJ’s summary of the case is available on: https://curia.europa.eu/jcms/jcms/p1_3345527/en/

    In a summary proceeding, the Court of Rotterdam has held that it is not clear whether the Non-Seafarers Work Clause, prohibiting lashing work on board of container ships being carried out by the crew, does indeed contribute to better employment and/or working conditions of seafarers. As a result of which the Clause – at this time – cannot be held to be outside the scope of competition law and the claim for compliance with the provision has been rejected. In the media, unions have stated that they will continue to enforce compliance with the Non-Seafarers Work Clause. It remains to be seen whether a court in main proceedings will reach a similar verdict.


Erick Hagendoorn
Erick Hagendoorn is an attorney-at-law at HerikVerhulst N.V., Rotterdam.

    This case involved an employee who claimed that he was unfairly dismissed for using a trade union to bring a grievance over measures his employer had taken on account of the coronavirus pandemic. The Employment Tribunal (ET) found that he was likely to be able to show at the full hearing of the case that this was an automatically unfair dismissal on grounds of his trade union membership or activities. It awarded the remedy of ‘interim relief’, ordering the employer immediately to reinstate him pending the full trial of the matter. The ET’s decision might signal a potential rise in claims for interim relief in future cases.


David Hopper
David Hopper is a Managing Associate at Lewis Silkin LLP.
Europees internationaal privaatrecht

Internationale bevoegdheid van de Nederlandse rechter en de immuniteit van internationale organisaties

De uitspraak van het Hof van Justitie in Supreme/Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE)

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 7-8 2020
Trefwoorden internationale organisaties, internationale bevoegdheid van de nationale rechter, immuniteit, Brussel I-bis
Auteurs Prof. dr. E.C.P.D.C. De Brabandere
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Op 3 september 2020 heeft het Hof van Justitie uitspraak gedaan in de zaak Supreme/Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE). De zaak heeft betrekking op de internationale bevoegdheid van de Nederlandse rechter inzake een geschil tussen een reeks vennootschappen en een internationale organisatie. Naast de vraag of de Nederlandse rechter internationaal bevoegd is om kennis te nemen van een verzoek door een internationale organisatie tot opheffing van een conservatoir beslag, bespreken het arrest en deze noot de vraag of rekening gehouden moet worden met de immuniteit van executie van internationale organisaties.
    HvJ 3 september 2020, zaak C-186/19, ECLI:EU:C:2020:638 (Supreme/Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE)).


Prof. dr. E.C.P.D.C. De Brabandere
Prof. dr. E.C.P.D.C. (Eric) De Brabandere is hoogleraar internationale geschillenbeslechting aan Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies en advocaat aan de Balie te Brussel (DMDB Law).
Artikel

Exploring narrative, convictions and autoethnography as a convict criminologist

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden convict criminology, narrative, autoethnography, reflexivity, post-colonial perspective
Auteurs Dr. Rod Earle
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Convict criminology draws from personal experience of imprisonment to offer critical criminological perspectives on punishment and prisons. In this article I discuss how some of these are aligned with questions of narrative and post-colonial perspectives in criminology. I use autoethnographic vignettes to communicate the experiences of imprisonment that inform the development of convict criminology, and I explore their relationship to narrative criminology’s interest in personal stories.


Dr. Rod Earle
Dr. Rod Earle is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Health, Wellbeing and Social Care, The Open University, UK.
Article

Access_open How Far Should the State Go to Counter Prejudice?

A Positive State Obligation to Counter Dehumanisation

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden prejudice, soft paternalism, empathy, liberalism, employment discrimination, access to goods and services
Auteurs Ioanna Tourkochoriti
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article argues that it is legitimate for the state to practice soft paternalism towards changing hearts and minds in order to prevent behaviour that is discriminatory. Liberals accept that it is not legitimate for the state to intervene in order to change how people think because ideas and beliefs are wrong in themselves. It is legitimate for the state to intervene with the actions of a person only when there is a risk of harm to others and when there is a threat to social coexistence. Preventive action of the state is legitimate if we consider the immaterial and material harm that discrimination causes. It causes harm to the social standing of the person, psychological harm, economic and existential harm. All these harms threaten peaceful social coexistence. This article traces a theory of permissible government action. Research in the areas of behavioural psychology, neuroscience and social psychology indicates that it is possible to bring about a change in hearts and minds. Encouraging a person to adopt the perspective of the person who has experienced discrimination can lead to empathetic understanding. This, can lead a person to critically evaluate her prejudice. The paper argues that soft paternalism towards changing hearts and minds is legitimate in order to prevent harm to others. It attempts to legitimise state coercion in order to eliminate prejudice and broader social patterns of inequality and marginalisation. And it distinguishes between appropriate and non-appropriate avenues the state could pursue in order to eliminate prejudice. Policies towards eliminating prejudice should address the rational and the emotional faculties of a person. They should aim at using methods and techniques that focus on persuasion and reduce coercion. They should raise awareness of what prejudice is and how it works in order to facilitate well-informed voluntary decisions. The version of soft paternalism towards changing minds and attitudes defended in this article makes it consistent with liberalism.


