Zoekresultaat: 67 artikelen

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Artikel

Access_open Just culture en herstelrecht in de afwikkeling van medische schade

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Vergoeding Personenschade, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden herstelrecht, restorative justice, just culture, medische aansprakelijkheid, schade
Auteurs Mr. B.S. Laarman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage wordt onderzocht wat er vanuit een ‘herstelgericht’ perspectief te zeggen is over de afwikkeling van medische schade. Biedt restorative just culture aanknopingspunten voor een afwikkeling van medische schade die beter aansluit bij de behoeften van betrokkenen?


Mr. B.S. Laarman
Mr. B.S. Laarman is docent-onderzoeker aan het Amsterdam Centre for Comprehensive Law (ACCL), verbonden aan de afdeling Privaatrecht van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Vrije Universiteit, en de uitvoerend onderzoeker in project OPEN.
Discussie

Aanknopingspunten en handreikingen voor slachtofferbewust werken bij de reclassering

Enige reflecties en aanvullingen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden reclassering, slachtoffers, herstel, schuld, schaamte, slachtofferschap van cliënten
Auteurs Jiska Jonas-van Dijk PhD en Sven Zebel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years, measures have been taken to involve victims in the Netherlands more in the criminal proceedings of their offenses. This development, has led the three Dutch probation organizations (together 3RO) to aim for a more victim focused and restorative oriented approach with their clients. Two reports have been written to aid this victim-oriented approach within probation services. This contribution reflects on these reports and provides additions based on scientific literature. Both reports offer a good overview of existing practices and approaches to work in a more victim focused and restorative way, which can help to increase awareness among probation workers. The additions concern research about the positive outcomes of organizing contact between offenders and victims from unrelated crimes and new research findings concerning the role of feelings of guilt and shame. In addition, consciously talking and acknowledging clients’ victimization is presented as an essential mechanism to create willingness among them to consider the experiences of (their) victims, especially for those who are initially unwilling to do so.


Jiska Jonas-van Dijk PhD
Jiska Jonas-van Dijk is als PhD student verbonden aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid, Universiteit Twente en aan de vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Maastricht.

Sven Zebel
Sven Zebel is als hoofddocent verbonden aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid, Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

Technologische hulpmiddelen bij toezicht op delinquenten in de samenleving

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden supervising offenders, reintegrating offenders, technological tools, smartphone and sensor technology, GPS tracking
Auteurs Dr. Katy de Kogel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    How can technological tools contribute to supervising and reintegrating offenders in society? Globally, technological tools for supervision are broken down into so-called first generation (GPS tracking) and second generation (smartphone and sensor technology). An overview is given of what is globally known about the effectiveness and assumed mechanisms of action of first-generation technical tools. Then it is explored what added value second-generation technical aids can have and to which working mechanisms they could connect. Smartphone and sensor technology have the potential to contribute to the rehabilitation functions of the supervision, inter alia because they offer possibilities for more personalized supervision and for the combination of supervision and treatment. Although initiatives have been started in this regard and research is ongoing, hardly anything is known yet about the effectiveness of these new technological applications. The reliability and safety of IT, as well as ethical and legal aspects also require attention.


Dr. Katy de Kogel
Dr. C.H. de Kogel is senior wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC) van het ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid en senior onderzoeker bij de Capaciteitsgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Faculteit Rechten van de Universiteit Maastricht.
Artikel

En toch is het prachtig werk: weerbaarheid bij forensisch sociale professionals

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden mentale weerbaarheid, Veerkracht, forensisch sociale professionals
Auteurs Vivienne de Vogel en Dr. Jacqueline Bosker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Working in the forensic social field is interesting and fulfilling and many professionals deliberately choose to do this work. However, it can also be a very demanding job. Experiencing aggressive incidents by forensic clients, continuous tensions in contact with clients and the confrontation with narratives about shocking events are specific characteristics of working in the forensic field that appeal to the resilience of professionals. This article discusses which characteristics of organisations, teams and individual professionals impact on resilience and how it can be enhanced.


