Zoekresultaat: 24 artikelen

x
Artikel

Moral injury en herstel

Een existentiële verkenning

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden moral injury, PTSS, verantwoordelijkheid, vertrouwen, veiligheid
Auteurs Joachim Duyndam
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper examines moral injury, in relation to recovery from this kind of psychic damage and to restorative justice. In recent research the concept is developed in distinction from the psychiatric diagnosis PTSD. Whereas PTSD is rooted in anxiety, as it occurs during or after life-threatening situations, people suffering from moral injury are disruptively affected by guilt and shame, in the slipstream of which they may be tormented by remorse, self-loathing, anger and self-disgust – with symptoms similar to PTSD. Unlike PTSD, however, the risk of moral injury is part of ordinary life. It may happen to anyone. Therefore, this paper takes an ‘existential’ perspective by relating moral injury to the fundamental human condition of relationality. Moral injury is interpreted as the disturbance of the responsibility, the confidence and the security that fundamentally sustain the human relationships to the world, to each other, and to oneself. One way of recovering from moral injury is through empathy, primarily performed by caregivers or chaplains who guide the morally injured, and consequently accomplished by the injured themselves, in a narrative way.


Joachim Duyndam
Joachim Duyndam is hoogleraar humanisme en filosofie aan de Universiteit voor Humanistiek, Utrecht.
Artikel

Misverstanden over trauma

Een illustratie aan de hand van ervaringen van professionals

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden Trauma, Professionals
Auteurs Dr. mr. Elisa van Ee en Prof. dr. Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Previously we have published an article about misunderstandings regarding trauma and PTSS. In this contribution we deal with other popular beliefs regarding trauma. We focus on trauma among professionals as a consequence of their work. It is explained that a professional does not have to witness violence or another severe case directly in order to develop some form of trauma. Next to that we focus on the misconception that professionals suffering from trauma can receive treatment without support of their loved ones and social network. It is explained that social support is not only relevant but necessary in treating trauma effectively.


Dr. mr. Elisa van Ee
Dr. mr. Elisa van Ee is klinisch psycholoog en onderzoeker bij het Psychotraumacentrum Zuid-Nederland, Reinier van Arkel en Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud Universiteit. Tevens is zij als extern deskundige op het gebied van trauma verbonden aan het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de Nationale Politie.

Prof. dr. Janine Janssen
Prof. dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de Nationale Politie, lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool, bijzonder hoogleraar Rechtsantropologie aan de Open Universiteit en voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.
Redactioneel

Vooruitgang in de victimologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2020
Auteurs Dr. Lisa van Reemst, Prof. dr. mr. Maarten Kunst en Prof. dr. Antony Pemberton
Auteursinformatie

Dr. Lisa van Reemst
Dr. L. van Reemst is universitair docent, sectie Criminologie, Erasmus Universiteit Criminologie en Postdoc onderzoeker, NSCR

Prof. dr. mr. Maarten Kunst
Prof. dr. mr. M.J.J. Kunst is hoogleraar aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden

Prof. dr. Antony Pemberton
Prof. dr. A. Pemberton is senior-onderzoeker NSCR, hoogleraar herstelrecht, LINC, KU Leuven en hoogleraar victimologie Tilburg University
Artikel

Misverstanden over trauma: een illustratie aan de hand van ervaringen met geweld uit naam van de familie-eer

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Trauma, eergerelateerd geweld
Auteurs Dr. mr. Elisa van Ee en Prof. dr. Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch police has noticed that in cases of honour-based violence often people are involved that might suffer from some form of trauma. Over the last years the police has dealt with cases from, for example, refugees that have fled from with war infected regions. Next to that, the road to the north of Europe was also involved with serious safety issues. Therefore the police works together with specialists in the treatment of trauma. In this article some frequently encountered misunderstandings about trauma are described, illustrated with cases of honour-based violence. The first misunderstanding is that all trauma is PTSS; the second is that PTSD explains all the mis happenings in an individual’s life; the third misunderstanding is that EMDR is the effective treatment for all sorts of trauma.


