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Artikel

Access_open Legal Philosophy as an Enrichment of Doctrinal Research Part I: Introducing Three Philosophical Methods

Tijdschrift Law and Method, januari 2020
Trefwoorden interdisciplinary research, reflective equilibrium, argumentation, philosophical analysis
Auteurs Sanne Taekema en Wibren van der Burg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, we discuss a particular form of interdisciplinary legal research. We focus on a discipline that may be fruitfully combined with doctrinal research, namely philosophy. The aim of this article is to give an account of the methods of philosophy that are most relevant and useful for doctrinal legal scholars. Our focus is therefore mostly on legal philosophy and the philosophical subdisciplines closely related to it, such as political philosophy and ethics. We characterize legal philosophy in three complementary ways: as an activity, as insights, and as theories. We then discuss three methods of legal philosophy: argumentation analysis and construction, author analysis and reflective equilibrium. In the practice of research these three methods are usually combined, as we will show with various examples.


Sanne Taekema
Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Wibren van der Burg
Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam.

Georges Dictus
Mr. G.A. Dictus is advocaat bij Pels Rijcken & Droogleever Fortuijn te Den Haag.

Sebastiaan Cnossen
Mr. S.H.G. Cnossen is advocaat bij Pels Rijcken & Droogleever Fortuijn te Den Haag.
Annotatie

Het Gerecht in Slovak Telekom: een triomf van vorm over inhoud?

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 5 2019
Trefwoorden misbruik van een economische machtspositie, toegangsverplichting, essential facility, uitsluiting
Auteurs Jotte Mulder
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Deze annotatie reflecteert op overwegingen van het Gerecht in het Slovak Telekom-arrest die betrekking hebben op de vraag wat de voorwaarden zijn voor het vaststellen van een constructieve leveringsweigering in de context van een gereguleerde markt. Het Gerecht kiest een opvallend (nieuwe) formele benadering. Enige reflectie op de stand van de jurisprudentie is daarmee wenselijk.


Jotte Mulder
Mr. dr. J. Mulder is werkzaam bij de ACM en tevens universitair docent aan de Universiteit van Utrecht. Deze annotatie is geschreven op persoonlijke titel. Met dank aan de redactie voor inzichtelijke opmerkingen op een eerdere versie.

Rein Wesseling
Prof. mr. R. Wessling is hoogleraar Competition Law and Regulation aan de Universteit van Amsterdam en partner bij Stibbe te Amsterdam.

    Juliet Stumpf is de Robert E. Jones Professor of Advocacy and Ethics aan de Lewis & Clark Law School. Stumpf onderzoekt het fenomeen crimmigratie door een interdisciplinaire lens, waarbij ze inzichten uit het (immigratie- & straf-) recht in verband brengt met inzichten uit de sociale en geesteswetenschappen. Haar werk is gepubliceerd in een indrukwekkende reeks tijdschriften en boeken, waaronder een serie van ‘crimmigratie-artikelen’ waarvan haar inmiddels breed bekende artikel ‘The Crimmigration Crisis: Immigrants, Crime, and Sovereign Power’ (56 Am. U. L. Rev. 367) de eerste was.

Artikel

De faillissementscurator en het patiëntendossier

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Gezondheidsrecht, Aflevering 6 2019
Trefwoorden patiëntendossier, AVG, medisch beroepsgeheim, overdracht, privacy
Auteurs Mr. H.M. den Herder
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Bij recente faillissementen van Nederlandse ziekenhuizen vormde de overdracht van patiëntendossiers een taai vraagstuk. Dit artikel gaat over de vraag hoe de faillissementscurator in geval van faillissement moet omgaan met de overdracht van patiëntendossiers in het licht van de privacywetgeving (AVG en UAVG) en het medisch beroepsgeheim.


