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Article

Access_open Age Barriers in Healthcare

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden age discrimination, age equality, health care
Auteurs Rachel Horton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Age limits, minimum and maximum, and both explicit and ‘covert’, are still used in the National Health Service to determine access to a range of health interventions, including infertility services and cancer screening and treatment. Evidence suggests that chronological age is used as a proxy for a host of characteristics in determining access to healthcare: as a proxy for the capacity of an individual to benefit from an intervention; for the type of harm that may result from an intervention; for the likelihood of such benefit or harm occurring; and, in some cases, for other indicators used to determine what may be in the patient’s interest. Age is used as a proxy in this way in making decisions about both individual patients and wider populations; it may be used where no better ‘marker’ for the relevant characteristic exists or – for reasons including cost, practicality or fairness – in preference to other available markers. This article reviews the justifications for using age in this way in the context of the existing legal framework on age discrimination in the provision of public services.


Rachel Horton
Lecturer University of Reading.
Artikel

Access_open What does it mean to be ‘illiberal’?

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering Pre-publications 2020
Trefwoorden Liberalism, Illiberalism, Illiberal practices, Extremism, Discrimination
Auteurs Bouke de Vries
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    ‘Illiberal’ is an adjective that is commonly used by scholars. For example, they might speak of ‘illiberal cultures’, ‘illiberal groups’, ‘illiberal states’, ‘illiberal democracies’, ‘illiberal beliefs’, and ‘illiberal practices’. Yet despite its widespread usage, no in-depth discussions exist of exactly what it means for someone or something to be illiberal, or might mean. This article fills this lacuna by providing a conceptual analysis of the term ‘illiberal practices’, which I argue is basic in that other bearers of the property of being illiberal can be understood by reference to it. Specifically, I identify five ways in which a practice can be illiberal based on the different ways in which this term is employed within both scholarly and political discourses. The main value of this disaggregation lies in the fact that it helps to prevent confusions that arise when people use the adjective ‘illiberal’ in different ways, as is not uncommon.


Bouke de Vries
Bouke de Vries is a postdoctoral research fellow at Umeå University and the KU Leuven.
Article

Access_open Can Non-discrimination Law Change Hearts and Minds?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden law and society, social change, discrimination, non-discrimination law, positive action
Auteurs Anita Böcker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A question that has preoccupied sociolegal scholars for ages is whether law can change ‘hearts and minds’. This article explores whether non-discrimination law can create social change, and, more particularly, whether it can change attitudes and beliefs as well as external behaviour. The first part examines how sociolegal scholars have theorised about the possibility and desirability of using law as an instrument of social change. The second part discusses the findings of empirical research on the social working of various types of non-discrimination law. What conclusions can be drawn about the ability of non-discrimination law to create social change? What factors influence this ability? And can non-discrimination law change people’s hearts and minds as well as their behaviour? The research literature does not provide an unequivocal answer to the latter question. However, the overall picture emerging from the sociolegal literature is that law is generally more likely to bring about changes in external behaviour and that it can influence attitudes and beliefs only indirectly, by altering the situations in which attitudes and opinions are formed.


Anita Böcker
Anita Böcker is associate professor of Sociology of Law at Radboud University, Nijmegen.
Jurisprudentie

Civiele jurisprudentie van GEA en GHvJ

Tijdschrift Caribisch Juristenblad, Aflevering 1 2020
Auteurs Prof. mr. dr. J. de Boer
Auteursinformatie

Prof. mr. dr. J. de Boer
Prof. mr. dr. J. de Boer is lid van het Gemeenschappelijk Hof van Justitie van Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten en van Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba. Ook is hij lid van de redactie van het Caribisch Juristenblad.
Artikel