Dr. mr. Elisa van Ee
Dr. mr. Elisa van Ee is klinisch psycholoog en onderzoeker bij het Psychotraumacentrum Zuid-Nederland, Reinier van Arkel en Behavioural Science Intitute, Radboud Universiteit. Tevens is zij als extern deskundige op het gebied van trauma verbonden aan het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de Nationale Politie.

Prof. dr. Janine Janssen
Prof. dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de Nationale Politie, lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool, bijzonder hoogleraar Rechtsantropologie aan de Open Universiteit en voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.
Artikel

En toch is het prachtig werk: weerbaarheid bij forensisch sociale professionals

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden mentale weerbaarheid, Veerkracht, forensisch sociale professionals
Auteurs Vivienne de Vogel en Dr. Jacqueline Bosker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Working in the forensic social field is interesting and fulfilling and many professionals deliberately choose to do this work. However, it can also be a very demanding job. Experiencing aggressive incidents by forensic clients, continuous tensions in contact with clients and the confrontation with narratives about shocking events are specific characteristics of working in the forensic field that appeal to the resilience of professionals. This article discusses which characteristics of organisations, teams and individual professionals impact on resilience and how it can be enhanced.


Vivienne de Vogel
Vivienne de Vogel is lector Werken in justitieel kader bij Hogeschool Utrecht en onderzoeker bij De Forensische Zorgspecialisten, Utrecht.

Dr. Jacqueline Bosker
Dr. Jacqueline Bosker is hogeschoolhoofddocent bij het Instituut voor Recht en onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Werken in Justitieel kader van Hogeschool Utrecht. Tevens is zij redacteur van PROCES.
Artikel

Triggerfactoren in het radicaliseringsproces

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden radicalization, trigger factors, cognitive opening, personal characteristics, types of motivation
Auteurs Dr. A.R. Feddes, Drs. L. Nickolson en Prof. dr. B. Doosje
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In order to understand why people can turn to violence to achieve political or societal changes, it is important to examine factors that can trigger a process of radicalization. In this article the authors outline such a model of trigger factors. In this model they specify trigger factors at the micro level (individual level), meso level (group level), and macro level (societal level). In addition, the authors argue that it is important to take into account personal characteristics, such as age, gender, and the type of motivation, behind a radicalization process. With respect to these types of motivation, the authors distinguish between sensation seekers, justice seekers, identity seekers, and meaning seekers. This model enables to discern triggers in the radicalization process of specific people in specific contexts.


Dr. A.R. Feddes
Dr. Allard Feddes is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Afdeling Psychologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. www.uva.nl/over-de-uva/organisatie/medewerkers/content/f/e/a.r.feddes/a.r.feddes.html.

Drs. L. Nickolson
Drs. Lars Nickolson is als senior adviseur verbonden aan de Expertise-unit Sociale Stabiliteit van het ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid.

Prof. dr. B. Doosje
Prof. dr. Bertjan Doosje is hoogleraar Radicalisering studies (Frank Buijs-leerstoel vanwege het Verwey-Jonker Instituut) aan de afdelingen Politicologie en Psychologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. www.uva.nl/over-de-uva/organisatie/medewerkers/content/d/o/e.j.doosje/e.j.doosje.html.
Artikel

Verkeersonveiligheid

(Personen)schade, oorzaken en maatregelen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Vergoeding Personenschade, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden verkeersveiligheid, verkeersongeval, verkeersgewonden, verkeersdoden, letsellast
Auteurs Dr. ir. W.A.M. Weijermars
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2014 vielen 570 verkeersdoden en 20.700 ernstig verkeersgewonden in het Nederlandse verkeer. Ongeveer een op de vijf ernstig verkeersgewonden houdt blijvende beperkingen over aan de verwondingen. Alle verkeersongevallen samen kosten de maatschappij naar schatting € 12,5 miljard per jaar. Ernstig verkeersgewonden en fietsers vormen belangrijke aandachtsgroepen. In de kern ontstaat verkeersonveiligheid doordat verkeersdeelnemers kunnen botsen en daarbij letsel kunnen oplopen. Sommige groepen verkeersdeelnemers zijn kwetsbaarder (bijvoorbeeld ouderen) of hebben een hogere ongevalskans (bijvoorbeeld jongeren) dan gemiddeld. Ook bepaalde weersomstandigheden en risicogedrag (snelheid, alcohol, afleiding) verhogen de ongevalskans en/of letselernst. Er zijn allerlei maatregelen genomen om ongevallen te voorkomen en de letselernst te beperken.


