Zoekresultaat: 13 artikelen

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Artikel

Psychomacht: hoe sturen data en algoritmen de veiligheid in smart cities?

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden psychopower, smart cities, Bernard Stiegler, Michel Foucault, security
Auteurs Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article deals with the relationship of smart security technologies to broader modes of exercising power and subjugating individuals. It claims that the notion of psychopower is precisely what is missing from post-Foucaultian accounts of the smart city. In the article psychopower is defined as the manipulation of our consciousness in order to channel our desires toward ‘normal’ social behavior, drawing a line between what is ‘acceptable’ and what is ‘unacceptable’. Psychopower raises a series of concerns related to its democratic legitimacy and accountability as behaviorally informed conditioning of the mind runs the risk of constant surveillance, where human agency is diluted in a techno-utopian vision that promises to improve city-wide efficiency, decision-making, and security.


Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
Dr. mr. M.B. Schuilenburg doceert aan de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Digitale coproductie van preventie en opsporing met burgers

Een verkenning naar de contouren van een nieuw beleidsregime

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden Digitale coproductie, digitaal burgerschap, digitale buurtpreventie, digitale opsporing, Technologieregime
Auteurs Steven van den Oord en Ben Kokkeler
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the years, the use of data and digital technology in neighbourhood watch groups for prevention and detection of crime and citizens initiatives to enhance public safety has increased due to social and technological changes of citizen participation in coproduction of safety and digitization of economy and society. This causes a transition towards a new technology regime, a shift from a ‘closed’ information and communication technology regime owned by governmental organizations towards (inter)national ‘open’ platforms, which in turn challenges the current policy regime. This transition creates new societal expectations and challenges, often with contrasting dynamics. For instance, citizens are becoming the so-called ‘eyes and ears’ for government in prevention and detection of crime in neighbourhoods, while professionals are increasingly expected to coproduce safety with citizens through new forms of prevention and detection. With the rise of data and digital technology such as platforms and applications citizens are increasingly enabled to take the lead and initiate collaboration and organize new forms of prevention and surveillance in their own neighbourhoods.
    Both in literature as in public policy practice, neighbourhood prevention and crime detection in general is addressed. However, less attention is spent on the role and impact of data and digital technology. We propose this is an issue because the emerging digital technology regime requires a new conceptual view wherein citizen initiatives are no longer perceived as merely instrumental to government interventions, but are understood as coproducers of public safety in their neighbourhoods, as part of a broader societal shift in which citizens are enabled by digital technology to organize their own data environments. Based on the introduction of digital coproduction, we illustrate four case examples to explain which opportunities for safety professionals and local governments arise to create a policy regime that suits the emerging digital technology regime.


Steven van den Oord
Steven van den Oord is werkzaam aan Avans Hogeschool ’s-Hertogenbosch.

Ben Kokkeler
Ben Kokkeler is is lector Digitalisering en Veiligheid aan Avans Hogeschool ’s-Hertogenbosch.

    Op 19 maart 2019 is de Screeningverordening aangenomen, waarmee een kader verschaft is voor coördinatie en samenwerking tussen lidstaten en de Europese Commissie ten aanzien van de screening van FDI. In dit artikel bespreekt de auteur investeringsscreening in de EU en VS, en of de Screeningverordening een stap is in de richting van een Europese CFIUS.


Mr. L. Gasseling
Mr. L. Gasseling is jurist Litigation & Insolvency bij AKD te Rotterdam.

Marnix Croes
Marnix Croes is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het WODC van het Ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.

    Despite enjoying distinct and privileged constitutional statuses, the Indigenous minorities of Malaysia, namely, the natives of Sabah, natives of Sarawak and the Peninsular Malaysia Orang Asli continue to endure dispossession from their customary lands, territories and resources. In response, these groups have resorted to seeking justice in the domestic courts to some degree of success. Over the last two decades, the Malaysian judiciary has applied the constitutional provisions and developed the common law to recognise and protect Indigenous land and resource rights beyond the literal confines of the written law. This article focuses on the effectiveness of the Malaysian courts in delivering the preferred remedy of Indigenous communities for land and resource issues, specifically, the restitution or return of traditional areas to these communities. Despite the Courts’ recognition and to a limited extent, return of Indigenous lands and resources beyond that conferred upon by the executive and legislative arms of government, it is contended that the utilisation of the judicial process is a potentially slow, costly, incongruous and unpredictable process that may also not necessarily be free from the influence of the domestic political and policy debates surrounding the return of Indigenous lands, territories and resources.


Yogeswaran Subramaniam Ph.D.
Yogeswaran Subramaniam is an Advocate and Solicitor in Malaysia and holds a PhD from the University of New South Wales for his research on Orang Asli land rights. In addition to publishing extensively on Orang Asli land and resource rights, he has acted as legal counsel in a number of landmark indigenous land rights decisions in Malaysia.

