Zoekresultaat: 37 artikelen

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Artikel

Extremisme gezien vanuit de Dialogical Self Theory

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Extremism, zelf, Democratie, Dialog, Diversiteit
Auteurs Prof. dr. Frans Wijsen en em. prof. dr. Hubert Hermans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Extremism is a phenomenon that bothers various EU member states. It is difficult to define, and difficult to study. In this contribution we look at extremism from the perspective of the Dialogical Self Theory (DST). This theory is well-known in personality psychology. Recently is has got a development that could make it relevant for understanding, predicting and preventing extremism. The issue at stake is the relation between diversity, dialogue and democracy.


Prof. dr. Frans Wijsen
Prof. dr. F.J.S. Wijsen is hoogleraar Religie- en missiewetenschap, en decaan van de faculteit Theologie aan de Radboud Universiteit, Nijmegen. Hij redigeerde onder andere (met Kocku von Stuckrad) Making Religion. Theory and Practice of Discursive Study of Religion (Brill, 2016).

em. prof. dr. Hubert Hermans
Dr. H.J.M. Hermans is emeritus hoogleraar Psychologie aan de Radboud Universiteit, Nijmegen. Hij is de grondlegger van de Dialogical Self Theory en president van de International Society for Dialogical Science. Hij is auteur van Society in the Self: A theory of identity in democracy (Oxford University Press 2018). hhermans@psych.ru.nl
Artikel

De invloed van ouders en vriendin op desistance from crime

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Jonge veelplegers, Desistance form crime
Auteurs Prof. dr. Ido Weijers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article addresses the role of parents and girlfriends in the process of giving up crime. It presents findings from a longitudinal study of 81 young recidivists examined over 15 years. It concludes that parents played a pivotal role in this process, since the young men began to realize what misery they had caused them. However, these young men did not change their path in life because of their parents. We conclude even stronger than with the parents that it does not seem likely that a young recidivist would desist because of his girlfriend. Nevertheless, it would seem that both parents and a secure, lasting relationship could indeed have a positive influence in this process, particularly in the motivation to stick to a new path towards a more pro-social lifestyle once it has been set out on.


Prof. dr. Ido Weijers
Prof. dr. I. Weijers is emeritus hoogleraar Jeugdrechtspleging en Jeugdbescherming, Universiteit Utrecht.
Peer reviewed

Het zal je dochter maar zijn

Op zoek naar verklaringen voor de maatschappelijke impact van drie zaken van dodelijk seksueel geweld tegen jonge vrouwen in 2017

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Sexual violence, societal impact, media impact, altruistic fear of crime
Auteurs Dr. Remco Spithoven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Three cases of sexual violence with two teenagers and one young woman as dead victims have put – besides the indescribable sufferings of themselves, their families, friends and acquaintances – a heavy burden on Dutch collective memories of the year 2017. Dutch society commiserated on a massive scale: volunteers helped searching, thousands united in silent marches and more than 400 thousand citizens signed an online petition that emotionally called for a firm revision of the ‘failing justice system’. In this article we explore the deeper social, personal and cultural elements that gave media messages their strong emotional impact in Dutch society.


Dr. Remco Spithoven
Dr. R. Spithoven is lector Maatschappelijke Veiligheid bij de Academie voor Bestuur, Recht en Ruimte van Hogeschool Saxion en research fellow bij de leerstoel Veiligheid en Veerkracht aan de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

    This paper starts by reviewing empirical research that threatens law and economics’ initial success. This research has demonstrated that the functioning of the law cannot be well understood based on the assumption of the rational actor and that policies which are based on this assumption are likely to be flawed. Subsequently, three responses to this criticism are discussed. Whereas the first response denounces this criticism by maintaining that the limitations attributed to the rational actor can easily be incorporated in rational choice theory, the second response welcomes the criticism as an opportunity to come up with an integrative theory of law and behavior. The third response also takes the criticism seriously but replaces the aspiration to come up with such an integrative theory by a context-sensitive approach. It will be argued that the first two responses fall short while the third response offers a promising way to go forward.