Dr. ir. W.A.M. Weijermars
Dr. ir. W.A.M. Weijermars is senior onderzoeker bij Stichting Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Verkeersveiligheid (SWOV) te Den Haag.
Artikel

Slachtoffers van onrecht: de psychologie van secundaire victimisatie (en positieve reacties voor slachtoffers)

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden slachtofferrechten, just-world theorie, negatieve reacties richting slachtoffers, steun richting slachtoffers
Auteurs Dr. Michèlle Bal
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Victims play an increasingly more prominent role in the criminal justice process. While the consequences of victim participation in the judicial process have been criticized by researchers and practitioners alike, the possible negative consequences of secondary victimization has been largely neglected in this debate. From a social psychological perspective, I discuss research on just-world theory that can explain these negative reactions and give some insight into the processes that play a role in both negative and positive reactions toward victims. Implications for the law practitioners and scholars will be discussed.


Dr. Michèlle Bal
Dr. Michèlle Bal is universitair docent Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Kinderpornorechercheurs en hun mentale weerbaarheid

Hoe rechercheurs de impact van kinderpornografiezaken ervaren en daarmee omgaan

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Auteurs Drs. Henk Sollie, Dr. Nicolien Kop en Prof. dr. Martin Euwema
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Eleven Teams against Child Abuse Images and Transnational Child Sex Offences (TBKKs) are operating within the Dutch National Police Force. This study provides an in-depth analysis of the resilience of criminal investigators working in these teams and how they perceive and cope with daily work stressors. Observational studies within five TBKKs and 35 semi-structured interviews with child pornography investigators revealed that managing their heavy caseloads, classifying abusive images, dealing with suspects and conducting home searches can sometimes be (very) challenging. Despite these demanding work aspects, investigators experience low levels of stress. By employing emotional detachment, self-reflection, workload regulation, social support and meaningfulness, they overcome the stress of investigating internet child exploitation. However, successful implementation of these resilience-enhancing strategies depends on the availability of several individual and organizational resources. To reduce the risk of health problems and to stimulate positive functioning, these resources require permanent investment from police management and investigators themselves.


Drs. Henk Sollie
Drs. H. Sollie is promovendus ‘Mentale Weerbaarheid binnen de Opsporing’ bij de Nederlandse Politieacademie.

Dr. Nicolien Kop
Dr. N. Kop is lector Criminaliteitsbeheersing & Recherchekunde bij de Nederlandse Politieacademie.

Prof. dr. Martin Euwema
Prof. dr. M.C. Euwema is hoogleraar Organisatiepsychologie, KU Leuven.
Artikel

Trauma en eer: een explosieve mix

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2014
Trefwoorden Trauma, posttraumatische stressstoornis, Eer, Verkrachting
Auteurs Dr. mr. Elisa van Ee
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Honour-related emotions such as shame, guilt, anger, distrust and pride play a critical role in regulating the response to a traumatic event and the severity of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Crimes with the intent to cause harm to a person include, to a greater or lesser extent, a component to overpower and humiliate. Such traumatic experiences can, especially in more collectivist cultures, lead to a complex mix of posttraumatic guilt and shame. In order to restore honour, posttraumatic shame or guilt can lead to violence. Together with posttraumatic stress symptoms such as flashbacks and hyperarousal it may even lead to excessive violence.