Vivienne de Vogel
Vivienne de Vogel is lector Werken in justitieel kader bij Hogeschool Utrecht en onderzoeker bij De Forensische Zorgspecialisten, Utrecht.

Dr. Jacqueline Bosker
Dr. Jacqueline Bosker is hogeschoolhoofddocent bij het Instituut voor Recht en onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Werken in Justitieel kader van Hogeschool Utrecht. Tevens is zij redacteur van PROCES.
Artikel

De psychische gezondheid van gedetineerden in België en Nederland: een systematisch overzicht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden prison, mental disorders, distress, substance use, suicide
Auteurs Drs. Louis Favril en Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A well-established body of epidemiological research suggests that the prevalence of mental health problems (mental disorders, psychological distress, and substance use) in prisoner populations far exceeds that of non-incarcerated people in the surrounding community. Poor mental health in prisoners is associated with multiple adverse outcomes, including suicidal behaviour. In the past decade, novel data in Belgium and the Netherlands have been published on this topic, which have not been synthesized to date. The aim of the current systematic literature review was to provide an up-to-date overview of the mental health of prisoners in Belgium and the Netherlands. Based on 24 empirical studies conducted in 1997-2018, the authors conclude that people with mental health problems are overrepresented in Belgian and Dutch prisons, providing both a challenge and a public health opportunity to address the mental health care needs of a vulnerable and hard-to-engage population. Investing in the prevention and treatment of mental health problems not only benefits the prisoners concerned, but equally, society at large.


Drs. Louis Favril
Drs. L. Favril is doctoraatsonderzoeker bij de Faculteit Recht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Gent.

Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

De uitdagingen in het effectief aanpakken van stalking

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden stalking, Politie, veiligheid, risicotaxatie
Auteurs Bianca Voerman MsC. en Cleo Brandt MsC.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2016 an independent review into a deadly ex-partner stalking case1xEenhoorn Commission. (2016). Conclusies en aanbevelingen: Onderzoeksrapport TweeSteden. identified a number of structural problems in the police’s approach to stalking cases. Police struggle to accurately and effectively assess and respond to stalking cases because of several reasons. Police often fail to identify stalking by focusing too much on single incidents, missing the pattern of behaviours that constitute stalking. Investigations also focus on the criminal offence of stalking, with police waiting to take action until a particular threshold is reached. There is a lack of knowledge about stalking in general and risk factors associated with stalking in particular, which means the victim’s safety can be at stake if adequate security measures are not taken. These findings led to the development of a new structured response to ex-partner stalking cases, which consists of an automated query, case screening and prioritisation with the SASH2xMcEwan, T. E., Strand, S., MacKenzie, R. D., & James, D. V. (2015). Screening Assessment for Stalking and Harassment (SASH)., case management together with partner agencies and improved training for police officers who are handling stalking cases. Victim safety must always be the first priority.

Noten

  • * Bianca Voerman en Cleo Brandt zijn beiden recherchepsycholoog bij de Landelijke Eenheid van de Nationale Politie.
  • 1 Eenhoorn Commission. (2016). Conclusies en aanbevelingen: Onderzoeksrapport TweeSteden.

  • 2 McEwan, T. E., Strand, S., MacKenzie, R. D., & James, D. V. (2015). Screening Assessment for Stalking and Harassment (SASH).


Bianca Voerman MsC.
Bianca Voerman is recherchepsycholoog bij de Landelijke Eenheid van de Nationale Politie.

Cleo Brandt MsC.
Recherchepsycholoog bij de Landelijke Eenheid van de Nationale Politie
Artikel

Partnerdoding in Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Partnerdoding, Epidemiologie, Moord, Nederland
Auteurs Marieke Liem, Inge de Jong en Jade van Maanen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Intimate partner homicide (IPH) constitutes one of the most prevalent types of homicide. This study aims to assess the nature and prevalence of intimate partner homicide in the Netherlands in the period 2009-2014. In doing so, we make use of police data, court data, and media articles. Findings show that IPH occurs 29 times per year, resulting in a victimization rate of 0.20 per 100,000, similar to other Western-European countries. Our results further show a decline in IPH in the last years. IPH in the Netherlands mostly occurs in heterosexual relationships, and involves male perpetrators and female victims. Finally, we reflect on possible causes for the decline of this type of homicide.


