Zoekresultaat: 40 artikelen

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Artikel

Access_open GMO Regulation in Crisis – The Experimental Potential of Regulation (EU) 2020/1043 on Covid-19 in Addressing Both a Crisis and a ­Pandemic

Special Issue Experimental Legislation in Times of Crisis Sofia Ranchordás & Bart van Klink (eds.)

Tijdschrift Law and Method, september 2021
Trefwoorden experimental legislation, regulatory knowledge, GMO regulation, evaluation
Auteurs Lonneke Poort en Willem-Jan Kortleven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, we analyse Regulation (EU) 2020/1043 on Covid-19 against the backdrop of the current deadlock in EU-regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). We build on temporary and experimental legislation scholarship and employ a normative framework of regulatory knowledge. The Covid-19 Regulation aims at speeding up the development of GMO-based Covid-19 treatments or vaccines by temporarily suspending requirements that otherwise would have made for time-consuming and burdensome authorization processes. Although the Regulation lacks an explicit experimental purpose, we hypothesize that experiences with its functioning may be utilized in evaluation processes serving attempts to change the GMO legal framework. As such, it may fulfil a latent experimental function. We reflect on the types of knowledge that are relevant when evaluating experimental legislation and developing regulation more generally and argue that the inclusion of social knowledge is pertinent in dealing with complex issues such as GMO regulation. Experimental law literature focuses on gathering evidence-based knowledge about the functioning of legislation but virtually neglects knowledge about different experiences and value appreciations of various societal actors and social-contextual mechanisms. We propose that such social knowledge be included in the design of experimental legislation and that evaluation be approached bottom-up instead of top-down.


Lonneke Poort
Lonneke Poort is Associate Professor at the department of Sociology, Theory and Methodology of Law at Erasmus School of Law.

Willem-Jan Kortleven
Willem-Jan Kortleven is Assistant Professor at the department of Sociology, Theory and Methodology of Law at Erasmus School of Law, Rotterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Law Schools and Ethics of Democracy

Special Issue on Pragmatism and Legal Education Sanne Taekema & Thomas Riesthuis (eds.)

Tijdschrift Law and Method, augustus 2021
Trefwoorden legal education, democracy, pragmatism
Auteurs Michal Stambulski
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Contemporary critical analyses of legal education indicate that legal education is undemocratic as it is based on a discipline that produces subjects who obey hierarchies, are free from the habit of criticism and are ready to self-sacrifice for promotion in the social hierarchy. At the same time, critical analyses offer the very passive vision of the law student as merely ‘being processed’ through the educational grinder. Paradoxically, in doing so they confirm the vision they criticize. This article argues that, by adopting a pragmatic philosophical perspective, it is possible to go beyond this one-sided picture. Over the past few decades, there has been an increase in ‘practical’ attitudes in legal education. Socrates’ model of didactics, clinical education and moot courts are giving rise to institutionalized ideas as structural elements of legal education, owing to which a purely disciplinary pedagogy may be superseded. All these practices allow students to accept and confront the viewpoints of others. Education completed in harmony with these ideas promotes an active, critical member of community, who is ready to advance justified moral judgements, and as such is compliant with pragmatic ethics of democracy.


Michal Stambulski
Dr. Michal Stambulski is postdoctoral researcher at the Erasmus University Rotterdam and assistant professor at the University of Zielona Gora.
Artikel