Colin Nicholas
Colin Nicholas is the founder and coordinator of the Centre for Orang Asli Concerns (COAC). He received a PhD from the University of Malaya on the topic of Orang Asli: Politics, Development and Identity, and has authored several academic articles and books on Orang Asli issues. He has provided expert evidence in a number of leading Orang Asli cases. The law stated in this article is current as on 1 October 2017.
Artikel

Intelligence leadership

Leidinggeven in het schemerdonker tussen geheim en openbaar

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Intelligence leadership, Intelligence and security services, Transparency, Political accountability, Reform
Auteurs Prof. dr. Paul Abels
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article highlights the special position of European heads of intelligence and security services. In the search for important characteristics of intelligence leadership through time, a comparison is made between five services from five different countries (Germany, France, the Netherlands, Greece and Spain). Using Anglo-American reference information and a leadership typology developed by intelligence expert Robarge, the consecutive heads of service in these European countries are profiled and categorized. This leads to a picture that has always been dominated by males, a strong military presence and many end-of-career heads. Their influence on the internal and external service development was often substantial, with alternate appointments of inside and outside reformers. The scale of openness usually constituted a struggle with both the inside and outside world. Nowadays, the heads are being confronted with new challenges and demands, which leads to the conclusion that a new form of ‘distributed’ or ‘interdependent’ leadership is required, in which old reflexes to appoint people with an operational, military or police background as heads of these services are no longer self-evident.


Prof. dr. Paul Abels
Prof. dr. P.A.H.M. Abels is bijzonder hoogleraar Governance of Intelligence and Security Services bij het Institute for Security and Global Affairs (ISGA) van de Universiteit Leiden. Hij is ook raadadviseur bij de Nationaal Coördinator Terrorismebestrijding en Veiligheid (NCTV). Dit artikel kwam tot stand met medewerking van Julia van Heesewijk, Roderik Stol, Stefanos K. Skafidas, Robin van der Burgh, Giandrick Dabian en Marijn Adams.
Artikel

In voor- en tegenspoed

Het huwelijk tussen parlement en inlichtingen- en veiligheidsdienst

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2018
Auteurs Dr. Eleni Braat
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Secrecy complicates the relationship between intelligence and security services and their responsible ministers on the one hand, and members of parliament on the other. How can parliament deal constructively with intelligence and security services, despite the secrecy involved? This article presents a novel conceptual framework to analyse political relations influenced by secrecy, based on four recurring types of parliamentary reactions to intelligence and security services. The focus is a case study of the Dutch parliament and Security Service (BVD) between 1975 and 1995. The analysis demonstrates that constructive parliamentary dealings with secret services depend both on party-political responses to secrecy and strategic responses on the part of the secret services to ambiguous relationships with parliament. The presented typology of four recurring parliamentary reactions to intelligence and security services and the model for constructive parliamentary debate contribute to a better understanding of reasons and consequences of political and societal reactions to the new Dutch Intelligence and Security Services Act (Wiv).


Dr. Eleni Braat
Dr. E.C. Braat is als universitair docent Internationale Geschiedenis verbonden aan de Universiteit Utrecht. Voor meer informatie: www.uu.nl/medewerkers/ECBraat. Dit artikel is in uitgebreidere vorm gepubliceerd als Eleni Braat, ‘Recurring Tensions between Secrecy and Democracy: Arguments about the Security Service in the Dutch Parliament, 1975-1995’, Intelligence and National Security, vol. 31, nr. 4, p. 532-555.
Article

Access_open Administering Justice and Serving the People

The Tension between the Objective of Judicial Efficiency and Informal Justice in Canadian Access to Justice Initiatives

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden access to justice, procedural law, courts, civil justice reform, comparative law
Auteurs Catherine Piché
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Canada has a complex system of courts that seek to serve Canadians in view of the traditional objectives of civil justice – principally accessibility, efficiency, fairness, efficacy, proportionality and equality. The Canadian court system is generally considered by its users to work well and to have legitimacy. Yet, researchers have found that ‘there is a tendency for people involved in a civil case to become disillusioned about the ability of the system to effect a fair and timely resolution to a civil justice problem’. This article will discuss the ways in which reforms of procedural law and civil justice have originated and continue to be made throughout Canada, both nationally and provincially, as well as the trends and influences in making these reforms. With hundreds of contemporary procedural reforms having been discussed, proposed and/or completed since the first days of Canadian colonisation on a national basis and in the Canadian provinces and territory, providing a detailed analysis will prove challenging. This article will nonetheless provide a review of civil justice and procedural reform issues in Canada, focusing principally, at the provincial level, on the systems of Ontario and Quebec. Importantly, I will seek to reconcile the increasing willingness to have an economically efficient civil justice and the increased power of judges in managing cases, with our court system’s invasion of ADR and its prioritisation of informal modes of adjudication.


Catherine Piché
Dr. Prof. Catherine Piché, Université de Montreal.
Jurisprudentie

Vrijheid van religie op de werkplaats en het Hof van Justitie: terug naar cuius regio, illius religio?