Marieke Liem
Marieke Liem is Universitair Hoofddocent, verbonden aan het Institute of Security and Global Affairs, Faculteit Governance & Global Affairs van de Universiteit Leiden.

Inge de Jong
Inge de Jong is thans werkzaam bij de Nationale Politie als adviseur bij de dienst Informatie Management en tijdens het uitvoeren van deze studie student Crisis & Security Management aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Jade van Maanen
Jade van Maanen isthans werkzaam bij Rijkswaterstaat als technisch projectleider bij de dienst Centrale Informatievoorziening en tijdens het uitvoeren van deze studie student Crisis & Security Management aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Wethouders in de frontlijn: een studie naar de perceptie van en de omgang met persoonlijke bedreigingen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden threats in politics, coping strategies, undue influence on politics, Q-methodology
Auteurs Diana Marijnissen en Emile Kolthoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution reports on a delimited part of a larger, exploratory study, the main question of which was: How do aldermen perceive threats, what are their behavioral intentions and what is the influence of threats on the process and the outcome of decision-making? This question was answered with the help of Q-methodology, semi-structured interviews and case studies. This article discusses the results of the Q-methodology and the semi-structured interviews. The case studies will be reported separately later on. Through the Q-methodology three patterns in perception were found in dealing with threats: ‘combative and decisive’, ‘vulnerable and thoughtful’ and ‘down-to-earth and accepting’. The interviews show that it usually concerns instrumental threats that are deliberately used to influence decision making, which usually take place in the private sphere and vary from verbal aggression to physical violence. Most threats come from individuals, but some come from groups, in some cases there is a relationship with criminals. In the cases reviewed, the consequences in the private sphere are far-reaching, there are indications for the influence on public functioning (from hardening to great caution). There is almost always a report, a fuss in the media can affect the authority of the official.


Diana Marijnissen
Diana Marijnissen is docent bij de Academie Industrie en Informatica en onderzoeker bij het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool in Den Bosch.

Emile Kolthoff
Emile Kolthoff is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Open Universiteit en is lector Ondermijning bij Avans Hogeschool in Den Bosch. Hij is tevens voorzitter van de redactie van het Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid.
Artikel

Overnachten in een politiecel

Een onderzoek naar het psychisch welzijn en slaapproblemen van verdachten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden police detention centres, police suspects, psychological wellbeing, sleep problems, environmental psychology
Auteurs Koen Geijsen MSc, Dr. Nicolien Kop en Prof. dr. Corine de Ruiter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study explores the influence of police detention centres environments on police suspects’ psychological wellbeing and sleep problems. Results showed that suspects detained in a police cell experience a decreased psychological wellbeing, that they sleep poorly, and that their psychological wellbeing is related to sleep problems. Implications for police detention in relation to suspects’ psychological wellbeing and sleep problems, as well as directions for future research on police detention centre environments, are discussed.


Koen Geijsen MSc
K. Geijsen, MSc is promovendus aan de Universiteit Maastricht en de Politieacademie en tevens werkzaam bij de politie.

Dr. Nicolien Kop
Dr. N. Kop is lector Criminaliteitsbeheersing en Recherchekunde aan de Politieacademie.

Prof. dr. Corine de Ruiter
Prof. dr. C. de Ruiter is hoogleraar Forensische Psychologie aan de Universiteit Maastricht.
Artikel

Access_open Neurowetenschappelijke kennis en de jeugdstrafrechtsketen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Neurowetenschappen, jeugdstrafrechtketen, interventie, meetmethoden
Auteurs Liza Cornet MSc en Dr. Katy de Kogel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2017, the Research and Documentation Centre of the Ministry of Justice & Security (WODC) published the report ‘Neuroscientific application in the juvenile criminal justice system’. This report concerns an inventory of possible neuroscientific applications in the juvenile criminal justice system. The release of the report attracted attention from well-recognized national media. The positive media attention was striking for several reasons. It indicated that –in contrast to a few decades ago – it has become more accepted to study neurobiological correlates of antisocial behavior. On the other hand, the overwhelming news value indicated that the idea that antisocial behavior is also associated with neurobiological deficts has not become common knowledge yet. Based on the WODC report, in the current article the authors summarize how neuroscientific knowledge and methods could be applied in the juvenile criminal justice system.