Access_open Soft law in het arbeidsrecht

Tijdschrift Arbeidsrechtelijke Annotaties, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden UWV Werkwijzer Poortwachter, STECR Werkwijzer Arbeidsconflicten, Artikel 79 Wet RO, Soft law, Definitie van recht
Auteurs Beryl ter Haar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De definitie van ‘recht’ onder artikel 79 Wet RO wordt door de Hoge Raad ruim geïnterpreteerd en omvat onder meer niet-bindende voorschriften. Niettemin blijkt uit de conclusies van A-G’s De Bock (zaken Cicero en Euregio) en Van Peursem (zaak ROCvA) dat deze interpretatie nog niet zo ruim is dat daar ook de UWV Werkwijzer Poortwachter en de STECR Werkwijzer Arbeidsconflicten onder vallen, terwijl deze niet alleen interne instructies zijn, maar ook externe werking lijken te hebben. Aan de hand van een abstracte verhandeling over soft law, gevolgd door een concrete toepassing van een analytisch model ter bepaling van de mate van soft law, wordt in dit artikel betoogd dat goed zou zijn om bij de beoordeling of juridisch niet-bindende voorschriften, zoals deze Werkwijzers, gelden als recht in de zin van artikel 79 Wet RO meer ruimte te geven aan de inhoud van die voorschriften en minder formele aspecten, zoals wetgevingsprocessen en publicatievereisten, de doorslag te laten geven.


Beryl ter Haar
Prof. mr. B.P. ter Haar is bijzonder hoogleraar Europees en vergelijkend arbeidsrecht aan de Rijksuniversiteit van Groningen en UW professor en directeur van het Centre for International and European Labour Law Studies (CIELLS) aan de Universiteit van Warschau.
Artikel

30 Years of CEDR

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden CEDR, ADR, Eileen Carroll, history, evolution
Auteurs Karl Mackie
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Karl Mackie writes some thoughts on CEDR’s experience, giving insights into the growth of ADR and strategies for change. He expects there will be a major demand for strategies for change on many fronts as the world comes out of a pandemic, so there may be some more generic lessons for readers with new ambitions as well as insights into ADR.


Karl Mackie
Karl Mackie is CEDR Founder and President, and Mediator.
Artikel

Voorbij het polderen in de slimme stad

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden smart city, public values, civil servants, public involvement, anchored pluralism
Auteurs Dr. Jiska Engelbert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Steering on public values in Dutch smart cities, let alone their regulation, is complicated. This article situates this difficulty in the vested interests that Dutch local authorities have in public-private smart city projects, and in the fact that public values are narrowly defined in relation to the technology; not in relation to a vision for the city in which its communities thrive. A way out of this deadlock, the article proposes, is to understand smart cities in the Netherlands beyond the typically Dutch consensus politics (the ‘polder’) and, instead, as part of a broader (urban) governance tendency to push urban technologies through the recital of fixed urban problems and public values. Consequently, state regulation of the (Dutch) smart city should principally enable (local) public and political involvement in defining urban problems and urban dreams, and thus in deciding the public values that are at stake.


Dr. Jiska Engelbert
Dr. J. Engelbert is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Centre for BOLD Cities van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Ethiek, liberalisme en gemeenschap

Enkele gedachten over herstelrecht en zorgethiek

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden ethiek, liberalisme, gemeenschap, communitarisme, zorgethiek
Auteurs Pieter De Witte
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article considers Christopher D. Marshall’s proposal to draw a connection between the ethics of care and restorative justice. The ethics of care tradition is critical of the modern liberal interpretation of morality as a rational endeavor based on universal principles. The article attempts to spell out the ethical and political implications of adopting this fundamental viewpoint in the context of restorative justice. On the ethical level, the ethics of care may remind the tradition of restorative justice of its essential reliance on the concrete moral practices and competences of people that precede any conceptualized normative ethics. On the political level, an ethics of care approach to restorative justice seems to lead to a certain deadlock in that it fails (and refuses) to offer a rational justification of restorative justice practices. On a closer look, the ethics of care can provide such a justification, be it a ‘communitarian’ one.


Pieter De Witte
Pieter de Witte is RK-gevangenisaalmoezenier, postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan het Centrum voor Religie, Ethiek en Detentie en docent Religie, Zingeving en Levensbeschouwing (KU Leuven).
Article

