Verfijn uw zoekresultaat

Zoekresultaat: 879 artikelen

x
Artikel

Access_open Experimental Regulations and Regulatory ­Sandboxes – Law Without Order?

Special Issue Experimental Legislation in Times of Crisis, Sofia Ranchordás & Bart van Klink (eds.)

Tijdschrift Law and Method, december 2021
Trefwoorden experimental regulations, regulatory sandboxes, methodology, regulatory quality
Auteurs Sofia Ranchordás
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses the key methodological shortcomings of experimental regulations and regulatory sandboxes. I argue that the poor design and implementation of these experimental legal regimes have both methodological and legal implications. The deficient design of experimental regulations and regulatory sandboxes can have three adverse effects: First, the internal validity of experimental legal regimes is limited because it is unclear whether the verified results are the direct result of the experimental intervention or other circumstances. The limited external validity of experimental legal regimes impedes the generalizability of the experiment. Second, experimental legal regimes that are not scientifically sound make a limited contribution to the advancement of evidence-based lawmaking and the rationalization of regulation. Third, methodological deficiencies may result in the violation of legal principles which require that experimental regulations follow objective, transparent, and predictable standards. I contribute to existing comparative public law and law and methods literature with an interdisciplinary framework which can help improve the design of experimental regulations and regulatory sandboxes. I draw on social science literature on the methods of field experiments to offer novel methodological insights for a more transparent and objective design of experimental regulations and regulatory sandboxes.


Sofia Ranchordás
Sofia Ranchordás is Full Professor of EU and Comparative Public Law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Groningen, The Netherlands & Associate Professor of Public Law, Innovation, and Sustainability at the Faculty of Law, LUISS Guido Carli, Italy.
Boekbespreking

Boekbespreking & dialoog: De meeste mensen deugen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Toezicht, Aflevering 4 2021
Auteurs Frans van Bruggen en Frédérique Six
Auteursinformatie

Frans van Bruggen
F.P van Bruggen is buitenpromovendus en toezichthouder bij De Nederlandsche Bank en redacteur van Tijdschrift voor Toezicht. Hij schrijft dit stuk op persoonlijke titel.

Frédérique Six
Dr ir F.E. Six MBA is universitair hoofddocent aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en gastprofessor aan de Universiteit Antwerpen. De focus van haar onderzoek is publieke governancevraagstukken met speciale aandacht voor de relatie tussen vertrouwen en controle.
Artikel

Kanttekeningen bij een instrumentele waar­dering van procedurele rechtvaardigheid

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden Procedural justice, Empirical-legal research, Fact-value distinction, Consequentialism, Deontology
Auteurs Vincent Geeraets
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Procedural justice has been at the forefront of empirical legal research in the Netherlands in past years. One of the major goals of this research is to find out what the effects are of the perception of procedural justice. In this article, I argue that the notion of procedural justice is deontological in nature. It has an intrinsic value, which means that it cannot be weighed against other interests. This is recognized in law: people have a right to a fair trial. However, since in social scientific research the focus is on the effects of procedural justice, researchers treat this concept (also) as a consequentialist notion. It is thought of as a means which can serve some useful end. My aim is to assess whether this way of valuing procedural justice can be considered acceptable. An important upshot of my discussion is that conducting research into procedural justice implies a normative stance. Finally, I suggest ways in which an all too instrumental approach to procedural justice can be avoided.