Peter Mascini
Prof. dr. P. Mascini, Erasmus School of Law and Erasmus School of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Artikel

Over de grenzen van de criminologie

Internationale betrekkingen en de criminologie van internationale misdrijven

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden international criminology, international relations, international crimes
Auteurs dr. Maartje Weerdesteijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminologists decided over the last few decades that it is important to study international crimes, meaning genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes, from a criminological perspective. With the international community taking up the responsibility to protect populations from these crimes and the prominence of international criminal justice on the world stage, it is argued that international criminology should embrace international relations more as an important sub-discipline.


dr. Maartje Weerdesteijn
Dr. Maartje Weerdesteijn is universitair docent bij de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie en onderzoeker bij het Center for International Criminal Justice, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. E-mail: m.weerdesteijn@vu.nl.
Artikel

Access_open Theoretische vernieuwing in de criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Theoretical innovation, Scientific revolutions, Power-knowledge complex, Sensitising theory, Integrative theory
Auteurs Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen en Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article starts off with an exposé of what ‘theoretical innovation’ means in the social sciences. The development of criminology is considered to be a result of (1) historical and cultural developments, (2) political-economic developments, (3) developments in other academic disciplines and (4) reactions to or specifications of other theoretical perspectives in criminology itself. Paradigm shifts in criminology are characterised by an individualistic and positivist aetiological turn in its early days; a sociological turn towards a ‘criminology of the lawmaker’ from the late 1950s on; and a return to positivism in the neoliberal and neoconservative turn of the 1990s. The new century ushers in a new epistemological break in criminology, in which globalisation, global warming, migration, human rights and the implications of cyberspace ‘force’ criminologists to overcome their anthropocentric and colonial character biases.


Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen
Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen is hoogleraar criminologie en voorzitter van de sectie criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. E-mail: vanswaaningen@law.eur.nl.

Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg is universitair docent Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. E-mail: m.b.schuilenburg@vu.nl.
Artikel

Het ‘cyborg crime’-perspectief

Theoretische vernieuwing in het digitale tijdperk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden cybercrime, cyborg, cyborg crime, Actor-Netwerk theory, Latour
Auteurs Wytske van der Wagen MsC
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study departs from the notion that current high-tech crime developments bring various new challenges for the rather anthropocentric, instrumental and dualistic theoretical repertoire of criminology. The article reflects on these challenges and proposes the alternative ‘cyborg crime’ perspective. This concept is the result of an explorative research on the theoretical potential of the actor-network theory (ANT) for cybercrime. The study concludes that ANT and the ensuing cyborg crime perspective enables to grasp certain dimensions of cybercrime more profoundly. ANT can move us (criminologists) beyond the classical novelty debate surrounding cybercrime and stimulate theoretical innovation.


Wytske van der Wagen MsC
Wytske van der Wagen, MSc, is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie criminologie van de Erasmus Law School. E-mail: vanderwagen@law.eur.nl.
Artikel

Vechten op afspraak

Verklaringen voor georganiseerde vormen van groepsgeweld

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden collective, violence, hooliganism, organized confrontations, group dynamics
Auteurs Drs. Tom van Ham
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Collective violence around football has been a topic of research since the 1980s. In the Netherlands, in recent decades the size and severity of this problem have decreased sharply and the number of incidents has stabilized due to measures taken. At the same time, these measures have resulted in an increase of football-related incidents outside stadiums and on other days than match days. Confrontations based upon prior mutual agreements, so-called arranged confrontations, are an example of this. Based on multiple research methods, in this article the underlying causes of arranged confrontations and processes influencing individual participation are addressed. Results show that this type of collective violence and partaking in it has various causes and explanations. These fit with extant research literature in the area of group crime and collective violence and are incorporated in the recently developed initiation-escalation model.