Liza Cornet MSc
L.J.M. Cornet MSc is postdoc onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Twente. Zij was ten tijde van het schrijven van dit artikel nog werkzaam als onderzoeker bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum, ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.

Dr. Katy de Kogel
Dr. C.H. de Kogel is senior wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum, ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.

Dr. Josanne van Dongen
Dr. J.D.M. van Dongen is universitair docent forensische psychologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Praktijk

Suïcide bij gedetineerden in België: een dossierstudie

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Zelfdoding, Suïcidepreventie, Detentie, België, suicide, prevention, prison, Belgium
Auteurs Louis Favril, Ciska Wittouck, Kurt Audenaert e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reducing the number of suicides in prison has been highlighted as an international priority. To date, however, studies examining prison suicides in Belgium are lacking. Therefore, adopting a retrospective record-based approach, we sought to investigate all suicides occurring in the whole Belgian prison estate during a 17-year period. The results underline the need for suicide prevention among prisoners in Belgium, and echo prior findings that restrictive preventive measures should be combined with psychosocial interventions in order to address the causes of prisoners being suicidal. Such strategies are ideally embedded within a comprehensive suicide prevention policy on a national level.


Louis Favril
Louis Favril is klinisch psycholoog en criminoloog van opleiding en voert momenteel een doctoraatsonderzoek uit aan de Universiteit Gent.

Ciska Wittouck
Ciska Wittouck is klinisch psycholoog en criminoloog van opleiding en voert momenteel een doctoraatsonderzoek uit aan de Universiteit Gent.

Kurt Audenaert
Kurt Audenaert is buitengewoon hoogleraar Psychiatrie en hoofddocent Criminologie, en is verbonden aan de Universiteit Gent.

Freya Vander Laenen
Freya Vander Laenen is buitengewoon hoogleraar Psychiatrie en hoofddocent Criminologie, en is verbonden aan de Universiteit Gent.
Artikel

Sla het brein niet in de boeien

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Detentie, Zelfregulatie, executieve functies, verarmde omgeving, Imprisonment, self-regulation, executive functions, impoverished environment
Auteurs Jesse Meijers, Prof. Joke M. Harte en Prof. Erik J.A. Scherder
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Executive functions (EF) are higher order brain functions that are crucial for self-regulation, which may be negatively influenced by an impoverished environment. Since prison can be characterized as an impoverished environment, we studied whether EF and self-regulation decline during imprisonment. While EF are already often impaired in antisocial and criminal populations, we found a decline in attention and self-regulation after three months of imprisonment. We discuss the implications of our findings regarding recidivism and propose to aim for an improvement in executive functions during imprisonment, by enriching the prison environment.


Jesse Meijers
Jesse Meijers deed promotieonderzoek bij de afdeling Klinische Neuro- en Ontwikkelingspsychologie van de Vrije Universiteit en is thans werkzaam als neuropsycholoog in opleiding tot GZ-psycholoog in Justitieel Complex Zaanstad.

Prof. Joke M. Harte
Prof. Joke Harte is hoogleraar Criminologie bij de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit en lid van de redactie van PROCES.