Access_open The Dutch International Responsible Business Conduct Agreements

Effective Initiatives?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden IRBC Agreements, effectiveness, OECD due diligence, access to remedy
Auteurs Martijn Scheltema
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution analyses the effectiveness of the Dutch International Responsible Business Conduct (IRBC) agreements and suggests some avenues for improvement. Several challenges in connection with effectiveness have been identified in evaluations of the IRBC agreements, and these are used as a starting point for the analysis. The focus is on three themes: (i) uptake, leverage and collaboration; (ii) implementation of OECD due diligence including monitoring and (iii) access to remedy. This contribution shows that low uptake may not be a sign of ineffectiveness per se, although in terms of leverage a sufficient number of participants or collaboration between agreements seems important. In connection with due diligence, it is recommended to align the implementation of OECD due diligence. Furthermore, an effective monitoring mechanism by a secretariat, as is currently implemented in the Textile agreement only, is most likely to bring about material changes in business behaviour. Other types of supervision seem less effective. Access to remedy poses a challenge in all IRBC agreements. It is recommended that the expectations the agreements have on access to remedy be clarified, also in connection with the role of signatories to the agreements in cases where they are directly linked to human rights abuse. Furthermore, it is recommended that a dispute resolution mechanism be introduced that enables complaints for external stakeholders against business signatories, comparable to that of the Textile agreement. However, rather than implementing separate mechanisms in all agreements, an overarching mechanism for all agreements should be introduced.


Martijn Scheltema
Martijn Scheltema is Professor of Private law at Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Artikel

De algemene vergadering van aandeelhouders: van een niet-representatieve formaliteit naar een modern beslissingsplatform

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Ondernemingsrecht, Aflevering 10-11 2018
Trefwoorden corporate governance, aandeelhouders, AVA, besluitvorming, beursvennootschappen
Auteurs Mr. A.J.F. Lafarre en Mr. C.F. van der Elst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Er bestaat een duidelijke kloof tussen de ondernemingsrechtelijke theorie en de praktijk als het gaat om de AVA van beursvennootschappen. De auteurs gaan in op deze bestaande problematiek, stellen een grondige modernisering van de AVA voor met moderne technologie en werpen een korte nieuwe blik op het Nederlandse corporate governance-bestel.


Mr. A.J.F. Lafarre
Mr. A.J.F. Lafarre is assistant professor bij het departement Business Law, Tilburg University.

Mr. C.F. van der Elst
Mr. C.F. van der Elst is hoogleraar bij het departement Business Law, Tilburg University en de vakgroep Metajuridica, privaat- en ondernemingsrecht, Universiteit Gent.
Artikel

De functie-inhoud van niet-uitvoerende bestuurders van beursvennootschappen getoetst

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Ondernemingsrecht, Aflevering 7 2018
Trefwoorden beursvennootschap, one tier board, niet-uitvoerende bestuurders, algemeen beleid, toezicht
Auteurs Mr. A. Talmricht
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage toetst de auteur de functie-inhoud van de niet-uitvoerende bestuurders van alle aan Euronext Amsterdam genoteerde vennootschappen met een one tier bestuur aan de wet. Hij komt tot de conclusie dat de functie-inhoud van deze niet-uitvoerende bestuurders niet steeds voldoende aansluit op de wet, waardoor aansprakelijkheidsrisico’s kunnen ontstaan.


Mr. A. Talmricht
Mr. A. Talmricht is werkzaam als wetenschappelijk medewerker sectie civiel bij de Hoge Raad der Nederlanden.
Artikel

Online Dispute Resolution: een veelbelovend initiatief voor toegang tot het recht?

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 7-8 2018
Trefwoorden toegang tot het recht, e-Court, digitalisering, Online Dispute Resolution, ODR
Auteurs Mr. E.M. van Gelder
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Tegen de achtergrond van de huidige problematiek in de civiele rechtspraak is er een toenemende interesse in de unieke mogelijkheden die ICT biedt om geschiloplossing meer toegankelijk te maken. Recent stuit Online Dispute Resolution echter op steeds meer weerstand om een onvoldoende rechtsbescherming binnen ODR-procedures. Dit artikel focust op de potentie van ODR voor de toegankelijkheid van het recht, met e-Court als casestudy.