Vincent Geeraets
Vincent Geeraets is als universitair docent verbonden aan de afdeling Rechtstheorie en rechtsgeschiedenis van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Hij is gepromoveerd in de rechtsfilosofie en houdt zich onder andere bezig met het thema feiten en normen in empirisch-juridisch onderzoek.
Artikel

Access_open Defensieve geneeskunde: een juridisch-­empirisch perspectief

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden Defensive medicine/defensieve geneeskunde, Empirical legal studies/juridisch-empirisch onderzoek, Medical liability law/medisch aansprakelijkheidsrecht, Disciplinary law/medisch tuchtrecht
Auteurs Shosha Wiznitzer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Some scholars argue that a growing number of Dutch physicians practice defensive medicine. This implies physicians base their professional decisions primarily on a fear of being held liable. The main question of this article is whether empirical evidence corroborates the claim that Dutch medical liability law causes physicians to behave defensively. I argue that this is not the case. If we assume that the law influences physicians’ behavior, we must also assume physicians know the law. Empirical evidence shows this knowledge is limited. Furthermore, Dutch physicians tend to report low levels of defensive behavior.


Shosha Wiznitzer
Shosha Wiznitzer is wetgevingsadviseur bij de Raad van State; daarvoor was zij werkzaam als universitair docent bij het Molengraaff Instituut voor Privaatrecht (Universiteit Utrecht) Het artikel is geschreven op persoonlijke titel.
Artikel

Access_open Internationale doorgifte van persoonsgegevens: aandachtspunten bij het gebruik van modelcontracten

Tijdschrift Contracteren, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden AVG, modelcontracten, persoonsgegevens, Standard Contractual Clauses, Schrems-II (arrest)
Auteurs mr. D.S. de Boer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Op grond van de Algemene Verordening Gegevensbescherming hebben partijen een grondslag nodig om persoonsgegevens vanuit de EER naar derde landen door te mogen geven. In deze bijdrage bespreekt de auteur de aandachtspunten bij het gebruik van modelcontracten als grondslag voor de doorgifte van persoonsgegevens naar derde landen. Daarbij worden de oude modelcontracten (modelcontractbepalingen) en de nieuwe modelcontracten (standaardcontractbepalingen) vergeleken. Ook signaleert de auteur welke invloed het Schrems II-arrest heeft op het gebruik van de modelcontracten. De bijdrage wordt afgesloten met de conclusie dat, afhankelijk van een door partijen gemaakte risicobeoordeling, modelcontracten mogelijk een grondslag kunnen bieden voor doorgifte van persoonsgegevens naar derde landen.


mr. D.S. de Boer
Mr. D.S. de Boer is advocaat bij Dirkzwager legal & tax te Arnhem.
Artikel

Access_open Global Solidarity and Collective Intelligence in Times of Pandemics

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Global solidarity, Pandemics, Global Existential Threats, Collective Intelligence, CrowdLaw
Auteurs José Luis Martí
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Some of the existential threats we currently face are global in the sense that they affect us all, and thus matter of global concern and trigger duties of moral global solidarity. But some of these global threats, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, are global in a second, additional, sense: discharging them requires joint, coordinated global action. For that reason, these twofold global threats trigger political – not merely moral – duties of global solidarity. This article explores the contrast between these two types of global threats with the purpose of clarifying the distinction between moral and political duties of global solidarity. And, in the absence of a fully developed global democratic institutional system, the article also explores some promising ways to fulfill our global political duties, especially those based on mechanisms of collective intelligence such as CrowdLaw, which might provide effective solutions to these global threats while enhancing the democratic legitimacy of public decision-making.


José Luis Martí
José Luis Martí is Associate Professor of Legal and Political Philosophy, Department of Law, Pompeu Fabra University of Barcelona.
Artikel

Access_open Welcoming the Other in a Pandemic Society

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Discourse, Solidarity, Poststructuralism, Levinas, Derrida
Auteurs Thomas Jacobus de Jong en Carina van de Wetering
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution explores the meaning and scope of solidarity with the emergence of the coronavirus discourse as formulated by politicians in order to make sense of the virus. It offers a poststructuralist account drawing on discourse theory together with insights from Levinas and Derrida. This leads to a critical reflection on the prevailing view of solidarity as secondary and derivative to corona policies, because solidarity is often subjugated to hegemonic meanings of efficiency. Instead, the argument is made that solidarity refers to the unique responsibility to which the other as wholly other commands me. This appeal for responsibility, that is presented in the face of the other, is to be assumed in the distance between the rules and the singularity of the situation. Accordingly, solidarity is described as a paradox of dependence (calculability) and independence (beyond calculation), that appears in a moment of undecidability, for it can never be overcome.


