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Artikel

Access_open De juridische boodschap achter het rapport van de Onderzoeksraad voor Veiligheid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Gezondheidsrecht, Aflevering 3 2022
Trefwoorden Wet publieke gezondheid, Internationale gezondheidsregeling, recht op gezondheid, pandemische paraatheid, formele crisisstructuur
Auteurs Prof. mr. B.C.A. Toebes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Het rapport ‘Aanpak coronacrisis – Deel 1’ van de Onderzoeksraad voor Veiligheid (OvV) analyseert de aanpak van de COVID-19-crisis tot 1 september 2020. Deze bijdrage analyseert de juridische dimensies van de pandemische paraatheid, de formele crisisstructuur en kwetsbare ouderen en doet enige suggesties ter versterking van onder meer de Wet publieke gezondheid (Wpg).


Prof. mr. B.C.A. Toebes
Brigit Toebes is hoogleraar gezondheidsrecht in internationaal perspectief, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

Access_open ‘Waarom ik?’

Een kwalitatieve analyse van meldingen van etnisch profileren door de KMar en de Douane op luchthavens

Tijdschrift Crimmigratie & Recht, Aflevering 1 2022
Auteurs Abdessamad Bouabid
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2020, a coalition against ethnic profiling established a taskforce to handle complaints of people who have experienced ethnic profiling by the Dutch Royal Military Police and/or the Dutch Customs at airports. In this article, 31 complaints that have been received between February 2020 and March 2021 have been analyzed in a qualitative way. The results show that when people with an ethnic stigma are not informed (properly) about why they have been selected, stopped and searched, and treated as suspects instead of false positives, they feel racially profiled, yet take little or no further action in addition to the complaints.


Abdessamad Bouabid
Dr. A. Bouabid is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
Artikel

Het Monitoring Rapport Corporate Governance Code over boekjaar 2020

Kwaliteit van toelichting andermaal (maar dan anders) centraal

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Ondernemingsrecht, Aflevering 3-4 2022
Trefwoorden Code 2016, ESG, beursvennootschap, Monitoring Rapport 2020, Monitoring Commissie
Auteurs Mr. S. Rietveld
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage bespreekt de auteur het op 15 december 2021 gepubliceerde Rapport monitoring boekjaar 2020 van de Monitoring Commissie Corporate Governance Code. In dit rapport wordt verslag gedaan over de Corporate Governance Code en de naleving daarvan over boekjaar 2020. De nadruk ligt op betekenisvolle verslaggeving binnen vijf kernthema’s: langetermijnwaardecreatie, risicobeheersing, cultuur, diversiteit en bezoldiging van bestuurders.


Mr. S. Rietveld
Mr. S. Rietveld is Senior Staff Associate bij Stibbe te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Burgerparticipatie bij vermissingen: een toepassing van de Theory of Planned Behavior binnen de districtsrecherche

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden citizen participation, decision making, Policing, criminal investigation, police discretion
Auteurs Jerôme Lam, Eline Schoonderwoerd en Nicolien Kop
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines the use of citizen participation in urgent missing person cases. The Theory of Planned Behavior was used to examine which specific considerations investigators have in this regard and which have the greatest influence on the choice of whether or not to involve citizens. The findings suggest that this choice is primarily attitude-driven. Detectives are predominantly positive about participation, but see harm to the investigation as the main risk. A practical implication is to focus collaboration primarily on professionally organized groups of citizens to reduce (perceived) risks.


Jerôme Lam
Drs. J.M. Lam is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij de Afdeling Onderzoek van de Politieacademie.

Eline Schoonderwoerd
E. Schoonderwoerd MCI is Operationeel Specialist A bij de Eenheid Midden-Nederland.