Drs. Tom van Ham
Drs. T. van Ham is onderzoeker bij Bureau Beke en als buitenpromovendus verbonden aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Praktijk

Wat gebeurt er op de gang? Een kwalitatief empirisch onderzoek naar schikkingsonderhandelingen tijdens civielrechtelijke procedures

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Settlement negotiations, Distributive negotiations, Qualitative empirical research, Biases, Heuristics
Auteurs Mr. Lucas Lieverse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There is little known on settlement negotiations during civil lawsuits in the Netherlands. Settlement negotiations take place during a (suspension of the) public court hearing. The public hearing takes place in the majority of the civil lawsuits in the Netherlands. The qualitative empirical research I am carrying out, intents to give insight in these settlement negotiations and questions what lawyers actually do during these negotiations. The research intents to contribute to the effectiveness of settlement negotiations in the sense that (i) the number of settlements increases and of compulsory settlements decreases, (ii) the perceived fairness of procedure and outcome in settled cases increases, and (iii) the number of resolved underlying conflicts increases.
    I expect to find that most settlement negotiations can be qualified as distributive negotiations (as opposed to integrative negotiations). Furthermore, based on a literature review on biases and heuristics I hypothesized that settlement could be more effective than they actually are. The paper touches on the methodology and on both hypotheses.


Mr. Lucas Lieverse
Lucas Lieverse is docent en onderzoeker bij Zuyd Hogeschool en voor zijn PhD-onderzoek als buitenpromovendus verbonden aan het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtspleging en Conflictoplossing van de Universiteit Utrecht. Hij heeft als gewezen advocaat ervaring met en is geïnteresseerd in civiel (proces)recht en (juridische) conflictoplossing, waarbij hij inzichten uit verschillende disciplines verbindt.
Artikel

Over waargenomen onrechtvaardigheid en radicalisering

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Injustice, perceptions, radicalization, horizontal and vertical deprivation, cognitive capacities
Auteurs Dr. M. Bal en Prof.dr. K. van den Bos
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The authors propose that perceptions of injustice play a central role in radicalization toward violent extremism and terrorism. Perceptions of unfair disadvantage in comparison with other groups (horizontal deprivation) or by societal authorities (vertical deprivation) will elicit strong emotional and behavioral reactions. In combination with feelings of personal uncertainty and a lack of cognitive capacities to control justice-related emotions, this increases the pull and attraction of radical ideologies. Furthermore, when people join a radical organization, a vicious circle of identification with and justification of radical ideology and illegitimization and rejection of the status quo follow, possibly resulting in the justification of violence to achieve social change. Injustice perceptions are difficult to change, but a better understanding of the basic processes involved allows for the development of prevention and deradicalization programs, which should focus on full and just societal integration of groups and individuals that have a high potential to radicalize.


Dr. M. Bal
Dr. Michèlle Bal is als universitair docent Algemene Sociale Wetenschappen verbonden aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Prof.dr. K. van den Bos
Prof. dr. Kees van den Bos is hoogleraar Empirische Rechtswetenschap en hoogleraar Sociale Psychologie aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Article

Access_open A Theoretical Framework to Study Variations in Workplace Violence Experienced by Emergency Responders

Integrating Opportunity and Vulnerability Perspectives

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Workplace aggression, workplace violence, emergency responders, blaming the victim, victimology
Auteurs Lisa van Reemst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Emergency responders are often sent to the front line and are often confronted with aggression and violence in interaction with citizens. According to previous studies, some professionals experience more workplace violence than others. In this article, the theoretical framework to study variations in workplace violence against emergency responders is described. According to criminal opportunity theories, which integrate the routine activity theory and lifestyle/exposure theory, victimisation is largely dependent on the lifestyle and routine activities of persons. Situational characteristics that could be related to workplace violence are organisational or task characteristics, such as having more contact with citizens or working at night. However, they do not provide insight in all aspects of influence, and their usefulness to reduce victimisation is limited. Therefore, it is important to consider the role of personal characteristics of the emergency responders that may be more or less ‘attractive’, which is elaborated upon by the victim precipitation theory. Psychological and behavioural characteristics of emergency responders may be relevant to reduce external workplace violence. The author argues that, despite the risk of being considered as blaming the victim, studying characteristics that might prevent victimisation is needed. Directions for future studies about workplace violence are discussed. These future studies should address a combination of victim and situation characteristics, use a longitudinal design and focus on emergency responders. In addition, differences between professions in relationships between characteristics and workplace violence should be explored.