Thomas Jacobus de Jong
Thomas Jacobus de Jong is senior parketsecretaris at the Netherlands Public Prosecution Service (OM).

Carina van de Wetering
Carina van de Wetering is Lecturer in International Relations at the Institute of Political Science at Leiden University.
Artikel

Access_open The Exceptionality of Solidarity

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Solidarity, COVID-19, Crisis, Normalcy, Exceptionality
Auteurs Amalia Amaya Navarro
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In times of crisis, we witness exceptional expressions of solidarity. Why does solidarity spring in times of crisis when it wanes in normal times? An inquiry into what may explain the differences between the expression of solidarity in crisis vs. normalcy provides, as I will argue in this article, important insights into the conditions and nature of solidarity. Solidarity requires, I will contend, an egalitarian ethos and state action within and beyond the state. It is neither a momentary political ideal, nor an exclusionary one, which depends for its sustainment on formal, legal, structures. Transient, sectarian, and informal conceptions of solidarity unduly curtail the demands of solidarity by restricting its reach to times of crisis, to in-group recipients, and to the social rather than the legal sphere. The article concludes by discussing some aspects of the dynamics of solidarity and its inherent risks that the analysis of the exceptionality of solidarity helps bring into focus.


Amalia Amaya Navarro
Amalia Amaya Navarro is British Academy Global Professor of Legal Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh.
Artikel

Access_open Solidarity, Religious Freedom and COVID-19

The Case of the Ultra-Orthodox Sects in Israel

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Social solidarity, COVID-19, Religious freedom, Cultural defence, Ultra-Orthodox sects in Israel
Auteurs Miriam Gur-Arye en Sharon Shakargy
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article discusses the tension between social solidarity and religious freedom as demonstrated by the refusal of the ultra-Orthodox sects in Israel to comply with COVID-19 regulations. The article provides a detailed description of the refusal to comply with the regulations restricting mass prayer services in synagogues and studying Torah in the yeshivas, thus interfering with the ultra-Orthodox religious life. The article suggests possible explanations for that refusal, based on either religious beliefs or a socio-political claim to autonomy, and discusses whether the polity should be willing to tolerate such a refusal on the basis of the cultural defence. The article concludes that despite the drastic restrictions on religious life caused by the social distancing regulations, and the special importance of freedom of religion, reducing the pandemic’s spread called for awarding priority to solidarity over religious freedom, and the enforcement of social solidarity legal duties – the social distancing regulations – on all.


Miriam Gur-Arye
Miriam Gur-Arye is the Judge Basil Wunsh Professor of Criminal Law, Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Sharon Shakargy
Sharon Shakargy is a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Artikel

Access_open Justice and Coercion in the Pandemic

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Justice as impartiality, Justice as mutual advantage, Solidarity, Coercion, Moral motivation
Auteurs Matt Matravers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Coercion plays two essential roles in theories of justice. First, in assuring those who comply with the demands of justice that they are not being exploited by others who do not do so. Second, in responding to, and managing, those who are unreasonable. With respect to the first, responses to the pandemic have potentially undermined this assurance. This is true in the distributions of vaccines internationally, and in some domestic contexts in which the rich and powerful have avoided public health guidance not to travel, to isolate, and so on. With respect to the second, the article considers whether those who refuse to be vaccinated are unreasonable, and if so, what follows for how they ought to be treated.


Matt Matravers
Matt Matravers is Professor of Law, University of York, York, UK.
Artikel

Access_open What Solidarity?

