Zoekresultaat: 26 artikelen

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Article

Access_open Big Data Ethics: A Life Cycle Perspective

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden big data, big data analysis, data life cycle, ethics, AI
Auteurs Simon Vydra, Andrei Poama, Sarah Giest e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The adoption of big data analysis in the legal domain is a recent but growing trend that highlights ethical concerns not just with big data analysis, as such, but also with its deployment in the legal domain. This article systematically analyses five big data use cases from the legal domain utilising a pluralistic and pragmatic mode of ethical reasoning. In each case we analyse what happens with data from its creation to its eventual archival or deletion, for which we utilise the concept of ‘data life cycle’. Despite the exploratory nature of this article and some limitations of our approach, the systematic summary we deliver depicts the five cases in detail, reinforces the idea that ethically significant issues exist across the entire big data life cycle, and facilitates understanding of how various ethical considerations interact with one another throughout the big data life cycle. Furthermore, owing to its pragmatic and pluralist nature, the approach is potentially useful for practitioners aiming to interrogate big data use cases.


Simon Vydra
Simon Vydra is a Researcher at the Institute for Public Administration, Leiden University, the Netherlands.

Andrei Poama
Andrei Poama is Assistant Professor at the Institute for Public Administration, Leiden University, the Netherlands.

Sarah Giest
Sarah Giest is Assistant Professor at the Institute for Public Administration, Leiden University, the Netherlands.

Alex Ingrams
Alex Ingrams is Assistant Professor at the Institute for Public Administration, Leiden University, the Netherlands.

Bram Klievink
Bram Klievink is Professor of Digitization and Public Policy at the Institute for Public Administration, Leiden University, the Netherlands.
Artikel

COVID-19 & Verzekering

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden verzekeringsrecht, pandemie-uitsluiting, modelclausules, evenementenverzekering, annuleringsverzekering
Auteurs Prof. mr. N. van Tiggele-van der Velde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De reis- en annuleringsverzekering, maar ook de evenementenpolis leidden tot de nodige COVID-19-uitspraken. Overeenkomstenrecht ten top, zowel in de consumentensfeer als (groot)zakelijk. De verzekeringsbranche kwam (op punten: samen met de overheid) in beweging. Auteur geeft inzicht in wat partijen binnen de branche op het terrein van COVID-19 heeft beziggehouden.


Prof. mr. N. van Tiggele-van der Velde
Prof. mr. N. van Tiggele-van der Velde is hoogleraar Verzekeringsrecht aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam (Verzekeringsinstituut) en aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Zij is tevens raadsheer-plaatsvervanger bij het gerechtshof Arnhem-Leeuwarden en lid van het Tuchtcollege NIVRE.
Case Reports

2020/22 Works council’s right to inspect remuneration lists (GE)

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden Information and Consultation, Privacy
Auteurs Robert Pacholski
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, “BAG”) has held that a works council must be provided with the documents necessary for carrying out its duties at any time on request. A works committee or another committee of the works council formed in accordance with the provisions of the Works Constitution Act (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz, “BetrVG”) is entitled to inspect the lists of gross wages. This right to inspect is not limited to anonymized gross pay lists. Data protection considerations do not dictate that the right is limited to anonymized gross payrolls. The processing of personal data associated with the right of inspection is permitted under the European General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”) and the German Federal Data Protection Act (Bundesdatenschutzgesetz, “BDSG”).


Robert Pacholski
Robert Pacholski is an attorney-at-law at Luther Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH.

    The Austrian Supreme Court has confirmed that an employer must pay compensation to an employee due to a violation of the employee’s privacy. The employer implemented a GPS system in its company cars without the employee’s knowledge and without legal basis.


Lukas Disarò
Lukas Disarò is an Attorney-at-Law at law Firm MMag. Gregor Winkelmayr, MBA, LL.M (Essex).
Artikel

Gegevens delen, privacy en domeinoverstijgend werken

De AVG in de Lokale Persoonsgerichte Aanpak

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden multiproblem, integrated approach, GDPR
Auteurs Dr. ir. Anke van Gorp, Dr. ir. Lisette Bitter, Verena Poel BA e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    At the level of local government, preventive and repressive measures are used within an integrated- personalized-approach to prevent disturbing and criminal behaviour. This integrated approach is only possible when the professionals involved can share data of subjects in order to get good insight of the existing problems and to find possible solutions. The Startbaan study, which focused on the collaboration within such an integrated-approach on young adults with multiproblems and justice contacts, shows that privacy regulations are perceived as being obstructive by professionals. More knowledge about the GDPR, its legal bases and domain specific regulations is necessary for an integrated-approach.