Nicolien Kop
Dr. N. Kop is lector Criminaliteitsbeheersing en Recherchekunde bij de Afdeling Onderzoek van de Politieacademie.
Redactioneel

Relaties tussen politie en burgers in een veranderende context

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden Interaction, Police-citizen, Police organization, Societal developments, Organizational developments
Auteurs Jan Terpstra, Antoinette Verhage en Lisa van Reemst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the past years important changes have occurred in police work in the Netherlands and Belgium. These developments, and new questions that arose because of these developments, are the reason we dedicate a special issue to ‘the police and citizen in a changing context’. In this introduction of this issue, we describe a number of developments and new questions. We address the changing distance between police officers and citizens, authority and trust, the role of citizens, technology and digitization and growing complexity and diversity. In addition, the articles in this special issue are introduced.


Jan Terpstra
Prof. dr. ir. J. Terpstra is emeritus hoogleraar criminologie aan de Radboud Universiteit te Nijmegen en fellow aan de Vrije Universiteit te Brussel (Crime & Society Research Group).

Antoinette Verhage
Prof. dr. A. Verhage is hoofddocent aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht en lid van het IRCP (Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy), Universiteit Gent.

Lisa van Reemst
Dr. L. van Reemst is Universitair docent aan de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Peer reviewed

Meerpersoonscelgebruik in Nederlandse penitentiaire inrichtingen

Bevindingen van de Life in Custody Study

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden meerpersoonscellen, Life in Custody Study, leefklimaat, wangedrag, detentie
Auteurs Esther van Ginneken en Hanneke Palmen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since 2004, cell sharing in Dutch correctional institutions has increased to nearly 30%. In contrast to many other countries, the use of double cells is a policy measure to cut costs, rather than a measure to deal with overcrowding of correctional institutions. This article examines individuals’ experiences of sharing a cell, and the association between cell sharing, wellbeing, misconduct, and prison climate, using survey data from the Life in Custody Study collected in 2019. The sample comprises 3408 participants (in regular prison regimes, pre-trial detention, and short-stay custody). The results show that most respondents report a good relationship with their cellmate, but still prefer a single cell. There is no evidence for positive effects of cell sharing on the researched domains; some negative effects are found when individuals prefer a single cell or report a poor relationship with their cellmate.


Esther van Ginneken
Dr. Esther F.J.C. Ginneken is universitair docent Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en projectleider van de Life in Custody Study.

Hanneke Palmen
Dr. Hanneke Palmen is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en projectleider van de Life in Custody Study.
Artikel

Sleuteldrager of sleutelfiguur?

De rol van penitentiaire beambten in een digitale gevangeniscontext

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden Street-level bureaucracy, Prison officer, Digitalisation, Discretion, Prisoner’s rights
Auteurs Jana Robberechts en Kristel Beyens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While research has increasingly focused on the role of digitalisation in prisoners’ detention experiences, the impact of the digitalisation of the prison regime on the discretionary power of prison officers has been understudied. By using an ethnographic approach in one digital Belgian prison, qualitative interview data are used to investigate the prison officer’s coping strategies in response to the digitalisation of prison life. It is found that the gatekeeping role of prison officer’s has been partly stripped away but also that the impact of digitalisation on the prison officer’s discretionary power depends on how digital technologies are implemented. Moreover, the study reveals that not all official goals regarding the digitalisation are met and highlights the need of supporting prison officers when implementing new technologies in prison.


Jana Robberechts
Jana Robberechts is doctoraal onderzoeker aan de vakgroep criminologie, onderzoeksgroep Crime & Society (CRiS) van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Haar onderzoek richt zich op digitalisering in de gevangenis, de opleiding en het werk van penitentiair personeel.