A Look Behind the Veil of Solidarity in ‘Corona Times’ Contractual Relations

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Mechanical solidarity, Organic solidarity, Contract, Good faith, Punishment
Auteurs Candida Leone
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article uses three prominent examples from the Dutch context to problematize the relationship between contractual and social solidarity during the coronavirus crisis. The social science ideal types of ‘mechanical’ and ‘organic’ solidarity, and their typified correspondence with legal modes of punishment and compensation, are used to illuminate the way in which solidarity language in private relationships can convey and normalize assumptions about the public interest and economic order.


Candida Leone
Candida Leone is Assistant Professor at the, Amsterdam Centre for Transformative Private Law.
Artikel

Access_open Solidarity and COVID-19

A Foucauldian analysis

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Solidarity, COVID-19 epidemic, Foucault, Social cohesion, Practicing
Auteurs Marli Huijer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, most governments in Europe have imposed disciplinary and controlling mechanisms on their populations. In the name of solidarity, citizens are pressed to submit to lockdowns, social distancing or corona apps. Building on the historical-philosophical studies of Michel Foucault, this article shows that these mechanisms are spin-offs of health regimes that have evolved since the seventeenth century. In case of COVID-19, these regimes decreased the infection, morbidity and mortality rates. But, as a side-effect, they limited the opportunities to act together and practice solidarity. This negatively affected the social cohesion and public sphere in already highly individualistic societies. To prevent the further disappearing of solidarity – understood as something that is enacted rather than as a moral value or political principle – governments and citizens need to invest in the restoral of the social conditions that enable and facilitate the practicing of solidarity after the epidemic.


Marli Huijer
Marli Huijer is Emeritus Professor of Public Philosophy at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Sick and Blamed

Criminal Law in the Chilean Response to COVID-19

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Solidarity, Punishment, Legitimacy, Inequality, COVID-19
Auteurs Rocío Lorca
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Chilean government called upon ideas of social solidarity to fight the pandemic of SARS-CoV-2 and it relied heavily on the criminal law in order to secure compliance with sanitary restrictions. However, because restrictions and prosecutorial policy did not take into account social background and people’s ability to comply with the law, prosecutions soon created groups of people who were being both over-exposed to disease and death, and over-exposed to control, blame and punishment. The configuration of this overpoliced and underprotected group became so visibly unjust that appealing to social solidarity to justify the criminal enforcement of sanitary restrictions became almost insulting. This forced the Fiscal Nacional to develop a ‘socially sensitive’ prosecutorial strategy, something that we have not often seen despite Chile’s inequalities. The changes in policy by the Fiscal Nacional suggest that perhaps, at times, penal institutions can be made accountable for acting in ways that create estrangement rather than cohesion.


Rocío Lorca
Rocío Lorca is Assistant Professor at Universidad de Chile’s School of Law.
Mededinging

Artikel 22 Covo: terug van weggeweest?

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 7-8 2021
Trefwoorden artikel 22 Covo, Concentratieverordening, fusies en overnames, Illumina/Grail, verwijzingsverzoek
Auteurs Mr. F.A. Roscam Abbing
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In dit artikel wordt ingegaan op de recente ontwikkelingen ten aanzien van artikel 22 Covo en het (nieuwe) beleid van de Europese Commissie betreffende verwijzingen van mededingingszaken onder dat artikel. Ook wordt de zaak Illumina/Grail kort besproken en wordt nader ingegaan op een aantal aandachtspunten voor de praktijk als gevolg van het (nieuwe) beleid van de Europese Commissie.
    Mededeling van de Commissie. Handvatten voor de toepassing van het verwijzingsmechanisme van artikel 22 van de concentratieverordening op bepaalde categorieën zaken (PbEU 2021, C 113/1); zaak M.10188 – Illumina/Grail.


Mr. F.A. Roscam Abbing
Mr. F.A. (Felix) Roscam Abbing is advocaat bij Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer.