Dr. ir. Anke van Gorp
Dr. ir. Anke van Gorp is hogeschoolhoofddocent bij het Instituut voor Veiligheid, onderzoeker Lectoraat Kennisanalyse Sociale Veiligheid en privacy officer bij het Kenniscentrum Sociale Innovatie.

Dr. ir. Lisette Bitter
Lisette Bitter is junior onderzoeker/projectcoördinator ‘Startbaan’ bij het lectoraat Kennisanalyse Sociale Veiligheid.

Verena Poel BA
Verena Poel BA is afgestudeerd op privacyknelpunten bij het Startbaan-project, en nu medewerker/adviseur security en kwaliteit P-Direkt.

Dr. Carmen Paalman
Dr. Carmen Paalman is hogeschooldocent bij het Instituut voor Social Work, onderzoeker Lectoraat Kennisanalyse Sociale Veiligheid en projectleider ‘Startbaan’.
Wetenschap en praktijk

Privacyuitdagingen in de M&A-praktijk

Tijdschrift Onderneming en Financiering, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden persoonsgegevens, privacy, overnames, due diligence, transactiedocumentatie
Auteurs Mr. C.E.F. van Waesberge en Mr. R.Y. Kamerling
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage onderzoeken de auteurs de betekenis van de Algemene verordening gegevensbescherming (AVG) voor de fusie- en overnamepraktijk. Uit literatuuronderzoek blijkt dat onder M&A-professionals weinig aandacht voor de AVG bestaat. De auteurs zetten relevante wetgeving, literatuur en jurisprudentie af tegen de eigen praktijkervaringen en concluderen dat de omgang met persoonsgegevens in de M&A-praktijk nog veel te wensen overlaat. Daarom formuleren zij praktische aandachtspunten en adviezen voor de verschillende stadia van een M&A-transactie (achtereenvolgens de pretransactiefase, de transactiedocumentatie, de interim-periode na ondertekening en de fase na voltooiing van de transactie).


Mr. C.E.F. van Waesberge
Mr. C.E.F. (Céline) van Waesberge is advocaat in het Data Protection & Privacy-team van Loyens & Loeff te Rotterdam.

Mr. R.Y. Kamerling
Mr. R.Y. (Ruben) Kamerling is advocaat in de Corporate-praktijkgroep van Loyens & Loeff te Rotterdam.
Case Law

2020/1 EELC’s review of the year 2019

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2020
Auteurs Ruben Houweling, Daiva Petrylaitė, Peter Schöffmann e.a.
Samenvatting

    Various of our academic board analysed employment law cases from last year. However, first, we start with some general remarks.


Ruben Houweling

Daiva Petrylaitė

Peter Schöffmann

Attila Kun

Francesca Maffei

Jean-Philippe Lhernould

Niklas Bruun

Jan-Pieter Vos

Luca Ratti

Anthony Kerr

Petr Hůrka

Michal Vrajík


Mr. dr. M.C. Ploem
Corrette Ploem is wetenschappelijk medewerker en universitair docent gezondheidsrecht bij de afdeling Sociale geneeskunde van het Amsterdam UMC en redacteur van dit blad.

Dr. T. Rigter
Tessel Rigter is wetenschappelijk medewerker en docent bij de sectie Community Genetics, onderdeel van de afdeling Klinische Genetica van het Amsterdam UMC.

Prof. mr. J.K.M. Gevers
Sjef Gevers is emeritus-hoogleraar gezondheidsrecht, Universiteit van Amsterdam. Deze bijdrage is gebaseerd op onderzoek dat werd uitgevoerd in het kader van de project ELSI-Personalised Medicine (ELSI-PM), gefinancierd door ZonMw.
Article

Access_open Access and Reuse of Machine-Generated Data for Scientific Research

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden machine-generated data, Internet of Things, scientific research, personal data, GDPR
Auteurs Alexandra Giannopoulou
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Data driven innovation holds the potential in transforming current business and knowledge discovery models. For this reason, data sharing has become one of the central points of interest for the European Commission towards the creation of a Digital Single Market. The value of automatically generated data, which are collected by Internet-connected objects (IoT), is increasing: from smart houses to wearables, machine-generated data hold significant potential for growth, learning, and problem solving. Facilitating researchers in order to provide access to these types of data implies not only the articulation of existing legal obstacles and of proposed legal solutions but also the understanding of the incentives that motivate the sharing of the data in question. What are the legal tools that researchers can use to gain access and reuse rights in the context of their research?