Mr. H.M. den Herder
Hedwig den Herder is senior advocaat bij AKD te Amsterdam.
Article

Access_open On the Eve of Web-Harvesting and Web-Archiving for Libraries in Greece

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden web harvesting, data analysis, text & data mining, TDM: Proposal EU Copyright Directive
Auteurs Maria Bottis, Marinos Papadopoulos, Christos Zampakolas e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This conference paper submitted on the occasion of the 8th International Conference on Information Law and Ethics (University of Antwerp, December 13-14, 2018) that focused on modern intellectual property governance and openness in Europe elaborates upon the Text and Data Mining (TDM) issue in the field of scientific research, which is still-by the time of composition of this paper-in the process of discussion and forthcoming voting before the European Parliament in the form of provision(s) included in a new Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market. TDM is included in the proposal for a Directive of the European parliament and of the Council on copyright in the Digital Single Market-Proposal COM(2016)593 final 2016/0280(COD) that was submitted to the European Parliament.


Maria Bottis
Associate Professor, Department of Archives, Library Science and Museology, Ionian University, Corfu, Greece.

Marinos Papadopoulos
Attorney-at-Law, Independent Researcher, PhD, MSc, JD, Athens, Greece.

Christos Zampakolas
Archivist/Librarian, Independent Researcher, PhD, MA, BA, Ioannina, Greece.

Paraskevi Ganatsiou
Educator, MA, BA, Prefecture of Ionian Islands, Corfu, Greece.
Article

Access_open The Potential of Public Policy on Open Access Repositories

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden public policy, dissemination, governance, open access, repositories
Auteurs Nikos Koutras
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    To address the potential of public policy on the governance of OARs it is necessary to define what is meant by public policy and the importance of public policy in designing an efficient governance framework. Critical components are the subject matter of public policy and its objectives. Hence, it is useful to consider declarations, policies and statements in relation to open access practice and examine the efficiency of these arrangements towards the improvement of stakeholders’ engagement in governance of OARs. Secondly, policies relating to dissemination of scientific information via OARs should be examined. In this regard, it is relevant to consider the public policy basis for Intellectual Property (IP) laws that concerning the utility of OARs. Therefore, economic theories relevant with the role of IP laws should be examined. Such examination depicts to what extend these laws facilitate the utility of OARs. In order to specify justifications for the desirability of OARs the objectives of social theories should be also considered. Thus, there is consternation that without legal protection against copying the incentive to create intellectual property will be undermined. As scholarly communication infrastructure evolves, it is necessary to recognize the efforts of the relationship between Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) and communication technologies in the context of public policy and after engagement with it. After employing such multilevel approach, the paper argues about a socio-economic framework to enhance the governance of OARs through public policy.


Nikos Koutras
Postdoctoral Researcher, Faculty of Law, University of Antwerp.
Article

Access_open Changes in the Medical Device’s Regulatory Framework and Its Impact on the Medical Device’s Industry: From the Medical Device Directives to the Medical Device Regulations

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Medical Device Directive, Medical Device Regulation, regulatory, European Union, reform, innovation, SPCs, policy
Auteurs Magali Contardi
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Similar to pharmaceutical products, medical devices play an increasingly important role in healthcare worldwide by contributing substantially to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. From the patent law perspective both, pharmaceutical products and a medical apparatus, product or device can be patented if they meet the patentability requirements, which are novelty, inventiveness and entail industrial applicability. However, regulatory issues also impact on the whole cycle of the innovation. At a European level, enhancing competitiveness while ensuring public health and safety is one of the key objectives of the European Commission. This article undertakes literature review of the current and incoming regulatory framework governing medical devices with the aim of highlighting how these major changes would affect the industry at issue. The analysis is made in the framework of an on-going research work aimed to determine whether SPCs are needed for promoting innovation in the medical devices industry. A thorough analysis the aforementioned factors affecting medical device’s industry will allow the policymakers to understand the root cause of any optimal patent term and find appropriate solutions.