Kristel Beyens
Kristel Beyens is hoogleraar aan de vakgroep criminologie, onderzoeksgroep Crime & Society (CRiS) van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel, waar ze onderwijs verzorgt in de penologie en onderzoek doet naar beslissingsprocessen en praktijken in de strafuitvoering. Ze focust hierbij o.a. op digitalisering van de bestraffing in de gevangenis en de gemeenschapsgerichte straffen.
Artikel

Cultuurchristendom in de strijd tegen modern gnosticisme (deel 1)

Een alternatieve verklaring voor het huidige populisme

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden cultuurchristendom, gnosticisme, populisme, Voegelin, Immanentisering
Auteurs Hans van de Breevaart
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article takes issue with the tendency among political scientists and cultural critics to reduce the current rise of populism to resentment among certain groups in society. Instead, the article argues that particularly right-wing populist cultural criticism is derived from the Christian conceptual foundations of Western culture. Typical for these foundations has been the process of ‘diversification’ as defined by the American political philosopher Eric Voegelin (1901-1985). As such, ‘diversification’ is diametrically opposed to the so-called ‘immanentization of the eschaton’ characteristic of modern Gnosticism. Populism is to be understood as a counter-movement to this Gnostic tendency in politics.


Hans van de Breevaart
Dr. J.O. van de Breevaart is historicus en godsdienstwetenschapper. Momenteel is hij verbonden aan het Wetenschappelijk Instituut voor de SGP. Van zijn hand verscheen zeer onlangs Threat or Opportunity? A Christian View on Populism in Europe, geschreven in opdracht van Sallux, denktank van de European Christian Political Movement.
Artikel

Access_open Detentie en autonomie

Over de psychologische basis van vrijwillig handelen en ­zelfredzaamheid

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2021
Trefwoorden Detentie, Autonomie, Zelfredzaamheid, Sense of agency
Auteurs Josi Driessen, Renske Potgieter, Anja Dirkzwager e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Life in prison goes hand in hand with far-reaching restrictions in the personal autonomy of offenders. Lack of personal autonomy and the coercion to perform certain actions disrupt the ‘normal’ intrinsic experiences of voluntary action (i.e. sense of agency). Disturbances in the neurocognitive basis of voluntary action have a number of clear effects on human functioning, including self-reliance. This paper provides a first analysis of the relationship between personal autonomy and the intrinsic experience of voluntary action, and how this may be the key to understanding how freedom restrictions in detention can reduce self-reliance.


Josi Driessen
Dr. J.M.A. Driessen is onderzoeker (postdoc) bij de afdeling Social Health & Organisational Psychology aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Renske Potgieter
R.H. Potgieter, MSc is projectsecretaris bij het RIEC Amsterdam-Amstelland.

Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum voor Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving.

Joke Harte
Prof. dr. J.M. Harte is hoogleraar bij de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en lid van de redactie van PROCES.

Henk Aarts
Prof. dr. H. Aarts is hoogleraar bij de afdeling Social Health & Organisational Psychology van de Universiteit Utrecht.

    In recent years, big data technology has revolutionised many domains, including policing. There is a lack of research, however, exploring which applications are used by the police, and the potential benefits of big data analytics for policing. Instead, literature about big data and policing predominantly focuses on predictive policing and its associated risks. The present paper provides new insights into the police’s current use of big data and algorithmic applications. We provide an up-to-date overview of the various applications of big data by the National Police in the Netherlands. We distinguish three areas: uniformed police work, criminal investigation, and intelligence. We then discuss two positive effects of big data and algorithmic applications for the police organization: accelerated learning and the formation of a single police organization.


Marc Schuilenburg
Marc Schuilenburg is bijzonder hoogleraar Digital Surveillance aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en universitair docent aan Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. m.b.schuilenburg@vu.nl.

Melvin Soudijn
Melvin Soudijn is senior onderzoeker bij de afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek van de Landelijke Eenheid Nationale Politie en research fellow bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving.
Artikel

Access_open Global Solidarity and Collective Intelligence in Times of Pandemics

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Global solidarity, Pandemics, Global Existential Threats, Collective Intelligence, CrowdLaw
Auteurs José Luis Martí
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Some of the existential threats we currently face are global in the sense that they affect us all, and thus matter of global concern and trigger duties of moral global solidarity. But some of these global threats, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, are global in a second, additional, sense: discharging them requires joint, coordinated global action. For that reason, these twofold global threats trigger political – not merely moral – duties of global solidarity. This article explores the contrast between these two types of global threats with the purpose of clarifying the distinction between moral and political duties of global solidarity. And, in the absence of a fully developed global democratic institutional system, the article also explores some promising ways to fulfill our global political duties, especially those based on mechanisms of collective intelligence such as CrowdLaw, which might provide effective solutions to these global threats while enhancing the democratic legitimacy of public decision-making.