Alexandra Giannopoulou
Institute for Information Law (IViR) – University of Amsterdam.
Article

Access_open Text and Data Mining in the EU ‘Acquis Communautaire’ Tinkering with TDM & Digital Legal Deposit

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Web harvesting, data analysis, text & data mining, TDM, computational text
Auteurs Maria Bottis, Marinos Papadopoulos, Christos Zampakolas e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Text and Data Mining (hereinafter, TDM) issue for the purpose of scientific research or for any other purpose which is included in the provisions of the new EU Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market (hereinafter, DSM). TDM is a term that includes Web harvesting and Web Archiving activities. Web harvesting and archiving pertains to the processes of collecting from the web and archiving of works that reside on the Web. In the following analysis we will elaborate briefly upon provisions in EU Copyright law which were discussed during the proposal for a new Directive on Copyright in the DSM as well as provisions which are included in the text of art.3 and art.4 of the new Directive 2019/790/EU per TDM. In addition, the following analysis presents legislation in very few EU Member States which pertains to TDM and preceded the rulings of Directive 2019/790/EU. Digital legal deposit remarkable examples from EU Member States are also presented in this paper. The example of Australia is also presented below hereto because it is one of the oldest and most successful worldwide. The National Library of Australia’s digital legal deposit is state-of-the-art.


Maria Bottis
Associate Professor, Department of Archives, Library Science and Museology, Ionian University, Corfu, Greece.

Marinos Papadopoulos
Attorney-at-Law, PhD, MSc, JD, Independent Researcher, Athens, Greece.

Christos Zampakolas
Archivist/Librarian, PhD, MA, BA, Independent Researcher, Ioannina, Greece.

Paraskevi Ganatsiou
Educator, MA, BA, Coordinator of Educational Projects in the Prefecture of Ionian Islands, Corfu, Greece.
Artikel

Access_open Havens en georganiseerde criminaliteit: een historische bespiegeling

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2019
Trefwoorden international harbors, organized crime, history, smuggling, Rotterdam
Auteurs prof. dr. Cyrille Fijnaut
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The structural vulnerability of the port of Rotterdam to organized crime is dealt with in this article from a broader, historical perspective. Using examples from ports in Italy and the United States, among others, the author shows how at the end of the last century local criminal groups managed to gain a dominant position in the handling of good flows. The author discusses various research reports that have been published over the years on the import of drugs into the port of Rotterdam and other European ports. Drug traffickers turn out to respond very flexible to stricter controls by simply moving to alternative ports or opting for transferring drug loads to small fast boats in open water. The author emphasizes that ports should not be studied as isolated transition points, but must be considered as nodes in networks that extend far inland and abroad. This is the only way to see the broader strategic and tactical options for stopping or reducing drug trafficking. In addition, attention must be paid to the problem of corruption among port workers, police and customs officers.


prof. dr. Cyrille Fijnaut
Em. prof. dr. C.J. Fijnaut is emeritus hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Tilburg.

    The German Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, the ‘BAG’) has held that pre-employment as a freelancer must be taken into account in relation to the number of years having been with a firm as a freelancer when assessing the legality of a fixed-term contract due to the character of the specific deployment.


Sean Illing
Sean Illing is an Associate Solicitor at Lewis Silkin LLP.

Mr. dr. M.C. Ploem
Corrette Ploem is docent en onderzoeker gezondheidsrecht Academisch Medisch Centrum/Universiteit van Amsterdam en lid van de redactie van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Schadevergoeding onder de Algemene Verordening Gegevensbescherming

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 7-8 2019
Trefwoorden AVG, schadevergoeding, privacy, aansprakelijkheid
Auteurs Mr. F.C. van der Jagt-Vink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In dit artikel wordt onderzocht in hoeverre de mogelijkheden om bij een schending van de privacywetgeving schadevergoeding te vorderen, worden versterkt door de komst van de Algemene Verordening Gegevensbescherming (AVG). Hierbij wordt specifiek aandacht besteed aan de mogelijkheid om een collectieve schadevergoedingsactie te starten.


Mr. F.C. van der Jagt-Vink
Mr. F.C. van der Jagt-Vink is advocaat bij Hunter Legal te Amsterdam en fellow bij het Onderzoekscentrum voor Onderneming & Recht van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Het nieuwe goud: betalen met data

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 6 2019
Trefwoorden persoonsgegevens, data, ontbinding, consumentenbescherming, toestemming
Auteurs Mr. dr. C. Spierings
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Gebruikers betalen voor veel online diensten niet met geld, maar met gegevens In dit artikel onderzoekt de auteur welke bescherming consumenten kunnen ontlenen aan de op 11 juni 2019 in werking getreden richtlijn over digitale inhoud en digitale diensten (2019/770) en de Algemene verordening gegevensbescherming.


