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Artikel

Restorative justice en normconform gedrag: een systematische review

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Herstelrecht, Regelnaleving, normconform gedrag, restorative justice
Auteurs Dr Marieke Kluin en Dr Selma Albayrak
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Restorative justice has developed into a recognized sanction or intervention in several countries. Literature shows that restorative justice is experienced as a procedural just approach by participants. Furthermore, a strong rejection of the behavior of the violators would reinforce reintegrative shaming in the process. Finally, stopping crime (desistance) could be achieved if the restorative justice approach would include reconstructing the self-image of the participants. This systematic literature review examines to what extent restorative justice contributes to compliant behavior by individuals and corporations. Although direct effects of restorative justice on compliance and recidivism fail to appear, procedural justice and reintegrative shame are positively affected. The results offer practical implementations and challenges for further research.


Dr Marieke Kluin
Dr. Marieke Kluin is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr Selma Albayrak
Selma Albayrak studeert criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden en de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Legal Philosophy as an Enrichment of Doctrinal Research Part I: Introducing Three Philosophical Methods

Tijdschrift Law and Method, januari 2020
Trefwoorden interdisciplinary research, reflective equilibrium, argumentation, philosophical analysis
Auteurs Sanne Taekema en Wibren van der Burg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, we discuss a particular form of interdisciplinary legal research. We focus on a discipline that may be fruitfully combined with doctrinal research, namely philosophy. The aim of this article is to give an account of the methods of philosophy that are most relevant and useful for doctrinal legal scholars. Our focus is therefore mostly on legal philosophy and the philosophical subdisciplines closely related to it, such as political philosophy and ethics. We characterize legal philosophy in three complementary ways: as an activity, as insights, and as theories. We then discuss three methods of legal philosophy: argumentation analysis and construction, author analysis and reflective equilibrium. In the practice of research these three methods are usually combined, as we will show with various examples.


Sanne Taekema
Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Wibren van der Burg
Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Liberal Democracy and the Judeo-Christian Tradition

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering Pre-publications 2020
Trefwoorden national identity, historical narratives, universal values, equal citizenship
Auteurs Tamar de Waal
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Increasingly often, it is stated that the universal values underpinning Western liberal democracies are a product of a ‘Judeo-Christian’ tradition. This article explores the legitimacy of this claim from the perspective of liberal-democratic theory. It argues that state-endorsed claims about the historical roots of liberal-democratic values are problematic (1) if they are promoted as though they are above democratic scrutiny and (2) if they insinuate that citizens who belong to a particular (majority) culture remain the ‘cultural owners’ of the core values underpinning the state. More pragmatically, the paper suggests that the claim carries the risk of failing to facilitate all citizens becoming or remaining committed to nurturing fundamental rights and a shared society based on norms of democratic equality.


Tamar de Waal
Tamar de Waal is Assistant Professor of Legal Philosophy at the Amsterdam Law School of the University of Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Legal and Political Concepts as Contextures

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering Pre-publications 2020
Trefwoorden Concepts, Contextualism, Essentially Contested Concepts, Legal Theory, Freedom
Auteurs Dora Kostakopoulou
Samenvatting

    Socio-political concepts are not singularities. They are, instead, complex and evolving contextures. An awareness of the latter and of what we need to do when we handle concepts opens up space for the resolution of political disagreements and multiplies opportunities for constructive dialogue and understanding. In this article, I argue that the concepts-as-contextures perspective can unravel conceptual connectivity and interweaving, and I substantiate this by examining the ‘contexture’ of liberty. I show that the different, and seemingly contested, definitions of liberty are the product of mixed articulations and the development of associative discursive links within a contexture.


Dora Kostakopoulou

    Juliet Stumpf is de Robert E. Jones Professor of Advocacy and Ethics aan de Lewis & Clark Law School. Stumpf onderzoekt het fenomeen crimmigratie door een interdisciplinaire lens, waarbij ze inzichten uit het (immigratie- & straf-) recht in verband brengt met inzichten uit de sociale en geesteswetenschappen. Haar werk is gepubliceerd in een indrukwekkende reeks tijdschriften en boeken, waaronder een serie van ‘crimmigratie-artikelen’ waarvan haar inmiddels breed bekende artikel ‘The Crimmigration Crisis: Immigrants, Crime, and Sovereign Power’ (56 Am. U. L. Rev. 367) de eerste was.