Dr. mr. Elisa van Ee
Dr. mr. Elisa van Ee is psycholoog en senior onderzoeker bij Psychotraumacentrum Zuid Nederland.
Artikel

Simulatie onder slachtoffers van schokkende gebeurtenissen

Een pleidooi voor onafhankelijk onderzoek naar de echtheid van psychische klachten in schadevergoedingsprocedures

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden victims, compensation, malingering, detection
Auteurs Maarten Kunst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    High-impact incidents, such as (natural) disasters, severe (traffic) accidents, and exposure to (war) violence, may have severe psychological consequences, both for direct and indirect victims. Such consequences may qualify for financial compensation. However, some victims malinger their psychological status to get compensated for damages they have not suffered. This type of fraudulent behavior costs insurance companies and publicly funded compensation services enormous amounts of money and may eventually make compensation unaffordable. To prevent this from occurring, it is argued that lawyers who need to decide upon victims’ claims for compensation should call in independent experts to evaluate the genuineness of victims’ reported psychological symptoms by administrating a malingering detection test. To enable correct interpretation of the outcome of such a test, the base rate problem is extensively discussed. In short, this problem means that correct test interpretation in individual cases depends on the prevalence of malingering in the population to which a victim belongs. Finally, several counter arguments for the standard assessment of malingering by independent experts are discussed.


Maarten Kunst
Maarten Kunst is werkzaam als universitair hoofddocent bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden. In 2010 is hij in Tilburg gepromoveerd op de psychosociale gevolgen van slachtofferschap van interpersoonlijk geweld. Daarvoor was hij werkzaam als jurist bezwaar en beroep bij het Uitvoeringsinstituut werknemersverzekeringen. Hij studeerde Nederlands recht en psychologie aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

    Victims of violent crime who suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can request financial compensation from the Dutch Violent Offences Compensation Fund (VOCF). Problematic with this is that PTSD is amenable for malingering. Malingering involves the invention or exaggeration of psychological symptoms or the attribution of such symptoms to wrong causes. If malingered PTSD remains undetected, the VOCF will run the risk of compensating damages which do not exist. The literature suggests that malingering can be detected by focusing on extreme scores on symptom screeners. The results of the current study, however, seem to suggest that this may not be an adequate strategy.


Dr. Maarten Kunst
Dr. Maarten Kunst is universitair docent Criminologie bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

De politiefunctionaris en het risico op PTSS

Een terechte zorg of medicalisering van een beroepsgroep?

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden police officers, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), psychosocial problems, medicalization
Auteurs M.J.J. Kunst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Several policy measures have recently been undertaken to enhance resilience in Dutch police officers. The author of this article argues that these initiatives rely on false beliefs about the stressful nature of police work. Police officers are often exposed to traumatic or otherwise stressful events, but this does not necessarily render them at an increased risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other (trauma-related) psychosocial problems. After a discussion of empirical studies which support his view, he speculates that these false beliefs are grounded in the Western tendency to qualify stressful events as (potentially) traumatic. This tendency to medicalize stressful events is reflected both in the history of the diagnostic criteria for PTSD in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the empirical literature. The author concludes with pointing out a potential negative by-effect of this medicalization tendency: simulating PTSD (symptoms) for external motives, such as financial gain.


M.J.J. Kunst
Dr. mr. Maarten Kunst is als universitair docent verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Het belang van goede nazorg na schokkende gebeurtenissen

En het risico van overdrijving ...

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden aftercare, professional counseling, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), individual recovery process, rapid intervention
Auteurs P.P. Lücker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on aftercare for professionals like policemen, firemen and soldiers who experienced a shocking event. The author, Peter-Paul Lücker, has been working in aftercare for many years. He observes a trend in professional counseling to diagnose and start treatment as soon as possible. In the past however, the basic principle has been to give somebody a break, to provide practical support and to rely on a natural recovery. Most people recover well this way after experiencing a shocking incident. This individual recovery process is best facilitated by providing a safe and supportive environment through recognition and appreciation, thus preventing secondary traumatization. This approach seems to contribute more to the prevention of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than rapid intervention, early screening and counseling. Sometimes however, the cumulative effect of stressful experiences leads to the conclusion that the job doesn’t fit the person involved anymore. Recognition and appreciation sometimes involve saying goodbye and making a new start.