Access_open Criteria voor strafbaarstelling

De integratie tussen theorie en wetgevingsbeleid

Tijdschrift Boom Strafblad, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Criteria voor strafbaarstelling, Ultimum remedium, Wetgevingsbeleid, Evidence-based lawmaking
Auteurs Mr. dr. S.S. (Sanne) Buisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Het Nederlandse strafrecht is gebaseerd op de idee van ultimum remedium. Strafrecht kan grote gevolgen hebben voor de verdachten. Of en op welke wijze bepaald ongewenst gedrag moet worden strafbaar gesteld, vereist daarom een gedegen afweging tussen de voor- en nadelen van het strafrecht. Criteria voor strafbaarstelling bieden de wetgever een argumentatiekader aan de hand waarvan strafbaarstelling kan worden gelegitimeerd en gerechtvaardigd. In dit artikel worden de huidige strafbaarstellingtheorieën aangevuld met wetgevingsbeleid.


Mr. dr. S.S. (Sanne) Buisman
Mr. dr. S.S. Buisman is universitair docent strafrecht aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Op 14 januari 2020 verdedigde zij succesvol haar proefschrift, getiteld ‘Contract Tort & Crime. Criminalisation of breaches of sale contracts under Dutch and EU law’, aan Tilburg University.
Rulings

ECJ 18 December 2019, case C-447/18 (UB), Social insurance

UB – v – Generálny riaditeľ Sociálnej poisťovne Bratislava, Slovakian case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Social insurance
Samenvatting

    Additional benefits paid to high-level sportspersons who have represented a Member State or its legal predecessors are not ‘old-age benefits’ within the meaning of Article 3(1)(d) of Regulation 883/2004, but Article 7(2) of Regulation 492/2011 preclude that they are made conditional of having the nationality of that Member State.

Rulings

ECJ 19 December 2019, case C-168/18 (Pensions-Sicherungs-Verein VVaG), Insolvency, pension

Pensions-Sicherungs-Verein VVaG – v – Günther Bauer, German case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Insolvency, Pension
Samenvatting

    A reduction of old-age pensions under Directive 2008/94 is manifestly disproportionate if the former employee lives or would have to leave below Eurostat’s at-risk-of-poverty threshold, even if s/he receives at least half of the amounts of the benefits from his/her acquired rights.

Pending Cases

Case C-866/19, Social insurance

SC – v – Zakład Ubezpieczeń Społecznych I Oddział w Warszawie Wydział Realizacji Umów Międzynarodowych, reference lodged by the Sąd Najwyższy (Poland) on 27 November 2019

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Social insurance

    Austrian rehabilitation allowance qualifies as a sickness benefit within the meaning of Article 3(1)(a) of Regulation No 883/2004. Denial of that benefit found possible.

Rulings

ECJ 5 December 2019, joined cases C-398/18 and C-428/18 (Bocero Torrico), Social Insurance

Antonio Bocero Torrico (C-398/18), Jörg Paul Konrad Fritz Bode (C-428/18) – v – Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad Social, Tesorería General de la Seguridad Social, Spanish cases

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Social Insurance
Samenvatting

Pending Cases

Case C-879/19, Social insurance

FORMAT Urządzenia i Montaże Przemysłowe – v – Zakład Ubezpieczeń Społecznych I Oddział w Warszawie, reference lodged by the Sąd Najwyższy (Poland) on 2 December 2019

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Social insurance
Pending Cases

Case C-843/19, Social insurance, pension, gender discrimination

Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad Social (INSS) – v – BT, reference lodged by the Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Cataluña (Spain) on 20 November 2019

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Social insurance, Pension, Gender discrimination
Rulings

ECJ 19 December 2019, case C-16/18 (Dobersberger), Private international law, posting of workers

Michael Dobersberger – v – Magistrat der Stadt Wien, Austrian case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Private international law, Posting of workers
Samenvatting

    On-board services on international trains do not fall under the scope of Directive 96/71/EC concerning the posting of workers if most of the work is performed in one Member State.