Mr. E.M. van Gelder
Mr. E.M. van Gelder is promovenda aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Promoting Conciliation and Mediation in Collective Labour Conflicts in Europe

Celebrating 50 years of Federal Mediation Services in Belgium

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Mediation, conciliation, collective labour conflict, strikes
Auteurs Ana Belén García, Erica Pender, Francisco J. Medina e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    On 23 April 2018, the Belgian Ministry of Labour, together with a consortium of 12 European research institutes, held a symposium on the current state of the art and best practices for conciliation and mediation in collective labour conflicts within the European Union, and particularly in Belgium. The symposium was organized for two occasions. First, the 50st anniversary of the Belgium law, providing mediation services by the Ministry of Labour to prevent and mediate in collective labour conflicts. Second, the presentation of the results of an EU (DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion) sponsored project in 12 EU member states.
    The management of collective labour conflicts is in all countries regulated differently. The study shows that also practices of third party intervention differ largely. Most countries differentiate conciliation (a relative informal process of facilitated negotiation), mediation (usually defined as a strong involvement of the third party, who gives recommendations to the parties), and arbitration. Mediators typically are not trained, certified or registered as mediators in most countries. In all countries there is a large potential for conciliation, particularly in early stages of conflict (preventive mediation), as well as in rebuilding of trust after conflict episodes. More details in open access book: Mediation in collective labor conflicts (Springer, 2018).


Ana Belén García
Ana Belén García is senior researcher at the University of Seville and KU Leuven, working in the departments of work and organizational psychology. She was coordinator of several EU funded research programs on social dialogue in organisations. The most recent project was on mediation in collective labor conflicts in 12 EU member states. Ana’s interest is on conflict management and mediation in organizations. She was editor of two handbooks in the Springer Series ‘Industrial relations and conflict management’. Ana holds a PhD in Psychology and HRM from the University of Seville and KU Leuven. She is also a registered mediator.

Erica Pender
Erica Pender is a mediator and senior researcher at the University of Seville and KU Leuven in the department of Work and Organizational Psychology. She holds a PhD in Psychology from the University of Seville and KU Leuven focusing on trust and trustworthiness in organizations. After studying psychology at the University of Seville, she obtained her MSc at Maastricht University. She has coordinated two large-scale projects for the European Commission, and was co-editor of two handbooks in the Springer Series ‘Industrial relations and conflict management’.

Francisco J. Medina
Fransisco J. Medina is professor in social and organizational psychology, and Dean of the Faculty of Psychology and Educational sciences, at the University of Seville, Spain. His interests are conflict management, mediation and organizational development. He is engaged for many years in the development of labor mediation in Spain, providing training for mediators. He is also an experienced consultant and mediator. Francisco published both internationally and in Spanish extensively on conflict management and mediation.

Martin Euwema
Martin Euwema is professor in organizational psychology, and chair of the research group Organizational and Occupational Psychology and Professional Learning at KU Leuven, Belgium. He is also co-director of the Leuven Center for Collaborative Management and visiting professor at University of Copenhagen, IESEG-Paris, Sevilla, and Tsinghua (Beijing). He has extensive experience as consultant and mediator for both profit and non-profit organizations. His fields of expertise are conflict management, mediation, leadership, and organizational and team development.
Artikel

Access_open De retoriek van gun-jumping

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden gun-jumping, artikel 4 en 7 Concentratieverordening, meldingsplicht, standstillverplichting, artikel 34 Mw
Auteurs Stijn de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In dit artikel beschrijft de auteur het fenomeen ‘gun-jumping’ (het zonder goedkeuring van de mededingingsautoriteit implementeren van meldingsplichtige concentraties) aan de hand van recente Nederlandse en Europese zaken.


Stijn de Jong
Mr. S. de Jong is advocaat bij Stibbe te Amsterdam.
Diversen: Boilerplates etc.

Overleeft de survival clause?

Tijdschrift Contracteren, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Survival clause, Boilerplate, Uitleg, Ontbinding, vernietiging
Auteurs Prof. mr. T.H.M. Van Wechem en Mr. drs. J.H.M. Spanjaard
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De survival clause wordt in veel contracten aangetroffen en heeft tot doel te bewerkstelligen dat de daarin genoemde artikelen het einde van de overeenkomst overleven. In dit artikel onderzoeken de schrijvers of de survival clause nodig is, dan wel dat de wettelijke regelingen over ontbinding en vernietiging het onderwerp al afdoende regelen. De schrijvers concluderen dat de survival clause nut heeft.