P.P. Lücker
Peter-Paul Lücker is als stafmedewerker beleid en projecten verbonden aan Stichting de Basis.
Artikel

‘Een loverboy laat niet los’

Slachtoffers van loverboys in beeld

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden Loverboys, Revictimization, Youth prostitution, National human trafficking, Youth care
Auteurs Rianne Verwijs, Arnt Mein en Marjolein Goderie
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, the concept of ‘loverboys’ is discussed and characteristics and needs of victims are described. The term ‘loverboy’ refers to a person who uses a specific method of human trafficking of mostly girls and young women. The methods involve recruitment and grooming of the girl by contacting and seducing her by means of (the promise of) a romantic relationship, with the aim of exploiting the victim sexually and financially or use her as a drug mule or otherwise. The loverboy concept is not a new phenomenon, but the traditional image of a loverboy as a charming young man operating on his own is outmoded. Victims of loverboys form a broad and diverse group, but share certain characteristics that make them vulnerable, such as attachment issues, traumatic (sexual) events in their childhood and, to a lesser extent, intellectual disability. More insight is needed in the underlying mechanisms of repeated victimization − a serious issue with loverboy victims − and how this can be prevented. Regarding loverboy victims as a specific type of national human trafficking or youth prostitution instead of isolating it as a new phenomenon, is a first step in accomplishing this.


Rianne Verwijs
Drs. Rianne Verwijs is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Verwey-Jonker Instituut. E-mail: rverwijs@verwey-jonker.nl

Arnt Mein
Mr. Arnt Mein is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het Verwey-Jonker Instituut.

Marjolein Goderie
Drs. Marjolein Goderie is als promovenda verbonden aan het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Het gebruik van virtual reality in de veiligheidsketen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden Virtual reality, augmented reality, physical safety, integrated emergency management system
Auteurs André Groenewoud en Margrethe Kobes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Virtual reality is increasingly used in our society. Also in the field of physical safety this technique is applied. In this article we give an overview of virtual reality applications that are used in the Netherlands in this domain. This overview is divided into the five phases of the integrated emergency management system of the Netherlands. Based on international studies from other fields we try to indicate where in the near future virtual reality also can be used.
    Conclusion of this article is that virtual reality already plays an important role in the physical safety domain, especially because this technique can support the learning ability of the safety organizations in many areas. Because of constant innovation (in technique and application) that takes place, it is expected that in the future even more virtual reality applications in the field of physical safety are possible.


André Groenewoud
Drs. U.A. (André) Groenewoud is freelance onderwijskundige. E-mail: a.groenewoud@oidict.nl

Margrethe Kobes
Dr. Ing. M. (Margrethe) Kobes is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Instituut Fysieke Veiligheid (NIFV).
Artikel

Een victimologisch perspectief op het internationale strafrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden international crimes, victimology, (international) criminal justice, victims’ rights
Auteurs Dr. Antony Pemberton, Prof. mr. dr. Rianne Letschert, Dr. mr. Anne-Marie de Brouwer e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article develops a victimological perspective on international criminal justice, based on a review of the main victimological characteristics of international crimes. These include the complicity or active involvement of government agencies, the large numbers of victims and the peculiar position of international crime victims who, at the time the crimes are committed, are usually not viewed as victims by the perpetrators, but placed outside the moral sphere or even depicted as perpetrators rather than victims.Key elements of this perspective concern the external coherence of the criminal justice reaction - the interlinking of criminal justice with other reparative efforts - as well as its internal coherence - the extent to which the procedures of international criminal justice are aligned with what it realistically can and should achieve. With internal coherence in mind, the article examines the victimological findings relating to the main rights of victims in the criminal procedure (recognition/acknowledgement, information/participation and compensation/reparation) and subsequently analyzes how the specifics of international crimes moderate them.