Prof. Erik J.A. Scherder
Prof. Erik Scherder is hoogleraar Klinische neuropsychologie bij de afdeling Klinische Neuro- en Ontwikkelingspsychologie van de Vrije Universiteit.
Artikel

ERM-Vroegsignalering opent de deur naar risicomanagementobservaties en dialoog met gedetineerden

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Risicomanagement, Vroegsignalering, Agressiehantering, Incidentpreventie
Auteurs Dr. Frans Fluttert en Gunnar Eidhammer MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Prison staff is exposed to aggression of prisoners which evokes work stress. In forensic psychiatry risk management principles, such as the Risk-Needs-Responsivity-model (RNR), assist staff to manage aggression by means applying risk management strategies. The Early Recognition Method (ERM) is such an evidence based strategy, developed and tested in forensic psychiatry. In ERM, staff gradually try to attune to aggressive behavior by means of the identification of early warning signs of aggression and systematically evaluated these in predetermined intervals. In this article it is explained and discussed how ERM could be applied meaningfully in prison services.


Dr. Frans Fluttert
Dr. Frans Fluttert is senior onderzoeker bij FPC Dr. S. van Mesdag, Associate Professor aan zowel de Molde University College in Noorwegen als de University of Southern Denmark, en Research Supervisor bij het Centre for Research and Education in Forensic Psychiatry, Oslo University Hospital, Noorwegen.

Gunnar Eidhammer MSc
Gunnar Eidhammer MSc is onderzoeker bij het Centre for Research and Education in Forensic Psychiatry, Oslo University Hospital in Noorwegen, en verpleegkundige en onderzoeker bij de Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Trust Vestre Viken Hospital, Drammen, Noorwegen.
Artikel

Vechten op afspraak

Verklaringen voor georganiseerde vormen van groepsgeweld

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden collective, violence, hooliganism, organized confrontations, group dynamics
Auteurs Drs. Tom van Ham
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Collective violence around football has been a topic of research since the 1980s. In the Netherlands, in recent decades the size and severity of this problem have decreased sharply and the number of incidents has stabilized due to measures taken. At the same time, these measures have resulted in an increase of football-related incidents outside stadiums and on other days than match days. Confrontations based upon prior mutual agreements, so-called arranged confrontations, are an example of this. Based on multiple research methods, in this article the underlying causes of arranged confrontations and processes influencing individual participation are addressed. Results show that this type of collective violence and partaking in it has various causes and explanations. These fit with extant research literature in the area of group crime and collective violence and are incorporated in the recently developed initiation-escalation model.


Drs. Tom van Ham
Drs. T. van Ham is onderzoeker bij Bureau Beke en als buitenpromovendus verbonden aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Freud en de criminaliteit; criminele uitstapjes in Wenen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2017
Trefwoorden Sigmund Freud, criminality, forensic psychiatry, psychoanalysis, Kriminalmuseum
Auteurs Dr. Jaap van Vliet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article describes a visit to the Freudmuseum and the Museum of Crime in Vienna.
    In addition, the author’s memories are collected about his work in forensic psychiatry from 1979 to 1983.


Dr. Jaap van Vliet
Dr. Jaap A. van Vliet is zelfstandig gevestigd onderzoeker en adviseur. Hij is lid van de redactie van PROCES.
Artikel

Gruwelijke beelden van plaatsen delict: kijkstrategieën, opgewekte emoties en oordeelsvorming

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1-2 2017
Trefwoorden eyetracking, crime scene photography, disgust sensitivity, perceptions of seriousness, penal decision-making
Auteurs Dr. Lotte van Dillen en Dr. Gabry Vanderveen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Eyetracking enabled the authors to study eye movements of 23 participants who looked at crime scene photographs. The authors measured the emotions elicited by the photographs, as well as perceptions of seriousness and the sentence that participants would give the perpetrator of the crime. Also, individual differences in disgust sensitivity were taken into account. Results show a positive relationship between disgust sensitivity and both the proportion of fixations as well as the number of fixations on gruesome aspects of the photos (the blood and the wound), emotion ratings of the photographs, perceptions of seriousness, and the sentence given. Implications, limitations, and future directions of the research are discussed.