José Luis Martí
José Luis Martí is Associate Professor of Legal and Political Philosophy, Department of Law, Pompeu Fabra University of Barcelona.
Artikel

Access_open Welcoming the Other in a Pandemic Society

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Discourse, Solidarity, Poststructuralism, Levinas, Derrida
Auteurs Thomas Jacobus de Jong en Carina van de Wetering
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution explores the meaning and scope of solidarity with the emergence of the coronavirus discourse as formulated by politicians in order to make sense of the virus. It offers a poststructuralist account drawing on discourse theory together with insights from Levinas and Derrida. This leads to a critical reflection on the prevailing view of solidarity as secondary and derivative to corona policies, because solidarity is often subjugated to hegemonic meanings of efficiency. Instead, the argument is made that solidarity refers to the unique responsibility to which the other as wholly other commands me. This appeal for responsibility, that is presented in the face of the other, is to be assumed in the distance between the rules and the singularity of the situation. Accordingly, solidarity is described as a paradox of dependence (calculability) and independence (beyond calculation), that appears in a moment of undecidability, for it can never be overcome.


Thomas Jacobus de Jong
Thomas Jacobus de Jong is senior parketsecretaris at the Netherlands Public Prosecution Service (OM).

Carina van de Wetering
Carina van de Wetering is Lecturer in International Relations at the Institute of Political Science at Leiden University.
Artikel

Access_open Solidarity, Religious Freedom and COVID-19

The Case of the Ultra-Orthodox Sects in Israel

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Social solidarity, COVID-19, Religious freedom, Cultural defence, Ultra-Orthodox sects in Israel
Auteurs Miriam Gur-Arye en Sharon Shakargy
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article discusses the tension between social solidarity and religious freedom as demonstrated by the refusal of the ultra-Orthodox sects in Israel to comply with COVID-19 regulations. The article provides a detailed description of the refusal to comply with the regulations restricting mass prayer services in synagogues and studying Torah in the yeshivas, thus interfering with the ultra-Orthodox religious life. The article suggests possible explanations for that refusal, based on either religious beliefs or a socio-political claim to autonomy, and discusses whether the polity should be willing to tolerate such a refusal on the basis of the cultural defence. The article concludes that despite the drastic restrictions on religious life caused by the social distancing regulations, and the special importance of freedom of religion, reducing the pandemic’s spread called for awarding priority to solidarity over religious freedom, and the enforcement of social solidarity legal duties – the social distancing regulations – on all.


Miriam Gur-Arye
Miriam Gur-Arye is the Judge Basil Wunsh Professor of Criminal Law, Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Sharon Shakargy
Sharon Shakargy is a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Artikel

Access_open Solidarity and Community

From the Politics of the Clan to Constituent Power

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Solidarity, Community, COVID-19 pandemic, Humanity, Ethnocentrism
Auteurs Luigi Corrias
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    What is at stake in invoking solidarity in legal-political contexts? The guiding hypothesis of this article is that solidarity is always and necessarily linked to the concept of community. A plea for solidarity will, in other words, directly lead one to the question: solidarity with whom? On the one hand, solidarity may be understood as extending only to those who belong to the same community as us. In this reading, solidarity builds upon an already existing community and applies to members only. On the other hand, invoked by those who aim to question the status quo, solidarity also plays a key role in practices of contestation. In these contexts, it focuses on collective action and the reimagination of political community. The article ends by articulating how this second interpretation of solidarity might prove helpful in making sense of our current predicament of a global pandemic.