Article

Access_open Changes in the Medical Device’s Regulatory Framework and Its Impact on the Medical Device’s Industry: From the Medical Device Directives to the Medical Device Regulations

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Medical Device Directive, Medical Device Regulation, regulatory, European Union, reform, innovation, SPCs, policy
Auteurs Magali Contardi
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Similar to pharmaceutical products, medical devices play an increasingly important role in healthcare worldwide by contributing substantially to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. From the patent law perspective both, pharmaceutical products and a medical apparatus, product or device can be patented if they meet the patentability requirements, which are novelty, inventiveness and entail industrial applicability. However, regulatory issues also impact on the whole cycle of the innovation. At a European level, enhancing competitiveness while ensuring public health and safety is one of the key objectives of the European Commission. This article undertakes literature review of the current and incoming regulatory framework governing medical devices with the aim of highlighting how these major changes would affect the industry at issue. The analysis is made in the framework of an on-going research work aimed to determine whether SPCs are needed for promoting innovation in the medical devices industry. A thorough analysis the aforementioned factors affecting medical device’s industry will allow the policymakers to understand the root cause of any optimal patent term and find appropriate solutions.


Magali Contardi
PhD candidate; Avvocato (Italian Attorney at Law).

    This article relies on the premise that to understand the significance of Open Access Repositories (OARs) it is necessary to know the context of the debate. Therefore, it is necessary to trace the historical development of the concept of copyright as a property right. The continued relevance of the rationales for copyright interests, both philosophical and pragmatic, will be assessed against the contemporary times of digital publishing. It follows then discussion about the rise of Open Access (OA) practice and its impact on conventional publishing methods. The present article argues about the proper equilibrium between self-interest and social good. In other words, there is a need to find a tool in order to balance individuals’ interests and common will. Therefore, there is examination of the concept of property that interrelates justice (Plato), private ownership (Aristotle), labour (Locke), growth of personality (Hegel) and a bundle of rights that constitute legal relations (Hohfeld). This examination sets the context for the argument.


Nikos Koutras
Postdoctoral Researcher, Faculty of Law, University of Antwerp.
Artikel

Informatiegestuurd politiewerk: met reflecties voor de strafrechtsketen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2019
Trefwoorden Informatiegestuurd politiewerk, Kennismanagement, Organisatiefactoren, Strafrechtsketen
Auteurs Flore van Rosmalen MSc, Dr. ir. Annette de Boer, Dr. ir. Mariëlle den Hengst e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Intelligence-led policing (ILP) has been adopted by police organisations worldwide, yet organisational implementation appears to be difficult. Results of this study uncover organisational factors that affect ILP and give insight on how these facilitate or hinder ILP. The organisational factors can be categorised into technological, structural, cultural and people related factors. This research was conducted by means of a literature review and two case studies on the investigation of organised drug-related crime and on football and safety in two different units of the Dutch police. The results of this study can be considered as relevant input regarding future implementation of intelligence-led operations in the whole criminal justice chain.


Flore van Rosmalen MSc
Flore van Rosmalen MSc is consultant veiligheid en crisismanagement bij Berenschot.

Dr. ir. Annette de Boer
Dr. ir. Annette de Boer is directeur van GGD Haaglanden.

Dr. ir. Mariëlle den Hengst
Dr. ir. Mariëlle den Hengst is projectleider bij RTI-lab politie.

Ir. Pascal Gemke
Ir. Pascal Gemke is strategieconsultant bij YGroup Companies.
Artikel

Access_open Havens en georganiseerde criminaliteit: een historische bespiegeling

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2019
Trefwoorden international harbors, organized crime, history, smuggling, Rotterdam
Auteurs prof. dr. Cyrille Fijnaut
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The structural vulnerability of the port of Rotterdam to organized crime is dealt with in this article from a broader, historical perspective. Using examples from ports in Italy and the United States, among others, the author shows how at the end of the last century local criminal groups managed to gain a dominant position in the handling of good flows. The author discusses various research reports that have been published over the years on the import of drugs into the port of Rotterdam and other European ports. Drug traffickers turn out to respond very flexible to stricter controls by simply moving to alternative ports or opting for transferring drug loads to small fast boats in open water. The author emphasizes that ports should not be studied as isolated transition points, but must be considered as nodes in networks that extend far inland and abroad. This is the only way to see the broader strategic and tactical options for stopping or reducing drug trafficking. In addition, attention must be paid to the problem of corruption among port workers, police and customs officers.