Ioanna Tourkochoriti
Ioanna Tourkochoriti is Lecturer Above the Bar, NUI Galway School of Law.
Article

Access_open The Potential of Positive Obligations Against Romaphobic Attitudes and in the Development of ‘Roma Pride’

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden Roma, Travellers, positive obligations, segregation, culturally adequate accommodation
Auteurs Lilla Farkas en Theodoros Alexandridis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article analyses the jurisprudence of international tribunals on the education and housing of Roma and Travellers to understand whether positive obligations can change the hearts and minds of the majority and promote minority identities. Case law on education deals with integration rather than cultural specificities, while in the context of housing it accommodates minority needs. Positive obligations have achieved a higher level of compliance in the latter context by requiring majorities to tolerate the minority way of life in overwhelmingly segregated settings. Conversely, little seems to have changed in education, where legal and institutional reform, as well as a shift in both majority and minority attitudes, would be necessary to dismantle social distance and generate mutual trust. The interlocking factors of accessibility, judicial activism, European politics, expectations of political allegiance and community resources explain jurisprudential developments. The weak justiciability of minority rights, the lack of resources internal to the community and dual identities among the Eastern Roma impede legal claims for culture-specific accommodation in education. Conversely, the protection of minority identity and community ties is of paramount importance in the housing context, subsumed under the right to private and family life.


Lilla Farkas
Lilla Farkas is a practising lawyer in Hungary and recently earned a PhD from the European University Institute entitled ‘Mobilising for racial equality in Europe: Roma rights and transnational justice’. She is the race ground coordinator of the European Union’s Network of Legal Experts in Gender Equality and Non-discrimination.

Theodoros Alexandridis
Theodoros Alexandridis is a practicing lawyer in Greece.

    The entry into force of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) pushed state obligations to counter prejudice and stereotypes concerning people with disabilities to the forefront of international human rights law. The CRPD is underpinned by a model of inclusive equality, which views disability as a social construct that results from the interaction between persons with impairments and barriers, including attitudinal barriers, that hinder their participation in society. The recognition dimension of inclusive equality, together with the CRPD’s provisions on awareness raising, mandates that states parties target prejudice and stereotypes about the capabilities and contributions of persons with disabilities to society. Certain human rights treaty bodies, including the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and, to a much lesser extent, the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, require states to eradicate harmful stereotypes and prejudice about people with disabilities in various forms of interpersonal relationships. This trend is also reflected, to a certain extent, in the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights. This article assesses the extent to which the aforementioned human rights bodies have elaborated positive obligations requiring states to endeavour to change ‘hearts and minds’ about the inherent capabilities and contributions of people with disabilities. It analyses whether these bodies have struck the right balance in elaborating positive obligations to eliminate prejudice and stereotypes in interpersonal relationships. Furthermore, it highlights the convergences or divergences that are evident in the bodies’ approaches to those obligations.


Andrea Broderick
Andrea Broderick is Assistant Professor at the Universiteit Maastricht, the Netherlands.
Case Reports

2020/18 Prohibition of dismissal of pregnant employee (RO)

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden Gender discrimination
Auteurs Andreea Suciu en Teodora Mănăilă
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Analysing the national legal framework in relation to the protection of pregnant employees and employees who have recently given birth or are breastfeeding, provisions which transposed the regulations of Directive 92/85/EEC and of the conclusions in case C-103/16, Jessica Porras Guisado – v – Bankia S.A. and Others, the Constitutional Court of Romania ascertained that the dismissal prohibition of a pregnant employee is strictly restricted to reasons that have a direct connection with the employee’s pregnancy status. As for other cases where the termination of the employment contract is the result of disciplinary misconduct, unexcused absence from work, non-observance of labour discipline, or termination of employment for economic reasons or collective redundancies, the employer must submit in writing well-reasoned grounds for dismissal.


Andreea Suciu
Andreea Suciu is Managing Partner and attorney-at-law at Suciu | The Employment Law Firm, Bucharest, Romania.

Teodora Mănăilă
Teodora Mănăilă is Managing Partner and attorney-at-law at Suciu | The Employment Law Firm, Bucharest, Romania.

    Within the context of a transfer of undertaking in an asset reliant group of companies, the court should not just focus on whether the assets have been transferred between the two separate group companies, but also on whether one group company had actual control over the operation of the other group company.


Zef Even
Zef Even is a partner at SteensmaEven, Rotterdam, professor at Erasmus School of Law and editor-in-chief of EELC.

Eva Poutsma
Eva Poutsma is an attorney-at-law at SteensmaEven, Rotterdam.

    Applying the ECJ’s Maschek judgment, the Zutphen subdistrict court has found that an employee was not entitled to an allowance in lieu of untaken paid annual leave at the end of the employment relationship, as she had already received special leave. Moreover, the obligation to inform the employee concerning the right to (exercise) paid annual leave did not rest upon the employer.


Lisa de Vries
Lisa de Vries is a student at Erasmus School of Law and Editorial Assistant of EELC.

Jan-Pieter Vos
Jan-Pieter Vos is Labour Law teacher and PhD candidate at Erasmus School of Law and editor of EELC.

    The dismissal of an employee for gross misconduct was unfair because the investigating officer failed to share significant new information with the manager conducting the disciplinary hearing who decided to dismiss, the Employment Appeal Tribunal has ruled.


Ludivine Gegaden
Ludivine Gegaden is an Associate at Lewis Silkin LLP.
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