Prof. mr. T.H.M. Van Wechem
Prof. mr. dr. T.H.M. van Wechem is hoogleraar Professional Legal Counseling aan de Open Universiteit.

Mr. drs. J.H.M. Spanjaard
Mr. drs. J.H.M. Spanjaard is advocaat bij La Gro Advocaten in Alphen aan den Rijn.
Article

Access_open Corporate Taxation and BEPS: A Fair Slice for Developing Countries?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden Fairness, international tax, legitimacy, BEPS, developing countries
Auteurs Irene Burgers en Irma Mosquera
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The aim of this article is to examine the differences in perception of ‘fairness’ between developing and developed countries, which influence developing countries’ willingness to embrace the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) proposals and to recommend as to how to overcome these differences. The article provides an introduction to the background of the OECD’s BEPS initiatives (Action Plan, Low Income Countries Report, Multilateral Framework, Inclusive Framework) and the concerns of developing countries about their ability to implement BEPS (Section 1); a non-exhaustive overview of the shortcomings of the BEPS Project and its Action Plan in respect of developing countries (Section 2); arguments on why developing countries might perceive fairness in relation to corporate income taxes differently from developed countries (Section 3); and recommendations for international organisations, governments and academic researchers on where fairness in respect of developing countries should be more properly addressed (Section 4).


Irene Burgers
Irene Burgers is Professor of International and European Tax Law, Faculty of Law, and Professor of Economics of Taxation, Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Groningen.

Irma Mosquera
Irma Mosquera, Ph.D. is Senior Research Associate at the International Bureau of Fiscal Documentation IBFD and Tax Adviser Hamelink & Van den Tooren.
Artikel

Shoot-out clausules bij 50/50-BV’s

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Ondernemingsrecht, Aflevering 3-4 2017
Trefwoorden shoot-out clausule, aandeelhoudersgeschil, joint venture, aandeelhoudersovereenkomst
Auteurs Mr. M.J.R. Brons
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Shoot-out clausules kunnen een nuttig mechanisme zijn voor de doorbreking van impasses bij BV’s met twee aandeelhouders die ieder 50% van de aandelen houden. Dit artikel bespreekt verschillende varianten van shoot-out clausules, enkele specifieke kenmerken per variant en voor- en nadelen van het gebruik van shoot-out clausules in het algemeen.


Mr. M.J.R. Brons
Mr. M.J.R. Brons is advocaat bij Höcker Advocaten te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Religie en de geestelijke infrastructuur van staat en samenleving

Een wijsgerige analyse aan de hand van Jürgen Habermas en G.W.F. Hegel

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden Religie, Samenleving, Staat, Habermas, Hegel, Publiekrecht
Auteurs Mr. Dr. Bart Labuschagne
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    How can the debate on the place of religion in society in relation to the state, that has reached a deadlock in unbridgeable opposites, be drawn afloat again? In this contribution a lance will be broken for a philosophical approach to this issue. In view of an analysis of the main religious- and legal-philosophical work of two philosophical giants, the 19th Century German Idealist G.W.F. Hegel, and the contemporary Discourse theorist Jürgen Habermas, a double perspective will be cast on the central question of this debate. It will show surprising deep structures and sorely needed prospects.


Mr. Dr. Bart Labuschagne
Mr. dr. B.C. Labuschagne is universitair docent Rechtsfilosofie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Extra bescherming voor de OK-functionaris: de escrowvoorziening

Hof Amsterdam (OK) 27 oktober 2015, ECLI:NL:GHAMS:2015:4379 (Cunico)

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Ondernemingsrecht, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Ondernemingskamer, Cunico, OK-functionaris, aansprakelijkheid, escrowvoorziening
Auteurs Mr. D.M.H. de Leeuw
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In de Cunico-beschikking staat de OK een ruime escrowvoorziening toe, die mede strekt tot zekerheid van de kosten van advies en verweer in rechte tegen aansprakelijkstellingen van de door de OK benoemde functionarissen persoonlijk. De escrowvoorziening lijkt een welkome aanvulling op de middelen om de OK-functionaris te beschermen tegen (ongefundeerde) druk van de bij de rechtspersonen betrokken partijen, zolang de omvang van de escrowvoorziening niet tot onnodige extra liquiditeitskrapte bij de rechtspersoon leidt.