prof. dr. Cyrille Fijnaut
Em. prof. dr. C.J. Fijnaut is emeritus hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Tilburg.
Artikel

Transitcriminaliteit en logistieke knooppunten in Nederland

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2019
Trefwoorden Drug trafficking, airports, seaports, security checks, corruption
Auteurs Renushka Madarie MSc en Dr. Edwin Kruisbergen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Netherlands functions as an important source and transit country for international organized drug trafficking. This is in part due to its large logistical nodes in the world economy, like the airport and the seaport. Based on in-depth analyses of sixteen cases of the Dutch Organized Crime Monitor, this article explores how drug traffickers operate at logistical nodes, in particular airports. The results demonstrate that organized crime groups deploy mainly three types of tactics to traffic drugs, namely defying, avoiding, and neutralizing security checks. Occupational embeddedness is manifested through several job-related factors. Autonomy, mobility, and the similarity between legitimate duties and criminal activities facilitate discrete engagement in organized crime activities during work time. Port employees are also attractive to organized crime groups because of their job-related social capital and knowledge.


Renushka Madarie MSc
R. Madarie MSc. is als promovendus verbonden aan het NSCR te Amsteram

Dr. Edwin Kruisbergen
Dr. E.W. Kruisbergen is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het WODC.
Artikel

Uitdagingen in publiek-private samenwerking in de aanpak van drugscriminaliteit in de Rotterdamse haven

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2019
Trefwoorden public private partnerships, Rotterdam harbor, security, drugs, crime
Auteurs Dr. Lieselot Bisschop, Dr. Robby Roks, Prof.dr. Richard Staring e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on the challenges associated with public-private partnerships in tackling drug crime in the port of Rotterdam. The authors identified the actors involved in the fight against drug crime and, more generally, security in the port. The authors show how these various actors view the subject of drug crime (so-called mentalities), what they set as objectives (finalities) and how they try to achieve these objectives. Subsequently the various aspects of the interactions between these actors are being analyzed. The article is empirically based on 76 interviews with public and private actors in the port of Rotterdam, that were conducted in the period from January 2018 to February 2019, and an analysis of literature, news items, government reports and other documents.


Dr. Lieselot Bisschop
Dr. L.C.J. Bisschop is als universitair docent werkzaam bij de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Dr. Robby Roks
Dr. R. Roks is als universitair docent werkzaam bij de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Prof.dr. Richard Staring
Prof.dr. R. Staring is als hoogleraar Criminologie verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Elisabeth Brein MSc
E. Brein MSc is als onderzoeker en programmamanager verbonden aan de Rotterdam School of Management van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Wetenschap

Verschuivend paradigma in corporate governance bij vijandige overnames

Reflecties van rechters, bestuurders en commissarissen, een lid van de Monitoring Commissie en een institutionele belegger tegen de achtergrond van ontwikkelingen op de kapitaalmarkt en in de jurisprudentie

Tijdschrift Onderneming en Financiering, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden langetermijnwaardecreatie, corporate governance, shareholder- en stakeholdermodel, vijandige overnames, vennootschappelijk belang
Auteurs Mr. dr. J. Nijland, Dr. T.L.M. Verdoes, Dr. M.P. Lycklama à Nijeholt e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De recente ontwikkelingen in de Nederlandse jurisprudentie en de herziening van de Corporate Governance Code zouden kunnen dienen als een belangrijke katalysator voor meer ‘duurzame’ overnamebesluiten door het benadrukken van het belang van langetermijnwaardecreatie. De auteurs interviewden belangrijke actoren in overnameconflicten om hun visie te geven op de kansen en bedreigingen van langetermijnwaardecreatie. De reflecties zijn in lijn met de ontwikkelingen en aldus doorgedrongen in het maatschappelijke speelveld. Concrete invulling geven aan langetermijnwaardecreatie is complex vanwege de uiteenlopende visies op het vennootschappelijke belang: de shareholders, stakeholders en de entiteit. Dit schept echter ook de ruimte om autonoom invulling te geven aan langetermijnwaardecreatie.