Lisa van Reemst
Lisa van Reemst, M.Sc., is a Ph.D. candidate at the Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Artikel

Generatieconflicten bij vermogende families

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Generatieconflict, Familievermogen, Familiedynamiek, Empathie
Auteurs Alain Laurent Verbeke en Tijs Besieux
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Governance of family wealth is multifaceted in nature. In order to deepen our understanding of this topical issue, the current article offers a framework to grasp the complexity of family wealth governance. In doing so, the authors make a distinction between family wealth, socioemotional wealth, and family dynamics. The authors bridge the three distinct – yet interrelated – aspects both from a legal and psychological perspective. The framework can expand insight towards conflicts existing within families, across generations. Each component then provides challenges as well as opportunities to manage family conflict in an integrative and sustainable manner, a process which is facilitated by empathy.


Alain Laurent Verbeke
Alain Laurent Verbeke is gewoon hoogleraar privaatrecht & ADR aan de KU Leuven. Aan de faculteit psychologie is hij co-founder van het Leuven Center for Collaborative Management en het Leuven Mediation Platform. Alain Laurent is Visiting Professor of Law aan Harvard Law School en tenured Professor of Law aan Tilburg Universiteit en UCP Lisbon Global School of law. Hij is advocaat, partner bij Greenille by Laga, gespecialiseerd in de begeleiding van private clients. Hij is ook onderhandelaar en bemiddelaar in conflicten rond erfenis en family business.

Tijs Besieux
Tijs Besieux doet onderzoek naar leiderschap, teamdynamiek en conflict aan de KU Leuven. Hij is gastprofessor aan de IÉSEG School of Management (Parijs) en docent bij Schouten en Nelissen University (Nederland). Tijs is managing director van het Leuven Center for Collaborative Management, KU Leuven.

    This paper provides a dialectical-historical description of the EU's constitutional discourse. It is argued that the early Community's member state blind principle of justice implied the notion of a European political community and led to the establishment of fair procedures for decision making. This coming of age of an encompassing European constitutional narrative of justice and fairness prompted the question of the demarcation between the political role of the European political community and that of member states' political communities. The answer proved to be subsidiarity. However, subsidiarity has introduced national conceptions of justice in the Union's constitutional discourse, at the risk of making European justice dependent on national conceptions of justice.


Dries Cools
Dries Cools works at the National Bank of Belgium and holds a Master of Laws and a Master in Philosophy of the KU Leuven and an LL.M. of Harvard Law School.
Artikel

Criminele carrières van ordeverstoorders

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2016
Auteurs Drs. Tom van Ham, Prof. dr. Arjan Blokland, Dr. Henk Ferwerda e.a.
Auteursinformatie

Drs. Tom van Ham
Drs. T. van Ham is als onderzoeker verbonden aan Bureau Beke.

Prof. dr. Arjan Blokland
Prof. dr. A.A.J. Blokland is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en als bijzonder hoogleraar verbonden aan de Universiteit van Leiden.

Dr. Henk Ferwerda
Dr. H.B. Ferwerda is directeur van Bureau Beke.

Prof. dr. Theo Doreleijers
Prof. dr. Th.A.H. Doreleijers is emeritus hoogleraar kinder- en jeugdpsychiatrie.