Noten


Thomas Dullinger
Univ.-Ass. Mag. Thomas Dullinger is associated with Institut für Arbeits- und Sozialrecht, Universität Wien.
Case Law

2020/1 EELC’s review of the year 2019

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2020
Auteurs Ruben Houweling, Daiva Petrylaitė, Peter Schöffmann e.a.
Samenvatting

    Various of our academic board analysed employment law cases from last year. However, first, we start with some general remarks.


Ruben Houweling

Daiva Petrylaitė

Peter Schöffmann

Attila Kun

Francesca Maffei

Jean-Philippe Lhernould

Niklas Bruun

Jan-Pieter Vos

Luca Ratti

Anthony Kerr

Petr Hůrka

Michal Vrajík
Rulings

ECJ 23 January 2020, case C-29/19 (Bundesagentur für Arbeit), Social insurance

ZP – v – Bundesagentur für Arbeit, German case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Social insurance
Samenvatting

    German provisions disregarding salary obtained under another jurisdiction when calculating unemployment benefits found contrary to Regulation 883/2004.

Pending Cases

Case C-784/19, Social insurance

TEAM POWER EUROPE’ EOOD – v – Direktor na Teritorialna direktsia na Natsionalna agentsia za prihodite – Varna, reference lodged by the Administrativen sad Varna (Bulgaria) on 22 October 2019

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Social insurance
Rulings

ECJ 12 March 2020, case C-769/18) (Caisse d’assurance retraite and de la santé au travail d’Alsace-Moselle), Social insurance

Caisse d’assurance retraite et de la santé au travail d’Alsace-Moselle – v – SJ, Ministre chargé de la Sécurité sociale, French/German case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Social insurance
Samenvatting

    The assistance for integration of mentally disabled children and young people, provided for in the German Social Code does not constitute a benefit within the meaning of Article 3 of Regulation 883/2004 and therefore falls outside its material scope. Morover, Article 5 precludes that the German provision at issue and the child-rearing allowance for a disabled child provided for in the French Social Security Code cannot be considered issues of an equivalent nature for the purpose of Article 5(a). The principle of equal treatment of facts enshrined in Article 5(b) applies, so that the French authorities must take into account similar facts occurring in Germany as though they had taken place on their own territory.

Artikel

De (Belgische) Wet Medische Ongevallen en het medisch ongeval zonder aansprakelijkheid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Vergoeding Personenschade, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden Belgische Wet Medische Ongevallen, Fonds Medische Ongevallen, abnormale schade, medisch ongeval zonder aansprakelijkheid (MOZA), vermijdbare schade
Auteurs Dr. W. Buelens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Op 20 juni 2018 verdedigde de auteur succesvol zijn doctoraal proefschrift over het medisch ongeval zonder aansprakelijkheid. Dit begrip omvat een nieuw, subjectief vergoedingsrecht voor slachtoffers van medische ongevallen, los van de aansprakelijkheid van een zorgverlener, en werd ingevoerd door de wet van 31 maart 2010 betreffende de vergoeding van schade als gevolg van gezondheidszorg. Deze bijdrage bevat enkele krachtlijnen met betrekking tot de invulling van dit begrip.


Dr. W. Buelens
Dr. W. Buelens is praktijkassistent Gezondheidsrecht aan de Universiteit Gent, vrijwillig academisch medewerker aan de Universiteit Antwerpen en advocaat.
Artikel

Ethical guidelines for mediators – the Austrian status quo

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2-3 2019
Trefwoorden Austria, Code of Conduct, Disciplinary Control, Ethical Guidelines
Auteurs Anne-Karin Grill
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Austrian mediation landscape is quite inhomogeneous, with no universally applicable framework in place to safeguard best practice standards in mediation. Any commitment of mediators to codes of conduct or ethical guidelines occurs on an entirely voluntary basis. Control mechanisms exist in the form of complaint bodies instituted at the level of Austrian mediation associations.


Anne-Karin Grill
Anne-Karin Grill is Attorney-at-Law and partner at Vavrovsky Heine Marth Rechtsanwälte and CEDR Accredited Mediator in Vienna, Austria.
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