Mr. dr. J. Nijland
Mr. dr. J. (Jelle) Nijland is als universitair docent verbonden aan het Instituut voor Privaatrecht van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, afdeling Ondernemingsrecht, van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. T.L.M. Verdoes
Dr. T.L.M. (Tim) Verdoes is als universitair docent verbonden aan het Instituut Fiscale en Economische vakken van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, afdeling Bedrijfswetenschappen, van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. M.P. Lycklama à Nijeholt
Dr. M.P. (Maaike) Lycklama à Nijeholt is als universitair docent verbonden aan het Instituut voor Privaatrecht van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, afdeling Ondernemingsrecht, van de Universiteit Leiden.

Mr. dr. N.T. Pham
Mr. dr. N.T. (Thy) Pham is als universitair docent verbonden aan het Instituut voor Privaatrecht van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, afdeling Ondernemingsrecht, van de Universiteit Leiden.
Wetenschap

Een blik op de toekomst van de accountancysector

Tijdschrift Onderneming en Financiering, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden accountant, wettelijke controle, Commissie Toekomst Accountancysector, Autoriteit Financiële Markten
Auteurs Mr. dr. J.E. Brink-van der Meer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De accountancysector zit midden in een verandertraject dat moet leiden tot een duurzame gedrags- en cultuurverandering. Uit verschillende onderzoeken zou echter blijken dat de sector onvoldoende voortgang boekt. Dit baart de Minister van Financiën zorgen en daarom heeft hij de Commissie Toekomst Accountancysector (CTA) ingesteld. In deze bijdrage staat de auteur stil bij een drietal onderwerpen, die relevant zijn voor het onderzoek van de CTA naar de toekomst van de accountancysector. Dit betreft de taak en het plan van aanpak van de CTA, het rapport ‘Kwetsbaarheden in de structuur van de accountancysector’ van de AFM en de reacties bij de consultatie. Tot slot worden de voorlopige bevindingen van de CTA besproken.


Mr. dr. J.E. Brink-van der Meer
Mr. dr. J.E. (Annelies) Brink-van der Meer is op 23 januari 2019 aan de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam gepromoveerd op Accountantsaansprakelijkheid. Zij is werkzaam bij de Vrije Universiteit als docent ondernemingsrecht en is fellow van het Zuidas Instituut voor Financieel recht en Ondernemingsrecht (ZIFO).
Artikel

Access_open Sanctionering van verkeersongevallen

Op het kruispunt van taakstraffen, verkeersdelicten en herstelrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Verkeersongevallen, Verkeersdelicten, taakstraf, Wegenverkeerswet
Auteurs Jacques Claessen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution seeks to bring together three themes in a descriptive and exploratory manner: (a) community service orders, (b) traffic offences and (c) restorative justice; the Dutch situation is central. To this end, the Dutch legal regulation regarding community service orders is first explained. Attention is also paid to existing empirical research on the effectiveness of community service orders in terms of reduction of recidivism (section 2). Furthermore, the sanctioning of traffic offences is discussed as well as the consequences for this of the current bill that seeks to sharpen criminal liability for serious traffic offences (section 3). Subsequently, it is examined which restorative justice provisions or modalities are available and how restorative community service orders are and can be designed (section 4). Finally, I describe my ideal when it comes to the sanctioning of traffic offences in the form of a continuum in which a special role is reserved for restorative community service orders (section 5). The contribution ends with a conclusion (section 6).


Jacques Claessen
Jacques Claessen is als bijzonder hoogleraar herstelrecht en universitair hoofddocent straf- en strafprocesrecht verbonden aan de vakgroep Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Maastricht. Hij is daarnaast rechter-plaatsvervanger bij de Rechtbank Limburg en bestuurslid van Stichting Mens en Strafrecht. Hij is redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Kroniek

Jongeren, leeftijdsgenoten en criminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Peer relations, Delinquency, Social influence, Social networks, Peer status
Auteurs Dr. Jan Kornelis Dijkstra en Prof. dr. René Veenstra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article relates criminological research on youth delinquency to the social development of adolescents. Starting point is a goal-framing approach which assumes that young people aim for the achievement of two goals: status (‘getting ahead’) and belonging (‘getting along’). Peers form an important context for achieving these goals. Therefore, the role of delinquency in peer networks is examined: on the one hand, the extent to which delinquency contributes to peer status, and on the other hand, how delinquency contributes to the formation of network relationships and, vice versa, how network relationships influence adolescents’ delinquency. Finally, several directions for further research are discussed.