Mr. dr. C. Spierings
Mr. dr. C Spierings is advocaat bij Clifford Chance te Amsterdam en als fellow verbonden aan het Onderzoekcentrum Onderneming & Recht van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Case Reports

2019/5 For how long may data of a job applicant be stored? (AT)

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Privacy, Discrimination, General
Auteurs Sophie Mantler en Andreas Tinhofer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A provision of Dutch law, according to which employees who lose their jobs upon retirement are excluded from the right to statutory severance compensation, is not in breach of the Framework Directive.


Sophie Mantler
Sophie Mantler is a senior associate and

Andreas Tinhofer
Andreas Tinhofer is a partner at MOSATI Rechtsanwälte in Vienna (www.mosati.at).
Law Review

2019/1 EELC’s review of the year 2018

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2019
Auteurs Ruben Houweling, Catherine Barnard, Filip Dorssemont e.a.
Samenvatting

    For the second time, various of our academic board analysed employment law cases from last year. However, first, we start with some general remarks.


Ruben Houweling

Catherine Barnard

Filip Dorssemont

Jean-Philippe Lhernould

Francesca Maffei

Niklas Bruun

Anthony Kerr

Jan-Pieter Vos

Luca Ratti

Daiva Petrylaite

Andrej Poruban

Stein Evju
Article

Access_open The Conduit between Technological Change and Regulation

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden technology, socio-technological change, money, windmill, data
Auteurs Marta Katarzyna Kołacz en Alberto Quintavalla
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses how the law has approached disparate socio-technological innovations over the centuries. Precisely, the primary concern of this paper is to investigate the timing of regulatory intervention. To do so, the article makes a selection of particular innovations connected with money, windmills and data storage devices, and analyses them from a historical perspective. The individual insights from the selected innovations should yield a more systematic view on regulation and technological innovations. The result is that technological changes may be less momentous, from a regulatory standpoint, than social changes.


Marta Katarzyna Kołacz
Marta Katarzyna Kołacz, Ph.D. Candidate in the Department of Private Law, Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Alberto Quintavalla
Alberto Quintavalla, LL.M., Ph.D. Candidate in the Rotterdam Institute of Law and Economics, Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Article

Access_open Right to Access Information as a Collective-Based Approach to the GDPR’s Right to Explanation in European Law

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden automated decision-making, right to access information, right to explanation, prohibition on discrimination, public information
Auteurs Joanna Mazur
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article presents a perspective which focuses on the right to access information as a mean to ensure a non-discriminatory character of algorithms by providing an alternative to the right to explanation implemented in the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). I adopt the evidence-based assumption that automated decision-making technologies have an inherent discriminatory potential. The example of a regulatory means which to a certain extent addresses this problem is the approach based on privacy protection in regard to the right to explanation. The Articles 13-15 and 22 of the GDPR provide individual users with certain rights referring to the automated decision-making technologies. However, the right to explanation not only may have a very limited impact, but it also focuses on individuals thus overlooking potentially discriminated groups. Because of this, the article offers an alternative approach on the basis of the right to access information. It explores the possibility of using this right as a tool to receive information on the algorithms determining automated decision-making solutions. Tracking an evolution of the interpretation of Article 10 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Right and Fundamental Freedoms in the relevant case law aims to illustrate how the right to access information may become a collective-based approach towards the right to explanation. I consider both, the potential of this approach, such as its more collective character e.g. due to the unique role played by the media and NGOs in enforcing the right to access information, as well as its limitations.


Joanna Mazur
Joanna Mazur, M.A., PhD student, Faculty of Law and Administration, Uniwersytet Warszawski.
Article

Access_open Personal Data, Algorithms and Profiling in the EU: Overcoming the Binary Notion of Personal Data through Quantum Mechanics

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden data protection, GDPR, bigdata, algorithm, quantum mechanics
Auteurs Alessandro El Khoury
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this paper I propose to analyse the binary notion of personal data and highlight its limits, in order to propose a different conception of personal data. From a risk regulation perspective, the binary notion of personal data is not particularly fit for purpose, considering that data collection and information flows are tremendously big and complex. As a result, the use of a binary system to determine the applicability of EU data protection law may be a simplistic approach. In an effort of bringing physics and law together, certain principles elaborated within the quantum theory are surprisingly applicable to data protection law, and can be used as guidance to shed light on many of today’s data complexities. Lastly, I will discuss the implications and the effects that certain processing operations may have on the possibility of qualifying certain data as personal. In other terms, how the chances to identify certain data as personal is dependent upon the processing operations that a data controller might put in place.


Alessandro El Khoury
Alessandro El Khoury, LLM, Legal and Policy Officer, DG Health & Food Safety, European Commission.
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