Dr. Otto Adang
Dr. O.M.J. Adang is lector Openbare Orde & Gevaarbeheersing bij de Politieacademie.

    The explosive growth of the Internet has led to countless new possibilities, and it opened the way for societal progress and an extensive globalization and digitization. However, the original ambition of the Internet as a free, open and neutral medium has also led to new possibilities in the field of crime. The current paper illustrates how governments dealt with the development of the Internet and it gives an explanation for why and how unintended side effects have manifested in society. Using the phenomenon of digital child abuse, this paper offers recommendations for an effective government response and for an effective detection of and fight against cybercrime.


Madeleine van der Bruggen MSc MA
M. van der Bruggen, MSc MA is Operationeel Specialist Zeden bij de Politie Landelijke Eenheid (Dienst Landelijke Recherche) – Team Bestrijding Kinderporno en Kindersekstoerisme (TBKK).
Diversen

Sociology of law in European civil law countries

Some remarks and correspondent proposals

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden socio-legal studies, high theory, research, achievements and gaps
Auteurs Vincenzo Ferrari
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In continental Europe, post-war sociology of law passed through diverse phases, swinging between grand theorizing and empirical research. In the last two decades, socio-legal studies have shown a more balanced approach with respect to these models. Neo-functionalism à-la Luhmann still takes the lead in high theory, although some more eclectic voices make themselves heard and some signs of renaissance of conflict theories have become visible again. Through an overview of the recent editorial policy of three influential journals in France, Germany and Italy, the author highlights that middle range socio-legal theory has successfully dealt with some relevant aspects of legal change of the last decades, in such fields as criminal justice, migrations, or family law. Yet, it has left aside other and no less important aspects, such as commerce and property laws, common goods, environment, and other crucial questions of our times. Thus, there is a risk for sociology of law not to perform its critical and pioneering task that belongs to its own tradition.


Vincenzo Ferrari
Vincenzo Ferrari is emeritus professor of philosophy and sociology of law. He has taught in the Universities of Cagliari, Bologna and Milan, and has been a visiting professor in diverse world’s academic institutions. He chaired the ISA Research Committee on Sociology of Law and was among the founders of the IISL, Oñati.
Artikel

Een aanzet voor een methodiek tot het voorkomen van (internationale) insolventies

Verslag van verkennend praktijkonderzoek gericht op beter conflictmanagement bij bedrijven in zwaar weer

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden Resolving financial distress, Juridical developments, Harvard negotiation, Serious gaming
Auteurs Jan A.A. Adriaanse, Mr. dr. Ellen J.M. van Beukering en Dr. Jean-Pierre I. van der Rest
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Research has been conducted by Leiden Law School into the efficacy of an instrument based on insolvency practice, ‘Harvard negotiation’ and ‘serious gaming’ aiming at better conflict management in case of (near) bankruptcy. Business rescue workout simulation games were played at different places worldwide. Serious gaming provides insight in the complexity and dynamics of (informal) reorganizations. The research further confirms that the Harvard negotiation-principles and the INSOL International Statement of Principles for a Global approach to multi-creditor workouts may provide a useful contribution to the realization of a successful (international) financial restructuring. The intervention of skilled neutrals is often significative. More focus on communication, negotiation and cooperative dispute resolution is also consistent with the initiatives of legislators and policymakers which stimulate companies to restructure at an early stage of financial distress. These developments also make ADR-skills become of more relevance to (insolvency) professionals.


Jan A.A. Adriaanse
Jan A.A. Adriaanse is hoogleraar Turnaround Management, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid.

Mr. dr. Ellen J.M. van Beukering
Ellen J.M. van Beukering is Universitair Docent Burgerlijk Procesrecht en Bedrijfswetenschappen, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid.