Luigi Corrias
Luigi Corrias is Assistant Professor of Legal Philosophy, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Populism, the Kingdom of Shadows, and the Challenge to Liberal Democracy

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Populism, Liberal democracy, Political representation, Société du spectacle, Theatrocracy
Auteurs Massimo La Torre
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Populism is a somehow intractable notion, since its reference is much too wide, comprising phenomena that are indeed in conflict between them, and moreover blurred, by being often used in an instrumental, polemical way. Such intractability is then radicalized through the two alternative approaches to populism, one that is more or less neutral, rooting in the political science tradition, and a second one, fully normative, though fed by political realism, founding as it does on a specific political theory and project. In the article an alternative view is proposed, that of populism as the politics that is congruent with the increasing role played by ‘screens’, icons, and images in social relationships and indeed in political representation. In this way populism is approached as the specific way politics is done within the context of a digitalized société du spectacle.


Massimo La Torre
Massimo La Torre is Professor of Philosophy of Law, ‘Magna Graecia’ University of Catanzaro, Italy, and Visiting Professor of European Law, University of Tallinn, Estonia.
Artikel

Access_open Living with Others in Pandemics

The State’s Duty to Protect, Individual Responsibility and Solidarity

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, The state’s duty to protect, Duty to rescue, Responsibility, Solidarity
Auteurs Konstantinos A Papageorgiou
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article discusses a range of important normative questions raised by anti-COVID-19 measures and policies. Do governments have the right to impose such severe restrictions on individual freedom and furthermore do citizens have obligations vis-à-vis the state, others and themselves to accept such restrictions? I will argue that a democratic state may legitimately enforce publicly discussed, properly enacted and constitutionally tested laws and policies in order to protect its citizens from risks to life and limb. Even so, there is a natural limit, factual and normative, to what the state or a government can do in this respect. Citizens will also need to take it upon themselves not to harm and to protect others and in the context of a pandemic this means that endorsement of restrictions or other mandatory measures, notably vaccination, is not to be seen as a matter of personal preference concerning the supposedly inviolable sovereignty of one’s own body.


Konstantinos A Papageorgiou
Konstantinos A Papageorgiou is Professor of the Philosophy of Law at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, School of Law.
Artikel

Access_open Suffering from Vulnerability

On the Relation Between Law, Contingency and Solidarity

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Vulnerability, Contingency, Freedom and Anxiety, Solidarity, Legal concept of inclusion
Auteurs Benno Zabel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The COVID-19 crisis has produced or amplified disruptive processes in societies. This article wants to argue for the fact that we understand the meaning of the COVID-19 crisis only if we relate it to the fundamental vulnerability of modern life and the awareness of vulnerability of whole societies. Vulnerability in modernity are expressions of a reality of freedom that is to some extent considered contingent and therefore unsecured. It is true that law is understood today as the protective power of freedom. The thesis of the article, however, boils down to the fact that the COVID-19 crisis has resulted in a new way of thinking about the protection of freedom. This also means that the principle of solidarity must be assigned a new social role. Individual and societal vulnerability refer thereafter to an interconnectedness, dependency, and a future perspective of freedom margins that, in addition to the moral one, can also indicate a need for legal protection. In this respect, law has not only a function of delimitation, but also one of inclusion.


Benno Zabel
Benno Zabel is Professor of Criminal Law and Philosophy of Law at the University of Bonn.
Artikel

Access_open Sick and Blamed

Criminal Law in the Chilean Response to COVID-19

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Solidarity, Punishment, Legitimacy, Inequality, COVID-19
Auteurs Rocío Lorca
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Chilean government called upon ideas of social solidarity to fight the pandemic of SARS-CoV-2 and it relied heavily on the criminal law in order to secure compliance with sanitary restrictions. However, because restrictions and prosecutorial policy did not take into account social background and people’s ability to comply with the law, prosecutions soon created groups of people who were being both over-exposed to disease and death, and over-exposed to control, blame and punishment. The configuration of this overpoliced and underprotected group became so visibly unjust that appealing to social solidarity to justify the criminal enforcement of sanitary restrictions became almost insulting. This forced the Fiscal Nacional to develop a ‘socially sensitive’ prosecutorial strategy, something that we have not often seen despite Chile’s inequalities. The changes in policy by the Fiscal Nacional suggest that perhaps, at times, penal institutions can be made accountable for acting in ways that create estrangement rather than cohesion.


