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Artikel

Access_open The Enemy of All Humanity

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden hostis generis humani, piracy, crimes against humanity, universal jurisdiction, radical evil
Auteurs David Luban
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Trationally, the term “enemy of all humanity” (hostis generis humani) referred to pirates. In contemporary international criminal law, it refers to perpetrators of crimes against humanity and other core. This essay traces the evolution of the concept, and then offers an analysis that ties it more closely to ancient tyrants than to pirates. Some object that the label is dehumanizing, and justifies arbitrary killing of the “enemy of humanity.” The essay admits the danger, but defends the concept if it is restricted to fair trials. Rather than dehumanizing its target, calling the hostis generis humani to account in a court of law is a way of recognizing that radical evil can be committed by humans no different from any of us.


David Luban
David Luban is University Professor in Law and Philosophy at Georgetown University.
Diversen: Boilerplates etc.

Overleeft de survival clause?

Tijdschrift Contracteren, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Survival clause, Boilerplate, Uitleg, Ontbinding, vernietiging
Auteurs Prof. mr. T.H.M. Van Wechem en Mr. drs. J.H.M. Spanjaard
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De survival clause wordt in veel contracten aangetroffen en heeft tot doel te bewerkstelligen dat de daarin genoemde artikelen het einde van de overeenkomst overleven. In dit artikel onderzoeken de schrijvers of de survival clause nodig is, dan wel dat de wettelijke regelingen over ontbinding en vernietiging het onderwerp al afdoende regelen. De schrijvers concluderen dat de survival clause nut heeft.


Prof. mr. T.H.M. Van Wechem
Prof. mr. dr. T.H.M. van Wechem is hoogleraar Professional Legal Counseling aan de Open Universiteit.

Mr. drs. J.H.M. Spanjaard
Mr. drs. J.H.M. Spanjaard is advocaat bij La Gro Advocaten in Alphen aan den Rijn.
Praktijk

All-inprijs ambtshalve getoetst

Tijdschrift Contracteren, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Koop op afbetaling, Consumentenkrediet, Telefoonabonnement, algemene voorwaarden, ambtshalve toetsing
Auteurs Mr. drs. J.H.M. Spanjaard
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De Hoge Raad heeft in zijn arrest van 12 februari 2016 een nieuw hoofdstuk toegevoegd aan de sage over de ‘gratis’ mobiele telefoon. Op 13 juli 2014 maakte de Hoge Raad in het arrest Lindorff/Statia duidelijk dat de verstrekking van een mobiel bij een telefoonabonnement niet gratis is, maar als koop op afbetaling c.q. consumentenkrediet moet worden beschouwd. Op 12 februari 2016 voegt de Hoge Raad toe dat ten aanzien van de koop op afbetaling c.q. het consumentenkrediet ambtshalve moet worden getoetst of de overeenkomst onredelijk bezwarend is jegens de consument. De all-in prijsbepaling is volgens de Hoge Raad een kernbeding.


Mr. drs. J.H.M. Spanjaard
Mr. drs. J.H.M. Spanjaard is advocaat bij La Gro Advocaten in Alphen aan den Rijn.
Casus

Pitfalls in ICT-contracten

Tijdschrift Contracteren, Aflevering 3 2013
Auteurs Mr. dr. T.J. de Graaf
Auteursinformatie

Mr. dr. T.J. de Graaf
Mr. Dr. T.J. de Graaf is advocaat bij NautaDutilh en universitair docent aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Access_open Revisiting the Humanisation of International Law: Limits and Potential

Obligations Erga Omnes, Hierarchy of Rules and the Principle of Due Diligence as the Basis for Further Humanisation

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden humanisation, constitutionalism, legal positivism, human rights, erga omnes, due diligence, positive obligations, normative hierarchy, proportionality
Auteurs Dr. Vassilis P. Tzevelekos
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article critically evaluates the theory of the humanisation of international law. First, it argues that despite human rights having impact on (other areas of) international law, this trend has in the past been somewhat inflated. A number of examples are given where human rights have been tested against other objectives pursued by international law, with humanisation revealing its limits and actual dimensions. The second argument consists in identifying and highlighting obligations erga omnes (partes) and the principle of due diligence as two ‘systemic’ tools, that are central to the humanisation of international law. Both these tools form part of modern positive law, but may also make a positive contribution towards the direction of deeper humanisation in international law, having the potential, inter alia, to limit state will, establish occasional material normative hierarchy consisting in conditional priority in the fulfilment of human rights, give a communitarian tone to international law and invite states to be pro-active in the collective protection of their common interests and values. In its conclusions, the article offers a plausible explanation about the paradox it identifies of the limits of the humanisation on the one hand, and its potential for further development on the other. For, it is inherent in international law that the line separating the law from deontology is thin. The process of humanisation needs to be balanced with the other objectives of international law as well as reconciled with the decentralised and sovereignist origins of the pluralistic international legal system.


Dr. Vassilis P. Tzevelekos
Lecturer in Public International Law, University of Hull Law School; Attorney, Athens’ Bar. PhD and M.Res, European University Institute; MA, European Political and Administrative Studies, College of Europe; DEA Droit international public et organisations internationales, Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne; LLB, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens.
Artikel

Access_open The Collapse of the Rule of Law

The Messina Earthquake and the State of Exception

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden Messina, earthquake, state of exception, rule of law, progress
Auteurs Massimo La Torre
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Messina, a Sicilian town, was devasteted by an earthquake in1908. It was an hecatomb. Stricken through this unfathomable disgrace Messina’s institutions and civil society collapsed and a sort of wild natural state replaced the rule of law. In this situation there was a first intervention of the Russian Czarist navy who came to help but immediately enforced cruel emergency measures. The Italian army followed and there was a formal declaration of an ‘emergency situation.’ Around this event and the several exceptional measures taken by the government a debate took place about the legality of those exceptional measures. The article tries to reconstruct the historical context and the content of that debate and in a broader perspective thematizes how law (and morality) could be brought to meet the breaking of normality and ordinary life by an unexpected and catastrophic event.


Massimo La Torre
Massimo La Torre is Professor of Legal Philosophy at the University of Catanzaro in Italy and visiting Professor of Law at the University of Hull in England.
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