Magali Contardi
PhD candidate; Avvocato (Italian Attorney at Law).
Article

Access_open Access and Reuse of Machine-Generated Data for Scientific Research

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden machine-generated data, Internet of Things, scientific research, personal data, GDPR
Auteurs Alexandra Giannopoulou
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Data driven innovation holds the potential in transforming current business and knowledge discovery models. For this reason, data sharing has become one of the central points of interest for the European Commission towards the creation of a Digital Single Market. The value of automatically generated data, which are collected by Internet-connected objects (IoT), is increasing: from smart houses to wearables, machine-generated data hold significant potential for growth, learning, and problem solving. Facilitating researchers in order to provide access to these types of data implies not only the articulation of existing legal obstacles and of proposed legal solutions but also the understanding of the incentives that motivate the sharing of the data in question. What are the legal tools that researchers can use to gain access and reuse rights in the context of their research?


Alexandra Giannopoulou
Institute for Information Law (IViR) – University of Amsterdam.

    This article relies on the premise that to understand the significance of Open Access Repositories (OARs) it is necessary to know the context of the debate. Therefore, it is necessary to trace the historical development of the concept of copyright as a property right. The continued relevance of the rationales for copyright interests, both philosophical and pragmatic, will be assessed against the contemporary times of digital publishing. It follows then discussion about the rise of Open Access (OA) practice and its impact on conventional publishing methods. The present article argues about the proper equilibrium between self-interest and social good. In other words, there is a need to find a tool in order to balance individuals’ interests and common will. Therefore, there is examination of the concept of property that interrelates justice (Plato), private ownership (Aristotle), labour (Locke), growth of personality (Hegel) and a bundle of rights that constitute legal relations (Hohfeld). This examination sets the context for the argument.


Nikos Koutras
Postdoctoral Researcher, Faculty of Law, University of Antwerp.
Uit het veld

Toezicht in een wereld zonder grenzen roept dilemma’s op voor de natiestaten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Toezicht, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden globalisering, toezicht, platformbedrijven, neoliberalisme, democratische natiestaten
Auteurs Jaap Koelewijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De wereldeconomie is na 2001 snel verder geïntegreerd. De globalisatie heeft een extra dimensie gekregen door de opkomst van platformbedrijven. Het gaat hier feitelijk om virtuele ondernemingen die zich betrekkelijk eenvoudig aan de fiscale regels kunnen onttrekken. Ook de financiële sector is sterk geglobaliseerd, maar het toezicht op deze sector is nog steeds grotendeels voorbehouden aan lokale autoriteiten. Om effectief toezicht te kunnen houden zouden de natiestaten bevoegdheden moeten overdragen aan supranationale autoriteiten. Dat staat echter op gespannen voet met de mogelijkheid om op basis van een lokaal democratische legitimatie beleid te voeren. In deze bijdrage worden een aantal casusposities geanalyseerd en verschillende oplossingsrichtingen besproken.


Jaap Koelewijn
Prof. dr. J. Koelewijn is deeltijdhoogleraar Corporate Finance aan Business Universiteit Nyenrode en eigenaar van Financieel Denkwerk.
Interview

De grote toezichtinterviewestafette – deel 1: Kansspelautoriteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Toezicht, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Kansspelautoriteit
Auteurs Joep Beckers en Caelesta Braun
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie


Joep Beckers
Dr. J.J.H. Beckers is manager Toezicht Zorgaanbieders bij de Nederlandse Zorgautoriteit (NZa) en hoofdredacteur van het Tijdschrift voor Toezicht.