Dr. Lotte van Dillen

Dr. Gabry Vanderveen
Dr. G. Vanderveen is universitair docent aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en eigenaar van Recht op Beeld.
Artikel

Geen behandeling gehad en toch resocialisatie

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2016
Trefwoorden Geen behandeling, Resocialisatie, Gevaarlijkheid, Verantwoordelijkheid nemen
Auteurs drs. mr. Dick W. Oppedijk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A mentally ill patient who commits a violent crime may undergo forced forensic psychiatric admission. Without treatment, he remains dangerous. Sometimes still takes place rehabilitation even though he is not treated.
    The guidance should then be firmly focused on the continuing dangerousness, in order to prevent a recidivism.
    Taking the responsibility for the offense by the inmate, the adherence of him to surveillance and the risk of recidivism must be weighed and confronted together when taking the decision on continuation of the forced admission.


drs. mr. Dick W. Oppedijk
Drs. mr. D.W. Oppedijk is forensisch rapporteur strafrecht, psychiater psychotherapeut, voormalig geneesheer-directeur en algemeen directeur in de tbs.
Article

Access_open Legal Constraints on the Indeterminate Control of ‘Dangerous’ Sex Offenders in the Community: The Dutch Perspective

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Dutch penal law, preventive supervision, dangerous offenders, human rights, social rehabilitation
Auteurs Sanne Struijk en Paul Mevis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, the legal possibilities for post-custodial supervision have been extended considerably in recent years. A currently passed law aims to further increase these possibilities specifically for dangerous (sex) offenders. This law consists of three separate parts that may all result in life-long supervision. In the first two parts, the supervision is embedded in the conditional release after either a prison sentence or the safety measure ‘ter beschikking stelling’ (TBS). This paper focuses on the third part of the law, which introduces an independent supervisory safety measure as a preventive continuation of both a prison sentence and the TBS measure. Inevitably, this new independent sanction raises questions about legitimacy and necessity, on which this paper reflects from a human rights perspective. Against the background of the existing Dutch penal law system, the content of the law is thoroughly assessed in view of the legal framework of the Council of Europe and the legal principles of proportionality and less restrictive means. In the end, we conclude that the supervisory safety measure is not legitimate nor necessary (yet). Apart from the current lack of (empirical evidence of) necessity, we state that there is a real possibility of an infringement of Article 5(4) ECHR and Article 7 ECHR, a lack of legitimising supervision ‘gaps’ in the existing penal law system, and finally a lack of clear legal criteria. Regardless of the potential severity of violent (sex) offenses, to simply justify this supervisory safety measure on the basis of ‘better safe than sorry’ is not enough.


Sanne Struijk
Sanne Struijk, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor at the Erasmus School of Law.

Paul Mevis
Paul Mevis is a Professor at the Erasmus School of Law.
Article

Access_open Legal Constraints on the Indeterminate Control of ‘Dangerous’ Sex Offenders in the Community: The French Perspective

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Preventive detention, mandatory supervision, sex offenders, retrospective penal laws, legality principle
Auteurs Martine Herzog-Evans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    France literally ‘discovered’ sexual abuse following neighbour Belgium’s Dutroux case in the late 1990s. Since then, sex offenders have been the focus of politicians, media and law-makers’ attention. Further law reforms have aimed at imposing mandatory supervision and treatment, and in rare cases, preventive detention. The legal framework for mandatory supervision and detention is rather complex, ranging from a mixed sentence (custodial and mandatory supervision and treatment upon release or as a stand-alone sentence) to so-called ‘safety measures’, which supposedly do not aim at punishing an offence, but at protecting society. The difference between the concepts of sentences and safety measures is nevertheless rather blurry. In practice, however, courts have used safety measures quite sparingly and have preferred mandatory supervision as attached to a sentence, notably because it is compatible with cardinal legal principles. Procedural constraints have also contributed to this limited use. Moreover, the type of supervision and treatment that can thus be imposed is virtually identical to that of ordinary probation. It is, however, noteworthy that a higher number of offenders with mental health issues who are deemed ‘dangerous’ are placed in special psychiatric units, something that has not drawn much attention on the part of human rights lawyers.


Martine Herzog-Evans
Martine H-Evans, PhD, is a Professor at the Department of Law, Universite de Reims Champagne-Ardenne.
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