Dr. Antony Pemberton
Dr. A. Pemberton is associate professor of victimology aan het International Victimology Institute Tilburg van Tilburg University, a.pemberton@uvt.nl.

Prof. mr. dr. Rianne Letschert
Prof. mr. dr. R.M. Letschert is professor of victimology and international law aan het International Victimology Institute Tilburg van Tilburg University, r.m.letschert@uvt.nl.

Dr. mr. Anne-Marie de Brouwer
Dr. mr. A.-M. de Brouwer is associate professor of international criminal law aan het Department of Criminal Law van Tilburg University, a.l.m.debrouwer@uvt.nl.

Mr. dr. Roelof Haveman
Mr. dr. R.H. Haveman is freelance Rule of Law Consultant, momenteel gestationeerd in Côte d’Ivoire, roelof.haveman@gmail.com.
Artikel

Slachtofferbewegingen en herstelrecht

Over het belang van de realiteit achter de stereotypes

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden victimology, victim movements, social movements, restorative justice
Auteurs Antony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The position of victims of crime has shown marked improvement over the past 30 years. The rise of the victim has been associated with the growth of a unified ‘victim movement’; a social movement that strives to improve the position of victims of crime. However, it is questionable whether the victim movement should be viewed as a unitary phenomenon. Instead of one movement, there appear to be a number of victim movements. There are differences between the victim advocates in the United States, Victim Support in Europe, the violence against women movement and proponents of restorative justice.. In this article, reasons for these differences are sought in victim-endogenous factors: differences in victims’ characteristics and the idealtypes employed by the different movements are an important explanation for the divergent development in organisations representing victims interests, which in turn influences their policy preferences. It is argued that advocates of restorative justice would benefit from understanding both the reality and the distortion involved in the idealtypes, including their own. This would allow proponents of restorative justice to adapt their practices in a manner that is both suitable and convincing to the representative and target group of the different victim movements.


Antony Pemberton
Dr. Antony Pemberton is sociaalwetenschapper en universitair hoofddocent bij het International Victimology Institute Tilburg (INTERVICT) van de Universiteit van Tilburg.

    In the last five years the number of armed robberies on jewelry stores in the Netherlands has increased again and reached an all-time high in 2010. In this article, recent developments are discussed. The absolute number of these robberies is not very large, but in terms of the chance of being robbed, jewelry stores belong to the most threatened in retail. In general, armed robberies on jewelry stores show a pattern very similar to robberies on other retail targets. About two third are hit-and-run robberies, committed by offenders who live nearby and are generally known to the police as repeat offenders. A smaller portion of these robberies is committed by offenders operating more professionally. In the last ten years there were no big changes in the way these crimes were committed. Contrary to other types of robbery this crime is often profitable. The size of the loot is relatively high. In recent years the price of gold has dramatically increased. This might be considered an independent risk factor. Nevertheless, it's too simple to assess the recent increase of armed robberies on jewelry stores as a direct consequence of this development.


B. Rovers
Dr. Ben Rovers is criminoloog/onderzoeker en eigenaar van onderzoeksbureau BTVO in Den Bosch. Hij bedankt Peter Schoevaars van het KLPD en John Wielinga van de Federatie Goud en Zilver voor de informatie die zij ten behoeve van dit artikel beschikbaar hebben gesteld.
Titel

Wat wil het slachtoffer?

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 03 2007
Trefwoorden Slachtoffer, Politie, Delinquent, Strafbaar feit, Herstel, Kleinhandelsbedrijf, Compensatie, Diefstal, Misdrijf, Nabestaande
Auteurs Boom, A. ten en Kuijpers, K.F.

Boom, A. ten

Kuijpers, K.F.
Toont 1 - 20 van 24 gevonden teksten
« 1
U kunt door de volledige tekst zoeken naar alle artikelen door uw zoekterm in het zoekveld in te vullen. Als u op de knop 'Zoek' heeft geklikt komt u op de zoekresultatenpagina met filters, die u helpen om snel bij het door u gezochte artikel te komen. Er zijn op dit moment twee filters: rubriek en jaar.