Dr. Jan Kornelis Dijkstra
Dr. J.K. Dijkstra is werkzaam als universitair hoofddocent sociologie aan de faculteit Gedrags- & Maatschappijwetenschappen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Prof. dr. René Veenstra
Prof. dr. R. Veenstra is directeur van de onderzoeksschool ICS en werkzaam als hoogleraar sociologie aan de faculteit Gedrags- & Maatschappijwetenschappen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

Top-down and out?

Reassessing the labelling approach in the light of corporate deviance

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden labelling, corporate crime, moral entrepreneurs, peer group, late modernity
Auteurs Anna Merz M.A.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Multi-national corporations are increasingly facing attention and disapproval by different actors, including authorities, public and (non-) commercial organizations. Digital globalization and especially social media as a low-cost, highly interactive and multidirectional platform shape a unique context for this rising attention. In the literature, much attention has been devoted to top-down approaches and strategies that corporations use to avoid stigmatization and sanctioning of their behaviour. Reactions to corporate harm are, however, seldom researched from a labelling perspective. As a result, corporations are not considered as objects towards whom labelling is targeted but rather as actors who hamper such processes and who, as moral entrepreneurs, influence which behaviour is labelled deviant. Based on theoretical analysis of literature and case studies, this article will discuss how the process of labelling has changed in light of the digitalized, late-modern society and consequently, how the process should be revisited to be applicable for corporate deviance. Given a diversification of moral entrepreneurs and increasingly dependency of labelling and meaning-making on the online sphere, two new forms of labelling are introduced that specifically target institutions; that is bottom-up and horizontal labelling.


Anna Merz M.A.
Anna Merz is promovendus aan de Sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Criminaliteit, digitalisering en de online sociale wereld: dezelfde processen in een nieuwe sociale context?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden digitalisation, crime, cybercrime, social media, online
Auteurs Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution reflects on the criminological meaning of the still ongoing trend of digitalisation. What does this mean for crime as a phenomenon and for the explanation of criminal behaviour? Not only did we see the emergence of new types of offending, also the context of crime has changed. In principle, the underlying explanatory processes can remain the same, but their application in the online world is complex and deserves further attention. Online social interactions are not only important for online crime, but also for traditional offenses. However, systematic research on how this actually takes place is scarce.


Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
Prof. dr. F.M. Weerman is bijzonder hoogleraar jeugdcriminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam.
Artikel

Criminologie in de jaren twintig van de 21e eeuw

Technologie van en het zoeken naar oorzaken van crimineel gedrag

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden technology, Smartphone, virtual reality, criminal behaviour
Auteurs Prof. dr. Jean-Louis van Gelder
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this contribution, I describe several key developments that have been fundamental to the development of criminology in the past 50 years. Next, I sketch the contours of several more recent developments, paying particular attention to three technologies, virtual reality, smartphones and wearables that will leave their imprint on the field. These developments will also imply a shift from the study of criminality to researching criminal behaviour.


Prof. dr. Jean-Louis van Gelder
Prof. dr. J. van Gelder is verbonden aan het Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law en aan de Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

‘Gelukkig is geen ramp ontstaan’

De omgang met slachtoffers na grote branden

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3-4 2019
Trefwoorden victim needs, social justice, disasters, fires, legal settlement
Auteurs Michael Blommers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Based on a retrospective analysis of six large scale and fatal fires in the Netherlands, an improvement in terms of meeting the needs of victims can be seen. A comparison of the legal settlement of these fires shows mayor differences in the fulfilling of different aspects of social justice that are identified in social psychology. Two victim needs commonly associated with retributive justice – financial compensation and a thorough, neutral investigation into the causes of the disaster – were fulfilled to a higher degree after the most recent fires than after those that occurred decades ago. The legal settlement after the New Year’s fire in Volendam (2001) appears – at least on paper – to have been more just from the victim’s point of view than the ones after the other incidents. Empirical research into the experienced social justice after the New Year’s fire can be valuable to assess the factors that can lead to a just settlement after disasters.


Michael Blommers
Michael Blommers is een in de praktijk werkzame onderzoeker en verbonden aan Spuistraat 10 Advocaten te Amsterdam.
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