Rocío Lorca
Rocío Lorca is Assistant Professor at Universidad de Chile’s School of Law.
Artikel

Het witwassen van criminele winsten

Over feiten, fabels en vragen die je eigenlijk (nog) niet zou moeten stellen

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden Roberto Saviano, Dutch tax regulations, organized crime, Brigitte Unger, money laundering size estimation
Auteurs Edwin Kruisbergen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article starts with a brief exploration of the juridical and criminological meaning of money laundering. Subsequently, the author discusses two contributions that gained momentum in the Dutch debate on money laundering. This concerns, firstly, the statements of Roberto Saviano, an Italian journalist who claims that the Dutch tax regulations facilitate organized crime. Secondly, the author discusses Unger’s application of the so-called Walker model to estimate the size of money laundering in the Netherlands (and worldwide). Finally, he argues that, due to the limited, current level of empirical knowledge on criminal money flows, a question such as ‘How much money is laundered in the Netherlands?’, is in fact not suited as a research question.


Edwin Kruisbergen
Dr. E.W. Kruisbergen is kenniscoördinator bij het directoraat-generaal Politie en Veiligheidsregio’s van het ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.
Discussie, Nieuws en Analyse

Procedurele rechtvaardigheid bij de politierechter: empirisch-juridisch inzicht in het belang van een als eerlijk ervaren behandeling

Tijdschrift Boom Strafblad, Aflevering 6 2021
Trefwoorden Procedurele rechtvaardigheid, politierechterzittingen, Empirisch-juridisch onderzoek
Auteurs Mr. dr. L. (Lisa) Ansems, Prof. dr. C. (Kees) van den Bos en Prof. mr. dr. E. (Elaine) Mak
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dit artikel geeft een overzicht van enkele recent uitgevoerde kwalitatieve en kwantitatieve empirische studies waarin het belang van ervaren procedurele rechtvaardigheid op een kritische manier wordt getoetst. Dit gebeurt onder meer door na te gaan of ervaren procedurele rechtvaardigheid ertoe doet bij politierechterzittingen, waarin voor verdachten veel op het spel kan staan. Daartoe zijn drie empirisch-juridische deelstudies uitgevoerd: (1) kwalitatieve interviews met 100 verdachten in politierechterzaken, (2) een vragenlijstonderzoek onder 198 verdachten in politierechterzaken en (3) een experiment onder 239 burgers die zich inleefden in de positie van de verdachte tijdens een politierechterzitting.
    In dit artikel gaan we nader in op de achtergronden van deze studies, beschrijven we de manier waarop de studies zijn opgezet en uitgevoerd, en bespreken we de bevindingen op hoofdlijnen. Door de verschillende deelstudies met elk hun eigen methode in onderlinge samenhang te bespreken, en door te reflecteren op de vraag hoe de empirische onderzoeksbevindingen zich verhouden tot het normatieve domein van het recht, beoogt dit artikel een bijdrage te leveren aan de ontwikkeling en maatschappelijke impact van empirisch-juridisch onderzoek in zowel de Nederlandse strafrechtcontext als daarbuiten.


Mr. dr. L. (Lisa) Ansems
Lisa Ansems is postdoctoraal onderzoeker bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. C. (Kees) van den Bos
Kees van den Bos is hoogleraar Sociale Psychologie en hoogleraar Empirische Rechtswetenschap aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Prof. mr. dr. E. (Elaine) Mak
Elaine Mak is hoogleraar Encyclopedie van de rechtswetenschappen en Rechtstheorie aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
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