Tijdschrift Arbeidsrechtelijke Annotaties, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Discriminatie, Vrijheid van religie, Hoofddoek, Richtlijn 2000/78/EU, Religie of overtuiging
Auteurs Prof. dr. Filip Dorssemont
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage worden twee mijlpaalarresten de dato 14 maart 2017 van het Hof van Justitie die betrekking hebben op discriminatie op basis van religie kritisch geanalyseerd. In beide gevallen gaf het dragen van een hoofddoek aanleiding tot het ontslag van een werkneemster. De auteur stelt dat het ontslag van een werkneemster wegens het dragen van een hoofddoek op basis van een algemene regel die uitingen van religieuze, politieke en filosofische overtuigingen verbiedt wel degelijk een directe vorm van discriminatie betreft. Hij betwist dat een beleid van neutraliteit in de onderneming een afdoende legitieme doelstelling vormt die indirecte discriminatie zou rechtvaardigen. De grondslag voor een dergelijke benadering, de in het Handvest van de grondrechten van de Europese Unie opgenomen vrijheid van ondernemerschap, is niet dienstig om een richtlijn die het burgerschap binnen de Europese Unie beschermt, beperkend te interpreteren. Hij bepleit dat rechtvaardigingsgronden voor discriminatie op basis van religie voorzienbaar en kenbaar moeten zijn. Tot slot wordt het gebruik van de redelijke aanpassingen door het Hof van Justitie beschouwd. De auteur meent dat de analyse van het Hof op gespannen voet staat met de rechtspraak van het Hof voor de Rechten van de Mens en een risico in zich draagt van ‘harassment’ van werknemers die naar een plek in ‘backoffice’ worden verbannen.


Prof. dr. Filip Dorssemont
Prof. dr. F. Dorssemont is hoogleraar Arbeidsrecht aan de Université Catholique de Louvain en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

De uitdagingen voor gebiedsgebonden politiezorg

Ambigue ontwikkelingen, platgetreden paden en nieuwe wegen

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2017
Auteurs T. Meurs MSc en B.J. Kreulen MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on the challenges facing Community Oriented Policing (COP) in an increasingly complex society. The authors describe how the Dutch police adresses this context through a new police organisation on a national basis, specified job protocols, intelligence led policing and higher educated specialists. Seeking for alternatives the authors argue that COP should be based on a problem centered approach which profits from the insights of local policemen and operational specialists. Adressing ambiguous problems will fail when only applying system logic. Instead, moral involvement and sensemaking are indispensable.


T. Meurs MSc
Teun Meurs MSc werkt aan een promotieonderzoek over kennisintensivering en de ontwikkeling van onderzoekende politieprofessionaliteit. Het onderzoek is onderdeel van de Strategische Onderzoeksagenda 2015-2019 en wordt gefaciliteerd door de Hogeschool Arnhem Nijmegen, Universiteit Utrecht, de Politieacademie en de Nationale Politie.

B.J. Kreulen MSc
Bert Jan Kreulen MSc is werkzaam binnen de dienst Politieprofessie in de Eenheid Amsterdam en houdt zich bezig met de ontwikkeling van Gebiedsgebonden Politiezorg, met een focus op de rol van de wijkagent. De auteurs bedanken Wouter Landman voor zijn constructieve commentaar op een eerdere versie van dit artikel.
Artikel

Organisatiestructuren van jihadistische netwerken in Nederland

Verschillen en overeenkomsten tussen 2000 en 2013

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden jihadist networks, social network analysis, organizational structures, foreign fighters
Auteurs Dr. Jasper de Bie en Dr. Christianne de Poot
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper uses social network analysis to study and compare the organizational structures and division of roles of three jihadist networks in the Netherlands. It uses unique Dutch police data covering the 2000-2013 period. This study demonstrates how the organizational structures differ between different networks. The earliest network has a hierarchical cell structure with a clear division of labour, while the later networks are horizontal and dense networks with less clear orientation on tasks. The core member types in the jihadist networks also differ. The earliest network contains international jihad veterans with clear leadership skills, while the later networks contain home-grown radicals with less status and often a lack of expertise. Furthermore, several jihadists evolve over time, when they used to be supporters, but become core members in posterior networks.


Dr. Jasper de Bie
Dr. J.L. de Bie is onlangs gepromoveerd aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de faculteit rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Christianne de Poot
Dr. C.J. de Poot is senior onderzoeker bij het WODC van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie en tevens lector Forensisch Onderzoek aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam en de Politieacademie te Apeldoorn.
Diversen

Tilting at windmills

In pursuit of gang truths in a British city

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden gangs, violence, weapons, organisation
Auteurs Simon Hallsworth BSc (Hons) Sociology, LSE en Louise Dixon PhD
Auteursinformatie

Simon Hallsworth BSc (Hons) Sociology, LSE
Professor Simon Hallsworth is Executive Dean for the Faculty of Art, Business and Applied Social Science at University Campus Suffolk.

Louise Dixon PhD
Dr. Louise Dixon is Associate Professor at Victoria University of Wellington (New Zealand).
Artikel

Access_open De nieuwe wereldorde en het beste regime: de neoconservatieven, de straussianen en Leo Strauss

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2004
Trefwoorden politieke filosofie, democratie, bedreiging, idee, auteur, bouw, leerling, levering, opeising, overleden
Auteurs D. Janssens

D. Janssens
Interface Showing Amount
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