Kees Pijnappels
Article

Access_open Hardship and Force Majeure as Grounds for Adaptation and Renegotiation of Investment Contracts

What Is the Extent of the Powers of Arbitral Tribunals?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden contract adaptation, hardship, force majeure, investment contracts, arbitration
Auteurs Agata Zwolankiewicz
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The change of circumstances impacting the performance of the contracts has been a widely commented issue. However, there seems to be a gap in legal jurisprudence with regard to resorting to such a remedy in the investment contracts setting, especially from the procedural perspective. It has not been finally settled whether arbitral tribunals are empowered to adapt investment contracts should circumstances change and, if they were, what the grounds for such a remedy would be. In this article, the author presents the current debates regarding this issue, potential grounds for application of such a measure and several proposals which would facilitate resolution of this procedural uncertainty.


Agata Zwolankiewicz
Agata Zwolankiewicz is an advocate trainee, graduated from the University of Silesia in Katowice (M.A. in law), and the University of Ottawa (LL.M. with concentration in international trade and foreign investment).
Article

Access_open The Influence of Strategic Culture on Legal Justifications

Comparing British and German Parliamentary Debates Regarding the War against ISIS

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden strategic culture, international law, ISIS, parliamentary debates, interdisciplinarity
Auteurs Martin Hock
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article presents an interdisciplinary comparison of British and German legal arguments concerning the justification of the use of force against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS). It is situated in the broader framework of research on strategic culture and the use of international law as a tool for justifying state behaviour. Thus, a gap in political science research is analysed: addressing legal arguments as essentially political in their usage. The present work questions whether differing strategic cultures will lead to a different use of legal arguments. International legal theory and content analysis are combined to sort arguments into the categories of instrumentalism, formalism and natural law. To do so, a data set consisting of all speeches with regard to the fight against ISIS made in both parliaments until the end of 2018 is analysed. It is shown that Germany and the UK, despite their varying strategic cultures, rely on similar legal justifications to a surprisingly large extent.


Martin Hock
Martin Hock is Research Associate at the Technische Universität Dresden, Germany.
Article

Access_open The Role of the Vienna Rules in the Interpretation of the ECHR

A Normative Basis or a Source of Inspiration?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden European Convention on Human Rights, European Court of Human Rights, techniques of interpretation, the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
Auteurs Eszter Polgári
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The interpretive techniques applied by the European Court of Human Rights are instrumental in filling the vaguely formulated rights-provisions with progressive content, and their use provoked widespread criticism. The article argues that despite the scarcity of explicit references to the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, all the ECtHR’s methods and doctrines of interpretation have basis in the VCLT, and the ECtHR has not developed a competing framework. The Vienna rules are flexible enough to accommodate the interpretive rules developed in the ECHR jurisprudence, although effectiveness and evolutive interpretation is favoured – due to the unique nature of Convention – over the more traditional means of interpretation, such as textualism. Applying the VCLT as a normative framework offers unique ways of reconceptualising some of the much-contested means of interpretation in order to increase the legitimacy of the ECtHR.


Eszter Polgári
Eszter Polgári, PhD, is assistant professor at the Department of Legal Studies of the Central European University in Austria.

    The Bulgarian Supreme Administrative Court has held that not only employees working under an employment relationship but also state officials enjoy special protection against termination.


Kalina Tchakarova
Kalina Tchakarova is a partner at Djingov, Gouginski, Kyutchukov and Velichkov.
Rulings

ECJ 15 July 2021, case C-742/19 (Ministrstvo za obrambo), Working Time

BK – v – Republika Slovenija (Ministrstvo za obrambo), Slovenian case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden Working Time
Samenvatting

    In a limited number of security activities, military personnel are excluded from the scope of the Working Time Directive. The Directive does not prohibit stand-by periods and actual work to be remunerated differently.

Toont 1 - 20 van 879 gevonden teksten
« 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 43 44
U kunt door de volledige tekst zoeken naar alle artikelen door uw zoekterm in het zoekveld in te vullen. Als u op de knop 'Zoek' heeft geklikt komt u op de zoekresultatenpagina met filters, die u helpen om snel bij het door u gezochte artikel te komen. Er zijn op dit moment twee filters: rubriek en jaar.