Caelesta Braun
Dr. C.H.J.M. Braun is universitair hoofddocent aan het instituut Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden en redacteur van Tijdschrift voor Toezicht.
Artikel

Access_open Havens en georganiseerde criminaliteit: een historische bespiegeling

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2019
Trefwoorden international harbors, organized crime, history, smuggling, Rotterdam
Auteurs prof. dr. Cyrille Fijnaut
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The structural vulnerability of the port of Rotterdam to organized crime is dealt with in this article from a broader, historical perspective. Using examples from ports in Italy and the United States, among others, the author shows how at the end of the last century local criminal groups managed to gain a dominant position in the handling of good flows. The author discusses various research reports that have been published over the years on the import of drugs into the port of Rotterdam and other European ports. Drug traffickers turn out to respond very flexible to stricter controls by simply moving to alternative ports or opting for transferring drug loads to small fast boats in open water. The author emphasizes that ports should not be studied as isolated transition points, but must be considered as nodes in networks that extend far inland and abroad. This is the only way to see the broader strategic and tactical options for stopping or reducing drug trafficking. In addition, attention must be paid to the problem of corruption among port workers, police and customs officers.


prof. dr. Cyrille Fijnaut
Em. prof. dr. C.J. Fijnaut is emeritus hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Tilburg.
Artikel

Digitale data en retentierecht

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 11 2019
Trefwoorden opschortingsrechten, software, kwalificatie, zaken
Auteurs Mr. M.A. Heilbron
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Een schuldeiser die weigert digitale data aan zijn schuldenaar af te geven totdat hij is betaald, heeft geen retentierecht. Het retentierecht is immers alleen mogelijk op zaken. Deze kwalificatievraag heeft gevolgen voor de rechtspositie van de opschortende schuldeiser en zijn schuldenaar (of diens curator), want de regeling van het retentierecht verschilt van het algemene opschortingsrecht.


Mr. M.A. Heilbron
Mr. M.A. Heilbron is Professional Support Lawyer bij Lydian in Brussel.

Dr. Leontien van der Knaap
Dr. L.M. van der Knaap is wetenschappelijk medewerker bij de afdeling extern wetenschappelijke betrekkingen van het WODC.
Artikel

Access_open Using Case Studies for Research on Judicial Opinions. Some Preliminary Insights

Tijdschrift Law and Method, november 2019
Trefwoorden case study, judicial opinions, empirical legal research, qualitative methods, research on judicial opinions
Auteurs Mateusz Stępień
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There is a pressing need to develop a research methodology for studying judicial opinions that goes beyond both dogmatic analyzes and the established positions developed within philosophy of law and legal theory (e.g. the hermeneutic and argumentative approaches). One possible way is to adopt or modify methodologies developed within empirically oriented social sciences. Most social science textbooks devoted to methodology of empirical research deal with case studies. So far, this research framework developed within the social sciences has not been applied directly to judicial opinions, though they have been used for some empirical legal research studies. Even et first sight, case study research would appear to have potential for use with judicial opinions. The aim of the paper is to answer the question, how and to what extent can case study methodology developed within the social sciences be fruitfully used to examine judicial opinions? The general answer is undoubtedly positive (case studies can bring new, non-trivial threads to the research methodology on judicial opinions), though with many serious and far-reaching reservations.


Mateusz Stępień
Assistant Professor, Department of Law and Administration, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland.
Artikel

Access_open Liberal Democracy and the Judeo-Christian Tradition

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering Pre-publications 2019
Trefwoorden national identity, historical narratives, universal values, equal citizenship
Auteurs Tamar de Waal
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Increasingly often, it is stated that the universal values underpinning Western liberal democracies are a product of a ‘Judeo-Christian’ tradition. This article explores the legitimacy of this claim from the perspective of liberal-democratic theory. It argues that state-endorsed claims about the historical roots of liberal-democratic values are problematic (1) if they are promoted as though they are above democratic scrutiny and (2) if they insinuate that citizens who belong to a particular (majority) culture remain the ‘cultural owners’ of the core values underpinning the state. More pragmatically, the paper suggests that the claim carries the risk of failing to facilitate all citizens becoming or remaining committed to nurturing fundamental rights and a shared society based on norms of democratic equality.


Tamar de Waal
Tamar de Waal is Assistant Professor of Legal Philosophy at the Amsterdam Law School of the University of Amsterdam.
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