Mr. D.M.H. de Leeuw
Mr. D.M.H. de Leeuw is advocaat bij DLA Piper in Amsterdam.
Artikel

Een aanzet voor een methodiek tot het voorkomen van (internationale) insolventies

Verslag van verkennend praktijkonderzoek gericht op beter conflictmanagement bij bedrijven in zwaar weer

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden Resolving financial distress, Juridical developments, Harvard negotiation, Serious gaming
Auteurs Jan A.A. Adriaanse, Mr. dr. Ellen J.M. van Beukering en Dr. Jean-Pierre I. van der Rest
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Research has been conducted by Leiden Law School into the efficacy of an instrument based on insolvency practice, ‘Harvard negotiation’ and ‘serious gaming’ aiming at better conflict management in case of (near) bankruptcy. Business rescue workout simulation games were played at different places worldwide. Serious gaming provides insight in the complexity and dynamics of (informal) reorganizations. The research further confirms that the Harvard negotiation-principles and the INSOL International Statement of Principles for a Global approach to multi-creditor workouts may provide a useful contribution to the realization of a successful (international) financial restructuring. The intervention of skilled neutrals is often significative. More focus on communication, negotiation and cooperative dispute resolution is also consistent with the initiatives of legislators and policymakers which stimulate companies to restructure at an early stage of financial distress. These developments also make ADR-skills become of more relevance to (insolvency) professionals.


Jan A.A. Adriaanse
Jan A.A. Adriaanse is hoogleraar Turnaround Management, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid.

Mr. dr. Ellen J.M. van Beukering
Ellen J.M. van Beukering is Universitair Docent Burgerlijk Procesrecht en Bedrijfswetenschappen, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid.

Dr. Jean-Pierre I. van der Rest
Universitair Hoofddocent Bedrijfswetenschappen, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid.
Artikel

Access_open Fuller and Arendt: A Happy Marriage? Comment on Rundle

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Fuller, Arendt, Radbruch, legal certainty
Auteurs Thomas Mertens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In her paper, Rundle seeks to develop a normative legal theory that is distinctively public. Building on her book, Forms Liberate, she seeks to bring Fuller’s legal theory into conversation with Arendt’s political theory. In this comment, I present some hesitations with regard to the fruitfulness of this conversation. It concludes with the suggestion to explore how Radbruch’s ‘idea of law’ could be fruitful for the overall jurisprudential project Rundle seeks to develop in her work.


Thomas Mertens
Thomas Mertens is Professor of Philosophy of Law at Radboud University Nijmegen; t.mertens@jur.ru.nl

    ADR in Kenya is traceable to the pre-colonial era. Before colonial rule, African communities applied traditional justice systems in the resolution of disputes. Some of these traditional justice systems are what are formally called ADR. It is through the imposition of formal justice systems by the British that certain ADR mechanisms were recognised in Kenya. In recent times, ADR is one of the commonly used avenues in accessing justice in Kenya. ADR in Kenya is growing at an unprecedented rate courtesy of its recognition in law, inaccessibility of courts and tribunals, backlog of cases and increased commercial activities requiring the use of ADR processes. Consequently, there are efforts by government and the private sector aimed at promoting ADR in Kenya. These efforts suggest that the future of ADR in Kenya is promising. In this article, the authors discuss the growth, development and practice of ADR in Kenya highlighting some of the likely challenges and opportunities in its use.


Francis Kariuki
Francis Kariuki is a Lecturer at Strathmore University Law School.

Linet Muthoni
Linet Muthoni is the Executive Officer of the Strathmore Dispute Resolution Centre.
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