Dr. Jean-Pierre I. van der Rest
Universitair Hoofddocent Bedrijfswetenschappen, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid.
Artikel

Determinanten van deelname aan een resocialisatieprogramma in Nederlandse penitentiaire inrichtingen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Prison, reducing recidivism, correctional treatment, Resocialisation, treatment engagement
Auteurs Anouk Bosma MSc, Dr. Maarten Kunst, Dr. Anja Dirkzwager e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The current study examined the extent to which risk factors and treatment readiness were related to prison based treatment engagement (i.e. participation and completion), using a large sample of detainees who were a candidate for the Prevention of Recidivism program. Analyses showed that offenders who were treatment ready were over two times more likely to complete treatment programs, compared to offenders who were not. Risk factors did, for the most part, not correlate with treatment participation and completion. Outcomes underlined the importance of motivational aspects and showed the significance of enhancing treatment readiness amongst correctional resocialisation participants.


Anouk Bosma MSc
A.Q. Bosma, MSc is promovenda bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Maarten Kunst
Dr. M.J.J. Kunst is universitair hoofddocent criminologie bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. dr. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Professionele weerbaarheid en de politie

Naar een persoonsgerichte aanpak

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2014
Auteurs Geeske ten Wolde, Barbara Zwirs en Nelleke Kruse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The aim of the article is to analyse the correlations between social cognitive factors and behaviour that increases resilience by police officers and to assess in which way intention mediates the possible correlations. The study was based on Ajzen's theory of planned behaviour. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted in which 1.799 police officers in the Netherlands completed a questionnaire. Data was also collected by organising qualitative expert meetings with police officers. The data has been analysed using linear regression. The results show that intention had the highest correlation with behaviour that increases resilience and mediates the correlations of the social cognitive factors partially. Perceived behavioural control and attitude also had a direct correlation with behaviour that increases resilience. Subjective norm had a weak correlation with behaviour. This is the first study which tested TPB for behaviour that increases resilience by police officers. Because the design of this study was cross-sectional, more research is needed to better understand the causal relations between social cognitive factors and intention with behaviour that increases resilience by police officers.


Geeske ten Wolde
Geeske ten Wolde is werkzaam voor de politie-eenheid Noord-Holland en onderzoeker bij het project ‘Versterking Professionele Weerbaarheid’.

Barbara Zwirs
Barbara Zwirs is universitair docent Criminologie aan het Instituut Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Nelleke Kruse
Nelleke Kruse was onderzoeker bij het project ‘Versterking Professionele Weerbaarheid’ van de politie-eenheid Noord-Holland.
Article

Access_open Offer and Acceptance and the Dynamics of Negotiations: Arguments for Contract Theory from Negotiation Studies

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden Contract Formation, Offer and Acceptance, Negotiation, Precontractual, UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts
Auteurs Ekaterina Pannebakker LL.M.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The doctrine of offer and acceptance forms the basis of the rules of contract formation in most western legal systems. However, if parties enter into elaborate negotiations, these rules may become difficult to apply. This paper addresses the application of the doctrine of offer and acceptance to the formation of contract in the context of negotiations. The paper argues that while the doctrine of offer and acceptance is designed to assess the issues related to the substance of the future eventual contract (the substantive constituent of negotiations), these issues overlap within the context of negotiations with the strategic and tactical behaviour of the negotiators (dynamic constituent of negotiations). Analysis of these two constituents can be found in negotiation studies, a field which has developed over the last decades. Using the rules of offer and acceptance of the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts as an example, this paper shows that the demarcation between the substantive and the dynamic constituents of negotiations can be used as the criterion to distinguish between, on the one hand, the documents and conduct forming a contract, and, on the other hand, other precontractual documents and conduct. Furthermore, the paper discusses the possibility of using the structure of negotiation described by negotiation studies as an additional tool in the usual analysis of facts in order to assess the existence of a contract and the moment of contract formation.


Ekaterina Pannebakker LL.M.
PhD candidate, Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam. I thank Sanne Taekema and Xandra Kramer for their valuable comments on the draft of this article, and the peer reviewers for their suggestions. The usual disclaimer applies.
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